Sir Arthur Bassett’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Arthur Bassett
Area RaisedCornwall
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist regiment of foot raised in Cornwall, perhaps a Cornish Trained Band

Service History

1642

  • August: Bassett commissioned colonel of a North Devon Trained Band, which instead supports Parliament

1643

  • May: Battle of Stratton??
  • Bassett commissioned Captain in Lord Mohun's regiment by Prince Maurice
  • July: Battle of Lansdown??
  • July: Besieged at Devizes??

1644

  • Garrison of St Michael's Mount?

1645

  • Garrison of St Michael's Mount?

1646

  • March to April: Besieged at St Michael’s Mount

Notes

In August 1642 Arthur Bassett was commissioned colonel by the King to gain control of Sir Samuel Rolle's Devon Trained Band Regiment of Foot, that supported the Parliamentarians, which attempt seems to have come to nothing. Probably Bassett's regiment was not yet raised in 1643, Bassett fighting on the Lansdown campaign as an officer in Lord Mohun's foot. At some stage Bassett was involved in one of the sieges of Plymouth, unclear whether this was under Mohun or with his own regiment.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir Arthur Bassett

Of Umberleigh, Devon. Not to be confused with the Sir Arthur Bassett who led the Marquis of Newcastle’s foot. Mentioned by Pepys (Pepys' diary encyclopedia). Sir Arthur was one of four brothers who all fought for the Royalists during the civil war, the most notable being Sir Thomas Bassett. He purchased St Michael's Mount - an island in Cornwall connected to the town of Marazion by a causeway that was only passable at low tide - from his older brother Sir Francis. Sir Arthur played an important role in the civil war in the west country and held St Michael's Mount until 1646, when he was defeated by the parliamentarians, he then escorted The Prince of Wales in his flight to Scilly, in 1647 he was imprisoned and forced to sell the Mount to Col John St Aubyn (posted by 'Dave' at Pepys' diary encyclopedia). He previously served as a captain in Lord Mohun’s Regiment of Foot.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Arthur Basset of Umberleigh, Devon
  • Lieutenant Nicholas Barnes I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Joseph Bray I.O. Cornwall
  • Quartermaster David Whitfield I.O. Devon

A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

ARTHUR BASSET Reference: 312M/FY95 Creation dates: 1643

Scope and Content Commission by Prince Maurice to Arthur Bassett, esq., as Captain in the Western Army.

SP23.209.377

Whereas it appeareth by certificate of one of the Commissioners appoynted upon the Treaty at the surrender of Exeter that Arthur Bassett of Umberly in the County of Devon Esq. was resident and an inhabitant in the Citty of Exeter within six months before the surrender which is confirmed by the Affy Davit of the said Arthur Bassett. These are therefore to certifie that the said Arthur Bassett ought to have the benefitt of the Articles and I desire he may be admitted to his Composicion upon ye same. Given under my hand and Seale March the 26. 1649 Fairfax

DRO.QSP.128.2.1 Petition of Tristram Handford served under the command of Arthur Basset Esquire against Plymouth and several other places.

Portland Mss. 13th Report Appendix 1.

Arthur Bassett to Sir Samuel Rolle and to all his officers and souldiers of the Regiment lately under his command. Announcing by warrant dated the 5th Instant he has been appointed Colonel of the Regiment and ordering them to disarm and disband. 22nd August 1642 Great Torrington

Commission sold at Christies 19th June 2012 dated 5th August 1642 York Charles R

Trusty and wellbeloved wee greet you well.

Whereas in these great distractions which soe much threaten the peace of the Kingdom and the safety of our person, itt is necessary to putt all our loving subjects into a posture of defense, and to Array and muster them, that wee nor they be not surprised by any forraign invasion, or domestic rebellion, to which purpose wee have sent our Commission of Array into your County. And being well assured of your wisdom. courage and integrity, doe hereby make Ordaine and constitute you Arthur Bassett Esq to be Colonell of the Regiment of our Traynebandes lately under the commande of Sir Samuell Roles Knt, whom wee doe hereby discharge of the said command, straightly forbidding him any more to execute the same or any person to obey him if hee shall soe presume as hee and they will answer the contrary at their utmost perill.

And we doe hereby further authorize you to appointe Captaines and Officers under you of the said Regiment by such severall Commissions under your hand and Seale as are usuall and that the said Officers soe to bee made by you, and all soldiers of the said Regiment yield all obedience unto you as their Colonell. And for soe doing this shall bee to you and them a sufficient warrant.

Given at our Court at York the 5th August 1642

Strength

See Also