Sir Thomas Salusbury’s Regiment of Foot

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Thomas Salusbury
Sir Charles Lloyd
Area RaisedNorth Wales
Coat ColourRed or Blue
Flag Colourwhite, red or blue
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOxford

Later Sir Charles Lloyd's Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot of the Oxford Army

Service History


  • October: Quartered at Bromsgrove, Hockham and Burcot (Hoccum and Burcote, near Bridgenorth)
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • November: Storm of Brentford
  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Storm of Marlborough
  • December: Garrison of Reading


  • April: Besieged at Reading
  • May: Quartered at Culham Camp
  • 26th July: Storm of Bristol
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury
  • December: Battle of Alton Church (det)?


  • April: Mustered at Aldbourne Chase
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • December: In garrison at Faringdon


  • February: Taking of Rowden House
  • September: Besieged at Devizes
  • October: Garrison of Bridgenorth


  • March: Battle of Stow on the Wold?
  • March to April: Besieged at Bridgenorth
  • May to June: Besieged at Faringdon


Instead of remaining with the Oxford Army in 1645 Loyd's foot went into garrison duty in Devizes. After the surrender of Devizes they marched out to garrison Bridgenorth.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford 1). The regiments besieged at Reading in 1643 carried red, white or blue colours 2).

Notable Officers

Sir Thomas Salusbury

Sir Charles Lloyd

Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Tyrwhitt

Led the regiment at Bristol

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Under Lloyd
  • Colonel Charles Lloyd
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Tyrwhyt Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major
  • Captain Robert Challoner Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Garraway Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Hugh Jones Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Ellis Pris I.O. Denbighs.
  • Captain Francis Williams I.O. L + W
  • Captain Roger Williams I.O. Salop
  • Lieutenant John Vaughan I.O. Denbighs. to Capt. Challoner
  • Ensign Anthony Challoner I.O. L + W
  • Ensign William Garraway I.O. L + W
  • Ensign Robert Jones I.O. Montgomerys. to Capt. Jones
  • Ensign Thomas Pugh I.O. L + W to Capt. Garraway
  • Ensign John Thorold I.O. L + W to Lt. Col. Tyrwhyt
Troops of Horse
  • Captain Stephen Dawson Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Richard Callowe
  • Lieutenant James Rickaby -I.O. Durham to Capt. Dawson

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642


Edward Tyrwhyt was Lieutenant Colonel at Bristol siege 1643. De Gomme.

Lloyd to Rupert

Add. Mss. 18981 f.330

For his Highness Prince Rupert Farringdon 8th December 1644

May it please your Highness

the horse of the Prince of Wales are taken away from mee by your order to Col. Lisle, all my munition duringe my absence by my Lord Astleys order, for that it wilbe impossible for me to remaine there unlesse I be supplyed with boeth.

heere is Sir Tho: Aston bin up and lyeth at Bampton where there is noe need of him.

Sir I have sent my Leife Collo: to wayt upon your Highness. I would rayse a Troope or two myselfe if you please to permit mee, Yet I desire some in the meane time till I may be ready, what subsistance I shall have I hope you shall consider by this bearer.

I will neaver bee too troublesome but only begg your favoure of acceptinge me soe sir

Your most humble servant

Charles Lloyd

the 8th of 10ber 1644 Farringdon

Surrender of Devizes

E.303.2 Surrender terms of Devizes

Lloyd at Devizes

Add.Mss 18982 f.

May it please your Highness,

The house I am not able to maintaine by reason I have not where with all, therefore this night next after ye letter I shall give order for the demolishing of it which I believe will be rendered unserviceable by tomorrow at night. Your letters I have sent, my Lord Goringe is gone towards Winchester, my Lord Hopton was at Chard, or thereabouts yesterday who doth send me word that I shall have 5 Barrells of Powder and Bullet and noe match which I most want and which I hope you will suddainly fuirnish me with 20 snaphances I shall have all which affords me little ability and the less by reason your Highness hath appointed horse as they say to lye upon the Countrey to receave their arrears which stopps my ability. I hope you will excuse me if I hinder them till I see it veryfyed by your orders.

