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royalist:horse-regiments:kings-lifeguard [28/08/2014 01:00]
tim
royalist:horse-regiments:kings-lifeguard [20/12/2019 11:08] (current)
1642
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Flag Illustration**|{{:​royalist:​horse-regiments:​lifeguardh.png?​200|}}((Flag ​image by kind permission of [[http://​www.wargamesdesigns.com/​freebies---ecw.html|Wargames Designs]]))|+|**Flag Illustration**|{{:​royalist:​horse-regiments:​king_s_horse_wavy.png?​200|}}((Flag ​images ​by kind permission of [[http://​www.wargamesdesigns.com/​ecw.html|Wargames Designs]]))|
 |**Active**|1642-1646| |**Active**|1642-1646|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
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 |**Type**|Horse|  |**Type**|Horse|
 |**Colonel**|King Charles I|  |**Colonel**|King Charles I|
-|**Area Raised**|| +|**Area Raised**|Yorkshire|
 |**Flag Colour**|Red|  |**Flag Colour**|Red|
 |**Flag Design**|Known|  |**Flag Design**|Known|
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   *June: Battle of Naseby   *June: Battle of Naseby
   *August: Storm of Huntingdon   *August: Storm of Huntingdon
-  *September: Battle of Rowton Heath+  *September: Battle of Rowton Heath //Lord Bernard Stewart killed//
   *November to May 1646: Besieged at Newark ​   *November to May 1646: Besieged at Newark ​
  
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 ===== Flags & Equipment===== ===== Flags & Equipment=====
-The cornet illustrated above was taken by the Earl of Essex'​s army sometime between 1642 and 1644. It is not definitely identified as that of the King's Lifeguard, but this appears probable based on its extra wide gold fringing, crown and royal cypher. ​+The cornet illustrated above was taken by the Earl of Essex'​s army sometime between 1642 and 1644. It is not definitely identified as one of the King's Lifeguard's cornets, but this appears probable based on its extra wide gold fringing, crown and royal cypher.  
 + 
 +According to Blount: //The coronet-devise of His Majesties own troop or Life-guard of horse was a Lyon Passant, Crowned Or, with DIEU ET MON DROIT for motto//​((//​The Art of making Devises// 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655.)) 
 + 
 +By 1643 the Lifeguard were being issued with harquebusier equipment((mentioned in Royalist Ordnance Papers)) though this does not necessarily preclude individuals wearing cuirassier armour
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
  
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 [[http://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Lord_Bernard_Stewart|Lord Bernard Stewart]] [[http://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Lord_Bernard_Stewart|Lord Bernard Stewart]]
 ====Sir William Killigrew==== ====Sir William Killigrew====
 +[[http://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Killigrew|Sir William Killigrew]]
 ====Sir Edward Brett==== ====Sir Edward Brett====
 +Captain Edward Brett commanded a troop of [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​the-queen|The Queen’s Regiment of Horse]] that escorted the Queen to Exeter then was attached to the King's Lifeguard during the Lostwithiel campaign of 1644. Brett was knighted by Charles I on the field of battle and promoted to Major. It appears that The King's Lifeguard was reorganised at this time into the King's troop and the Queen'​s troop. ​
 ====Lt Col Gordon===== ====Lt Col Gordon=====
 +Led the Earl of Lichfield'​s troop in August 1645
 +====Officer Lists====
 +===August 1645===
 +The Lifeguard of Horse at Doncaster, 19th August 1645((British Library Harleian Ms 911)), commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield
 +  *The King's Troop, commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield
 +  *The Queen'​s Troop, commanded by Sir Edward Brett, Regimental Major
 +  *The Earl of Lichfield'​s Troop, commanded by Lt Colonel Gordon
 +  *Sir Thomas Glemham'​s troop, commanded by Sir Henry Stradling
  
