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royalist:foot-regiments:sir-ralph-dutton [02/02/2019 17:30]
tim
royalist:foot-regiments:sir-ralph-dutton [18/12/2019 10:41] (current)
alton
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 ====1642==== ====1642====
-  *October: Quartered at Hawne(?)+  ​*August: Hawkins commissioned Lt Col to Dutton at Beverley 
 +  *September: Dutton recruiting in Gloucester until chased off, continues in Herefordshire 
 +  ​*October: Quartered at Hawne (near Bridgenorth)
   *23rd October: Battle of Edgehill   *23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
   *13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green   *13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
Line 37: Line 39:
   *August to September: Siege of Gloucester   *August to September: Siege of Gloucester
   *20th September: First Battle of Newbury   *20th September: First Battle of Newbury
 +  *December: Hawkins commissioned Colonel
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
   *March: Battle of Cheriton (det)   *March: Battle of Cheriton (det)
   *April: Mustered at Aldbourne Chase   *April: Mustered at Aldbourne Chase
 +  *April: Hawkins commissioned Governor of Greenland House
   *May to July: Besieged at Greenland House   *May to July: Besieged at Greenland House
-  *July: Besieged at Greenland House+  ​*July: Greenland House Relieved 
 +  ​*July: Besieged ​again at Greenland House and surrender, marching to Wallingford
   *September: Relief of Basing House (det of 300 musketeers)   *September: Relief of Basing House (det of 300 musketeers)
   *October: Relief of Banbury (det)   *October: Relief of Banbury (det)
Line 59: Line 63:
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
 The regiment wore white coats by September 1644, however they may have been clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). The regiment wore white coats by September 1644, however they may have been clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)).
 +
 +Their muskets were matchlocks in November 1642 and March 1643. 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
  
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 ====Officer Lists==== ====Officer Lists====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Colonel Sir Ralph Duttons regiment of Foot((E.244.2)) +====Under Dutton==== 
-  *Colonel Sir Ralph Dutton ​(A) +  *Colonel Sir Ralph Dutton((E.244.2)) (A) 
   *Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Hawkins (A) + (1)   *Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Hawkins (A) + (1)
   *Sargeant Major Degory Collins (A)   *Sargeant Major Degory Collins (A)
Line 94: Line 101:
   *Lt.Col. Stephen Hawkins   *Lt.Col. Stephen Hawkins
   *Sgt. Maj Degory Collins   *Sgt. Maj Degory Collins
 +
 +====Under Hawkins====
 +
 +  *Colonel Stephen Hawkins (A) + (1)
 +  *Lieut. Colonel Palmer (In Greenland House)
 +  *Sargeant Major Charles Kirke I.O. L + W
 +  *Sargeant Major Degory Collins (A) + Ment. I.O.
 +
 +  *Captain William Atkins((WO.55.423.24))
 +  *Captain Bradley (In Greenland House)
 +  *Captain Thomas Cardinall I.O. Lincoln + ((WO55.459.473/​4 25.9.1643 Col. Dutton))
 +  *Captain George Grimes (2) + I.O. Kent 
 +  *Captain Fane Hack I.O. L + W
 +  *Captain Hoskins/​Hopkins Ment. I.O.
 +  *Captain Thomas Hull (2) + I.O. L + W 
 +  *Captain William Humphreville I.O. Lincolnshire
 +  *Captain John Jauncy I.O. Radnorshire  ​
 +  *Captain Lowe((Add.Mss.34325 f.36))
 +  *Captain Charles Morris Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain Matthew Radcliffe((WO.55.423))
 +
 +  *Captain Lieut. Thomas Atkins I.O. L + W 
 +  *Lieutenant Samuel Hull I.O. Berkshire to Capt. Hull    ​
 +  *Lieutenant Charles Littleton (3)
 +  *Lieutenant John Rixon I.O. Worcester to Capt. Morris
 +
 +  *Ensign Thomas Browne I.O. Gloucester to Capt. Hoskins
 +  *Ensign William Browne (4) + I.O. Surrey ​
 +  *Ensign William ​ Dethicke (4)
 +  *Ensign Thomas Franklin (4)
 +  *Ensign John Herbert I.O. Hereford to Sgt. Maj. Collins  ​
 +  *Ensign Edward Jordan I.O. L + W to Sgt.Maj. .Kirke
 +
 +  *Quartermaster ​     Thomas Carter ​                 I.O. L + W
  
