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royalist:horse-regiments:earl-of-caernarvon [24/09/2015 11:47]
royalist:horse-regiments:earl-of-caernarvon [31/03/2020 18:34] (current)
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
 +|**Flag Illustration**|{{:​royalist:​horse-regiments:​caernarvon5.png?​200|}}((Adapted from original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))|
 |**Active**|1642-1646| |**Active**|1642-1646|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
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 | |Richard Neville|  | |Richard Neville|
 |**Area Raised**||  |**Area Raised**||
-|**Flag Colour**|Yellow|  +|**Flag Colour**|Red|  
-|**Flag Design**|Known| +|**Flag Design**|See below|
 |**Field Armies**|Oxford 1642-5| |**Field Armies**|Oxford 1642-5|
 | |Goring 1645| | |Goring 1645|
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   *September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase   *September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
   *September: First Battle of Newbury, Caernarvon killed ​   *September: First Battle of Newbury, Caernarvon killed ​
 +  *Richard Neville replaces Caernarvon as Colonel
 ====1644==== ====1644====
 +  *January: Quartered at Newbury
   *March: Battle of Cheriton   *March: Battle of Cheriton
   *June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge   *June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
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 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
 +In January 1644 the regiment under Colonel Neville were quartered at Newbury where Lt Col Lisle of [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​earl-rivers|Earl Rivers’ Regiment of Foot]] complained of their mutinous behaviour. ​
 ===== Flags===== ===== Flags=====
 +Symonds noted the regiment carrying 5 red colours in April 1644 while under Neville. ​
 +According to Blount: ​
 +//The Earle of Carnarvan was thus mordacious in his devise, wherein he had a Lyon depainted, and 6 dogs bayting or baying at him, one of the 6 was bigger than the other 5, from whose mouth issued a little scroul, wherein was written KIMBOLTON, and from the mouths of the other 5, in a like scroul was written, PYM, PYM &c. The Lyon seemed to utter this motto, QUOSQ; TANDEM ABUTERIS PATIENTIA NOSTRA ? By the Lyon was intended the King, the rest needs no interpretation.//​((//​The Art of making Devises// 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655)). Illustration 1 above is an artist'​s interpretation of this written description,​ with the red field as noted by Symonds in 1644. 
 +//It should seem the Earle of Carnarvan did stomack the 5 Members; For he had a second Devise, wherein was represented 5 hands reaching at a Crown; and an armed hand with a sword issuing out of a cloud defending it, with this motto, REDDITE CAESARI//​((//​The Art of making Devises// 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655)).
 +Sir Charles Lucas commanded a troop of the regiment in 1642 and according to Blount: //The Lord Lucas bore a Crown onely for figure, with DEI GRATIA inscribed//,​ however this might relate to his own regiment, [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​sir-charles-lucas|Sir Charles Lucas’ Regiment of Horse]], or horse raised in 1648.  ​
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
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 ====Richard Neville==== ====Richard Neville====
 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Richard_Neville_(soldier)|Richard Neville]] [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Richard_Neville_(soldier)|Richard Neville]]
 +Earl of Caernarvons regiment of Horse
 +Colonel ​           Richard Neville
 +Lieutenant Colonel ​         Standish ​            
 +Captain Lieutenant ​ George Bagehott ​        (4) + I.O. Bucks
 +Standish ​         Ment. I.O. 
 +Sargeant Major                      Chapman ​        (1) + (2) 
 +Sargeant Major         ​Robert Shirburne ​       (6)
 +Captain ​                                    ​Brent ​                Ment. I.O.
 +Captain ​                      ​Richard Bridges ​          I.O. Bucks.
 +                                     ​Charles Lucas               (2)
 +Captain ​                                 Chapman ​           (2)
 +Captain ​                      ​Lawrence Coles            (3)
 +Captain ​                               Howard ​                 (2)
 +Captain ​                      ​Richard Parsly ​             (5) +  Ment. I.O.
