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royalist:foot-regiments:sir-charles-vavasour [02/07/2019 09:02]
1642
royalist:foot-regiments:sir-charles-vavasour [19/08/2019 16:28] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
  
-|**Active**|1641-1645|+|**Active**|1641 ​to 1645|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
 |**Allegiance**|English| |**Allegiance**|English|
 | |Royalist| | |Royalist|
-|**Conflicts**| Confederate War |+|**Conflicts**|Confederate War |
 | |First Civil War| | |First Civil War|
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
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   *July: Recruited again in Wales, based at Radnor   *July: Recruited again in Wales, based at Radnor
   *July: To be sent to Newport   *July: To be sent to Newport
 +  *October: Appleyard takes the Covenant
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
  
-Sir Charles Vavasour had raised a regiment of foot for the Second Bishops’ War of 1640 from Cheshire, Shropshire and Denbighshire. In November 1641, with the outbreak of the Irish rebellion, he raised a regiment for service in Ireland, with 500 men raised ​by the Earl of Derby, mostly from Cheshire. The original plan was to recruit another 500 men on arrival in Ireland, but this did not transpire, as the recruits were taken by another regiment, so 500 additional men were ordered to be raised in Devon and Cornwall. The regiment arrived in Ireland in February 1642, serving in Munster in Inchiquin'​s forces.+Sir Charles Vavasour had raised a regiment of foot for the Second Bishops’ War of 1640 from Cheshire, Shropshire and Denbighshire. In November 1641, with the outbreak of the Irish rebellion, he raised a regiment for service in Ireland, with 500 men found by the Earl of Derby, mostly from Cheshire. The original plan was to recruit another 500 men on arrival in Ireland, but this did not transpire, as the recruits were taken by another regiment, so 500 additional men were ordered to be raised in Devon and Cornwall. The regiment arrived in Ireland in February 1642, serving in Munster in Inchiquin'​s forces.
  
 In September 1642 the regiment fought at the Battle of Liscarrol where Lt Col Mynne led 300 musketeers on the left flank, while Vavasour led the right flank. In June 1643 Vavasour was defeated at Cloghlea (Fermoy or Funcheon Ford) by Castlehaven'​s cavalry and captured. The regiment took heavy casualties and lost several officers. ​ In September 1642 the regiment fought at the Battle of Liscarrol where Lt Col Mynne led 300 musketeers on the left flank, while Vavasour led the right flank. In June 1643 Vavasour was defeated at Cloghlea (Fermoy or Funcheon Ford) by Castlehaven'​s cavalry and captured. The regiment took heavy casualties and lost several officers. ​
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 In autumn 1643 the regiment were shipped back to Bristol and joined Lord Hopton’s forces. Initially they were sent to the siege of [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Wardour_Castle|Wardour Castle]] but were mutinous until Hopton exerted his authority and hanged the trouble-makers. Wardour Castle had been nobly defended by Lady Blanche Arundell in the absence of her husband Thomas Arundell (Second Baron), but Edmund Ludlow had taken the castle for Parliament. Henry Arundell (Third Baron), then conducted siege operations against Ludlow, finally springing a mine and reclaiming his ancestral seat in March 1644.  In autumn 1643 the regiment were shipped back to Bristol and joined Lord Hopton’s forces. Initially they were sent to the siege of [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Wardour_Castle|Wardour Castle]] but were mutinous until Hopton exerted his authority and hanged the trouble-makers. Wardour Castle had been nobly defended by Lady Blanche Arundell in the absence of her husband Thomas Arundell (Second Baron), but Edmund Ludlow had taken the castle for Parliament. Henry Arundell (Third Baron), then conducted siege operations against Ludlow, finally springing a mine and reclaiming his ancestral seat in March 1644. 
  