The Sheriff is come whose only Regiment I have and that patched from many runaways from other disconted troops. If you please to allowe me Col. Howards Regiment which as yet (as most say) undisposed of and was proferred to mee by Gen. Goringe, I doubt not but I shall make them able to doe ye service when you shall please to command, and a competent number., the Sheriff expects noe command from me by his priviledge and the Officers unwilling to command them lest they should disband, as they have done. Worke I cannot very much by reason of the weather, what is to be done according to my ability I shall not fayle in, this gentleman will wayt upon your command. I hope to be able raise 2 or 3 troops if you please to allow mee, all I leave to your Highness most serious consideration and myself to remain eaver your Highness What howses I shall make use of I hope I shall give your Highness a very good account, the Sheriff is loth to be seene in anything. Charles Lloyd Devizes

Add.Mss 18982 f.7

To Prince Rupert May it please your Highness, Blaggs house I have made uninhabittable and hath drayned the moate, I would not burne it because it would have incensed the Country against me, the weather doth much hinder the workes. The High Sheriff hath been out with me about Malmesbury which I find inconsiderable in Horse, indeed I shall humbly desire your Highness that ye would be pleased to thanke him for his care for hee takes infinite paines in shewing himself obedient to your commands and his willingness points at a good omen to my imployment here.

Match I have small store and the time of year ill to make any, though I am in hand with it, snappe with my best lock which might be made here but that I want the principall metall, for ye Hundreds yr Highness takes away from us at Highworth etc, little is to be gott from Bristoll of that ye know I want, this I am bound to trouble you with hopeing that as ye have employed me you will make me capable of being worthy of the little of. Yr most humble servant Charles Lloyd. Devizes 8.1.1644(5)

Wiltshire Records

Wiltshire Record Office

A1.110.132 Easter 1661 The petition of Rowland Humphrey of St. Mary Devizes. Served at Edgehill a foot soldier under Sir Thomas Salusbury and after his death under Sir Charles Lloyd in Capt. Robert Challoners Company and some time Capt. John Williams in the same Regiment. (Roger overwritten by John). Wounded by a sword at Newbury and shot through the leg at Killington Green between Oxford and Woodstock.

A1.110.135 Easter 1661 The Petition of Robert Davyes of St. John the Baptist Devizes Served as Corporal under Sir Thomas Salusbury and after his death under Sir Charles Lloyd under Robert Challoner and Roger Williams, both Captains.

Signed John Kent, William Grove and Edward Prideaux.

Victor writes: I must confess to some doubt regarding the veracity of these petitions, insomuch as why did two Wiltshire men join a Regiment raised in Wales originally under a Shropshire or Denbighshire Captain., fight at Edgehill and subsequently end up in garrison in their home town? It would have been more plausible if they had stated they had joined at Devizes.

Wiltshire Record Office A1.110.131. Easter 1661 Certificate that Walter Sturtup of was a soldier in the Troop of Richard Callowe.

Signed Capt. Richard Callowe. Probably of Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire

Callowe was Captain of a Troop of Horse and Marshall of the Gaole kept in the Black Swan in the Shambles, Devizes.

See also P6090130 and others.


A history military and municipal of the ancient borough of Devizes [by H. Bull]. By Henry Bull


character, that a further selection may here find place, thrown into a group with a few from other sources. The two first (derived from the papers of the family of Grubbe of Potterne through the courtesy of General John W. Grubbe) point to the period when the King's power became paramount in Devizes in the spring of 1643, and illustrate the remarks made at pages 155.6. [N.B. In respect of general levies made on the Hundred of Potterne and Cannings, it must always be borne in mind that the Devizes liability was one.fifth.] ”

To John Grubbe, Esq., CHARLES R.

Trusty and well.beloved ; We greet you well:—Though we are unwilling in the least degree to press upon our good subjects, yet we must obey that necessity which compels us in this public distraction when our own money and revenue is seized and detained from us, to lay hold on anything which …. may be a means to preserve thls kingdom ;—We must therefore desire you forthwith to lend us the sum of Two hundred pounds, in money or plate, for our necessary support and the maintenance of our army which we are compelled to raise for the defence of our power, the Protestant religion, and the laws of the land. We have trusted this bearer to receive it of you: and we do promise you in the word of a King to repay it with interest. And of this service we cannot doubt; well knowing you are too much concerned in the safety of our person and the preservation of the public peace to neglect this opportunity of expressing your care of both. Given at our Court at Oxford, this 17th day of February 1643. To John Harvest, gent., at Potterne.

A similarly worded document; the only difference being that the sum demanded is one hundred pounds, and the concluding sentence a shade nearer to the language of a threat; thus:—

“If you shall refuse to give us this testimony of your affection, you will give us too great cause to suspect your duty and inclination both to our person and to the public peace.”

It is dated from Oxford, on the 8th March 1643. Both the above letters are superscribed with the King's autograph.

A contract to furnish the King's army with cheese.

“Whereas I, Adam Winckworth of Marlborough in the county of Wilts, chandler, have received his Majesty's warrant for the raising and receiving three score pounds from the inhabitants of Marlborough aforesaid, for and towards provision of cheese for his Majesty's army, I do hereby engage myself within six days after the receipt of the said throe score pounds, to bring unto his Majesty's magazine the full quantity of four thousand weight of cheese, besides the quantity of two thousand two hundred weight already by me brought in. In witness whereof I set my hand and seal this eleventh day of July 1043. ” ADAM WINCKWORTH. ” Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of Henry Cripps and Anthony Rider.”

