Sir Gilbert Gerard’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642-1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Gilbert Gerard
Radcliffe Gerard
Area RaisedLancashire
Coat ColourRed or Blue
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies

Later Colonel Radcliffe Gerard's Regiment of Foot

Raised as part of the Earl of Derby’s forces in Lancashire, they later served with the Oxford Army, then as garrison of Worcester

Service History

1642

  • September: Siege of Manchester
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
  • 12th November: Storm of Brentford
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • 9th December: Garrison of Brill

1643

  • January: Skirmish at Brill
  • January: Defence of Brill
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • May: Quartered at Culham Camp
  • 26th July: Storm of Bristol
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • 6th September: Issued munitions at Boarstall House
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • March: Siege of Stourton Castle?
  • March: Skirmish at Stourbridge Heath?

1645

  • January: Sir Gilbert Gerard dies and is buried at Worcester
  • May: Stormed in Evesham (det)
  • June: Battle of Winstanstow
  • 14th June: Battle of Naseby (det)
  • October to January 1646: Besieged at Madresfield (det)
  • November: Battle of Denbigh Green

1646

  • March: Battle of Stow on the Wold
  • May to July: Besieged in Worcester
  • June: Besieged in Madresfield (det)
  • July: Surrender at Worcester

Notes

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford 1).

From ammunition issues, they were equipped with matchlock muskets.

Notable Officers

Sir Gilbert Gerard

Radcliffe Gerard

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Colonel Gilbert Gerard
  • Sargeant Major Richard Bishop (3) + (5)
  • Sargeant Major Gilbert Hoghton (6)
  • Captain Edward Ashton (7)
  • Captain Booth (3)
  • Captain John Byrom Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Haighton (4)
  • Captain John Mozey (8) + I.O. Worcs.
  • Captain John Potters Ment. I.O.
  • Captain William Stanley I.O. Middx.
  • Captain Wiliam Warberton I.O. Notts.
  • Captain Robert Whitley (1)
  • Captain Gabriel Young I.O. Surrey
  • Captain William Young Ment. I.O.
  • Lieutenant John Cowsey (8)
  • Lieutenant Thomas Pilkington I.O. Worcs. to Capt. Byram*
  • Lieutenant William Powell I.O. Lancs.
  • Lieutenant Jo. Smith (2)
  • Lieutenant Edward Sutton (5) to Sgnt. Maj. Bishop
  • Lieutenant William Waldron I.O. L + W to Capt. Potters
  • Lieutenant Henry Whittingham I.O. Wilts.
  • Ensign Bland (3)
  • Ensign Francis Dormer I.O. Warks. to Capt. Stanley
  • Ensign Robert Holt I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Will. Young
  • Ensign Perrin (3)

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Gerard dies

Worcester Record Office St. Michaels Church Worcester Parish Register Sir Gilbert Gerhard Governor of Worcester was buried the xxth day of Januarie 1644(5).

Munitions

(1) WO55.423.90

Gilbert Gerard at Brill. Powder signed Capt. Ro. Whitley 23.1.1642/3

(2) W055.459.475 Powder, match and ball Sir Gilbert Gerards Regiment of Foot at Bostall. Lt. Jo. Smith 6.9.1643

Naseby

(3) L.J Captured at Naseby

Harrison's petition

(4) Lancashire Record Office Preston QSP 250/6

The humble petition of William Harrison born in Claighton in the parish of Garstang within the said Hundred Sheeweth that your petitioner hath been a souldier continually in the late warres for the late King Charles in the Regiment of Sir Gilbert Gerard under the command of Captaine Haighton of Childwall who was slayne at raisinge the seidge att Reading in Barkeshire, and Captaine Ashton of Chadderton who for his loyalty was put to death at London by command of the late tyrant Oliver Cromwell. As alsoe for his Majestie King Charles that now is under the command of Captaine Sergeant of Pilkington in Sir George Booths (now Lord Delamer) his expedition in Cheshire…

Edward Sutton

(5) Lancashire Record Office Preston QSP 311/38 Circa 1667 Edward Sutton soldier now 80 years old under Major Richard Bishop and sometime a Lieutenant to his own Company.

Munitions

(6) WO55.459.71 2nd Aprill 1644

Delivered to Seiant Maior Holton Maior unto Sir Gilbert Gerard his Regiment of Foote one Barrell of Powder one Barrell of Shott and a hundred of Match for the use of the said Regiment.

I say rec'd the said proporcion of Powder Match and Bullett above mencioned. Gilbert Hoghton

Bykerdyk's petition

(7) Lancashire Record Office QSP 220/6 Manchester Epiphany 1661/2

Petition of John Bykerdyk a soldier. In 1642 sent forth by command of Sir Alexander Radcliffe^ as a soldier. Was at Edgehil fight and Brainford in the Regiment of the Honourable Sir Gilbert Gerard in the Company of Captaine Edward Ashton and also at the fight at Brill. Was very sore wounded at Edgehill.

Certified by John Byrom.*

(Radcliffe was a Commissioner of the Peace for Co. Lancashire)

Relief for Cowsey

(8) Lancashire Record Office QSP535/10 Manchester Easter 1681 Relief for John Cowsey a former soldier aged 80. Served as Lieutenant to Captain Byrom

Byrom at Worcester

SP23.158.381

William Bennett of Salford in ye County of Lanc. Dyer sworne & examined informeth and saith that John Byrom of Salford gent. was Captaine of a Foote Company within the Garrison at Woocester then kept against the Parliament and that he was there when the same was surrendered and came out upon the Condicions made at the surrender thereof.

Adam Chorleton of Salford in the County of Lanc. Sheresman sworne & examined informeth and saith this informer being a soldier in Cornewall under Sir Tho: Aston on the Kings party against the Parliament and there layinge downe his Armes, hee this informer returninge homewards through Worcester then a Garrison against the Parliament, hee there saw Captaine John Byrom in the said Garrison against the Parliament and it was told him that he was Lieutenant of a Foote Company in the said Garrison.

26.April 1651.

Strength

See Also

1) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846