Sir Thomas Tyldesley’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1646?
1651
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Thomas Tyldesley
Area RaisedLancashire
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colourred or green
Flag Designsee notes
Field ArmiesDerby 1642-3
Oxford 1643
Byron 1644
Derby 1651

Royalist foot regiment raised in Lancashire, later part of the Oxford army, then returning North

Service History

1643

  • February: Stormed at Preston
  • March: Storm of Lancaster
  • March: Storm of Preston
  • Aprli: Battle of Whalley Abbey
  • July: Storm of Burton on Trent
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • January: Siege of Nantwich
  • January: Battle of Nantwich
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • June: Taking of Clitheroe Castle?
  • June: Captain Bradkirk's company garrison Clitheroe Castle but evacuate after Marston Moor
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • August to November: Besieged in Liverpool
  • August: Battle of Ormskirk?
  • September: Battle of Montgomery Castle??

1645

1646

  • March to July: Besieged at Lichfield?

1651

  • Raised anew in Lancashire
  • August: March from Warrington to Preston (21st) 1)
  • August: Battle of Wigan Lane (25th)

Notes

Lord Derby led two companies of Tyldesley's foot as the spearhead of the final assault on Bolton 2). Tyldesley was a Catholic and many officers in his regiments were notable Lancastrian Catholics too. At Marston Moor the regiment was in the front line and had been heavily engaged, so much that they ran out of ammunition3).

Coats, Flags and Equipment

It is likely that Tydesley's wore red coats in the First Civil War as discussed by Peachey & Prince 4) and Stuart Reid 5).

While no clear descriptions of the flags of the regiment have been discovered, several theories have been proposed. Tyldesley's Regiment of Foote (ECWS re-enactors) field a red and white gyronny colour; Reid suggests that green colours bearing numbers of small white crosses upon them captured at Marston Moor were Tyldesley's 6); there are two standards illustrated in Fahnen und Standarten 7) (both of which are attributed to Peachey & Prince8) although there is no specific attribution of these colours to Tyldesley in their book) a red and black gyronny design which is described as captain's colour, and a green colour with a single white cross device described as a major's colour (Peachey and Prince merely noting that a pair of unknown green colours with Cross of St George canton bearing 4, and 5 white crosses were captured at Marston Moor).

Notable Officers

Sir Thomas Tyldesley

Officer List

  • The Lieutenant Colonel is unknown but is believed to have died at Newbury.
  • Major Hugh Anderton was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel after Newbury
  • Orde promoted to Major (again after Newbury)
  • Captain James Collier was captured at Whalley Abbey
  • Captain Edward Bradley fell at Marston
  • Cuthbert Bradkirk of Wray was a captain in the regiment, had secured Clitheroe Castle and built up supplies in the keep, after Marston Moor this plunder was tipped down the well and he and his company fled 'without taking any leave'9).

Colonel Thomas Tyldesleys Regiment of Foot

Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Anderton (1) Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Salvin (11)

Sargeant Major Hugh Anderton (3) Sargeant Major John Harling Ment. I.O. Sargeant Major Orde (9) + Ment. I.O. Sargeant Major Thomas Salvin (11)

Captain Lieutenant Richard Walmesley (3)

Captain Nicholas Anderton Ment. I.O. Captain John Bamber (7) Captain William Blundell (6) Captain Brabent Ment. I.O. Captain Cuthbert Bradkirk Ment. I.O. Governor of Clitheroe Castle 1644 Lanc.Warr Captain Edward Bradley (5) + (7) Captain James Bradley I.O. Lancs. Captain John Butler (1) + ment. I.O. Captain William Butler (7) Captain James Collier I.O. Lancs. Captain John Draycott I.O. Lancs. Captain Thomas Haughton (3) + I.O. Lancs. Captain Martin Ment. I.O. Captain Renikers (10) Captain Thomas Singleton (7) Captain Swinglehurst Ment. I.O. Captain Robert Westby I.O. Lancs. Captain Thomas Whittingham (7) + (8)

Lieutenant Bradley (3) Lieutenant Wilfred Carus I.O. L + W to Capt. Brabent Lieutenant Edward Cripling I.O. Yorks. to Sgnt. Maj. Ord Lieutenant John Dawson I.O. L + W to Capt. Bradkirk Lieutenant Edwards (3) Lieutenant John Fletcher I.O. Lancs. to Lt.Col. Anderton Lieutenant William Girlington (5) to Capt. Edward Bradley Lieutenant Robert Oliverson (2) Lieutenant Oliver Tootall I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Anderton Lieutenant William Werden I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Swinglehurst Lieutenant John Whiteside I.O. Lancs.