 =====Contemporary References===== =====Contemporary References=====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
 (2) WO55.423.142 5. Nov. 1642 (2) WO55.423.142 5. Nov. 1642
 Rec'd out of his Majesties Magazine for the use of  Col: Duttons Regiment Rec'd out of his Majesties Magazine for the use of  Col: Duttons Regiment
-Powder ​                    ​1cwt +  *Powder 1cwt 
-Match                        1cwt +  *Match 1cwt 
-Muskett Shott       ​1cwt  ​+  *Muskett Shott 1cwt  ​
 Thomas Littleton ​                   ​ Thomas Littleton ​                   ​
 Quartermaster Quartermaster
  
-Sir John Heydon ye may please to unto the bearer hereof that comes from Readinge with 80 horses which I am to mount Musqueteeres upon there   ​one pound of powder with match & powder accordingly+Sir John Heydon ye may please to unto the bearer hereof that comes from Readinge with 80 horses which I am to mount Musqueteeres upon there one pound of powder with match & powder accordingly
  
 22. December 1642 22. December 1642
 Received out of his Majesties stores for ye present service Received out of his Majesties stores for ye present service
-Powder ​                    ​1cwt +  *Powder 1cwt 
-Match                        1cwt  +  *Match  1cwt  
-Muskett Shott          1cwt  +  *Muskett Shott 1cwt 
 Edward Littleton Caradgemaster to Colonell Dutton Edward Littleton Caradgemaster to Colonell Dutton
- 
  
 sp19.146.56 Captain Henry Hopkins FIND sp19.146.56 Captain Henry Hopkins FIND
Line 121: Line 161:
 3d. January 1642(3) 3d. January 1642(3)
 Rec the day & yeare above written for Sr Ralph Duttons Regiment for his Majesties present service Rec the day & yeare above written for Sr Ralph Duttons Regiment for his Majesties present service
-Shovells ​       20 +  *Shovells ​       20 
-Spades ​         10 +  *Spades ​         10 
-Pickaxes ​      10+  *Pickaxes ​      10
 Math: Radcliffe Math: Radcliffe
 Captaine Captaine
Line 129: Line 169:
 WO55.423.17 21. March 1642(3) WO55.423.17 21. March 1642(3)
 Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Coll. Duttons Regiment Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Coll. Duttons Regiment
-Match      63lb +  *Match      63lb
 Capt. Charles Kirke  ​ Capt. Charles Kirke  ​
  
 +E115.19 ​
  
 +Raising men in Gloucestershire Sep 1642 fought with Undersherriff of Gloucester Mr Hill copy.
  
-Colonel ​              ​Stephen Hawkins ​             (A) + (1)   +‘One Mr Hill, the Undersheriffe of Gloucestershire,​ having ten more with him, met with Sir Ralph Dutton and ten Cavaliers, who were raising of men against the Parliament in that Countrey, whereupon the said M.Hill, with the rest of his company, fell upon Sir Ralph Dutton and his Cavaliers, who so valiantly pursued them, that Sir Ralph Dutton was forced to swim the river Severne, and took two of the Cavaliers and brought them up to the Parliament, who had thanks returned them for their fidelity and pains, with further encouragement to send up all the malignant Cavaliers, and all those who should endeavour to put into the execution the illegal Commission of Array, if they appeare in that Countrey, and that all Countryes should do the like.’
  
