Sir Thomas Tyldesley’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1646?
1651
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Thomas Tyldesley
Area RaisedLancashire
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colourred or green
Flag Designsee notes
Field ArmiesDerby 1642-3
Oxford 1643
Byron 1644
Derby 1651

Royalist foot regiment raised in Lancashire, later part of the Oxford army, then returning North

Service History

1643

  • February: Stormed at Preston
  • March: Storm of Lancaster
  • March: Storm of Preston
  • Aprli: Battle of Whalley Abbey
  • July: Storm of Burton on Trent
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • January: Siege of Nantwich
  • January: Battle of Nantwich
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • June: Taking of Clitheroe Castle?
  • June: Captain Bradkirk's company garrison Clitheroe Castle but evacuate after Marston Moor
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • August to November: Besieged in Liverpool
  • August: Battle of Ormskirk?
  • September: Battle of Montgomery Castle??

1645

1646

  • March to July: Besieged at Lichfield?

1651

  • Raised anew in Lancashire
  • August: March from Warrington to Preston (21st) 1)
  • August: Battle of Wigan Lane (25th)

Notes

Lord Derby led two companies of Tyldesley's foot as the spearhead of the final assault on Bolton 2). Tyldesley was a Catholic and many officers in his regiments were notable Lancastrian Catholics too. At Marston Moor the regiment was in the front line and had been heavily engaged, so much that they ran out of ammunition3).

Coats, Flags and Equipment

It is likely that Tydesley's wore red coats in the First Civil War as discussed by Peachey & Prince 4) and Stuart Reid 5).

While no clear descriptions of the flags of the regiment have been discovered, several theories have been proposed. Tyldesley's Regiment of Foote (ECWS re-enactors) field a red and white gyronny colour; Reid suggests that green colours bearing numbers of small white crosses upon them captured at Marston Moor were Tyldesley's 6); there are two standards illustrated in Fahnen und Standarten 7) (both of which are attributed to Peachey & Prince8) although there is no specific attribution of these colours to Tyldesley in their book) a red and black gyronny design which is described as captain's colour, and a green colour with a single white cross device described as a major's colour (Peachey and Prince merely noting that a pair of unknown green colours with Cross of St George canton bearing 4, and 5 white crosses were captured at Marston Moor).

Notable Officers

Sir Thomas Tyldesley

Officer List

  • The Lieutenant Colonel is unknown but is believed to have died at Newbury.
  • Major Hugh Anderton was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel after Newbury
  • Orde promoted to Major (again after Newbury)
  • Captain James Collier was captured at Whalley Abbey
  • Captain Edward Bradley fell at Marston
  • Cuthbert Bradkirk of Wray was a captain in the regiment, had secured Clitheroe Castle and built up supplies in the keep, after Marston Moor this plunder was tipped down the well and he and his company fled 'without taking any leave'9).

Strength

See Also

Tyldesley's are re-enacted by Sir Thomas Tyldesley's Regiment of Foote Stuart Reid was formerly the commanding officer of the group.

1) Terribly Obscure Battles of the English Civil War 1. Wigan Lane, 25th August 1651 by Stuart Reid in English Civil War Notes and Queries Issue 1, pp 3-4, Eds. David Ryan & Hawk Norton, Jan 1984
2) , 3) , 9) The Civil Wars in Lancashire 1640-1660, Stephen Bull 2009, Carnegie Publishing ISBN:978-1-85936-191-7
4) , 8) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
5) , 6) The Finest Knight in England, Stuart Reid 1987, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525390
7) Fahnen und Standarten Volume V, Antje & Jurgen Lucht, Edition Peterstor ISBN:978-3-946351-05-4