Ensign Edward Corney I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Martin Ensign Dale (3) Ensign Edwards (3) Ensign Henry Harling I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Harling Ensign John Livesey (3) Ensign Manley (3) Ensign Thomas Walmesley (1) + (3) + I.O. Lancs. Ensign Westby (4) Ensign John Whiteside (3) Ensign Richard Whittingham (1) + (3) to Lt. Col. Anderton Ensign Thomas Whittingham I.O. Lancs to Lt. Col. Anderton Ensign Thomas Yates (1) + I.O. Lancs. to Capt.Jo. Butler

(1) Wigan Archive service Anderton Papers 58/6(b) Hugh Anderton Lieutenant Colonel of Foot in Sir Tho. Tyldesleys Regiment. Thomas Walmesley Ensign to Sir Thomas Tyldesley. Richard Whittingham Ensign to Lt. Coll. Hugh Anderton in Sir Tho. Tyldesleys Regiment. Thomas Yates Ensign to Capt. Jo. Butler in Sir Tho. Tyldesleys Regiment.

Dugdale's Visitation of the County Palatine of Lancafter in 1664-5. John Butler of Kirkland, a captaine of foot in the army of K. Charles the first, slaine at the battaile at Marston Moore in Yorkshire, anno 1644.

Lancashire Record Office QSP/573/8 Preston Michaelmas 1683 To the Kings Majesties Justice of the Peace at Preston The humble petition of John Walmisley of Gosnargh in the County of Lanc. Milliner Sheweth unto your good worships that your petitioner heretofore was a souldier in the late Kings service under command of Captayne Butler late of Kirkham until the said Captayne was slayne at Newbury Battell,and after his death your petitioner continued in the said service under command of Major Speed until Newarke upon Trent was surrendered and never was in all his life of the contrary partie…

(2) 58/6© Robert Oliverson Lieutenant of Foot under Sir Tho. Tyldesley

(3) Moore Mss. Captured at surrender of Liverpool

(4) E.16.27 Captured at Liverpool but not in Moore Mss. letter

(5) WO.55.458.17 26.7.1643 Colonel Tildesley Regiment to Captain Edward Bradley powder match and shot signed Lieutenant William Girlington Dugdale's Visitation of the County Palatine of Lancafter in 1664-5. Edward Bradley of Bryning, slain in the battle of Marston Moor, being then a captain in his majesty's army under S' Thomas Tildesley, kt.

(6) Crosby Records Captain William Blundells Commission. ‘By virtue of his majesties Commission under the signe Manuell to mee directed,I doe hereby constitute and appointe you William Blundell Esquire to bee Captaine of one companie of Dragoones in my Regiment.And I doe hereby give you full power and authoritie for hids Majestie and his name to raise and impresse and retaine the said companie,raised or to bee raised by sound of Drumme or anie other waie (and in anie of his Majesties Dominions) for the defence of his Majesties royall person,the 2 houses of Parliament,the Protestant religion,the lawe of the land,the libertie and propertie of the subject and Priveledge of Parliament,and when soe raised to bringe together and employ in his Majesties service as you shall from tyme to tyme receive directions for,and I doe hereby require all inferior officers and souldiers of ye companie you to obey as their Captaine,you likewise obeying your superiour officers according to the discipline of warre.

Tho.Tyldesley Leigh this 22th of December 1642

The following excerpt from The history of the ancient and honourable house of Stanley SECOMBE78

Molyneux and Tyldesley marched north from ? GET DETAILS FROM MSS.

TYPE OUT HIS COMMISSION

(7) Lancashire Warr Raised by Thomas Tildsley as Colonell,a man much esteemed in the Country,most were willing to comply with him.All the Captaine raised by him were Papists;but Edward Bradley of Bryning,or Captain Thomas Singleton of Stayning Captain John Bamber of the Lower Moore,Captaine…..Butler of Kirkham,Captaine William Butler of Merskoe Captaine …..Tildsey of Gosnargh and Captaine……Whittingham of Claughton. More.

