Sir Patricius Curwen’s Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Patricius Curwen
Area RaisedCumbria
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist regiment of foot serving in garrison at Carlisle

Service History


  • October to July 1645: Besieged at Carlisle


Coats and Flags

Notable Officers

Sir Patricius Curwen

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

  • Colonel Patricius Curwen
  • Lieutenant Colonel Sir Wilfred Lawson (1)
  • Sargeant Major Payne Fisher (4)
  • Captain Anthony Bouche (3)
  • Captain Robert Fisher (3)
  • Captain Robert Highmore (2) + I.O. Cumb.
  • Captain Henry Ralling (3)
  • Captain Thomas Tickell I.O. Cumb.
  • Captain John Whelpdale Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Richard Patrickson I.O. Cumb.
  • Lieutenant Edward Southgate I.O. Cumb.
  • Lieutenant William Troutbeck I.O. Cumb. to Capt. Whelpdale
  • Ensign Anthony Sibson I.O. Cumb.
  • Quartermaster Henry Rawling I.O. Cumb.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

(1) E.731.8 Noted to have taken the Earl of Newcastle's oath for destroying the Parliament as traitors when Lieutenant Colonel to Sir Patricius Curwen.

SP19.141.56 Extract. 12th June 1650. Articles of Delinquency exhibited by John Musgrave one of ye Commissioners for Sequestration in Cumberland against Sir Wilfred Lawson of Isell in ye County of Cumberland.

That the said Sir Wilfred Lawson was Lieutenant Colonell for ye Kinges partie under Sir Patricius Curwen & in actuall Armes against the Parliament.

That ye said Sir Wilfred Lawson was a Commissioner of Array for ye late Kinge against the Parliament and did act as a Commissioner of Array as may appeare by sundry warrants which ye relators hath lately discovered under his hand.

That ye said Sir William Lawson while he was Commisioner of Array did sundry acts of barbarous cruelty against such as favoured the Parliament & committed sundry persons for adhering to ye Parliament.

That ye said Sir Wilfred Lawson is a great favourer of Papists and Delinquents, takes monyes & bonds of others to keep them from sequestrating.

(2) SP23.197.331 Extract To the honourable the Committee for Sequestrations. The humble certificate of those of the Committee of Cumberland whose names are here underwritten. Wee humbly certify that although Mr Robert Highmoore our Countriman was a Captaine under the Command of Colonell Sir Patricius Curwen a Commissioner of Array, yet wee verily beleeve he did not foorth of any affecion to that service assume this place of command but was in a manner partly enforced by the threats insolencies and tyranicall usage of those of the malignant party who it seems foorth of some mistrust of him caused his house to be severall times searched for armes and was partly allured and intised to some complyance with that party, hoping thereby to avoid the heavy censures and intolerable imposicions of the Commission of Array. That the said Mr Highmoore was never with his Company either foorth of this County or in any Garrison and that upon the first reducement of this County to the obedience of the King and Parliament hee did submitt himselfe without appearing in armes to oppose or resist the Parliament any forces at their first coming into this County and that he hath ever since conformed himselfe to the orders of the Committee and Commissioners for the Parliament duely paying all manner of Sesses.

Wilfred Lawson Will: Lawson Willm: Brisco Jo: Barwis Tho: Lamplugh Hen: Rolson Decemb: 1 1645

P9080117 GOOD COPY. SP23.197.333 Extract. The humble petition of Robert Highmoore of Armathwaite in the County of Cumberland Gent. Sheweth, That the petitioner in the beginning of these troubles was by fellow Countrymen moved and persuaded to take uppon him the place of a Captaine over a Company of his neighbours, under ye command of Collonell Sir Patricius Curwen a Commissioner of Array and then a member of the house of Commons. That he sometymes mustered and trayned that Company within ye said county, but never went out of that county or into any Garrison within that county to doe any service or take ye valewe of a penny from any person…

(3) P.MUS 5/5/2/20

To Sir Phillip Musgrave

Worthye Sir According to your directions wee have observed your commands and have sent forth our warrants, butt as yett the Constables nether apeareth nor bringes in moneyes, and for the souldiers that doth appeare being far short of our Companyes; are not willing to martch till these papistes and Troupers which are come to this towne; and alsoe townes next aioning to us, be forced to martch alongeth with us, for the Countrey conceives themselves to be in great danger if we should be called awaye and they stopp behind; soe desiering you to consider of the present, and to send us further orders for the truth is the Countreye will not martch till these people be called awaye from amongst us. With our humble service remembred wee take leave and reste,

your servants to command

Robert Fisher Antho: Bouche* Henry Ralling Cocker(mouth): the 29th day of aprill 1644

