Sir William Pennyman’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 1 1)
Flag Illustration 22)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir William Pennyman
Sir James Pennyman
Sir Richard Page
Area RaisedYorkshire
Coat ColourRed or Blue?
White or Grey?
Flag ColourGreen
Flag DesignPiles Wavy
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-5

Later Sir James Pennyman's, then Sir Richard Page's Regiment of Foot

One of the first Royalist Regiments of foot raised in the First Civil war, served with the Oxford Army

Service History


  • Raised from the Yorkshire Trained Bands
  • July: First siege of Hull?
  • October: Quartered at Wicken
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • November: Storm of Brentford
  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Storm of Marlborough
  • December: Garrison of Oxford


  • February: Storm of Cirencester (det)
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • August: Sir William Pennyman dies at Oxford, regiment passes to Sir James
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester?
  • September: First Battle of Newbury?


  • April: Muster at Aldbourne Chase
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury


  • April: Storm of Ledbury
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby


Uncertain if Pennyman's were at Gloucester and First Newbury, they may instead have remained in garrison at Oxford. The Regiment were apparently nicknamed 'Pennimans Whelps' when under command of Henry Percy in 1644 and they and Fieldings are mentioned as the White and Gray Regiments.

Coats, Flags and Colours

Symonds noted that Pennyman's regiment carried 10 green colours in 1644. The piles wavy are red (Illustration 1). Symonds also added a cryptic note regarding green ensigns with white stars (Illustration 2) but exactly what he meant is unclear 3).

Probably clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford 4). In 1644 they are mentioned with Fieldings as the white and grey regiments. Whether this refers to coat colours or flags is uncertain. A new clothing issue seems more likely than a change of flag designs.

Notable Officers

Sir William Pennyman

Sir William Pennyman briefly governor of Oxford until he died there of the plague in 1643

Sir James Pennyman

Half brother of Sir William, in 1644 he resigned command to Page and went abroad.

Sir Richard Page

Originally Major of the regiment, he took over in 1644 and was knighted after the Storm of Leicester.


  • April 1644: 393 at Reading
  • April 1644: At Aldbourne Chase mustered 11 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 11 Ensigns, 11 Gentlemen, 23 Sergeants, 33 Corporals, 20 Drummers, 360 Soldiers 5)

See Also

The regiment are re-enacted ny Sir William Pennyman's Regiment of the English Civil War Society.

1) , 2) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
3) , 4) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
5) British Library Harleian ms 986.