An accompanying instrument of the same date, is a warrant addressed to the townsfolk themselves, recommending them to furnish the required sum promptly and cheerfully, unless they preferred the alternative of being proceeded against as disaffected persons.

To John Harvest and others, Constables of Potterne and Cannings. “WiLis. By virtue of his Majesty's commissions under the Great Seal of England to us and others directed, for the seizing and employing of rebels' and delinquents' estates ; These are to authorise you John Harvest, Thomas Lye, John Blandford, Robert Long, living within the tything of Potterne within the Hundred of Potterue and Cannings, or BO many of you as you shall appoint, forthwith to make your rate upon the said tything of Potterne according to your composition lately with us for £40 and forty shillings towards allfees and charges ; but on tlwse only who paid the rates, which are expressed in their presentment. And in case you meet with any refractory persons who refuse to pay or to be rated as aforesaid, that then you make return to us of such persons' names, to the end we may deal with them according to the power and trust committed to us : Provided always you impose no rates on those who have been well known to he truely affected to his Majesty's cause : our care being that no such be taxed. Given under our hands the 14th day of December 1643. ” ROBERT LONG, JAMES LONG, ” EDW. YERBURY, EDWAUD ERNLE.”

To William Fisher and John Pleydell Esquires. ” To our trusty and well beloved Mr. William Fisher and Mr. John Pleydoll, receivers of the contributions of the divisions of Marlborough, Chippenham, and the Devizes, greeting:—Whereas by an order of the Council of War of 30 November past, the contributions of the divisions of Marlborough, Chippenham, and the Devizes were settled for the payment of Colonel Thomas Howard's regiment of foot in garrison at Malmcsbury and his regiment of horse quartered thereabouts, and you were then up-Mr. White's at West Lavington, as you shall answer the contrary. ” JOHN HARVKST. ” Constable of Potterne.” ” The tenth day of December 1644. ”

Received of Robert Pope and Michael Paradice for the tythings of Week and Rudges within the parish of Potterne, for the use of my Lord Wentworth's brigade, one-and-fifty shillings and three pence:—I say, received per me £2 11s. 3d. ” EDWARD NOTT.”

To the Constable or Tyihingman of Potterne. ” These are in his Majesty's name to will and require you to bring to my quarters at Great Chiverell at Jesse Mereweather's house, four quarters of oats and two loads of hay by six of the clock this evening; as you tender his Majesty's service and will answer the contrary at your peril. And you are likewise to be personally present to see this provision brought in, at the place aforesaid. From my quarters at Chiverell, this 18th of December 1044. ” RICHARD STURDY.”

It might be inferred from the above documents that during 1644 the resources of the County of Wilts were monopolised by the King's party : but such was not entirely the case. The opposite party could make inroads, though they found it impossible just now to establish a permanent footing. And such a raid was in fact executed in the months of May and June by Colonel Edward Massey the Governor of Gloucester. Having taken the town of Malmesbury by storm, he came on to Chippenham and Calne where he arrested Mr. Chivers, George Lowe M.P. for Calne, and a son of Sir Edward Baynton. Thence he marched to Devizes, surprised the King's committee, among whom were Michael Tidcombe Esq., Mr. Pugh, and two gentlemen of the name of Buck, and left the traces of his visit in the form of two warrants, one to destroy the fortifications round the town, the other to collect money.

To John Harvext the Constable of the Hundred of Potterne and Cannings. “You arc hereby required and commanded to summon in all the able- bodied men for work about your Hundred, with such spades, shovels, pickaxes, and other tools as they have, for the present demolishing and throwing down all such works and fortifications as are now standing about the Devizes. Which you are not to fail to see or cause to be done within four days after the receipt hereof, as you tender the safety of your persons and estates, and will answer the contrary at your perils. Dated 3rd of June 1644. ” EDWARD MASSEY.”

To the High Constable of the Hundred of Potterne and Cannings, with the Borough of the Devizes and the liberties of Bromham and of Rowde. “WiLis. Whereas the regiment of Colonel Devereux, governor of Malmesbury, hath not received any pay for the regiment of foot-troop of horse and dragoons, since the 16th of June last, but what was borrowed of Colonel Broughton:—These are therefore to will and require yon to collect and gather within your Hundred the sum of two hundred and forty pounds for and towards the paying of the said regiment of horse and dragoons, for the preservation of the said garrison and defence of the country; for two month's pay, ending 16 August next. And the same pay unto me at my quarters in the said garrison upon Friday next, 19th July; upon which payment, all free quarter is to be discharged. And if so it shall appear by any of the high-constables of the several hundreds within the county, that any hundred is rated above the wonted proportion of the rest of the country, upon any just information given, the same shall be amended or allowance shall be given in the next payment. Hereof fail not, as you will answer the contrary at your utmost peril. Given under my hand at Malmesbury this 15th day of July 1644. ” NICHOLAS DEVEBECX.”

