Earl of Caernarvon’s Regiment of Horse
|Conflicts||First Civil War|
|Colonel||Earl of Caernarvon|
|Flag Design||See below|
|Field Armies||Oxford 1642-5|
Later Colonel Richard Neville’s Regiment of Horse
Royalist regiment of horse serving with the Oxford Army and in the West Country
- August: Battle of Southam
- October: Battle of Edgehill
- December: Relief of Banbury?
- December: Quartered at Eynsham?
- January: Standoff at Cirencester?
- February: Storm of Cirencester
- March: Skirmish at Chesham?
- April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
- June: Skirmish at Chewton Mendip
- July: Battle of Lansdown
- July: Skirmish at Rowde Ford
- July: Battle of Roundway Down
- July: Storm of Bristol
- August: Taking of Dorchester
- August: Taking of Weymouth and Portland
- September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
- September: First Battle of Newbury, Caernarvon killed
- March: Battle of Cheriton
- June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
- August: Storm of Boconnoc House
- August: Battle of Lostwithiel
- October: Second Battle of Newbury
- November: Relief of Donnington
- April: Skirmish at Bampton in the Bush
- July: Battle of Langport
- February: Battle of Torrington
- March: Surrender at Truro
Symonds noted the regiment carrying 5 red colours in April 1644 while under Neville.
According to Blount:
The Earle of Carnarvan was thus mordacious in his devise, wherein he had a Lyon depainted, and 6 dogs bayting or baying at him, one of the 6 was bigger than the other 5, from whose mouth issued a little scroul, wherein was written KIMBOLTON, and from the mouths of the other 5, in a like scroul was written, PYM, PYM &c. The Lyon seemed to utter this motto, QUOSQ; TANDEM ABUTERIS PATIENTIA NOSTRA ? By the Lyon was intended the King, the rest needs no interpretation.2). Illustration 1 above is an artist's interpretation of this written description, with the red field as noted by Symonds in 1644.
It should seem the Earle of Carnarvan did stomack the 5 Members; For he had a second Devise, wherein was represented 5 hands reaching at a Crown; and an armed hand with a sword issuing out of a cloud defending it, with this motto, REDDITE CAESARI3).
Sir Charles Lucas commanded a troop of the regiment in 1642 and according to Blount: The Lord Lucas bore a Crown onely for figure, with DEI GRATIA inscribed, however this might relate to his own regiment, Sir Charles Lucas’ Regiment of Horse, or horse raised in 1648.
Earl of Caernarvon
- October 1642: 4 or 5 troops at Edgehill
- March 1644: 200 men in 5 troops at Cheriton