Colonel William Pretty’s Regiment of Foot

Active1645 to 1646
CountryWales
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelWilliam Pretty
Area RaisedMonmouthshire
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist foot serving in garrison at Bristol and likely at Raglan Castle

Service History

1645

  • July: At Monmouth
  • July: Sent to Bristol
  • August to September: Besieged at Bristol

1646

  • June to August: Besieged at Raglan Castle?

Notes

The Regiment marched at the end of July with Colonel Henry Tillier's to Rupert's aid in Bristol. See Henry Tillier's Regiment for Charles I's letter. William Pretty was in Bristol at the surrender and also later surrendered at Raglan Castle.

Captain Lieutenant Henry Cook claimed to have fought at Marlborough under Pretty, this is unlikely to be Wilmot's storm of Marlborough in 1642, as Pretty was a Parliamentarian then. There were two later skirmishes at Marlborough; one in June 1645 with the Royalists under Dowett, the other in January 1646 under Cansfield. Either seems possible.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

William Pretty

Pretty at first supported the Parliamentarians but changed sides after being captured at Bristol in 1643.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel William Pretty
  • Lieutenant Colonel Morgan Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Bartholomew(?) Mynors (2)
  • Sargeant Major St. Leger Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Hayward I.O. Glocs.
  • Captain Matthew King I.O. Kent
  • Captain Miles Smith I.O. L + W
  • Captain Bithell Vaughan I.O. Flint.
  • Captain Lieutenant Henry Cooke (1)
  • Lieutenant Rice Lewis I.O. Glam.
  • Lieutenant Henry Morris I.O. L + W to Lt. Col. Morgan
  • Ensign John Hayward I.O. Worcs.
  • Ensign George Lewis I.O. Glam.
  • Ensign Miles Lewis I.O. Glam.
  • Ensign Stradling William* I.O. Glam. to Sgnt. Maj. St. Leger

* In I.O. as Stradling William.

Add.Mss.33590 Is a contemporary list by County of Indigent Officers, but he is not listed as an Ensign or Officer for Glamorgan.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Pretty Compounds

SP23.202.195 Extract

To the Committee for Compounding sitting at Goldsmiths Hall London. William Pretty of Gwerney Clepp in the County of Monmouth Gent

His Delinquency, hee was a Collonell in Armes for the Kinge against the Parliament in Ragland Castle, but submitted himselfe to ye Parliament 24th day of March 1645(6)

B. Watkines Will: Thomson R: Gurdon

13th April 1647

(1) A1.110.120 Easter 1662

Henry Cooke of Marlborough served as Captain Lieutenant under Sir Henry Coker and under Colonel William Pretty at Marlborough fight.

(2) Harley Mss. 6852 f. 145 abstracted

Council of War 23rd July 1645

  • Hereford 30cwt Powder, Col. Lisles Foot, Col. Tilliards Foot
  • Chepstow 5cwt Powder
  • Cardiff 20cwt Powder, Col. Murray Foot
  • Ludlow 10cwt Powder
  • Monmouth 5cwt Powder, Col. Pretty Foot

Lieutenant Colonel Mynors at Monmouth.

Abergavenny to be quitted, Ruperts and Col. Carys Horse to go to Bristol.

I also have a note of Lieutenant Colonel Mynors possibly under Sir John Wintour.

Strength

See Also