-With Sir Charles Vavasour'​s death in spring 1644, the regiment were led by Sir Matthew Appleyard. At the end of March 1644 the regiment were part of Hopton’s army and were defeated at Cheriton, despite Appleyard leading a brigade of commanded musketeers to successfully evict Parliamentarian musketeers from the woods on the left of the Royalist position. After the defeat they marched to join the Oxford army and fought at Cropredy Bridge, capturing a dragoon guidon, Lostwithiel and Second Newbury in 1644. In April 1645 they were under Prince Rupert’s command for the storm of Ledbury then served on the Naseby campaign in Sir Bernard Astley’s brigade. A detachment was left in Leicester during the battle, surrendering to Sir Thomas Fairfax on the 17th of June 1645. The garrison was disarmed and permitted to march to Lichfield. In July 1645 they were recruiting at Radnor and were ordered to Newport((from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642)).+With Sir Charles Vavasour'​s death in spring 1644, the regiment were led by Sir Matthew Appleyard. At the end of March 1644 the regiment were part of Hopton’s army and were defeated at Cheriton, despite Appleyard leading a brigade of commanded musketeers to successfully evict Parliamentarian musketeers from the woods on the left of the Royalist position. After the defeat they marched to join the Oxford army and fought at Cropredy Bridge, capturing a dragoon guidon, Lostwithiel and Second Newbury in 1644. In April 1645 they were under Prince Rupert’s command for the storm of Ledbury then served on the Naseby campaign in Sir Bernard Astley’s brigade. A detachment was left in Leicester during the battle, surrendering to Sir Thomas Fairfax on the 17th of June 1645. The garrison was disarmed and permitted to march to Lichfield. In July 1645 they were recruiting at Radnor and were ordered to Newport((from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642)). In October 1645 Appleyard took the Covenant
  
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
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 ====Sir Matthew Appleyard==== ====Sir Matthew Appleyard====
  
-[[https://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Sir_Matthew_Appleyard|Sir Matthew Appleyard]] was a professional soldier. He was Major of Vavasour’s 1640 and 1641 regiments and Lieutenant Colonel in 1643, until promoted Colonel in 1644. He distinguished himself at the battle of Cheriton and at the storm of Leicester, where he was knighted by King Charles and appointed lieutenant governor of the city. Appleyard retired ​fron public life until the Restoration when he was appointed deputy governor of Hull under Lord Belasyse and was elected [[http://​www.historyofparliamentonline.org/​volume/​1660-1690/​member/​appleyard-sir-matthew-1607-70|MP]].+[[https://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Sir_Matthew_Appleyard|Sir Matthew Appleyard]] was a professional soldier. He was Major of Vavasour’s 1640 and 1641 regiments and Lieutenant Colonel in 1643, until promoted Colonel in 1644. He distinguished himself at the battle of Cheriton and at the storm of Leicester, where he was knighted by King Charles and appointed lieutenant governor of the city. Appleyard retired ​from public life until the Restoration when he was appointed deputy governor of Hull under Lord Belasyse and was elected [[http://​www.historyofparliamentonline.org/​volume/​1660-1690/​member/​appleyard-sir-matthew-1607-70|MP]].
  
 ====Officer Lists==== ====Officer Lists====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-===Muster Roll 1642 in Ireland===+===Muster Roll April 1643 in Ireland===
  
   *Colonel Sir Charles Vavasour 162    *Colonel Sir Charles Vavasour 162 
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   *Captain Rowland St. Leger 110   *Captain Rowland St. Leger 110
   *Captain Bartholomew Price 110    *Captain Bartholomew Price 110 
 +
 +Total: 1092
  
 ===In Ireland in 1643=== ===In Ireland in 1643===
 +(Presumably with Fermoy casualties noted)
  
   *Colonel Sir Charles Vavasour //​Captured//​   *Colonel Sir Charles Vavasour //​Captured//​
   *Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Appleyard ​   *Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Appleyard ​
   *Sargeant Major William Howell ​   *Sargeant Major William Howell ​
 +
   *Captain Pierce Lacy //Killed//   *Captain Pierce Lacy //Killed//
   *Captain Phillip Hutton   *Captain Phillip Hutton
Line 122: Line 128:
   *Ensign Simmons //Killed//   *Ensign Simmons //Killed//
  
- A Regimental Muster Roll of April 1643 
  
-Colonel ​                      Sir Charles Vavasour ​      162  +===In England under Colonel Matthew Appleyard===
-Lieutenant Colonel ​ Nicholas Mynn                        140 +
-Sargeant Major        ​Matthew Appleyard ​                 130 +
-Captain ​                     William Howell ​             110 +
-Captain ​                     Isaac Thornton ​             110 +
-Captain ​                     Thomas Winde                110 +
-Captain ​                     James Chudleigh ​            110 +
-Captain ​                     Rowland St. Leger           110 +
-Captain ​                     Bartholomew Price           110  +
-                                                        1092+
  
-  ​+  ​*Colonel Matthew Appleyard 
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel William Woodhouse (probably Paulett'​s or Appleyard'​s Lieutenant Colonel) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Giles Palmer (2) + ment. I.O.
  
