Earl of Caernarvon’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelEarl of Caernarvon
Richard Neville
Area Raised
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-5
Goring 1645
Hopton 1646

Later Colonel Richard Neville’s Regiment of Horse

Royalist regiment of horse serving with the Oxford Army and in the West Country

Service History


  • August: Major Chapman exercises cavalry troops, sent to Newark, then at Nottingham when the Royal standard is raised
  • August: Battle of Southam
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • December: Relief of Banbury?
  • December: Quartered at Eynsham?


  • January: Standoff at Cirencester?
  • February: Storm of Cirencester
  • March: Skirmish at Chesham?
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • June: Skirmish at Chewton Mendip
  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Skirmish at Rowde Ford
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • August: Taking of Dorchester
  • August: Taking of Weymouth and Portland
  • September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
  • September: First Battle of Newbury, Caernarvon killed
  • Richard Neville replaces Caernarvon as Colonel


  • January: Quartered at Newbury
  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Storm of Boconnoc House
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington


  • April: Skirmish at Bampton in the Bush
  • July: Battle of Langport


  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro


In January 1644 the regiment under Colonel Neville were quartered at Newbury where Lt Col Lisle of Earl Rivers’ Regiment of Foot complained of their mutinous behaviour.


Symonds noted the regiment carrying 5 red colours in April 1644 while under Neville.

According to Blount:

The Earle of Carnarvan was thus mordacious in his devise, wherein he had a Lyon depainted, and 6 dogs bayting or baying at him, one of the 6 was bigger than the other 5, from whose mouth issued a little scroul, wherein was written KIMBOLTON, and from the mouths of the other 5, in a like scroul was written, PYM, PYM &c. The Lyon seemed to utter this motto, QUOSQ; TANDEM ABUTERIS PATIENTIA NOSTRA ? By the Lyon was intended the King, the rest needs no interpretation.2). Illustration 1 above is an artist's interpretation of this written description, with the red field as noted by Symonds in 1644.

It should seem the Earle of Carnarvan did stomack the 5 Members; For he had a second Devise, wherein was represented 5 hands reaching at a Crown; and an armed hand with a sword issuing out of a cloud defending it, with this motto, REDDITE CAESARI3).

Sir Charles Lucas commanded a troop of the regiment in 1642 and according to Blount: The Lord Lucas bore a Crown onely for figure, with DEI GRATIA inscribed, however this might relate to his own regiment, Sir Charles Lucas’ Regiment of Horse, or horse raised in 1648.

Notable Officers

Earl of Caernarvon

Sir Richard Neville

Richard Neville was High Sherriff of Berkshire from 1843 to 1644 and raised Sir Richard Neville's Reading Auxiliary Regiment of Foot in April 1644.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel the Earl of Caernarvon
  • Colonel Richard Neville
  • Lieutenant Colonel Standish Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major Chapman (1) + (2)
  • Sargeant Major Robert Shirburne (6)
  • Captain Brent Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Richard Bridges I.O. Bucks.
  • Charles Lucas (2)
  • Captain Chapman (2)
  • Captain Lawrence Coles (3)
  • Captain Howard (2)
  • Captain Richard Parsly (5) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Simon Preston I.O. L + W
  • Captain ? Thomas Worsopp CSPDi 1660-62 under Col. Richard Neville.
  • Captain Lieutenant George Bagehott (4) + I.O. Bucks
  • Lieutenant Robert Grimshaw I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Brent
  • Lieutenant George Monk I.O. Northants.
  • Lieutenant Robert Sherborne I.O. Lancs. to Lt. Col. Standish
  • Cornet Henry Bridges I.O. Bucks. to Capt. Parsly
  • Cornet Richard Bury I.O. Bucks.
  • Cornet James Daniel I.O. York to Capt. Preston
  • Quartermaster Roger Barton I.O. Wilts. to Lt. Col. Standish
  • Quartermaster Henry Hoddy I.O. Dorset to Lt. Col. Standish
  • Quartermaster Lave Standish I.O. Lancs. to Lt. Col. Standish
  • Quartermaster Thomas Worthington I.O. Lancs. to Lt. Col. Standish

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Chaplain Peacock's Petition

SP29.12.112 Extract To the Kings most excellent Majestie The humble petition of Richard Peacocke Clerke

Humbly sheweth that your petitioner hath constantly beene a dutifull sonne of the Church of England,and a Loyall subject to your Royall father of ever blessed memory and to your Sacred Majestie and in his Sacerdotall function did faithfully attend upon, and officiate in the charge of Chaplaine to the Regiment of Honourable Colonell Richard Nevill formerly the Regiment of the late Right Honourable Earl of Carnarvon, as by good attestation may appeare, and hath ever since for his loyalty and constant adhering to the Church, remained a continued and patient sufferer.

Major Chapman

(1)E115.18 Exercised these troops of horse then sent to Newark on Trent by the King and then to attend the setting up of the Standard at Notingham.

(2)CSPD 1691/2 Petition of Phillip Renda served under Charles 1 as a soldier in Major Chapmans troop, the Earl of Caernarnons Regiment of Horse. Later in Earl of Macclesfield's Troop and in the Queens Regiment of Foot in Oxford.

Capt Coles' Petition

(3) SP29.47.102 Petition of Captain Lawrence Coles

At 1st Newbury fight when ye Earl of Carnarvon was slayne, your petitioner was shot quite through the body.

Capt Lt Bagehott's Petition

(4) SP29.2.22 To the Kings most excellent Majestie The humble petition of George Bagehott.

humbly sheweth that whereas your petitioner was sworne groome of the Privy Chamber in ordinary to your Majesties Royal father of ever blessed memory and did long officiate therein. That your petitioner did in the late warre command the Earl of Caernarvons own Troop to the time of his being slaine at Newbury for which and for his constant adhereing to your Majesties service he hath suffered much even to the losse of all hee has by sequestrations and otherwise.

Capt Parsley

(5) SP.23.181.758 Petition of Thomas Bearde of Wilbarton, Cambs. Served as a Trooper under Captain Parsley in Colonel Thomas Pantons Regiment.

Maj. Shirburne's Petition

(6) SP29.11.23 Petition of Robert Shirburne,in Regiment of Earl of Carnarvan, eventually Major to the same.

Caernarvon at 1st Newbury

Collections towards a parochial history of Berkshire. Shaw

‘There were not many years ago persons who remembered Lord Caernarvon riding through Newbury with his sword drawn, and jocosely taking measure of a gate (through which he proposed bringing Essex as a prisoner) to know whether it was wide enough for the Parliament generals horns. The same person soon afterwards saw Caernarvons body brought across a horse like that of a calf.’

The Regiment was taken over by Colonel Richard Neville and there was some squabbling with Earl Rivers Regiment at Donnington Castle.


  • October 1642: 4 or 5 troops at Edgehill
  • March 1644: 200 men in 5 troops at Cheriton

See Also

1) Adapted from original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) , 3) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655