Sir Nicholas Slanning’s Regiment of Foot

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Nicholas Slanning
Sir Thomas Basset
Area RaisedCornwall
Coat ColourBlue??
Flag ColourUnknown
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesHopton 1642-4

Later Sir Thomas Bassett's Regiment of Foot

Royalist Cornish Regiment of Foot serving with Hopton’s army on his famous 1643 campaign

Service History


  • November: Siege of Plymouth
  • December: Siege of Exeter
  • December: Slanning captures a ship forced into Falmouth and sends some musketeers to trade the cargo for powder, match & ammunition in France


  • 19th January: Battle of Braddock Down
  • January to February: Blockade of Plymouth
  • January: Skirmish at Kingsbidge
  • February: Skirmish at Chagford and Okehampton
  • 21st February: Battle of Modbury - 100 men killed. 150 taken prisoner
  • 23rd April: Battle of Beacon Hill
  • 25th April: Battle of Sourton Down
  • May: Skirmish at Week St Mary
  • 16th May: Battle of Stratton - Centre, 600 men app
  • 5th July: Battle of Lansdowne
  • 8th - 13th July: Siege of Devizes
  • 13th July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • 26th July: Storm of Bristol - Slanning's Brigade, Slanning mortally wounded
  • September: Siege of Exeter
  • October to December: Siege of Plymouth


  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury?


  • February: Surrender of Launceston?


Known as “The Tinners”

Sir Nicholas died “a few days” after being wounded at Bristol

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Slanning owned a dye works in Taunton, it's often been supposed that blue was a likely colour for Cornish coats, but there's no real explicit evidence surviving.

Notable Officers

Sir Nicholas Slanning

Sir Thomas Bassett

Fought throughout the First Civil War in the west country and led a brigade of Hopton's infantry at the storm of Bristol. He was knighted in July 1644 at Crediton.

Officer List

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir Nicholas Slanning
  • Lieutenant-Colonel
  • Sargeant Major Tremaine (4)
  • Captain Henry Bidlake Ment. I.O. + (1) + (4)
  • Captain George Cutteford (2) + (5)
  • Captain Bartholomew Gidley (3)
  • Captain Powell (4)
  • Captain William Howell (6)
  • Lieutenant Richard Franklin I.O. Devon to Capt. Bidlake
  • Lieutenant James Garnsew I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Teage Mohun I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign John Wall I.O. Cornwall

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Devon Record Office DRO.QSP.128.16.1 1687

The humble petition of Thomas Prest of Bridstowe husbandman. Humbly sheweth that your petitioner being a souldier in his Majesties service King Charles the first of blessed memory under Captaine Bidlake in the Regiment of the Honourable Sir Nicholas Slanning deceased and haveing received severall dangerous wounds suffered long imprisonment for his loyalty, and being now above sixty yeares of age and unable to gett his liveing, and haveing never deserted the said service.

(2) DRO.QSP.128.134 Extract.

The humble petition of Richard Drake of the Parish of Whitechurch, labourer Sheweth That whereas your peticioner was a souldier in the service of his late Majestie of famous memory, and served under the command of Captaine George Cutteford in Sir Nicholas Slannings Regement, in which service he received severall wounds to his maiming, by which he is utterly unable to gett a livelyhood…

Petition of Francis Marey of Tavistock.

Almost certainly George Cutteford of Whitechurch, Devon.

(3) DRO.QSP.128.75.1 Petition of Robert Spray of Lustleigh. Was at the taking Stamford works against Plymouth

QS.128.75.2 The humble petition of Laurence Elliott of Lustleigh . Humbly sheweth that whereas your poore petitioner being an old souldier in the late Kings Majesties service King Charles the first of blessed memory under the command of Bartholomew Gidley Esqre. Capt. of the Tinners and continued in the said service from the beginning to the end of the said warr, and being hurted and wounded in the said service att Stampford works against Plimouth and being now old and decreped and not able to worke being releived by the Parish your poore petitioner desires that your worshipps would add some maintenance out of the County store towards his better releife, and your poore petitioner shall ever pray, &e.

(Note the two petitions above are discussed in a blog post by Mark Stoyle Wounded at Stampford Worke)

(4) DRO.QSP.128.83.2

To the Honourable Bench att the Generall Quarter Sessions of the peace holden att the Castle of Exon for the County of Devon the humble petition of Bartholomew Monk of Milton Abbott within the said County Humbly sheweth that your said petitioner was a servitour in the late unhappy warrs under the command of Captain Bidlake Captain Powell and Major Tremaine in the Regiment of Sir Nicholas Slanning Jt in the service of our late Sovraign Lord King Charles the first of ever blessed and glorious memory, and continued in that service during the warrs, neither did he ever take up arms against his said Majesty or his Majesty that now is, and that he was shott in divers parts of his body in the said service, and is now maimed indigent aged sickly and disabled in body for work; Wherefore his humble request is to your honours, that some provision may be allowed him towards his better livelyhood out of the traesury for this County, and your petitioner shall ever pray etc.

We whose names are subscribed doe believe the contents of this petition to be true Arthur Tremaine Tho: Wood More…

(5)DRO.QSP.128.134 Petition of Richard Drake of Whitechurch

(6) SP23.152.447

Richard Pyke of Walkhampton sworne and examined saith that the said William Howell (of Plympton Mary) was in the tyme of the late warr a Capt. and commanded a foote company for the King against the Parliament and that he did see the said Captaine Howell take up men for the King and forced them to goe against Plymouth 1 May 1650.

Mr Thomas Rose of Plimpton Mary saith that the said Capt. Howell was a Capt. in arms for the late King and was very active in the service and forced many men to doe the like.


The examination of John Davies Esquire, taken before a select committee of the House of Commons 13th July 1643 Saith, that two ships, the one called the Michael of London, Mr Sydrach Pope being sent therein for France with 648 Hydes to relade corne for the relief of the Protestant Armie in Ulster, was by foule weather in December last forced into Falmouth and there seised on by Sir Nich. Slaney, and manned with some muskettiers of his sent unto St. Mallo in France, where the Hides were sold, and the proceed returned unto him in the said ship in powder, match, Ammunition etc., and further saith, that about the 20 of April last one William King of Dover his ship being laden with 90 tunnes of Wine and salt from France, and bound for Carrickfergus in Ireland upon the examinants accompt, was upon the coast of France, taken by one Richard Jones, Captaine of a ship sent out from Falmouth with his Majesties warrant, and the ship and goods were sold by him at Brest in France. John Davies


See Also

Slanning's Regiment are re-enacted by Sir Nicholas Slanning's Regiment of Foote of the Sealed Knot.