-Lieut. Colonel ​           Palmer ​                        In Greenland House +‘Since Sir Ralph Dutton has fled out of Gloucestershire,​ he hath been very lately in Herefordshire,​ where he thought to have raised five men for the Kings service against the Parliament: and that he might the better effect his intended purpose, he hath employed severall agents to assist him in the raising of them: but staying there in hopes of raising men till they could not raise money to defray ordinary expences, they were forced to flie from thence without either.’ ​
- +
-Sargeant Major Charles Kirke                       I.O. L + W +
-Sargeant Major Degory Collins ​                    (A) +Ment. I.O. +
- +
-Captain Lieut. ​  ​Thomas Atkins ​                    I.O. L + W  +
- +
-Captain ​            ​William Atkins ​                     WO.55.423.24 +
-Captain ​                      ​Bradley ​                       In Greenland House +
-Captain ​            ​Thomas Cardinall ​                I.O. Lincoln + WO55.459.473/​4 25.9.1643 Col. Dutton +
-Captain ​            ​George Grimes ​                    (2) + I.O. Kent  +
-Captain ​           Fane Hack                              I.O. L + W +
-Captain ​                ​Hoskins/​Hopkins ​             Ment. I.O. +
-Captain ​           Thomas Hull                           (2) + I.O. L + W  +
-Captain ​           William Humphreville ​           I.O. Lincolnshire +
-Captain ​           John Jauncy ​                          I.O. Radnorshire  +
-Captain ​                      ​Lowe ​                            ​Add.Mss.34325 f.36  +
-Captain ​           Charles Morris ​                       Ment. I.O.  +
-Captain ​           Matthew Radcliffe ​                  ​WO.55.423. +
- +
-Lieutenant ​      ​Samuel Hull                             I.O. Berkshire to Capt. Hull     +
-Lieutenant ​     Charles Littleton ​                    (3) +
-Lieutenant ​      John Rixon                              I.O. Worcester to Capt. Morris ​   +
- +
-Ensign ​            ​Thomas Browne ​                     I.O. Gloucester to Capt. Hoskins ​      +
-Ensign ​            ​William Browne ​                      (4) + I.O. Surrey  +
-Ensign ​            ​William ​ Dethicke ​                   (4) +
-Ensign ​            ​Thomas Franklin ​                   (4) +
-Ensign ​            John Herbert ​                            I.O. Hereford to Sgt. Maj. Collins ​  +
-Ensign ​            ​Edward Jordan ​                        I.O. L + W to Sgt.Maj. .Kirke +
- +
-Quartermaster ​     Thomas Carter ​                 I.O. L + W +
- +
- +
- +
-E115.19  +
- +
-Raising men in Gloucestershire Sep 1642 fought with Undersherriff of Gloucester Mr Hill copy. +
-‘One Mr Hill, the Undersheriffe of Gloucestershire,​having ten more with him,met with Sir Ralph Dutton and ten Cavaliers,​who were raising of men against the Parliament in that Countrey,​whereupon the said M.Hill,with the rest of his company,​fell upon Sir Ralph Dutton and his Cavaliers,​who so valiantly pursued them,that Sir Ralph Dutton was forced to swim the river Severne,and took two of the Cavaliers and brought them up to the Parliament,​who had thanks returned themfor their fidelity and pains,with further encouragement to send up all the malignant Cavaliers,​and all those who should endeavour to put into the execution the illegalCommission of Array,if they appeare in that Countrey,​and that all Countryes should do the like.’ +
-‘Since Sir Ralph Dutton has fled out of Gloucestershire,​he hath been very lately in Herefordshire,​where he thought to have raised five men for the Kings service against the Parliament: and that he might the better effect his intended purpose,he hath employed severall agents to assist him in the raising of them: but staying there in hopes of raising men till they could not raise money to defray ordinary expences,​they were forced to flie from thence without either.’ ​+
  
 Journal of House of Commons 1643-44 Publ. 1802 Journal of House of Commons 1643-44 Publ. 1802
 Manual of Prayers. Manual of Prayers.
-Ordered, That the little Book, intituled, A Manual of Prayers for Sir Ralph Dutton'​s Regiment, be referred to the Committee appointed to prepare the General Declaration.From:​ 'House of Commons Journal Volume 3: 5 May 1643', Journal of the House of Commons: ​ 
  
 +Ordered, That the little Book, intituled, A Manual of Prayers for Sir Ralph Dutton'​s Regiment, be referred to the Committee appointed to prepare the General Declaration. From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 3: 5 May 1643', Journal of the House of Commons: ​
  
-(A) Copy of the above book Bodlaeian Library. C158 dedicated to Colonel Dutton,​Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Hawkins and Sargeant Major Degory Collins.+(A) Copy of the above book Bodlaeian Library. C158 dedicated to Colonel Dutton, Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Hawkins and Sargeant Major Degory Collins.
  
 Some notes Some notes
 Charles Kirke 1.5.1643 WO.55.459.111 Signed for Match Powder and bullets. Charles Kirke 1.5.1643 WO.55.459.111 Signed for Match Powder and bullets.
  
-Colonel Stephen Hawkins was a brave and resolute Officer,​undaunted by the …..+Colonel Stephen Hawkins was a brave and resolute Officer, undaunted by the …..
  
 (1) Harl. Mss.6852.f.253 (1) Harl. Mss.6852.f.253
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 Mr Walker, Mr Walker,
-be pleased to doe me the favour to give a Commission to George Grimes to be Captaine to that Company that was Sir Ralph Duttons,in so doing which you will oblige.+be pleased to doe me the favour to give a Commission to George Grimes to be Captaine to that Company that was Sir Ralph Duttons, in so doing which you will oblige.
 Reading 14th December 1643. Reading 14th December 1643.
 Your most humble servant Your most humble servant
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 Stephen Hawkins Stephen Hawkins
  
-Pray send it  by Captain Hull,for ye Comitions of ye reste of ye Officers they will come attested by Sir Jacob Astley+Pray send it  by Captain Hull, for ye Comitions of ye reste of ye Officers they will come attested by Sir Jacob Astley
  
 (3) SP29.275.114 (3) SP29.275.114
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 ‘Served as Lieutenant of Foot in Ralph Duttons Regiment and was afterwards appointed to a Captain of Horse in Sir Hugh Wyndhams Regiment and soe continued during the whole warr. ‘Served as Lieutenant of Foot in Ralph Duttons Regiment and was afterwards appointed to a Captain of Horse in Sir Hugh Wyndhams Regiment and soe continued during the whole warr.
  
