Sir William Pennyman’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 1 1)
Flag Illustration 22)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir William Pennyman
Sir James Pennyman
Sir Richard Page
Area RaisedYorkshire
Coat ColourRed or Blue?
White or Grey?
Flag ColourGreen
Flag DesignPiles Wavy
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-5

Later Sir James Pennyman's, then Sir Richard Page's Regiment of Foot

One of the first Royalist Regiments of foot raised in the First Civil war, served with the Oxford Army

Service History


  • Raised from the Yorkshire Trained Bands
  • July: First siege of Hull?
  • October: Quartered at Wicken (Wyken, near Bridgenorth)
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • November: Storm of Brentford
  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Storm of Marlborough
  • December: Garrison of Oxford


  • February: Storm of Cirencester (det)
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • May: Guard convoy of powder to Faringdon for Prince Maurice (det of 40 musketeers)
  • August: Sir William Pennyman dies at Oxford, regiment passes to Sir James
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester?
  • September: First Battle of Newbury?


  • April: Muster at Aldbourne Chase
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury


  • April: Storm of Ledbury
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby


Uncertain if Pennyman's were at Gloucester and First Newbury, they may instead have remained in garrison at Oxford. The Regiment were apparently nicknamed 'Pennimans Whelps' when under command of Henry Percy in 1644 and they and Fieldings are mentioned as the White and Gray Regiments.

Coats, Flags and Colours

Symonds noted that Pennyman's regiment carried 10 green colours in 1644. The piles wavy are red (Illustration 1). Symonds also added a cryptic note regarding green ensigns with white stars (Illustration 2) but exactly what he meant is unclear 3).

Probably clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford 4). In October 1643, 600 suits of clothes were ordered for the regiment from Thomas Bushell. In 1644 they are mentioned with Lord Astley's as the white and grey regiments. Whether this refers to coat colours or flags is uncertain. A new clothing issue seems more likely than a change of flag designs.

The regiment's musketeers were equipped with matchlock muskets in 1643, from issue of match.

Notable Officers

Sir William Pennyman

Sir William Pennyman briefly governor of Oxford until he died there of the plague in 1643

Sir James Pennyman

Half brother of Sir William, in 1644 he resigned command to Page and went abroad.

Sir Richard Page

Previously Major of the regiment, he took over in 1644 and was knighted after the Storm of Leicester.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Under Sir William Pennyman
  • Colonel Sir William Pennyman
  • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Frankland (8)
  • Sargeant Major George Symms (9)
  • Captain Blakeston Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Cresswell (1)
  • Captain Humphrey Elmes (7) Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Lawson Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Mallory (3)
  • Captain Maud (5)
  • Captain William Pennyman (4)
  • Captain John Simpson (6)
  • Lieutenant John Sibs (2)
  • Lieutenant Allen Sartan I.O. L + W
  • Lieutenant James Storre I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Blakeston
  • Lieutenant Anthonony Tatham I.O. L + W to Capt. Elmes
  • Ensign James Read I.O. Salop. to Capt. Lawson
Under Sir James Pennyman
  • Colonel Sir James Penniman
  • Lieutenant Colonel George Syms Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major
  • Captain Francis Bateson I.O. Yorks.
  • Captain John Beverly (a)
  • Captain John Jackson I.O. Yorks.
  • Captain Mallory Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Anthony Norton I.O. Yorks.
  • Captain Richard Page (b)
  • Captain William Pennyman
  • Captain John Simpson © +I.O. Yorks.
  • Lieutenant John Eggleston I.O. Durham to Capt. Mallory
  • Ensign Thomas Anderson I.O. Yorks.
  • Ensign James Corpes I.O. Yorks. to Lt. Col. Geo. (Syms)
  • Quartermaster William Bates I.O. Yorks.

SEE C.6139

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Governor of Bridgnorth

October 1642 Sir William Pennyman was made Governor of Bridgnorth

Bridgnorth Chamberlains Accounts Book.

for wyne bestowed on Sir William Pennyman the Colonell, whoe was appointed by his Majestie Governor of this Town. 10 October, 1642, 3s. kd.

To John Lawrance for carringe 3 warrantees into the liberties concerninge the King[s] carriage, 13 October, 1642, 12cZ.; for the like againe the 10th day, 12d”

Capt Cresswell

(1) C6139 See John Bellasis Regiment.

Lt Sibs

(2) WO.55.458.8 Book 2.

To Sir John Heydon I am comanded by my Lord Generall to desire you to deliver unto the bearer hereof Lieutenant Sibbs 4 Shotts of powder unto 40 Musetteeres with match and bullett proportionable for the conductinge of Ammunition for Prince Maurice to Farrington and soe doeing this shall be your warrant this 17th of May 1643. Your most humble servant

W: Penniman

Mr March, it appeareth by this noate from Sir Willm Pennyman, that the 40 Musketeires appointed to convey Prince Maurice his munition and by and my Lord Generall appointed to receive 4 chardges of powder each with match and bullett answerable upon soe urgent an occasion I shall advise you to deliver for the present, but doe likewise wish that an order under his Lordships hand may be procured for it, which if you will cause to be drawne upp I will send to his Lordship to signe. John Heydon

Received out of his Majesties stores for the present sevice above expressed

  • Powder 5 lb
  • Match 10
  • Muskett shott 5

Jo: Sibs Lieutenant

Quartering in Shropshire

(3) Shropshire Record Office BB/C/8/1/5 October 1642 for 3 soldiers of Captaine Mallory 3 weekes at 3sh 6d p weeke being 3d p meale 1.11.6 the soldiers names Frances Glass William Steele and James Bell. 0. 7.6 rec'd. and oweing 1 4.6

Item. 16 daies dyet for Frances Glass, William Steele and James Bell. 3 of Captaine Mallories soldiers of Colonell Pennymans Regt. at 6d p diem a peec vizt 18d for all these 1.4.0.

