Earl of Caernarvon’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
Active1642-1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelEarl of Caernarvon
Richard Neville
Area Raised
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-5
Goring 1645
Hopton 1646

Later Colonel Richard Neville’s Regiment of Horse

Royalist regiment of horse serving with the Oxford Army and in the West Country

Service History

1642

  • August: Battle of Southam
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • December: Relief of Banbury?
  • December: Quartered at Eynsham?

1643

  • January: Standoff at Cirencester?
  • February: Storm of Cirencester
  • March: Skirmish at Chesham?
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • June: Skirmish at Chewton Mendip
  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Skirmish at Rowde Ford
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • August: Taking of Dorchester
  • August: Taking of Weymouth and Portland
  • September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
  • September: First Battle of Newbury, Caernarvon killed

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Storm of Boconnoc House
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington

1645

  • April: Skirmish at Bampton in the Bush
  • July: Battle of Langport

1646

  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro

Notes

Flags

Symonds noted the regiment carrying 5 red colours in April 1644 while under Neville.

According to Blount:

The Earle of Carnarvan was thus mordacious in his devise, wherein he had a Lyon depainted, and 6 dogs bayting or baying at him, one of the 6 was bigger than the other 5, from whose mouth issued a little scroul, wherein was written KIMBOLTON, and from the mouths of the other 5, in a like scroul was written, PYM, PYM &c. The Lyon seemed to utter this motto, QUOSQ; TANDEM ABUTERIS PATIENTIA NOSTRA ? By the Lyon was intended the King, the rest needs no interpretation.2). Illustration 1 above is an artist's interpretation of this written description, with the red field as noted by Symonds in 1644.

It should seem the Earle of Carnarvan did stomack the 5 Members; For he had a second Devise, wherein was represented 5 hands reaching at a Crown; and an armed hand with a sword issuing out of a cloud defending it, with this motto, REDDITE CAESARI3).

Sir Charles Lucas commanded a troop of the regiment in 1642 and according to Blount: The Lord Lucas bore a Crown onely for figure, with DEI GRATIA inscribed, however this might relate to his own regiment, Sir Charles Lucas’ Regiment of Horse, or horse raised in 1648.

Notable Officers

Earl of Caernarvon

Richard Neville

Strength

  • October 1642: 4 or 5 troops at Edgehill
  • March 1644: 200 men in 5 troops at Cheriton

See Also

1) Adapted from original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) , 3) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655