Sir Edward Fitton’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 1)
Active1642-45
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Edward Fitton
Anthony Thelwall
Area RaisedCheshire
Coat ColourRed or Blue
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignWhite Piles Wavy
Field ArmiesOxford

Later Colonel Anthony Thelwall's Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot of the Oxford Army

Service History

1642

  • October: Quartered at Claverley, Shropshire
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - Part of Colonel Richard Fielding's Brigade (front centre)
  • 12th November: Storm of Brentford
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • 9th December: Garrison of Reading

1643

  • 13th - 27th April: Besieged in Reading
  • May: Quartered at Culham Camp
  • 26th July: Storm of Bristol - Part of Colonel Henry Wentworth's Brigade
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton (det)
  • April: Muster at Aldbourne Chase
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Faringdon Garrison (under Lt Col Urian Leigh; Thelwall absent, sent to North Wales?)

1645

  • Jan-March: Faringdon Garrison
  • April: Skirmish, Bampton-in-the-Bush
  • June: Battle of Naseby

Notes

In February 1645 Lt Col Urian Leigh, presumably captured late in 1644, was exchanged for his nephew Alexander Rigby junior (son of MP Alexander Rigby) who was a prisoner in Lancashire.2) Urian had rejoined Thelwall's regiment at Faringdon by late April 1645, when he was captured again at nearby Bampton-in-the-Bush on the 27th, along with 220 other men including nephews Major Henry Leigh and Captain Charles Leigh, and Ensign Edward Davenport (all three also from Thelwall's regiment).3) Urian was quickly exchanged, along with Colonel Lisle's lieutenant colonel, but Henry, Charles and the other captured men were kept at Abingdon, and after Naseby sent as prisoners to London.4) The youngest Leigh brother, Captain Peter, later stated that he was captured at Naseby.5)

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford 6). In April 1644 they carried blue flags differenced by white plies wavy 7).

Notable Officers

Sir Edward Fitton

Fitton died in late 1643.

Anthony Thelwall

Previously served as Major to Fitton in the Second Bishops War, then Lt Col of Fitton's Royalist regiment.

Strength

  • April 1644: 134 at Reading
  • April 1644: At Aldbourne Chase mustered 5 Captains, 8 Lieutenants, 7 Ensigns, 7 Gentlemen, 15 Sergeants, 20 Corporals, 7 Drummers, 127 Soldiers 8)

See Also

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) JHC, 4, 1644-1646, p.63
3) Perfect Occurrences of Parliament, The 19th Week (1645)
4) The True Informer, Numb. 9 (1645), pp.59-60
5) CCC, vol. II, p.893
6) , 7) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
8) British Library Harleian ms 986.