 +  *Captain Robert Appleton (4)        ​
 +  *Captain John Audley (3)   
 +  *Captain Huband (1)
 +  *Captain Masters (1)
 +  *Captain Saunderson (1) 
 +  *Captain John Tirwhytt (1) + I.O. L + W
  
-Colonel Matthew Appleyard+  *Lieutenant Baker (1) 
 +  *Lieutenant Lewin (1)  
 +  *Lieutenant Middleton (1) 
 +  *Lieutenant James Thomson (1) + I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Palmer
  
  
- +=====Contemporary References===== 
-Lieutenant Colonel ​  ​william Woodhouse ​     (But see notes below) ​  +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
- +
-Sargeant Major       Giles Palmer ​          (2) + ment. I.O. +
- +
-Captain ​                    ​Robert Appleton ​      ​(4) ​        +
-Captain ​                    John Audley ​          ​(3) ​   +
-Captain ​                                     Huband ​  (1) +
-Captain ​                                ​Masters ​      (1) +
-Captain ​                            ​Saunderson ​   (1)  +
-Captain ​                     John Tirwhytt ​       (1) + I.O. L + W +
- +
-Lieutenant ​                                ​Baker ​     (1) +
-Lieutenant ​                               Lewin       (1)  +
-Lieutenant ​                             Middleton ​ (1) +
-Lieutenant ​                James Thomson ​  (1) + I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Palmer +
- +
- +
- +
- +
- +
- +
-William Woodhouse is probably Pauletts or Appleyards Lieutenant Colonel. +
  
 (1) Journal of the House of Lords 16.6.1645 (1) Journal of the House of Lords 16.6.1645
 Officers taken of Appleyards Regiment at Naseby. Officers taken of Appleyards Regiment at Naseby.
  
- 
- 
-The Regiment was originally that of Sir Charles Vavasour and taken over by Appleyard when Vavasour was ill and went to Oxford where he subsequently died. 
  
 (2) SP19.135.24 (2) SP19.135.24
 March 2nd 1649 March 2nd 1649
 +
 The examination of George Durant late Minister of Blockley in Co. Worcester aged about 49 yeares taken upon oath. The examination of George Durant late Minister of Blockley in Co. Worcester aged about 49 yeares taken upon oath.
-Sayth that he  this deponent hath knowne one Mr Giles Palmer about 8 yeares or upwards,​sayth that he is of a Black hayre and of a reasonable stature and somewhat a fat & grosse man & of a blacke complexion, sayth that he this deponent hath seen the sayd Mr Giles Palmer in this deponents house in Blockley aforesayd with a sword by his syde and that many of the Kinges party were then neere & that the sayd Mr Giles Palmer went to his Aunt Palmers house in the same towne of Blockly sayth that he hath hearde ye sayd Mr Giles Palmer say that he was on the Kings party & this deponent verily believes it sayeth that he this deponent hath heard ye sayd Mr Palmer say that he was in Oxford while Oxford was a Garrison for ye late Kinge & that he was a souldier,​but he did not heare him say he was in Commision because he is soe modest that he will not brag neither was this deponent soe uncivile to ask him.+Sayth that he  this deponent hath knowne one Mr Giles Palmer about 8 yeares or upwards, sayth that he is of a Black hayre and of a reasonable stature and somewhat a fat & grosse man & of a blacke complexion, sayth that he this deponent hath seen the sayd Mr Giles Palmer in this deponents house in Blockley aforesayd with a sword by his syde and that many of the Kinges party were then neere & that the sayd Mr Giles Palmer went to his Aunt Palmers house in the same towne of Blockly sayth that he hath hearde ye sayd Mr Giles Palmer say that he was on the Kings party & this deponent verily believes it sayeth that he this deponent hath heard ye sayd Mr Palmer say that he was in Oxford while Oxford was a Garrison for ye late Kinge & that he was a souldier, but he did not heare him say he was in Commision because he is soe modest that he will not brag neither was this deponent soe uncivile to ask him.
  
