Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

royalist:foot-regiments:sir-nicholas-selwyn [06/09/2018 14:45]
1642
royalist:foot-regiments:sir-nicholas-selwyn [24/02/2019 16:40] (current)
tim
Line 20: Line 20:
 **Later Colonel William Legge’s Regiment of Foot, also known as the City of Oxford Regiment** **Later Colonel William Legge’s Regiment of Foot, also known as the City of Oxford Regiment**
  
-//​Royalist ​regiment ​of foot serving as garrison of Oxford//+//​Royalist ​'Town Regiment' ​of foot serving as garrison of Oxford//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
Line 40: Line 40:
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 The City of Oxford Regiment was raised from the townsmen of Oxford to garrison the city. They were a part-time unit, remaining in Oxford apart from a brief excursion to Thame. ​ The City of Oxford Regiment was raised from the townsmen of Oxford to garrison the city. They were a part-time unit, remaining in Oxford apart from a brief excursion to Thame. ​
 +
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
-The regiment’s flags were sketched by Symonds. Colonel’s ensign was plain white, Lt Col had a St George cross in a canton and an ornate scroll with the motto //Fortis est Veritas// (Illustration 1, though the flowers might instead be ends of the scroll), Major a St George cross in a canton and red (?) pile wavy, Captains’ flags bore a St George cross in a canton and devices of a crowned lion (erminois?) holding a red rose (Illustration 2)((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). ​+The regiment’s flags were sketched by Symonds. Colonel’s ensign was plain white, Lt Col had a St George cross in a canton and an ornate scroll with the motto //Fortis est Veritas// (Illustration 1, though the flowers might instead be ends of the scroll), Major a St George cross in a canton and red (?) pile wavy, Captains’ flags bore a St George cross in a canton and devices of a crowned lion (erminois?) holding a red rose (Illustration 2)((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). ​Victor writes: Regarding the Colours, when I was at the British Library the illustrations also show red cords (Gules) and the pile wavy on Sgt. Major Halls Flag is G for Gules. Also the Lion is yellow with black fleur de lis on the body. 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 ====Sir Nicholas Selwyn==== ====Sir Nicholas Selwyn====
 Selwyn previously served in [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​gentlemen-pensioners|The Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners]] Selwyn previously served in [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​gentlemen-pensioners|The Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners]]
  
-Sir Nicholas Selwyns Regiment of Foot+====William Legge==== 
 +[[https:///​wiki/​William_Legge_(Royalist)|Will Legge]] took over from Selwyn.
  
-The Town Regiment+====Officer Lists==== 
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Regarding the Colours,​when ​was at the British Library the illustrations also show red cords (Gulesand the pile wavy on Sgt.Major Halls Flag is G for Gules.Also the Lion is yellow with black fleur de lis on the body.+  *Colonel Sir Nicholas Selwyn 
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Francis Hall Ment. I.O. Promoted May 1646 
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Smith Replaced by Hall in May 1646 
 +  *Sargeant Major Leonard Bowman ​(4+ mentI.O. 
 +  *Sargeant Major Francis Hall (3)
  
-Colonel ​                           Sir Nicholas Selwyn+  *Captain Henry Stevens (1)  
 +  *Captain Peter Langston (2) + ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain Leonard Bowman ​            
 +  *Captain David Woodfield (4)
  
-Lieutenant ​Colonel ​      ​Francis Hall                    MentI.O. Promoted May 1646 +  *Lieutenant ​Browne (5) to  CaptStephens 
-Lieutenant ​Colonel ​      ​Thomas Smith               ​Replaced by Hall in May 1646 +  *Lieutenant ​Robert Sivabie ​(3to SgtMaj. Hall       
-    +  *Lieutenant Thomas Wells I.O. Oxon. to Sgnt. Maj. Bowman ​ 
-Sargeant Major             ​Leonard Bowman ​         ​(4+ ment. I.O. +  ​*Lieutenant Robert White I.O. Oxon. to Capt. Langston
-Sargeant Major             ​Francis Hall                     (3)+
  
-Captain Lieutenant+  *Ensign William Andrews I.O. Oxon. to Capt. Stephens 
 +  *Ensign Matthew Lello I.O. Oxon. to Lieut. Col. Hall 
 +  *Ensign Penniall (5) to Capt. Stephens 
 +  *Ensign William Stephenson I.O. Oxon. to Capt. Langston 
 +  *Ensign John Wild I.O. Oxon. to Lieut. Col. Smith 
  
-Captain ​                          Henry Stevens ​                ​(1) ​ +=====Contemporary References===== 
-Captain ​                          Peter Langston ​               (2) + ment. I.O. +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
-Captain ​                          ​Leonard Bowman ​           ​+
  
