Sir Lewis Dyve’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1642 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Lewis Dyve
Area RaisedLincolnshire
Bedfordshire
Coat ColourWhite?
Flag ColourYellow
Flag DesignRed Torteau
Field ArmiesOxford

Royalist regiment of foot of the Oxford Army, later based at Sherborne Castle in Dorset

Service History

1642

  • August: Raised
  • October: Quartered at Hawne(?)
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
  • November: Battle of Aylesbury (det)?
  • 12th November: Storm of Brentford
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • 9th December: Quartered at Abingdon

1643

  • February: Still in garrison at Abingdon
  • May: Quartered at Culham Camp
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury
  • October: Taking of Newport Pagnell

1644

  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Besieged at Crene?
  • November: Skirmish at Dorchester
  • November: Skirmish at Blandford

1645

  • February: Storm of Weymouth
  • February: Siege of Melcombe and Weymouth
  • July to August: Besieged at Sherborne Castle

Notes

Coats and Flags

Dyve's regiment were clothed by Thomas Bushell. Coat colour deduced to be white by Peachey and Prince but not confirmed. Dyve's regiment carried yellow flags differenced by red balls in April 1644 2).

Notable Officers

Sir Lewis Dyve

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

  • Colonel Sir Lewis Dyve
  • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Shirley (3) + Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major John Balston (4)
  • Sargeant Major Gervase Holles
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Salway (5) + I.O. L + W
  • Captain Robert Alford I.O. Somerset
  • Captain Bolsworth (6)
  • Captain Bond (2)
  • Captain Bright (2) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Brisco (2)
  • Captain Chance (2)
  • Captain Cresswell (2) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Glassington (6)
  • Captain Greenfield (6)
  • Captain Hadonett (2) + Ment. I.O. Dorset
  • Captain Hamon (2) + (6)
  • Captain Gervase Holles (8)
  • Captain Sir Henry Leigh (7)
  • Captain Hodder (2)
  • Captain Lawson (6)
  • Captain Robert Napier I.O. L + W
  • Captain John Moulins (2) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Lionell Pyne (1) + I.O. Dorset
  • Captain John Smith (3)
  • Captain Walter Speed (2) + I.O. Dorset
  • Captain Lieutenant Edward Norris (2) + I.O. Middx.
  • Lieutenant William Holles to Capt. Jo. Smith
  • Lieutenant John Jennings (2) + I.O. L + W to Capt. Bright
  • Lieutenant Thomas Lovett I.O. Sussex
  • Lieutenant Robert Plucknet I.O. Somerset to Capt. Speed
  • Lieutenant William Rogers (2) + I.O. Dorset to Capt. Hadonett
  • Lieutenant Robert Townsend (2) + I.O. L + W to Capt. Moulins
  • Lieutenant John Wastnesse (3) + I.O. Yorks.
  • Ensign Barnaby Collins (2) + I.O. Dorset to Capt. Cresswell
  • Ensign Richard Gale (2) + I.O. Bedford.
  • Ensign Thomas Griffin I.O. L + W to Sir Thos. Sherley
  • Ensign Harris (2)
  • Ensign Hoyes (2)
  • Ensign Adrian Moulins I.O. Somerset
  • Ensign Tod (2)
  • Ensign Toole (2)
  • Quartermaster John Bury (3)
  • Quartermaster Thomas Paly I.O. Bedford.
  • Quartermaster Gervase Warcopp I.O. Somerset

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

Victor writes: All WO55 Documents were personally seen by me and not extracted from the reduced published books. There are many unpublished which is why I decided to do a full check.

WO55.423.14/15 1. November 1642 Received out of his Majesties Magazine for the use of Sir L. Dives Regiment

  • Powder 1cwt
  • Match 2cwt
  • Muskett Shott 60lb

Gabriell Savile

Harl. Mss. 6833 f.98 To the Right Honourable Lord Ashley Having received ye inclosed from Mr Bushell obliging mee to certifie that he did not only cloathe my Regiment and divers more but was reported ye person to have done many services worthy of your knowledge. Lewis Dives 7.1.1664