-(4) E.49.29 Letters by which it is certified,​that Sir Samuel Luke tooke at Islip...26.5.1644 +(4) E.49.29 Letters by which it is certified, that Sir Samuel Luke tooke at Islip...26.5.1644 
-The title of the pamplet ​is extremely long and does not actually mention this event which is amongst its contents. +The title of the pamphlet ​is extremely long and does not actually mention this event which is amongst its contents. 
-'Some of the enemies issued forth of Greenland House,and the Middlesex scouts light upon a party of them at Hambleton,​where were there taken prisoners.+ 
 +'Some of the enemies issued forth of Greenland House, and the Middlesex scouts light upon a party of them at Hambleton, where were there taken prisoners.
  
 A list of the prisoners that were taken A list of the prisoners that were taken
 ---------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------
  
-Ensign ​       William Browne +  *Ensign William Browne 
-Ensign ​       William Dethicke +  *Ensign William Dethicke 
-Ensign ​       Thomas Franklin +  *Ensign Thomas Franklin 
-                     ​John Lax               ​Clarke  +  *John Lax Clarke  
-Serjeant ​    ​Thomas Parker +  *Serjeant Thomas Parker 
-Serjeant ​    ​Thomas Mares +  *Serjeant Thomas Mares 
-Serjeant ​    ​Oliver Morton +  *Serjeant Oliver Morton 
-Corporall ​  ​John Yong +  *Corporall John Yong 
-John Prile +  *John Prile 
-Trustram Smith +  *Trustram Smith 
-Edward Heues +  *Edward Heues 
-John King +  *John King 
-William Jenkins +  *William Jenkins 
-Nathaniell Clarke+  *Nathaniell Clarke
 and two more of the enemies slaine. and two more of the enemies slaine.
  
 Dated at my Lords Generalls Quarters 26.5.1644 Dated at my Lords Generalls Quarters 26.5.1644
 +
  
 E.50.22 The true informer 1st-8th June 1644 E.50.22 The true informer 1st-8th June 1644
  
 By letters from Henley it is advertised as followes By letters from Henley it is advertised as followes
-‘Sir,I shall now acquaint you with the passages here since my last.This morning we sent out a party of about 400 to Greenland House,and by 11 a clocke our Dragooners scouring before the Foot,entred Henley,and there found 7 Cavaliers,​all well armed,​collecting victuals and drinke;they discovered us not till we were in the Towne,but stood desperately to it,fired foure or five times apeece,and we having kil’d their Chaplaine (who refused quarter) they fled,at last we took a Lieutenant,​an Ensigne,and two more,when they were falne back to Greenland House within twice musket shot. We desire but a reasonable helpe to send them packing,God send us faire weather: they are about 120,no horse,4 or 5 pieces.I disarmed the Lieutenant,​and tooke him alone,and shot one bullet of the two in the Priests body: he shot six times at us at foure yards distance,​but hurt not a man of us,thanks be to God.’+‘Sir, I shall now acquaint you with the passages here since my last.This morning we sent out a party of about 400 to Greenland House, and by 11 a clocke our Dragooners scouring before the Foot, entred Henley, and there found 7 Cavaliers, all well armed, collecting victuals and drinke; they discovered us not till we were in the Towne, but stood desperately to it, fired foure or five times apeece, and we having kil’d their Chaplaine (who refused quarter) they fled, at last we took a Lieutenant, an Ensigne, and two more, when they were falne back to Greenland House within twice musket shot. We desire but a reasonable helpe to send them packing, God send us faire weather: they are about 120, no horse, 4 or 5 pieces. I disarmed the Lieutenant, and tooke him alone, and shot one bullet of the two in the Priests body: he shot six times at us at foure yards distance, but hurt not a man of us, thanks be to God.’
 H.G. H.G.
  