-Lieutenant ​                                 Browne ​                (5) to Capt. Stephens 
-Lieutenant ​                    ​Robert Sivabie ​                 (3) to Sgt. Maj. Hall      ​ 
-Lieutenant ​                    ​Thomas Wells                   I.O. Oxon. to Sgnt. Maj. Bowman ​ 
-Lieutenant ​                    ​Robert White                      I.O. Oxon. to Capt. Langston 
- 
-Ensign ​                           William Andrews ​              I.O. Oxon. to Capt. Stephens 
-Ensign ​                           Matthew Lello                    I.O. Oxon. to Lieut. Col. Hall 
-Ensign ​                                        ​Penniall ​                (5) to Capt. Stephens 
-Ensign ​                           William Stephenson ​        I.O. Oxon. to Capt. Langston 
-Ensign ​                           John Wild                           I.O. Oxon. to Lieut. Col. Smith  
- 
-Then under Colonel William Legge 
  
 Oxford Council Acts Hobson & Salter 1933 Oxford Historical Society Oxford Council Acts Hobson & Salter 1933 Oxford Historical Society
 +
 September 19th 1642 September 19th 1642
-As a reward for their great services to the City in training the souldiers and in many other ways it is decided that Mr Painton and Mr Woodfield shall have £5 each,and Thomas Wells £2 and William Stevenson £1,out of the City Treasure. ​+As a reward for their great services to the City in training the souldiers and in many other ways it is decided that Mr Painton and Mr Woodfield shall have £5 each, and Thomas Wells £2 and William Stevenson £1, out of the City Treasure. ​ 
  
 October 16th 1643 October 16th 1643
 The Mayor asks for advice '​touching the finishing of our Regiment sheweing to them that he and his brethren have endeavoured to take of Sir Nicholas Selwyn our intended Colonell and his Major and to procure a Colonell of our owne body but cannot yet prevaile and are uncertaine whether they cann prevaile or noe'​.It is decided to refer the matter to the Mayor and Bailiffs. The Mayor asks for advice '​touching the finishing of our Regiment sheweing to them that he and his brethren have endeavoured to take of Sir Nicholas Selwyn our intended Colonell and his Major and to procure a Colonell of our owne body but cannot yet prevaile and are uncertaine whether they cann prevaile or noe'​.It is decided to refer the matter to the Mayor and Bailiffs.
 +
  
 July 5th 1644 July 5th 1644
-David Woodfield being unable to attend the Mayor and Courts of this City owing to the fact that he is serving with the Regiment,it is decided ​tat the Mayor,the thirteen and the Bailiffs,​shall appoint some one to supply his place,​during these distracted times,and that he shall have a suitable allowance out of his fees.+David Woodfield being unable to attend the Mayor and Courts of this City owing to the fact that he is serving with the Regiment, it is decided ​that the Mayor, the thirteen and the Bailiffs, shall appoint some one to supply his place, during these distracted times, and that he shall have a suitable allowance out of his fees. 
 + 
 + 
 + 
 +(4) Original Typescript of //Strangers in Oxford// (in my possession. V.J) 
 + 
 +Note. David Woodfield was a Captain or Leader of the City soldiers in 1642 when he let Sir John Byron into Oxford. 
  
 September 26th 1644 September 26th 1644
-Robert Mylls,​Cordwainer,​who has done good service to his Majesty and to this City as officer in Captain Langston'​s company,is admitted free with the consent of the Company of Cordwainers for £5.5s.0d and o.f.+Robert Mylls, Cordwainer, who has done good service to his Majesty and to this City as officer in Captain Langston'​s company, is admitted free with the consent of the Company of Cordwainers for £5.5s.0d and o.f. 
  
 May 1st 1645 May 1st 1645
-Francis Hall,Major to the City Regiment,​and now chosen Lieutenant Colonel ​ in the place of Mr Alderman Smith,is admitted free gratis,and given a bailiff'​s place as a reward for his faithful service.+Francis Hall, Major to the City Regiment, and now chosen Lieutenant Colonel in the place of Mr Alderman Smith, is admitted free gratis, and given a bailiff'​s place as a reward for his faithful service. 
  