 George Durant George Durant
  
 Giles Palmer is mentioned in the sequestration papers of the County of Warwickshire (Add. Mss. 35098 f.86) as having a legacy of £400 from his brother Edward. Giles Palmer is mentioned in the sequestration papers of the County of Warwickshire (Add. Mss. 35098 f.86) as having a legacy of £400 from his brother Edward.
 +
  
 (3) SP29.   ​P5030349 DO + 352+ (3) SP29.   ​P5030349 DO + 352+
 To the Kings most excellent Majesty To the Kings most excellent Majesty
 The humble petition of Captain John Audley The humble petition of Captain John Audley
-Sheweth that for your petitioners loyalty to your Majestie certified by Coll: Sir Matthew Appleyard and others your Majestie was lately gratiously pleased to grant unto your petitioner the place of   of the Towne of Kingston upon Hull  the said Sir Matthew intending to supplant your petitioner hath layd an unjust charge upon him,which hee is consious to himself,hee is noe ways guilty of. 
  
-The signatories of the supporting note were William Legge,​Richard March and William Sherburne.+Sheweth that for your petitioners loyalty to your Majestie certified by Coll: Sir Matthew Appleyard and others your Majestie was lately gratiously pleased to grant unto your petitioner the place of   of the Towne of Kingston upon Hull  the said Sir Matthew intending to supplant your petitioner hath layd an unjust charge upon him, which hee is consious to himself, hee is noe ways guilty of. 
 + 
 +The signatories of the supporting note were William Legge, Richard March and William Sherburne.
  
 March and Sherburn were in Bristol as Masters of the Stores and Ordnance-check March and Sherburn were in Bristol as Masters of the Stores and Ordnance-check
  
 There is a note of a John Audley coming from Oxford in 1646 which leads me to believe he served under Appleyard during the first war. There is a note of a John Audley coming from Oxford in 1646 which leads me to believe he served under Appleyard during the first war.
 +
  
 Council Book of Youghall Council Book of Youghall
 Appleyard was Vice Governor of Youghall in January 1641/2,the Governor then being William St. Leger Appleyard was Vice Governor of Youghall in January 1641/2,the Governor then being William St. Leger
 +
  
 (4)Civil War in Dorset (Possibly quoting from Bellum Civile. (4)Civil War in Dorset (Possibly quoting from Bellum Civile.
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 Harl. Mss 6802 f.347 Harl. Mss 6802 f.347
 To Sir Thomas Bridges Knt. High Sheriff of ye County of Somerset. To Sir Thomas Bridges Knt. High Sheriff of ye County of Somerset.
-Whereas wee have been informed by our Colonell Matthew Appleyard that he was enforced (for the recovery of his hurts) at Bath and Bristoll to borrow the some of 40L and that you engaged yrself to discharge the same uppon the receipt of your order which wee doe think fitt to give unto you and hereby,will and authorise you to satisfy and pay the some of 40L out of such money,as you have receaved in such manner as you shall thinke fitt shall now and for &e.+Whereas wee have been informed by our Colonell Matthew Appleyard that he was enforced (for the recovery of his hurts) at Bath and Bristoll to borrow the some of 40L and that you engaged yrself to discharge the same uppon the receipt of your order which wee doe think fitt to give unto you and hereby, will and authorise you to satisfy and pay the some of 40L out of such money,as you have receaved in such manner as you shall thinke fitt shall now and for &e.
 10 Obr. (December) 1644 10 Obr. (December) 1644
 +
  
 SP.23.62.341 SP.23.62.341
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 SP.23.62.343 ​ SP.23.62.343 ​
 A note that he took the solemn league and covenant October 19 1645.    A note that he took the solemn league and covenant October 19 1645.   
 +
  
 (2) SP23.97.199 (2) SP23.97.199
 4th Sept. 1649 4th Sept. 1649
-A discovery made by ye Lady Joane Countess of Kildare of an estate lately fallen into ye posession of Maior Giles Palmer Delinquent,​for bearing armes against ye Parliament.The Estate situate att Compton in ye County of Warriks. and Charingworth and at Quinton in ye County of Glouc.+ 
 +A discovery made by ye Lady Joane Countess of Kildare of an estate lately fallen into ye posession of Maior Giles Palmer Delinquent, for bearing armes against ye Parliament. The Estate situate att Compton in ye County of Warriks. and Charingworth and at Quinton in ye County of Glouc. 
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1000 ordered to be raised in 1642   *1000 ordered to be raised in 1642
-  *1092 mustered in Ireland in 1642+  *1092 mustered in Ireland in 1643
   *Approximately 400 to 500 at Bristol 1643   *Approximately 400 to 500 at Bristol 1643
   *July 1645: 200 at Radnor   *July 1645: 200 at Radnor