 +Captain ​                      Simon Preston ​              I.O. L + W 
 +Captain ?                   ​Thomas Worsopp ​         CSPDi 1660-62 under Col. Richard Neville.
 +Lieutenant ​                ​Robert Grimshaw ​          I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Brent
 +Lieutenant ​                ​George Monk                  I.O. Northants.  ​
 +Lieutenant ​                ​Robert Sherborne ​         I.O. Lancs. to Lt. Col. Standish ​
 +Cornet ​                       Henry Bridges ​               I.O. Bucks. to Capt. Parsly
 +Cornet ​                       Richard Bury                  I.O. Bucks.
 +Cornet ​                       James Daniel ​                 I.O. York to Capt. Preston
 +Quartermaster ​        Roger Barton ​                 I.O. Wilts. to Lt. Col. Standish ​
 +Quartermaster ​        Henry Hoddy                   I.O. Dorset to Lt. Col. Standish
 +Quartermaster ​        Lave Standish ​                I.O. Lancs. to Lt. Col. Standish
 +Quartermaster ​        ​Thomas Worthington ​   I.O. Lancs. to Lt. Col. Standish
 +To the Kings most excellent Makestie
 +The humble petition of Richard Peacocke Clerke
 +Humbly sheweth that your petitioner hath constantly beene a dutifull sonne of the Church of England,and a Loyall subject to your Royall father of ever blessed memory and to your Sacred Majestie and in his Sacerdotall function did faithfully attend upon,and officiate in the charge of Chaplaine to the Regiment of Honourable Colonell Richard Nevill formerly the Regiment of the late Right Honourable Earl of Carnarvon, as by good attestation may appeare,and hath ever since for his loyalty and constant adhering to the Church,​remained a continued and patient sufferer.
 +(1)E115.18 ​
 +Exercised these troops of horse then sent to Newark on Trent by the King and then to attend the setting up of the Standard at Notingham.
 +(2)CSPD 1691/2
 +Petition of Phillip Renda served under Charles 1 as a soldier in Major Chapmans troop, the Earl of Caernarnons Regiment of Horse.Later in Earl of Macclesfields Troop and in the Queens Regiment of Foot in Oxford.
 +(3) SP29.47.102
 +Petition of Captain Lawrence Coles
 +At 1st Newbury fight when ye Earl of Carnarvon was slayne,your petitioner was shot quite through the body.
 +(4) SP29.2.22
 +To the Kings most excellent Majestie
 +The humble petition of George Bagehott.
 +humbly sheweth that whereas your petitioner was sworne groome of the Privy Chamber in ordinary to your Majesties Royal father of ever blessed memory and did long officiate therein.
 +That your petitioner did in the late warre command the Earl of Caernarvons own Troop to the time of his being slaine at Newbury for which and for his constant adhereing to your Majesties service he hath suffered much even to the losse of all hee has by sequestrations and otherwise.
 +(5) SP.23.181.758
 +Petition of Thomas Bearde of Wilbarton,​Cambs.
 +Served as a Trooper under Captain Parsley in Colonel Thomas Pantons Regiment.
 +(6) SP29.11.23
 +Petition of Robert Shirburne,​in Regiment of Earl of Carnarvan,​eventually Major to the same.
 +Collections towards a parochial history of Berkshire.
 +‘There were not many years ago persons who remembered Lord Caernarvon ​ riding through Newbury with his sword drawn,and jocosely taking measure of a gate ( through which he proposed bringing Essex as a prisoner ) to know whether it was wide enough for the Parliament generals horns.The same person soon afterwards saw Caernarvons body brought across a horse like that of a calf.’
 +The Regiment was taken over by Colonel Richard Neville and there was some squabbling with Earl Rivers Regiment at Donnington Castle. ​
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
-  *Edgehill: 4 or 5 troops+  *October 1642: 4 or 5 troops ​at Edgehill 
 +  *March 1644: 200 men in 5 troops at Cheriton
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====