(1) E308.10 The City Scout Tuesday October 28th to Tuesday, November 4th 1645 Copy of a captured Commission. ‘Sir Lewis Dyve, Knight,Commander in Chiefe of all his Majesties Forces within the Countie of Dorset etc., To (Lionel) Pyne Captaine of a Foot Company By vertue and authoritie of a Commission granted mee from His Highnesse Prince Rupert, as Commander in Chiefe of all his Majesties Forces, both of Horse and Foot within the Countie of Dorset etc., I do contitute, ordaine and appoint you Captaine of a Company of Foot, raised for the defence and standing Garrison of the towne of Sherborne. And I do hereby charge and command all inferiour Officers and Souldiers of the said Company, you to obey as their Captaine for his Majesties service: And in like manner you are to observe and follow such orders and directions, as from time to time you shall receive from myselfe, or my Deputie in my absence, according to occasion and the discipline of War. And in all to governe your self, as unto your dutie and place of a Captaine of a Company of Foot doth of right appertaine and belong. Given under my hand and seale the tenth day of July 1645, and in the one and twentieth yeare of the reigne of our Soveraigne Lord King Charles etc.,’

WO.55.423.144/5 From Prince Rupert. Deliver to Captain John Smith to Sir Lewis Dyves Governor of Abingdon 6 Barrells of powder, 600cwt pistol and musket shot. 24.2.1642/3. Signed for by Quartermaster John Bury.

(2) E.297.13

  • Major Balston, Major of the Foot of the Castle
  • Captain Hamond, of Foot
  • Baptain Bright, a Papist that lurked up and down Somersetshire, his father was also a Papist
  • Captain Chartley
  • Captain Mullins of Westhall Sir Thomas Ashtons son in law by marriage of his daughter
  • Captain Creswel of Sidlam
  • Captain Lieutenant Norris
  • Captain Hoddinot
  • Captain Speed
  • Captain Bond
  • Captain Hodder
  • Captain Brisco, who married Sir John Drakes daughter.( John Briscoe of Cumberland and Eleonora Drake)
  • Lieutenant Jennings
  • Lieutenant Taylor
  • Lieutenant Mallet
  • Lieutenant Mallet
  • Lieutenant Rogers
  • Lieutenant Townsend
  • Ensigne Gule
  • Ensigne Hoyles
  • Ensigne Harris
  • Ensigne Toole
  • Ensigne Collins a Townsman of Sherburne
  • Ensigne Mullins
  • Ensign Tod

(3) WO55.423.177 An order for munitions for Sir Artur Aston at Reading 16th December 1642 At the bottom of the document, By the way at Abington to deliver to Lieutennant Coll Shirley Powder 2 Barrells Match 2 Bundles Muskett shott 2 Cwt.

f.179 Rec'd by the order of Lieutenant Collonel Shirly of John Audley 2 Barrells of powder 4 bundells of match and 2 hundredweight of shott By mee John Wasteneys.

f.180 Deliver to ye bearer hereof two barrells of powder match & bullett proportional for ye present use of Abbington ye 16. of December 1642 Tho. Shirley

E.63.17 The inhumanity of the Kings Prisonkeeper at Oxford. ‘On the next Lords day I was conveyed to Wallingford, and the Wednesday following to Abington. I being brought before the Governor Lieutenant Colonel Sherly, there were diverse Cavaliers in his company, and one whose name was Smith, that had the watch that day, he would needs have me to say the Lords Prayer over him, which I refused: Yet to give him satisfaction I told him if he pleased to lend me a Bible, I would read the Chapter over where that was, but that would not content him, he swore he would lay me neck and heels in Irons, which to prevent I addressed myself to the Governour and said, Sir I conceive I am your prisoner, and this Gentleman hath nothing to doe with me, and if it be your pleasure to put me in irons I am content. With that the Governour said, you came without irons to me, and without you all go away; but Smith swore I should not, they swore so long that they fell to blowes, and by this difference, by Gods providence I received mercy from the Governour. So the next day, Being Thurday I was conveyed to Oxford Castle.’

A note in the margin states ‘This is not Smith the Marshall, but a Captain of a Foot Company.

(4) WO55.459.248 14. June 1643 Received out of his Majesties Stores for the use of Sir Lewis Dives Regiment of Foote viz Powder baggs with gridles and hangers xxiii Jo. Balston, Major.

Later captured in Sherborn Castle Dorset with Sir Lewis Dyves and the remains of the Regiment. Possibly the same man as Major Backstake mentioned in A Coopers epic poem (Although he was meant to have formerly been a Parliament Officer which confuses the issue).

Stratologia. (Edgehill)

The King's Forlorne, Dives his Regiment, First down the hill couragiously on went, Where Major Backstake with his party clears, The Hedges lin'd with Essex Musketeers.

