Sir John Wintour’s Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir John Wintour
Area RaisedForest of Dean
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist regiment of foot raised in the Forest of Dean

Service History


  • January: Taking of Huntley?
  • January: Taking of Westbury?
  • February: Stormed at White Cross
  • May: Stormed at Little Dean (det)
  • May: Stormed at Newnham
  • September: Stormed at Beachley?
  • November: Defence of Chepstow Castle?


  • February: Taking of Newnham and Westbury
  • February: Skirmish at Lancaut
  • Garrison of Chepstow Castle
  • October: Besieged at Chepstow Castle?


Coats and Flags

Notable Officers

Sir John Wintour

List of Officers

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir John Winter
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Winter Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Congrave (2a)
  • Sargeant Major Anthonie Adams (4)
  • Sargeant Major Myners (1)
  • Captain David Abercrombie I.O. L + W
  • Captain Thomas Mason (1) + I.O. Herefords.
  • Captain Kitford Braine (2) + (3)
  • Captain Colche Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Deuxell I.O. L + W
  • Captain Mallory (2)
  • Captain Morgan (2)
  • Captain Richard Sherle I.O. Glocs.
  • Captain Wigmore (2a)
  • Captain Roger Carnouce (Harl. 7189)
  • Lieutenant Anthony Adams I.O. L + W
  • Lieutenant Luellin Evans (2)
  • Lieutenant William Egglesby/ Ingleby (2)
  • Lieutenant Henry Maynard I.O. Surrey to Capt. Colche.
  • Lieutenant Phillip Redman I.O. Monm. to Capt. Mason
  • Lieutenant Trevell (2)
  • Ensign Charles Braine (2)
  • Ensign William Hill (2)
  • Ensign John Havard (2)
  • Ensign Roger Meredith (2)

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) E.26.5 Mercurius Aulicus type. Major Mynors also mentioned in Harley Mss. at Monmouth.

See PC220076 Latin document Hereford 20th April 1643 Bartholomew Mynors.

(2) E.47.19 Taken at Newnham 7.5.1644 E.252.32 Captain Henry Mallory, Captain Michael Morgan, Captain Hetford Braney, Lieutenant Peter Trevell, Lieutenant Luellin Evans, Lieutenant William Egglesby. Ensign John Havard, Ensign William Hill, Ensign Roger Meredith, Ensign Charles Brany

Slain at Little Deane Lieutenant Colonel Congrave Governor of Newnham, Captain Wigmore

(2a) E.47.19 Killed at Littledean 6.5.1644

(3) SP19.156.22 Information that Kitford Brayne was a Captain in 1643 and 1644. Probably of Littledean, Gloucestershire.

(4) SP23.156.251 Anthonie Adams of Tainton, Major to Col. Wintour saith that there were divers scaling ladders and other engines which were then placed before the city of Glocester during the time of the seidge brought or conveyed by the directions of the said Edward Clarke the elder unto the then garrison of Lydney.

SP23.156.263 Hugh Lloyde of Harpury saw Edward Clark senior at Whitecross in the company of Mr Richard Sherell one of the Kings partie and the steward over Sir John Wintors traine and Captaine of pioneers there and about 100 more of the Kings souldiers there.

(5) E.305.5 Mercurius Civicus 9-16th October 1645 Extract from a letter sent from Gloucester 9.10.1645 Colonell Addams and Captain Deuxwell I here are come to our side.

E.34.5 Occurrences February 23 1644/5


Thus Colonel Winter with a patched Regiment, made up with his Papistall brothers as broken as his own, marched to Newnham, and there being made up with another party from that Garrison, fell upon Huntley a Town in Glocestershire, and took the poor country people that did neither meddle nor take one side nor of the other, and sent them away prisoners to Oxford…

The like they also did at Westbury, where they carried away about 40 poor simple country men from their wives and children and sent them away prisoners to Oxford…

Public Record Office C115/98.36 7207 Letter of Prince Rupert to Sir Barnaby Scudamore at Hereford Sir, having been informed of ye proceedings against Lieutenant Colonell Adams and the suspension of the execution of the sentence until my pleasure be knowne I doe therefore desire you that hee may bee sent hither to mee with all the accusations and proofes against him and such witnesses as hee pretends can testify his innocence may likewise bee produced that there may all justice bee afforded him, if he may cleere himself from ye crimes objected to. I rest Rupert. Bristol 8.10.1644

Lieutenant Colonel Adams and Captain John Deuxell took the opportunity to escape the garrison of Hereford almost a year later.(5)

Leeds Castle collection.

Sir, your highnes may please to understand that the rebells came before Chepstow on ye sunday morninge last, about 400 hors and foote as they write from thence, they attempted both that place and St Pierre, but without success, they were not gon on munday night nor have we yet any certaynty of theyre departure from the Captayne of the Tigger frigate which lyes uppon that coaste, but an other boate that came yesterday from thence assures us they are gon and have left a garrison in a stronge stone howse of one Mr Walter, about 3 quarters of a mile distant from the Castle which ( til by your highnes meanes we may have force to remoove) will extremely annoy us. There was a discovery made the day before they came, of a plott to have betrayed the towne by divers therabouts whoe are joyned to the rebells; the particulars (after I have bin there) I shal be better able to make known to your highnes.

I had gon before this from hence, but that I have bin dispatchinge away ye other frigate, which hath layen here ever since I went away, she is now ready and I intend to fall downe with her this night or tomorrow morninge. Sir John Pennington desired to have had her gunns which wee had at first from him but I tould him the strict charge I have from your highnes to continue the two frigates for defence of the river; and very neccessary indeede it is, for the remayninge of but one, though the bigger, encouraged the rebells to make ready at Newnam theyr boates and frigates to have com downe to Chepstow, whereof they havinge fayled, and our being got ready with the other, keepes them back.