-=====Strength=====+===September 1645=== 
 +The King's Lifeguard of Horse 'about 200' strong commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield 
 +  *The King's Troop, commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield 
 +  *The Queen'​s Troop, comanded by Sir Edward Brett, Regimental Major 
 +  *The Earl of Lichfield'​s Troop, commanded by Lt. Col. Gordon 
 +  *Sir Henry Stradling'​s Troop
  
 +
 +Kings Lifeguard of horse
 +
 +Captain Lieutenant Troilus Turberville killed 1645
 +Captain ​                  Sir William Killigrew ​         (1) 
 +Captain ​                  Lord Bernard Stewart ​     (2)
 +Captain ​                  ​Edward Wilsford ​               (3)           
 +   
 +
 +
 +Cornet ​                    Sir Henry Moody the Kings cornet ​            ​E20.5 ​  
 +
 +Quartermaster ​     Thomas Coffin ​                   (1) 
 +
 +Corporal ​                ​Edward Umfrevile ​             (4)
 +
 +(1) Harl. Mss. 6852 f. 228
 +To our trusty John Ashburnham
 +Our will and pleasure is that you pay unto Thomas Coffin,​Quartermaster to Sir William Killigrews Troop two months pay being part of seven months which is due unto him for his said service as Quartermaster for which doeing this shall be your warrant.
 +Given at our Court at Oxford 15.11.1643 ​       ​
 +
 +(2) Harl. MSS.6802 f.44
 +My notes.
 +To John Ashburnham
 +Right Trusty etc
 +Pay to Lord Bernard Stewart for himself & our Troop 6 March to 29 March 4 weeks pay
 +4.4.1644
 +
 +(3) SP29.12.92
 +The humble petition of Edward Wilsford
 +Sheweth that your petitioner after 20. weekes hard imprisonment made an escape with hazard of his life (blurred) raised a Troope of horse at his own charge for the service of his late Majestie (blurred)
 +and Capt. of one of his Majesties troope of horse guard until the surrender of Oxford.And hath ever since
 +upon all occasions to serve your sacred Majestie for which and his undaunted fidelitie to your Majestie hee hath been a constant sufferer in his Estate and person by frequent imprisonment. ​
 +
 +SP23.193.386
 +Extract
 +The humble petition of Edward Wilsford Sheweth
 +that your petitioner left his dwelling in Kent and went to Oxford,and others of the Kings Garrisons.
 +That he had a command in thr Kings Army against those forces raysed by the Parliament.
 +That he was in Oxford at the surrender thereof to his Excellencie Sir Thomas Fairfaxe Generall of the forces raysed by the Parliament.
 +That the petitioner hath a small estate in Fee Simple lyeing in Flamborough in Yorkshire of the yearly value of 200 li. as it hath been formerly lett; but now sett at 100li p anno by the sequestrators.
 +
 +Rec'd 27 November 1646
 +
 +(4) PROB 10/639/57
 +P8110026
 +The last will and tst noncupative or by word of mouth of Edward Umfrevile Esq. one of his Majesties Sargeant at Armes and corporall of his Troope of Horse
 +Memorandum,​that upon the seventeenth day of July Anno Dom. 1643 the said Edward Umfrevile lodging in the house of George Hillyard within the Parish of St. Peter in the Citty of Oxon. Hee being in his lodging Chamber being sick of the sicknesse whereof he dyed but in perfect sense,​memory and understanding with intent to declare his last will and testament and to dispose of his estate hee did in the presence of Richard Byshopp Esq. and Thomas Bowen Gent. witnesses
 +
 +
 +=====Strength=====
 +  *October 1642: 2 troops at Edgehill
 +  *May 1645: 2 troops with 400 men at Leicester((British Library Harleian Ms 911))
 +  *August 1645: 4 troops with 300 men at Doncaster((British Library Harleian Ms 911))
 +  *September 1645: 4 troops with about 200 men at Chester((British Library Harleian Ms 944))
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======