Bamber appears to Have been a Captain in his Regiment of Horse according to this

1,4,1661 Same to Same for Richard Bamber and for Christian, his Mother.

The Marquises of Worcester and Ormond and Viscount Moore re- port and certify the loyalty and good service of Capt. John Bamber, who was captain of a troop of horse in England in Col. Tildsley's regiment. He afterwards served us well as captain of a frigate at sea. We hear also that his son, the petitioner, is a loyal subject. He shall be restored to the houses, &c., in the city of Dublin, of which John Bamber was dispossessed. The possessors thereof shall also hand over any of the mean rents of the said houses for the last thirteen years for the benefit of the six other orphan children of John Bamber. Clauses for execution. Pp. 1 J. Aid. Vol. F. p. 47.

SP23.227.211 Extract To the Honourable Committee managing the Estates and Seq. etc. The humble petition of Edward Butler of Myrescough in the County of Lancaster Sheweth that your petitioners late brother Wm. Butler of Myrescough in the said County being named in the additional act for sale his Estate being lately surveyed…

24 Apr: 1654

(8) SP23.214.185 Petition of Sargeant Major John Williams.Married the widow of Captain Thomas Whittingham of Claughton who was killed at Newbury under Colonel Tyldesley. The widow was Anne Parker born 8th October 1606,mentioned in Dugdale as married to Johannes Conradus Molanus who was in Sir John Gells Regiment in the Parliamentary army during the civil war.

(9)E.345.13 AND OTHERS Captured at Lichfield

(10) Lancashire Record Office QSP/414/9 Lancaster,Easter 1674 “The humble petition of Thomas Preston of Forton in ye Parish of Cockerham Co. Lancs. Sheweth that whereas your Peticioner having been a souldier in his late Majesties service under the command of the right worshipful Sir Thomas Tyldesley in Captaine Renikers Company of Foote,until the death of his said Captaine who was slaine at York Battell when and where your peticioner was sore wounded being both stabd,and cut in many places of his body,who hath ever since been lame by reason of his wounds that he received in the aforesaid service as has able to gow strayt,and after the said battell (torn) Yorke,he betooke himself to his native place…”

(11) Lancashire Record Office Preston Parish Register 19.6.1644 Buried Thomas Salvin a Lieutenant Colonell Thanks to the staff for allowing me to see the original register.

SP23.154.575 John Brackenbury states he met Major Thomas Salvin,Major to Colonel Tildesley at Spittedd who took him and carried him to Hornby Castle in Lancashire and lodged next to the Chappell where daily mass and other idolatrous service was performed.

Lancashire Record Office QSP/487/1 Circa 1678 Preston Michaelmas 1678 Petition of Elizabeth Drie ye late wife of William Drie Sheweth that your petitioners husband in his lyfetyme was a souldier for his Majestie now is and for his late Majestie King Charles the first of blessed memory in ye Company of Captaine Bradley in ye Regiment of Sir Thomas Tildesley and sent forth by ye towne of Newton and Scales,that your petitioner is lame.

QSP/306/20 Preston Midsummer 1667 Petition of Roger Walmesley of Fishwick Humbly sheweth that your petitioner at the beginning of these late warres was a listed souldier under the command of Sir Thomas Tyldesley and served his late Majesty of ever blessed memory at Edgehill,Brainford and severall other places and then a while after Sir Thomas having a new Commission to raise greater forces in this county came down forth of the South parte and severall of his souldiers came along with him of which your petitioner was one and coming into the towne aforesaid only to see his friends not regarding of your poor petitioner was a listed souldier and under the command aforesaid,the towne aforesaid did by Commission of Array immediately after send forth again your petitioner to serve for the towne and soe your petitioner remained in his late Majesties service and his Majesty that now is three yeares without any pay from the town.

SP23.214.207 That the delinquency was in the said John Rivington the brother,who was in Armes against the Parliament and slaine at Newbury battle in 1643

The Royall Matyrs states Slain at …….

THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE OF STANLEY Earl of Derby led on two companies of his old soldiers now under Col Tyldersley and stormed Bolton.28.5.1644

Notes Major John Harling Petition 1660/61 captured at Warrington in 1651 Maybe only in Regiment in 1651 ?