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 By letters from the forces before Greenland House dated June 26th it is thus advertised ​ By letters from the forces before Greenland House dated June 26th it is thus advertised ​
-‘Sir,for newes here since my last,it is onely this,we have planted three of our biggest Sacres within musket shot of the House,and yesterday we sent them 30 shot,which much shattered the house,and amazed the garrison that were in it,our forces that are before it,are (blessed be God) in an healthfull condition,​though wee are forced to continue our watchings very strictly,​and sometimes can get little or no rest for seven nights together,we have before the house above 300 Foot,under the command of Lieutenant Colonell Bradley,​which came from Windsor,​besides 400 Foot which we have in Henley,our Horse not being above 150 and under the command of Captaine Terrill,​Captaine Nash and Captaine Aldridge.The Governour of Greenland House is Colonell Stephen Hawkins,who is Landlord of Bishops Court in the Old Bayly,he lately sent out about an hundred to fall upon our Quarters,​but they were soon beat in,and two of them killed: Munday night 100 of our Horse went forth,under the command of Captaine Tilliar [Terrill ?],who lay that night at Burton,and the next day faced Wallingford Castle,and brought away three of the enemies souldiers prisoner,so rests,+‘Sir, for newes here since my last,it is onely this, we have planted three of our biggest Sacres within musket shot of the House, and yesterday we sent them 30 shot, which much shattered the house, and amazed the garrison that were in it, our forces that are before it, are (blessed be God) in an healthfull condition, though wee are forced to continue our watchings very strictly, and sometimes can get little or no rest for seven nights together, we have before the house above 300 Foot, under the command of Lieutenant Colonell Bradley, which came from Windsor, besides 400 Foot which we have in Henley, our Horse not being above 150 and under the command of Captaine Terrill, Captaine Nash and Captaine Aldridge. The Governour of Greenland House is Colonell Stephen Hawkins, who is Landlord of Bishops Court in the Old Bayly, he lately sent out about an hundred to fall upon our Quarters, but they were soon beat in, and two of them killed: Munday night 100 of our Horse went forth, under the command of Captaine Tilliar [Terrill ?], who lay that night at Burton, and the next day faced Wallingford Castle, and brought away three of the enemies souldiers prisoner, so rests,
 Yours,​etc’. Yours,​etc’.
  
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 Terms of surrender of Greenland House Terms of surrender of Greenland House
  
-Articles agreed upon between Major Generall Brown on the one part,and Collonel Hawkins on the other part,the fourth day of July 1644+Articles agreed upon between Major Generall Brown on the one part, and Collonel Hawkins on the other part, the fourth day of July 1644
  
-1. That Collonel Hawkins shall deliver up to Major Browne,for the use of the Parliament,​the House and Fort of Greenland House,with all the Ammunition,​Ordnance and provision therein,in the same condition that it is in at this present.+1. That Collonel Hawkins shall deliver up to Major Browne,for the use of the Parliament, the House and Fort of Greenland House, with all the Ammunition, Ordnance and provision therein, in the same condition that it is in at this present.
  
-2. That all the Officers shall quietly march forth of the said House,with their horses and swords,,and the common souldiers and Canoniers,​with their Armes and Coloures,​viz,​swords,​Pikes,​and Pistols.+2. That all the Officers shall quietly march forth of the said House, with their horses and swords, ,and the common souldiers and Canoniers, with their Armes and Coloures, viz, swords, Pikes, and Pistols.
  
-3. That the said Major Generall do allow them a Convoy of Horse to Nettlebed (about three miles thence) which are to return again within six houres,​without any molestation of the said forces so conveyed.+3. That the said Major Generall do allow them a Convoy of Horse to Nettlebed (about three miles thence) which are to return again within six houres, without any molestation of the said forces so conveyed.
  
-4. That the said Major Generall shall cause to be provided for the said Offisers and souldiers,​two Teames and Carts,to carry away their Baggage,and such provision as is necessary for their journey to Wallingford,​which Carts and Horses are to be returned so soon as they come  thither.+4. That the said Major Generall shall cause to be provided for the said Offisers and souldiers, two Teames and Carts, to carry away their Baggage, and such provision as is necessary for their journey to Wallingford,​ which Carts and Horses are to be returned so soon as they come  thither.
  
-In this House they left five pieces of Brass Ordnance,​and great store of all sorts of provision,​and order is given for the demolishing of the works...+In this House they left five pieces of Brass Ordnance, and great store of all sorts of provision, and order is given for the demolishing of the works...
  
-Sir Stephen Hawkins,​Lieutenant Colonel Palmer Sargeant Major Kirk and  sat on the Court of War at Oxford 12th November 1645 debating Sir William Ogles actions. ​+Sir Stephen Hawkins, Lieutenant Colonel Palmer Sargeant Major Kirk and  sat on the Court of War at Oxford 12th November 1645 debating Sir William Ogles actions. ​
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1642: Said to be 800 strong   *1642: Said to be 800 strong