(5) I.O. L + W Sir Lewis Dyves was his overall commanding Officer, not his Colonel. Thomas Salway surrendered in Portland Castle Dorset and is assumed to have been Lieutenant Colonel to Colonel Thomas Gallop. However this is slightly confused by mention in the House of Lords Journal 8.4.1647 by Sir William Batten that he negotiated with Colonel Thomas Gallop and a Lieutenant Colonel Duke for the surrender of the Castle and Island. Lieutenant Colonel Duke is, however, mentioned in the terms of the surrender as a stranger in the Island and was not a signatory whereas Salway was. Perhaps this is Robert Duke ex Captain of Sir Ralph Hoptons Dragoons ?

(6) WO55.1661 Armes delivery at ye Camp 23.5. 1643

Probably John Glassington SP23.89.133 Extract. The humble petition of John Glassington gent Sheweth that your petitioner taking ye benefitt of ye order of ye house of parliament dated Aug: 27:1644 did accordingly come in from his Majesties quarters haveing Mr Speakers passe so to doe…

(7) Wiltshire Record Office A1.110.129 Petition of George Clark of Marlborough Pinmaker. Served under Sir Lewis Dives in the Company of Sir Henry Leigh and shot through the foot. Lastly under Captain Parsons under Lord Cleveland.

(8) Add. Ch. 70817 Robert Earl of Lindsey Lord Willoughby of Willoughby Berks. and Eresby Lord Great Chamberlayne of England, Knt. of the most noble order of the Garter, one of his Majesties most honourable Privy Councillors, Lieutennant General of all his Majesties forces etc.

To Gervase Holles Captayne,

By the authority and power given mee from our Soverign Lord King Charles under the current Seale of England as Lieut. Generall of his Majesties forces.I doe constitute and appoint you Captaine of one Company of one hundred foote under the Regiment of Sir Lewis Dives Knt. and Colonell of one thousand foote, which Regiment by vertue of his Majesties Commission is to be imprested & retayned of such as will willingy and voluntarily serve for the defence of his Majesties Royall person, the two houses of Parliament, the Protestant Religion, the lawes of the land, the liberty and prosperity of the subject, and priviledges of Parliament. These are therefore to require you with all diligence and expedicion to raise, leavy, and bring your said Company of one hundred foote unto the rendezvous at Nottingham, to take them into your charge, and to cause them to be duly exercised in Armes commanding all Officers and souldiers of the said Company to obey you as their Captaine according to this Commission given you, and you are likewise to obey, observe and follow all orders and direccion, as you shall from tyme to tyme receive from myself and the superior Officers of the said Regiment and Army according to the discipline of warr.

Given under my hand and seale at Yorke the 13th of August 1642 in the eighteenth yeare of his Majesties Raigne. Lindsey.

E.258.38 Perfect passages of each days proceedings in Parliament. 12-19.3.1645

Captain Dowle, one of our Officers in Dorsetshire, being taken prisoner and brought to Sherborne, the Governor caused him not only to be stript before his face, but carried him to Bridewell, and fed him with bread and water and threatened to hang him, and indeed at that the enemy are quick.

Leeds Castle collection.

I have by Gods blessing ?????? weake indevours, reduced Waymouth agayne under your majesties obedience; the manner how this servis was performed, I have taken the boldness to send unto Prince Rupert his Highhness, that from his hand it may receive the better acceptation from your gratious majestie and to helpe the defects of the relation, I have likewis sent Major Frowd, a gentleman who was present at the action to give your majestie a more large and punctuall account thereof; Sir Walter Hastings the Governor of Portland, who was the formost man that entered theyre workes, I have left there to command in my absence, intending speedily to returne to take the charge thereof into my owne hands as the fittest place for my consequence to bee carefully kept wherein I have already taken such care to secure it, that by Gods assistance I shall not doubt to keepe it for your majesties servis against the best army which the rebells can bring before it from where wicked and traiterous beseech the almighty to preserve your gratious majestie and shall ever to the utmost of my life and MORE TO DO

From Sherborne the 13th of February 1644(5).

Letters intercepted from Sir Lewis Dyves, concerning the Proceedings of the Forces near Dorchester.