* SP23.181.18 P7070260 RE-READ The humble petition of Anthony Bouche of Cockermouth in the County of Cumberland Sheweth that your petitioner hath beene in arms under the command of Sir Patricius Curwen who was a Collonell under the command of the Earle of Newcastle, constrayned to comply with them to avoyd the censure of the Commission of Array of the Parliament forces

in September 1644,& then your petitioner tooke the nationall

(4) Add. Mss. 19863 f.7 The Cries of Ulster dedicated to my much honoured friend and Collonell Sir Patricius Curwen

Fisher had originally served in the Regiment of Sir John Clotworthy in Ulster. He came to England with a letter of introduction to Sir Patricius Curwen from Colonel Chichester and was made Major in Curwens Regiment.

He was captured at Marston Moor and held in Newgate Prison in London


AMONGST what are termed the ” Additional Manuscripts,” in the British Museum, there is a small quarto volume of Latin and English MS. poetry, which had formerly belonged to the late Sir William Betham. It is entitled Fancies occasionally written on several Occurrances, and revised here, vidtt., from July the 22'«*, 1645, to July 28'A, 1646. A short prose dedication, from the writer to his “trusty, honored, and no less obligingly indeared friend, E. P.,” is dated Feb. 17th, 1647, and subscribed with the letters 'P. ff.” At the end there is the following memorandum:— ” Gawen Paige ye 20th May, 1683, ex dono Gulielmi Kellet.” In this volume there are four unpublished poems relating to Ulster, written at the eventful period of the early part of the Great Rebellion, by a person then serving against the Irish, in the regiment raised by the English Parliament, and commanded by Sir John Clotworthy.

I had not much difficulty in discovering who ' P. F./ the writer of these poems, was. A Latin poem, on the battle of Marston Moor, in the same volume, is one of the first published works of a certain Payne Fisher, the author of an immense number of poems, pamphlets, &c., and a person of considerable literary notoriety in his day, though now almost utterly forgotten, and even the names of the greater portion of his works buried in not ill-merited oblivion. Payne Fisher, or Paganus Piscator, as, in the puerile pedantry of the period, he delighted to style himself, was son of a gentleman of the same name, who was Captain of the Body-guard to Charles I. He was born in Gloucestershire, at the seat of Sir Robert Neale, his maternal grandfather; and in 1634, when eighteen years of age, entered Hart Hall, Oxford, as a commoner. He subsequently removed to Magdalen College, Cambridge, where he exhibited considerable poetical talent, and took one degree in art; but, as old Wood” quaintly relates, ” having a rambling head, he threw off his gown, went to Brabant, and trailed a pike in the garrison of Bolduc.” Returning to England, he served as an ensign in the army raised by Charles I. to act against the Scotch. After that army was disbanded, he was appointed to an ensigncy in the regiment raised by order of Parliament, in December, 1641, to act against the Irish rebels, and commanded by Sir John Clotworthy. It is probable that, at this period, Fisher was more attached to the King's cause than his Colonel, for he only remained about two years in England [Ireland??], during which time he rose to be captain-lieutenant.

In 1644, furnished with letters of introduction from the staunch Royalist, Colonel Chichester, he crossed over to England, and at once obtained a majority in the regiment commanded by Sir Patrick Curwen, in the King's service. He was at the battle of Marston Moor, where he was taken prisoner, and sent to Newgate. He found his confinement in that prison much worse than the hardships he suffered in Ireland, as appears by the following extract from a poem, in the volume already described, entitled A Description on Newgate, upon my first Committment thither as a Prisoner of Warre:— (To my honored friend, Sir J. Clo. Knt.} ”

When shall we meet again, Sir, and restoare Those pristine Pastimes we found heretofore ? When shall we againe unkennel up those men, Or rather Hydras, from their hell-deepe den ? Those Boggs, those Woods, through which I marcht and stood Above my middle, both in Myre and Mudd, Were nothing to my present griefs; to these They were but Fictions and Hyperboles. Fatal Glencontain, too, tho' cursed by some, To this place sure was an Elizium.”


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