Colonel Thomas Pinchbeck’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
Active1643 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelThomas Pinchbeck
Sir Henry Bard
Area RaisedNorthumberland
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignRed Crosses
Field ArmiesOxford 1643-5

Later Sir Henry Bard’s Regiment of Foot

Royalist Regiment of Foot raised in the North then serving with the Oxford Army

Service History


  • Raised in Northumberland
  • May: Sent to Oxford from Newcastle's army
  • May: The regiment formed into two, Pinchbeck's and Lord Percy’s Regiment of Foot
  • August: Garrison of Oxford, guarding East Gate with Percy's regiment
  • 24th August: Issued 1cwt each of powder, match and shot
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury Pinchbeck killed
  • November to December: Occupy Towcester (det)


  • 13th February: Mustered at the New Parks, Oxford, as Pinchbeck's
  • Sir Henry Bard made Colonel
  • March: Battle of Cheriton Bard loses an arm
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • Garrison of Campden House, brigaded with The Queen’s Lifeguard Regiment of Foot Firelocks delivered to the regiment


  • February: Loss of Stoke House?
  • March: Skirmish at Winchcombe?
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • July: Recruited in Wales


There is a regimental history by Bob Giglio available online at the old ECWSA website, via the Wayback Machine.

Quite a few foot Regiments that fought at Naseby were subsequently re-recruited in Wales from July 1645, including William Murray’s, Appleyard’s Tillier’s, John Pawlett’s, Sir Jacob Astley’s, Duke of York’s, King’s Lifeguard, Sir Henry Bard’s, Sir Bernard Astley’s, Robert Broughton's and Lisle’s2).

There is a brief history by Stuart Reid in English Civil War Notes and Queries Issue 1 p 14.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment wore grey coats in 1644 3). Equipped with firelock muskets in the winter of 1644. They carried white flags with red crosses surrounded by four small red crosses as devices in 1644 and 1645. The exact details of the crosses are slightly unclear. The designs were sketched by Symonds at Aldbourne Chase in 1644 and by Turmile from among the captured flags from Naseby 4).

Notable Officers

Colonel Thomas Pinchbeck

Killed at First Newbury

Sir Henry Bard

Sir Henry Bard, later First Viscount Bellomont, biographies at BCW, Sealed Knot, Wikipedia.


See Also

The regiment are re-enacted by Sir Henry Bard's Regiment of Foote of the Sealed Knot.

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642
3) , 4) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846