The following examination shows the plight of Parliament supporters when their Towns and Cities were taken.

SP23.161.461 Extract. Examinacions taken at Preston the 3. October 1651 touchinge the Delinquencie of Hugh Anderton of Euxton Henry Gerard of Newton in the County of Lancaster gent,sworne and examined saith that when the Earle of Darby raised forces in this County in the beginning of the warrs about the yeare 1642,Hugh Anderton of Euxton gent,was apointed by the said Earle to be Comissarie Generall of his armie and that he executed the said place of Comissarie accordingly and that hee marched along with the said Earle and his armie against the towne of Lancaster in the end of the yeare 1642 the beginning of the yeare 1643 and was there at the takinge and burninge of the said towne and afterwards marched along with them against the towne of Preston and was there at the takinge thereof.

SP23.161.465 The examination of Maior Hugh Anderton of Euxton taken at Preston 7. October 1651 Who being demanded whether hee bee a convicted popish recusant or not hee saith that hee is a recusant and believes that hee is convict and acknowledgeth that he was a Maior for the Kings partie against the Parliament and being of us there demanded whether he plundered ye shop of Mr Henry Taylor of Preston when the towne of Preston was taken by the now Earle of Darbys forces,hee thereunto answereth and saith that at the tyme hee was Comissarie generall for provision for those forces by virtue of a Commission from the said Earle of Darby that Col. Tildisley then Col of a foote regiment came to this examinant and told him that one Capt Conie * (who had lodged on the house of the said Taylor) was about to make profit of all his goods for his owne use and therefore by a verball command commanded this examinant to seize them for the benefit odf the forces aforesaid and hee brought this examinant to Mr Taylors house where the goods were and then departed and left this examinant there and then this examinant caused all the goods of Mr Taylors that were in his shopp and such other goods as hee found in the house which belong'd to the shopp to be taken and carried away and brought into Mrs Morts house in Preston and there left in the custody of Capt. Thomas Whittingham who converted them ??? to the use of the armie and hee saith the towne was taken in the night and that his seizure was made about nine or ten of the clocke in the morning following and being demanded of what value the said goods were hee saith that there was a good quantitie of broad cloath kersey bayes and other wares and being demanded whether he had anie speciall warrants from the now Earle of Darby for taking the said goods hee saith that hee had noe speciall warrant from him for it.And being demanded whether at that tyme he did plunder Mr Werdons house in preston hee saith that the now Earle of Darby told him that hee was informed that Mr Werdon was for the parliaments for and had plate in his hands belonging to them and thereupon the same night that the towne was taken hee directed his warrant to this examinant and William Sumpner to force open all the plate and monies they shold find in his house and thereupon immediately this examinant and the said William Sumpner repaired to Mr Wordens house and their seized upon a little trunk full of plate and some gold rapt in a paper which by the waight hee believes to bee about five or six pounds which this examinant gave to the said Earle and further saith that hee did not take out of the saidd Mr Wordens house any other goods than as aforesaid except one watch in a wooden case which was given to Major Bleare ….

* Possibly John Coney of Ditton Lancashire.Margaret,also known as Margaret is mentioned as a widow in the same document as William Blundell relating to tenaments.SP23.161.123

Lieutenant Colonel William Houghton killed 2nd Newbury.Royalist Martyrs ????

Salvin may be Major and then Lt. Col. Of his horse regiment.

Strength

See Also

Tyldesley's are re-enacted by Sir Thomas Tyldesley's Regiment of Foote Stuart Reid was formerly the commanding officer of the group.

1) Terribly Obscure Battles of the English Civil War 1. Wigan Lane, 25th August 1651 by Stuart Reid in English Civil War Notes and Queries Issue 1, pp 3-4, Eds. David Ryan & Hawk Norton, Jan 1984
2) , 3) , 9) The Civil Wars in Lancashire 1640-1660, Stephen Bull 2009, Carnegie Publishing ISBN:978-1-85936-191-7
4) , 8) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
5) , 6) The Finest Knight in England, Stuart Reid 1987, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525390
7) Fahnen und Standarten Volume V, Antje & Jurgen Lucht, Edition Peterstor ISBN:978-3-946351-05-4