James Pennyman of Ormsby

(4) SP23.179.19 A letter of information against James Pennyman of Ormsby the father of Colonel James Pennyman. Extract.

That he was a Commissioner of Array, and did array men at Stoxley January 28th 1643, and two other tymes there and once at Gisborough. That in February 1644 by direccion of Mr John Bellasis, hee with Mr Bradshaw did apportion and mittigate the fines sett upon severall men in Cleaveland by the said Governor of Yorke. That in Sommer 1643 hee with some others of the Countrey assembled with such armes as they had to hinder and oppose the sea men from comeing ashoare at Marske from aboard the Rainbow and other shipping. That in May 1644 he absented himselfe from his house for feare of the parliaments forces. That all his sonnes have been engaged in the Kings service (vizt) his eldest Sonne Sir James Pennyman a Coll, his second sonne Mr William Pennyman a Captaine and his third sonne Mr Thomas Pennyman late parson of Stoxley* fled from thence when the Parliament forces came, and his younger sonne was long in the South with his brothers, Coll Sir James Pennyman and Capt Will. Pennyman.

York 8 February 1649 * Stokesley

Brother of Lieutenant Colonel James Pennyman of Ormesby, Yorkshire

Musket to fix

(5) WO55.1661.92 9. June 1643 Recd from Captaine Maud of Colonel William Pennimans Regiment to fixe Muskett 1 Muskett barrel 1

Capt Simpson

(6) Dugdales Visitation of Yorkshire 1665 John Simpson of Wetherby a Capt. of Foote in the army of King Charles the first in the Regiment of Sir William Pennyman In I.O. under Colonel James Penniman

Capt Elmes

(7) SP23.193.638 The humble petition of Humphrey Elmes of Bowney in the County of Oxford Esq.

That he was Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to his Majestie and hath beene in armes against the Parliament And is sequestred for that his delinquency. Hee continued in Oxford until the surrender of it and comes in upon the Articles thereof. Hee therefor humbly prayes to bee admitted to his Composicion uppon such tearmes as afforded to others in the like condicion, and hee shall pray etc.

Rec'd 24 Sep. 1646

Lt Col Frankland

(8)Dugdales Visitation of Yorkshire Thomas Frankland of Adworke Lieutenant Colonel to Sir William Pennyman Knt., in ye service of ye late King Charles, died unmarried.


(9) WO55.423.32 P4280211

Jacob Astley to Sir John Heydon for 72lbs of powder for the Regiment of Sir William Penniman for the defence of this Town. Oxford. It was not all available.

31st January 1642(3).

  • Powder 1cwt
  • Match 1 Bundle
  • Muskett shott 1 Barrel

George Sym Sargent Maior

WO55.1661.55 8. June 1644 Received into his Majesties stores from Sir James Pennyman Colonell

  • Muskett Barrells 8

Capt Beverly

(a) Devon Record Office Extract. QSP.128.142.1 The petition of Henry Drew of Zeal Monachorum,Devon. Humbly sheweth unto your Lordshipps that your petitioner was in the service of our late Sovrine King Charles the First in the Redgement of Sir James Peneman under the Command of Captine John Beverly in his Majestys army at Oxford your petitioner lied upon the garde there against Sir William Wallers army and there receved a hurt in his bowells that your peticioner is not able goe without extraordinary brasses by reason thereof your peticioner is not able to follow his calling…

Capt Page


Capt Simpson

© Dugdales Visitation of Yorkshire 1665 John Simpson of Wetherby a Capt. of Foote in the army of King Charles the first in the Regiment of Sir William Pennyman. In I.O. under Colonel James Penniman,so stayed with the Regiment after Sir Williams decease.

Clothing Pennyman's

Harl.Mss.6833 f.60

To our trusty well beloved Thomas Bushell Esq warden of our Mint and master worker of our mines Royal.

Our will and pleasure is that you forthwith deliver 600 suits of cloathes for the cloathing of the Regiment of Foot under the command of our trusty well beloved Collonel Sir James Pennyman Knt. unto such persons as he shall appoynte to persons the same and so desiring this shall be your warrant given the 29.10.1643

Charles R.

Sir James Pennyman

SP23.179.13 Extract The humble petition of Sir James Pennyman of Ormesby in the County of York Knt. Sheweth that the peticioner haveing formerly served as Colonell in the Kings Army did about two yeares since lay downe his Commission and afterwards did quitt the Kings quarters and retired to his own home and haveing receaved a passe from the Committee for the Parliament residing at York for his safe convoy into Holland, did accordingly resort thither where he hath continued for these seaven months last past. n.d


  • October 1643: 600 suits of clothes ordered for the regiment
  • April 1644: 393 at Reading
  • April 1644: At Aldbourne Chase mustered 11 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 11 Ensigns, 11 Gentlemen, 23 Sergeants, 33 Corporals, 20 Drummers, 360 Soldiers 5)

See Also

The regiment are re-enacted by Sir William Pennyman's Regiment of the English Civil War Society.

1) , 2) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
3) , 4) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
5) British Library Harleian ms 986.