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royalist:horse-regiments:kings-lifeguard [19/02/2017 18:40]
tim
royalist:horse-regiments:kings-lifeguard [14/12/2020 16:55] (current)
keepyourpowderdry
Line 46: Line 46:
 ====1646==== ====1646====
   *May: Surrender of Newark   *May: Surrender of Newark
 +  *May to June: Besieged & surrender at Oxford (Perhaps det. under Capt Wilsford?)
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
Line 65: Line 66:
 ====Sir Edward Brett==== ====Sir Edward Brett====
 Captain Edward Brett commanded a troop of [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​the-queen|The Queen’s Regiment of Horse]] that escorted the Queen to Exeter then was attached to the King's Lifeguard during the Lostwithiel campaign of 1644. Brett was knighted by Charles I on the field of battle and promoted to Major. It appears that The King's Lifeguard was reorganised at this time into the King's troop and the Queen'​s troop. ​ Captain Edward Brett commanded a troop of [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​the-queen|The Queen’s Regiment of Horse]] that escorted the Queen to Exeter then was attached to the King's Lifeguard during the Lostwithiel campaign of 1644. Brett was knighted by Charles I on the field of battle and promoted to Major. It appears that The King's Lifeguard was reorganised at this time into the King's troop and the Queen'​s troop. ​
-====Lt Col Gordon=====+====Lt Col Gordon====
 Led the Earl of Lichfield'​s troop in August 1645 Led the Earl of Lichfield'​s troop in August 1645
 +====William Lawes====
 +[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Lawes|William Lawes]] Renowned composer and musician, Lawes fell at Rowton Heath. Posthumously given the title "​Father of Musick"​ by the King, a special day of mourning was held for him.
 ====Officer Lists==== ====Officer Lists====
 +
 +===1642-5===
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
 +
 +==The King's Lifeguard of horse==
 +
 +  *Captain Sir William Killigrew (1) 
 +  *Captain Lord Bernard Stewart (2)
 +  *Captain Edward Wilsford (3)  ​
 +         
 +  *Captain Lieutenant Troilus Turberville (killed 1645)
 +
 +  *Cornet Sir Henry Moody, the King's cornet ((E20.5))
 +
 +  *Quartermaster Thomas Coffin, to Sir William Killigrew'​s troop (1) 
 +
 +  *Corporal Edward Umfrevile (d. July 1643 at Oxford) (4)
 +
 ===August 1645=== ===August 1645===
 The Lifeguard of Horse at Doncaster, 19th August 1645((British Library Harleian Ms 911)), commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield The Lifeguard of Horse at Doncaster, 19th August 1645((British Library Harleian Ms 911)), commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield
Line 81: Line 102:
   *The Earl of Lichfield'​s Troop, commanded by Lt. Col. Gordon   *The Earl of Lichfield'​s Troop, commanded by Lt. Col. Gordon
   *Sir Henry Stradling'​s Troop   *Sir Henry Stradling'​s Troop
 +
 +=====Contemporary References=====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
 +
 +===Quartermaster Killigrew===
 +(1) Harl. Mss. 6852 f. 228
 +To our trusty John Ashburnham
 +
 +Our will and pleasure is that you pay unto Thomas Coffin, Quartermaster to Sir William Killigrew'​s Troop two months pay being part of seven months which is due unto him for his said service as Quartermaster for which doeing this shall be your warrant.
 +
 +Given at our Court at Oxford 15.11.1643 ​       ​
 +
 +===Capt Lord Bernard Stewart===
 +(2) Harl. MSS.6802 f.44
 +My notes.
 +To John Ashburnham
 +Right Trusty etc
 +
 +Pay to Lord Bernard Stewart for himself & our Troop 6 March to 29 March 4 weeks pay
 +4.4.1644
 +
 +
 +===Capt Wilsford'​s Petition===
 +
 +(3) SP29.12.92
 +The humble petition of Edward Wilsford
 +
 +Sheweth that your petitioner after 20 weekes hard imprisonment made an escape with hazard of his life (blurred) raised a Troope of horse at his own charge for the service of his late Majestie (blurred) and Capt. of one of his Majesties troope of horse guard until the surrender of Oxford. And hath ever since upon all occasions to serve your sacred Majestie for which and his undaunted fidelitie to your Majestie hee hath been a constant sufferer in his Estate and person by frequent imprisonment. ​
 +
 +SP23.193.386
 +Extract
 +The humble petition of Edward Wilsford Sheweth
 +
 +that your petitioner left his dwelling in Kent and went to Oxford, and others of the Kings Garrisons.
 +That he had a command in the Kings Army against those forces raysed by the Parliament.
 +That he was in Oxford at the surrender thereof to his Excellencie Sir Thomas Fairfaxe Generall of the forces raysed by the Parliament.
 +That the petitioner hath a small estate in Fee Simple lyeing in Flamborough in Yorkshire of the yearly value of 200 li. as it hath been formerly lett; but now sett at 100li p anno by the sequestrators.
 +
 +Rec'd 27 November 1646
 +
 +===Corporal Umfreville'​s Will==
 +(4) PROB 10/639/57
 +P8110026
 +
 +The last will and tst noncupative or by word of mouth of Edward Umfrevile Esq. one of his Majesties Sargeant at Armes and corporall of his Troope of Horse
 +
 +Memorandum, that upon the seventeenth day of July Anno Dom. 1643 the said Edward Umfrevile lodging in the house of George Hillyard within the Parish of St. Peter in the Citty of Oxon. Hee being in his lodging Chamber being sick of the sicknesse whereof he dyed but in perfect sense, memory and understanding with intent to declare his last will and testament and to dispose of his estate hee did in the presence of Richard Byshopp Esq. and Thomas Bowen Gent. witnesses
 +
 +===Capt Heron'​s petition===
 +SP23.92.427
 +To the honourable the Commissioners sitting at Goldsmiths Hall.
 +The humble petition of Henry Heron Esq.
 +
 +Sheweth that at the beginning of these warrs he was one of the sewers to ye Queene and about three monethes after her going into Holland had a passe from ye Committee of safetie to go to his Majestie where he rodd in his Troope for about four monthes, and after became Capt. of a Troope of Horse in the Regiment of Colonell Henry Percie which command he continued for about a yeare and then laid it down and till November last lived as a private Gent. in Newark Oxford and Bath, about which time he obtained Colonell Rosseters pass and protection and ever since hath lived at his fathers house in the County of Lincolne... ​
 +
 +received the 27th March 1647
 +
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *October 1642: 2 troops at Edgehill   *October 1642: 2 troops at Edgehill
Line 86: Line 164:
   *August 1645: 4 troops with 300 men at Doncaster((British Library Harleian Ms 911))   *August 1645: 4 troops with 300 men at Doncaster((British Library Harleian Ms 911))
   *September 1645: 4 troops with about 200 men at Chester((British Library Harleian Ms 944))   *September 1645: 4 troops with about 200 men at Chester((British Library Harleian Ms 944))
 +
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 +  *[[royalist:​horse-regiments:​gentlemen-pensioners|The Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners]]
 +  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​kings-lifeguard|The King’s Lifeguard Regiment of Foot]]
 +  *[[bishops-wars:​english-foot-regiments:​guards|The Guards Regiment of Foot]] (2nd Bishops'​ War) 
  
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====