 Meetings of the Mayors Council Meetings of the Mayors Council
  
 20th June 1646 20th June 1646
-Whereas the much deserving Lieutenant Colonell Francis Hall who hath been Sargeant Major and after Lieutenant Colonell of our Citty Regiment,​well now three yeares last,is now upon the Rendition of this Garrison to leave the same and to take upon him other imployments,​for his further advancement;​wee the Mayor,​Aldermen and assistants of the Citty of Oxon,in gratitude to his meritt,​whereof we are able to give an ample testimony,​doe unanimously declare that the said Lieutenant Colonell,​who ever since the raysing of our said Regiment hath undertaken the principall care and command thereof,​hath in his martiall and civill administration of his said command and Government well demeaned himselfe,​being vigilantly sedulous in the preservation of this Citty,​actively valiant for the vindication thereof,​courteously affable to all in their addresses to him,and really just,soe farr as in him lay,in redressing all grievances ​toucjing ​the said Regiment and Garrison.In testimony of the truth whereof,the seale of the Mayoralty of the said Citty is  hereto putt at the Guildhall,​20. June 22 Car.l,1646. +Whereas the much deserving Lieutenant Colonell Francis Hall who hath been Sargeant Major and after Lieutenant Colonell of our Citty Regiment, well now three yeares last, is now upon the Rendition of this Garrison to leave the same and to take upon him other imployments,​ for his further advancement;​ wee the Mayor, Aldermen and assistants of the Citty of Oxon, in gratitude to his meritt, whereof we are able to give an ample testimony, doe unanimously declare that the said Lieutenant Colonell, who ever since the raysing of our said Regiment hath undertaken the principall care and command thereof, hath in his martiall and civill administration of his said command and Government well demeaned himselfe, being vigilantly sedulous in the preservation of this Citty, actively valiant for the vindication thereof, courteously affable to all in their addresses to him, and really just, soe farr as in him lay, in redressing all grievances ​touching ​the said Regiment and Garrison. In testimony of the truth whereof, the seale of the Mayoralty of the said Citty is  hereto putt at the Guildhall, 20. June 22 Car.l,1646.
- +
  
  
Line 112: Line 123:
  
 17. Decem. 1646 17. Decem. 1646
 +
  
 SP23.217.326 SP23.217.326
Line 123: Line 135:
  
 *Essington *Essington
 +
  
 (2) SP23.195.22 (2) SP23.195.22
 Extract. Extract.
 The humble peticion of Peter Langston of the Cittie of Oxon. The humble peticion of Peter Langston of the Cittie of Oxon.
-Sheweth that your petitioner hath inhabited within the Cittie of Oxon. for the space of eighteen yeares last past;and duringe some part of that tyme the place was made a garrison for the King.He for the defence of that Cittie tooke a Command as a Captayne in the Regiment of Auxiliaries of that Cittie:Soe that therein yoyur petitioner did assist his Majestie in this warr against Parliament and is compounded within the Articles of Oxon. +Sheweth that your petitioner hath inhabited within the Cittie of Oxon. for the space of eighteen yeares last past; and duringe some part of that tyme the place was made a garrison for the King. He for the defence of that Cittie tooke a Command as a Captayne in the Regiment of Auxiliaries of that Cittie: Soe that therein yoyur petitioner did assist his Majestie in this warr against Parliament and is compounded within the Articles of Oxon. 
  
 Accepted 17. Novemb: 1646 Accepted 17. Novemb: 1646
 +
  
 (3) WO55.459.94 30. die March 1644 (3) WO55.459.94 30. die March 1644
Line 135: Line 149:
 Match One hundred weight Match One hundred weight
 Robert Sivabie Lt. to Maior Hall Robert Sivabie Lt. to Maior Hall
- 
- 
  
  
Line 142: Line 154:
 Extract. Extract.
 The humble petition of Leonard Bowman of the Citty of Oxford Merchant The humble petition of Leonard Bowman of the Citty of Oxford Merchant
-Sheweth that your petitioners antient habitation long before these troubles was in Oxford,​which was long kept as a Garrison for the King,and during that tyme by the Kings command hee for the defence of that Cittie tooke upp Armes against the Parliament and defended the same during all ye siege thereof and is comprised within the Articles agreed upon the rendition of the same to the powers of the Parliament.+Sheweth that your petitioners antient habitation long before these troubles was in Oxford, which was long kept as a Garrison for the King, and during that tyme by the Kings command hee for the defence of that Cittie tooke upp Armes against the Parliament and defended the same during all ye siege thereof and is comprised within the Articles agreed upon the rendition of the same to the powers of the Parliament.
  
 Accepted 17. Novemb: 1646 Accepted 17. Novemb: 1646
 +
 +Being a Town Regiment led to some sad times.
 +
 +Oxford Parish Register St. Mary the Virgin Burials
 +31st March 1643/4 Francis, wife of Leonard Bowman buried ​
 +
  
 (5) Oxford Council Acts Hobson & Salter 1933 Oxford Historical Society (5) Oxford Council Acts Hobson & Salter 1933 Oxford Historical Society
Line 150: Line 168:
 July 27th 1644 July 27th 1644
  
-It was likewise ordered that whereas Mr Browne,​Lieutenant to Captayne Stephens,​and Ensigne Penniall of the same Company have levied and gathered severall somes of money towards the paiment of the Officers of the Cittie Regiment,​(they) shall uppon Monday next make upp their accompts and pay in all somes of money by them soe gathered ​+It was likewise ordered that whereas Mr Browne, Lieutenant to Captayne Stephens, and Ensigne Penniall of the same Company have levied and gathered severall somes of money towards the paiment of the Officers of the Cittie Regiment, (they) shall uppon Monday next make upp their accompts and pay in all somes of money by them soe gathered ​
  
-==== Headline ==== 
  
-====William Legge==== 
-[[https://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Legge_(Royalist)|Will Legge]] 
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *Symonds noted 6 ensigns therefore perhaps six companies.   *Symonds noted 6 ensigns therefore perhaps six companies.