Colonel William Godolphin’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelWilliam Godolphin
John Arundell?
Area RaisedCornwall
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesHopton 1643
Maurice 1644

Royalist Regiment of Foot that was one of the five famous Cornish Regiments of Hopton’s Army

Service History


  • November: Regiment raised in Cornwall
  • December: Siege of Exeter


  • 19th January: Battle of Braddock Down
  • January: Storm of Saltash
  • January to February: Siege of Plymouth
  • February: Battle of Modbury
  • 23rd April: Battle of Beacon Hill
  • 25th April: Battle of Sourton Down
  • 16th May: Battle of Stratton - Left wing, 600 men app
  • July: Skirmish at Monckton Farley
  • 5th July: Battle of Lansdowne
  • 8th - 13th July: Besieged at Devizes
  • 13th July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • 26th July: Storm of Bristol - Part of Bassett's Brigade
  • September: Siege of Exeter?
  • October to December: Siege of Plymouth


  • March: Storm of Hemioch Castle?
  • April to June: Siege of Lyme Regis
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel


  • April to May: Siege of Taunton?
  • October to April 1646: Besieged at Exeter


  • May to June: Besieged at Oxford



Notable Officers

Colonel William Godolphin

William Godolphin (1605-1663) was knighted in May 1644.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

  • Colonel William Godolphin
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert Arundel (4) + E.16.24
  • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Robinson DDB/35/6 7.1.1645
  • Sargeant Major Christopher Grosse DDB/35/6 7.1.1645
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Robinson E.16.24 Oct 44
  • Sargeant Major Trenway (2)
  • Captain Sir Francis Basset CRO.DDB.35.219
  • Captain Francis Bluet E.16.24
  • Captain Thomas Clyes (3)
  • Captain Francis Hutchins I.O. Devon
  • Captain Petherick Jenkin I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Henry Keliow I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Naunce E.16.24
  • Captain William Orchard I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Francis Robinson E.16.24 + I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Thomas Robinson (1)
  • Captain Lieutenant John Gunne I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Lieutenant Anthony Reskilly I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Thomas Harris I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Hayme I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Richard Job I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Richard Marshall I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Painter I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Robinson E.16.24
  • Lieutenant Cornelius Teige I.O. L + W to Capt. Hutchins
  • Lieutenant Edward Tomkins I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Thomas Trenwith I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Anthony Bray I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Ralph Clyes I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Thomas Gregory I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign John Luke I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Penlease I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Torack I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Michael Trenhick I.O. Cornwall
  • Quartermaster Thomas Flemin I.O. Cornwall
  • Quartermaster General John Tomkins I.O. Cornwall
Previous List (from BCW user 'bordereiver' to check)
  • Colonel William Godolphin
  • Lieutenant-Colonel John Arundell?
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Thomas (?)
  • Sergeant-Major Peters
  • Sergeant-Major William Godolphin of Godolphin - Killed at Bristol?
  • Captain Hill
  • Captain Mountforke
  • Captain Salter
  • Captain Watton
  • Captain Furlow
  • Captain Willis
  • Captain Upton

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'


Sir William Godolphins Regiment do drive away the cattle and load away the goods, burn and spoil in cruel manner about Truro, St. Agnes and furthest parts of Cornwall

(1) Cornwall Record Office CRO.DD.BU.631.1

Whereas I have received a Commission from his Majestie for the levying a Reigment of Foote in the West with power to grant Commissions to all officers of the said Regiment. I doe hereby constitute and appoint you Mr Thomas Robinson to be a Captaine of one company of foote to consist of such as will willingly serve for the defence of his Majesties Royall person, the two houses of Parlyament the protestant religion the lawes of the land and the libertie and property of the subject. These are therefore to require you with all dilligence and expedition to endeavour the raising, levying and bringing the said Company of foot unto such place as you shall understand the Army to be quartered at, and to cause the said company daily to be exercised in armes, commanding all inferior officers and soldiers of the said company to obey you as their Captaine according to this your Commission. And you are likewise to observe and follow such other directions as from tyme to tyme you shall receive from your superior officers. Given under my hand and seale this eth day of November 1642 Wm.Godolphin.

Sargeant Major Christopher Grosse was later the chief actor of an insurrection at Penzance in 1648 and used the alias of Richard Pearce thereafter to evade detection. Thurloe Vol.5. p.495

(2) Wiltshire Record Office

A1.110.114 Michalmas 1661

Petition of Nicholas Randell of Eas(t)on. That he served in the Regiment of Colonel Godolphin in Major Tremayes Company.


Certificate of John Parsons, Peter Colley, Michaell Clarke, Edward Kear, Augustin Batt and Fra. Smith that he served under Major Trenway.

Trenway/Tremayes or possibly Tremayne.

Parsons was in Lord Hopton's Regiment of Horse.

(3) Cornwall Record Office St. Stephen by Saltash Parish Register

Captain Thomas Clyes of Penzance was buried the 29th of January 1643(4)

(4) DDB 35/59 A List of monies as Sir Francis Bassett has dispersed for his Majesty Lord Hopton & Sydney Godolphin

Lord Hopton & Sydney Godolphin £200 12th October 1642 Lord Hopton £100 12th January 1642(3) Mr George Walrond £204.09 17th January 1642(3) Lord Hopton £100 7th February 1642(3) Delivered to Sir William Godolphin towards the pay of his Regiment £200 17th March 164(3)

DDB 35/72 7th March 1642(3)

Received by Robert Arundell from my Cousin Bassett ye sum of £200 in part payment of my Regiment Signed William Godolphin Countersigned Ralph Hopton


William Godolphin of Trewarvenith in the County of Cornwall Esq. His delinquency that he was a Colonell in the Kings Army and was one of the Treators in the surrender of Exeter to Parliament. He petitioned here in the time lymited by the Articles of Exeter, but in regard he refused to take the Covenant he was not permitted to Compound

See Also

Godolphin's Foot are re-enacted by Sir William Godolphin's Regiment of Foote of the Sealed Knot and also have a Facebook page