“Dorchester, 26 Febr. 1644. (1645)

“My Lord, “The Church Forts, by a strange Misfortune, was surprized this Night, by the Enemy in Melcombe; but the principal Forts, where all our Ammunition and Provision lies, we still maintain. Sir John Berkly is sent for hither by my Lord Goreing, to draw his Forces hither, to join with ours, he having set up his Rest for the taking both that and the Town of Melcombe together; which, by God's Assistance, we doubt not to effect, Waller's Forces being so scattered by the withdrawing of Essex's Horse and Manchester's Foot from him, as he is not in a Condition to advance towards us; and this News was last Night confirmed to us by Kell Digby, who came from Oxford. I beseech your Lordship, be pleased to employ all your Interests with Sir R. Greenvile, to hasten the sending of One Thousand Five Hundred Foot, or Two Thousand Horse, at the least, towards us, to make good Devonshire against the Forces about Taunton; and that we may be at a near Distance, to join together if there be Occasion; and he shall want no Horse from us that he shall have Need of. The Business is of that Importance, as little less than the Crown depends upon it; so as, we are confident, he will not be wanting to us in this Extremity. So, ceasing your Lordship's further Trouble, I remain “Your Lordship's “Humble Servant, “Lewis Dives.

“To the Right Honourable the Earl of Bristoll, at Exeter.”

From: 'House of Lords Journal Volume 7: 3 March 1645', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 7: 1644 (1802), pp. 259-62. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=33248&strquery=weymouth. Date accessed: 21 November 2006.

From Sir Lewis Dives, to Sir John Barkeley, at Teverton. “Noble Sir, “You will, I presume, receive Notice by Colonel Froad, before this will be with you, of the Disaster that happened to us this Day, by Negligence of some of our Horse, which were beaten off their Guards, and pursued by the Enemy to Weymouth; whereupon a Hundred Musketeers were drawn out of Weymouth, to relieve them, which the Enemy in Melcombe taking all Advantage of, made a Sally over the Draw-bridge, and have surprized The Chappell Forts; but the Two principal Forts, where our Provisions and Ammunition lies, we still maintain, and doubt not, by God's Assistance, to keep them still; hoping that this Misfortune will turn to our Advantage, and a Means that we shall gain both the Town and Fort together, whereupon my Lord Goreing hath set up his Rest to go through with it, being confident of the speedy Assistance in a Work of that infinite Importance to His Majesty's Service; and in case Waller should draw this Way, which is not probable, yet your Strength, united with my Lord's, will be much superior to Waller's, so as doubtless we may fight with him upon Advantage; for Kell. Digby came this Night from Oxford, who assured me, that Essex and Manchester's Forces have absolutely left him, and that he hath not a considerable Party with him, his Army being utterly broken; so that, this Place being taken, which, we are confident, cannot be a Work of many Days, the West is not only secured thereby, but my Lord Goreing will likewise have an Opportunity of advancing into the associated Counties, which are now left naked; and there is Order likewise taken, that Two Thousand Horse from Oxford and The Vize shall be ready to attend Waller's Motion. So shall, by God's Blessing, our Game go fair, if not marred in the Playing.

From: 'House of Lords Journal Volume 7: 3 March 1645', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 7: 1644 (1802), pp. 259-62. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=33248&strquery=weymouth. Date accessed: 21 November 2006.

Letter from Colonel Sydenham, that the Siege of Melcomb Regis was raised.

“May it please your Excellency, “The besieging Enemy, and my Care to preserve this Place, have hindered me of presenting unto you (as often as I desired) an Account of the Condition of this Garrison. Since my last, I fell upon, and by Assault recovered, The Chappell Fort, and Town of Waymouth, where I took Prisoners One Lieutenant Colonel, One Major, Three Captains, Three Lieutenants, and One Hundred Common Soldiers, which so enraged the Enemy, that they presently resolved to storm us; and, in Pursuance of the same, on Thursday last, about Midnight, they fell on us at Four several Places, but were (blessed be God) driven back with a very considerable Loss on their Part; they carried away of wounded Men about Eighty, and left slain on the Place about Sixty, having not Time to carry them off before Day, as they did many, of whom divers were well apparelled, with Buff Coats and Velvet Jackets, and amongst others Lieutenant Colonel Blewett. On Friday, about Ten of the Clock, they quitted all their Forts, carrying with them nothing but their Plunder, and are marched quietly to Dorchester, where they yet are; but (as I believe) in such a trembling Posture, that, could an Army speedily be advanced, I conceive it would fully settle and quiet the West, which the Enemy now endeavours to ruin and destroy as much as in them lieth. I have not else to add, but my Desires to be accounted, as I am, Sir, “Your Excellency's Most humble Servant, Melcomb Regis, 1st March, 1644. (1645) “W. Sydenham.”

From: 'House of Lords Journal Volume 7: 4 March 1645', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 7: 1644 (1802), pp. 262-63. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=33249&strquery=weymouth. Date accessed: 21 November 2006.

Strength

  • Planned to raise a regiment of 1000 foot

See Also

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846