To the Chief Constables of the Hundred of Potterne and Cannings and to every of them. ” These ore in the King's Majesty's name to will and require you that you send out of your Hundred, 200 able and sufficient men with spades, mattocks, and shovels, and provision for one whole week, to work at the bull-works at the castle of the Devizes; the first day to begin on Monday next, beingthe 13th of January; by the break of the day:—And that you also send then out of your Hundred, six able teams, carts, and carters, and provision likewise,there to work, as to carry or lug timber or wood. [Other copies of this warrant give order that the labourers shall not depart home without license, but are to stay in the night-time in the town of the Devizes, where houses and barns will be provided for them.] And that you make a true return of this my warrant, for the workmen,to Captain Garroway at his quarters at Mr. Edward Flower's house in the Devizes; and for the teams, carts, and carters, unto Captain Challo- ner at his quarters at Mr. Edward Lewes. I require you when you grant out your warrants to the petty constables or tything-men, to write it out at large, whereby they may know the tenour of my warrant. Whereof fail you not as you will answer the contrary at your peril and the neglect of his Majesty's service. Dated at the castle of the Devizes this 10th of January 1645. ” CHAELES LLOYD.”

This warrant, with a few verbal alterations, is reiterated again and again, down to the 12th of April; sometimes requiring a smaller number of men, or imposing a shorter period of service. The constables are severely blamed for their repeated neglect of his Majesty's service, and their disobedience is threatened with ” pain of plunder.” To the instrument issued on the 22nd of March, Governor Lloyd appends in his own handwriting :— ” Send a copy of this to each tything, they may not plead ignorance.—See this really performed : else I shall come myself and drive and distrain in lieu of it: for these wilful neglects I will no longer endure. ” CHARLES LLOYD.”

On the back of the warrant dated 24th January occur the words:— ”

Received by us John Ferris and John Woodward, both within the parish of Bishops Cannings, the sum of 32 shillings. I say, received by us, John Woodward X his mark. John Ferris.” [And in pencil] “Mr. Harvest, your part comes to £5.”

A brief message To the Constable and Tythingmen of Pot-terne, preserved on what appears to be the second leaf of a torn sheet, in Sir Charles Lloyd's own handwriting, is as follows:— ”

You are not so laid upon your life and goods. But send me immediately all your wains laden with straw, and yourself to be here with me presently, the tythingmen too, one or the other. This from me, the 21st of March 1645. ” CHAEXES LLOYD.”

To the Constables of Bulkington and Potterne. ” By virtue of the power and authority to me given by our Sovereign Lord King Charles, I do hereby straitly charge and command yon forthwith upon receipt hereof to impress within your precincts two able men for the recruit of his Majesty's army, and to bring them to me to Tlie George in Meere, upon Friday next, being the 17th of this instant. January, by 11 o'clock in the morning. Hereof fail not, as you will answer the contrary at your peril. Dated at Shaftesbury, 13 January 1645. ” JOHN CEOKE.” ”

To the Constablet of the Hundred of Potterne and Cannings and to either of them : — These : — haste. ”

These are strnitly to will and require you upon sight hereof to gather within your Hundred of Potterne and Cannings these several provisions, . . . . thousand weight of cheese, one …. weight of butter, ten flitches of [bacon?] …. quarters of wheat, four quarters of [barley?] or malt, one quarter of gray boiling [pease?]. And you are required to bring all this provision into the castle of the Devizes by Thursday next, the 3rd of April, where the commissary will be ready to receive it and give you a discharge. But where any part of this provision is not to be gotten, you arc to gather and receive it in money to the value. Fail not the due execution of this warrant, as you will answer the neglect of his Majesty's service and the good of the garrison. Dated at the Devizes, this 28th day of March 1645.


  • April 1644: 324 at Reading
  • April 1644: At Aldbourne Chase mustered 8 Captains, 9 Lieutenants, 10 Ensigns, 10 Gentlemen, 20 Sergeants, 28 Corporals, 16 Drummers, 308 Soldiers 3)
  • October 1645: 60 in garrison at Bridgenorth4)

See Also

1) , 2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) British Library Harleian ms 986.
4) British Library Harleian Ms 944