Sir Robert Byron’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643-1644
CountryIreland
England
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Robert Byron
Area RaisedLeinster
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesByron 1643-4

Royalist regiment of foot raised in Ireland and serving with Lord Byron

Service History

1643

  • March: Ordered that Sir Robert Byron should raise 1000 musketeers from Ormond’s Leinster Army
  • 16th November: Shipped from Leinster, Ireland to Mostyn, North Wales - Part deployment
  • 13th December: Shipped from Leinster, Ireland to Chester - Remainder of regiment
  • December: Storm of Barthomley Church
  • December: Second Battle of Middlewich

1644

  • January: Siege of Nantwich
  • 25th January: Battle of Nantwich
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • July: Garrison of Liverpool
  • August to November: Besieged in Liverpool
  • November: Mutiny and surrender in return for passage back to Ireland
  • November: Recruited in Dublin by Colonel Napier for Lord Byron’s Foot
  • Shipped back to Chester

Notes

Raised out of a number of regiments of Ormond’s army in Leinster, Byron had been Lieutenant Colonel of Sir Henry Tichborne’s Regiment of Foot, so likely started with men of his own regiment. On reaching Cheshire the regiment were involved in a notorious massacre at Barthomley Church but went on to serve bravely in the defeat at Nantwich. They took part in the first phase of Prince Rupert’s York March but were left as garrison in Liverpool. Besieged for three months by Brereton, they mutinied and negotiated to surrender, with terms including being shipped back to Ireland. On arrival at Dublin they were promptly recruited again by Lord Byron’s agent, Colonel Napier, and shipped back to Chester where they joined Lord Byron’s Regiment of Foot.

Flags and Equipment

Tichborne’s regiment had ash and red colours in 1640 but it seems unlikely that Byron’s would have kept the same design. When commissioned the regiment was supposed to be comprised solely of musketeers, but whether this actually transpired is uncertain.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Sir Robert Byron

Sir Robert was one of the brothers of John, 1st Baron Byron.

Lt Col William Walton

Sometimes referred to as Colonel

Sergeant-Major Connought(sp?)

Strength

See Also

1) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press