Sir I have noe other help or assistance but what have my selfe procured, with soe much chardge and troble. I trust in your favor and goodnes, that as soone as you can you will releeve me, with lettinge me have some hors and foote, and rather to quitt al, then to goe less in what your highnes honoured me with from his Majestie yet if I shall not withall have his friendship and assistance in it, I know the services I presume to doe his Majestie cannot soe well be effected.

How it is with my poore wife and that garrison at Lidney we hane noe certaynty these for five dayes, but they subsist, and lately defeated a troope of the rebells hors whereof they tooke about 12.

I humbly kiss your highnes hands and remayne Sir your highnes most devoted and most humble servant. John Wintour Bristol this wensday morninge 20th of November (1644)

A letter to Prince Rupert explaining the defeat at Lancaut. from a small collection in Leeds Castle, Kent.

'May it please your highness

The letters I sent you uppon our ill success at Lancaute, went by the way of Bristol, and soe have added to my misfortune in that your highnes wil be the longer without knoledge of the truth of what passed and my self in the meane time shal remayne subject (the common condicion of those that are imployed) to hard censure uppon misinformation of those that wish me not well.

By the importunity of this bearer whose hast wil not permitt me to write much, I shal give your highness this briefe account.

That for the forces you were pleased to send with me from oxford noe quarter would be afforded in this towne or hundred for a greate while not withstanding I sent worde with them that allowance should be made to the country for it out of the contribution by which meanes the foote were al disbanded before I came from Woster and most of the hors.

for the hors and Dragoones sent with me by Prince Maurice I mayntayned them a month without succour which (prictheles unclear) were promised within 4 days out of Herefordshire in despight of al that Massy and that country could doe agaynst us and had not their mutinous carradge enforced theyr more sudden departure from my garrison, then was necessary or intended, I should not doubted to have at worst returned them safe back but they would gon at any hazard, and the way of Lancaut was thought the most secure; besides that in the passadge it gayned the pass which the foote appoynted by Sir Thomas Lunsford to be on the other side might have secured to the very greate advantage of his Majesties service, but those foote were not there, and the others insteade of doinge theyr duty did plunder, drinke,and run away by meanes whereof besides other losses happened the drowning of Coll. Power which greeves me more then all. he reconcyled the mutinyes at my house and to prevent any by the way accompanied us himself, nothinge can be sayd to iy but that his hower had comme, for could he not have swum (as he was the best of ingland) he had bin saved as many others were.

We are in greate expectation of the result at Abergany where Genl. Gerard Sir Thomas Lunsford and the commissioners of these countyes meet.

I shall apply my best endeavors to prosecute as much as in me lyes what they shal thinke best.

My house remaynes in the same condicion it did, but longe it cannot if force looke not into that cursed country. I beseech your highness to take the same into consideration soe farr as weyghinge of what use the place may be with the diversion of forces to releeve it (which happily I can not be spared from greater services of his Majesty) whither it will not be for the best to afforde meanes to remoove the ordinance armes ammunition and soldiers that are in it before it be too late to doe it. this I move noe otherwise then as offeringe all my interest for what that be most for the service of his Majesty. I am not without feare of this place for the country rise sometimes in greate numbers and chase our hors from theyr quarters, they have greate store of armes and talke of the same associations as in other partes. I wil omitt neyther paynes nor hazard to prevent it and this night hope to meete Sir Thomas Lunsford whose direction I shall follow and soe prayinge for the good success of your highness in your present action. I beseech you retayne me in your good opinion and let me not (which is agaynst justice as well as your own name) be condemned til I be heard, I remayne your highness most obedient servant John Wintour

Chepstow 28 Feb.(1644/5)

Egereton Mss. 785 f.85

A List of the prisoners taken at the Forest of Deane Febr. 22 1644(5)

  • Lt. Col. Gilby
  • Lt. Col. Hudson
  • Capt. Croker
  • Capt. Davenport
  • Capt. Wintour
  • Lt. Beverley
  • William Jones Lt to the Trayned Band
  • Mr Prach
  • Mr Gibbs
  • Capt. Gravoyr )
  • Cornet Massey ) sore wounded
  • Mr Hallon Chiefe attendant to Sir Jo: Wintour
  • Sir Richard Power Governor of Berkeley slain
  • Col. Gam a Swede drowned
  • Col. William Wintour drowned
  • Coll: Vangary is said to be lost
  • Coll: Holtby & others reported to save themselves in Boates yt helped them over the river.
  • Major Leigh slain
  • 3 or 4 Captaines more
  • and neere 12 Gentlemen of the reformadoes Troope of Coll: Sandys, Governor of Worcester slaine and drowned with diverse others besides 80 common souldiers.

Chepstow Parish Register Buried

  • 19.3.1642/3 Henry Thomas a souldier of Capt. Walters Co.
  • 20.1.1643/4 Captain Carvine
  • 15.3.1643/4 Thomas Pledger solder of Col. Russels.
  • 15.11.1644 John Davies of Landaphe a soldier under Capt. Hampton
  • 22.1.1644/5 A soldier of the Trained Band his name unknown with the fall of a wall
  • 25.2.1644/5 Capt. Poore was killed at Battle at Lancaute being Governor of Berkeley Castle
  • 27.2.1644/5 Edward Gamme a soldier dying at Piersfield
  • 15.3.1644/5 William Morgan a soldier of Sir John Winters drowned at Lancaut
  • 19.3.1644/5 Francis Leny an ancient (Ensign)
  • 24.6.1645 One Jones a soldier of Capt. Hollands
  • 5.6.1645 A soldier of Capt. Dufall of the Castle


See Also