Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643-1644
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelsAnthony Ashley-Cooper
Area RaisedDorset
Coat ColourUnknown
Flag ColourUnknown
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist Dorset infantry regiment whose Colonel changed sides and fought for Parliament

Service History

1643

  • Raised in Dorset
  • July onwards: Garrison of Weymouth and Portland. Ashley-Cooper was Governor of Weymouth
  • October: Action at Weymouth

1644

  • January: Ashley-Cooper defects to the Parliamentarians

Notes

A short-lived regiment of foot, that appears to have disbanded after Ashley-Cooper’s defection to the Parliamentarians. However, it is possible the Regiment was taken over to become Colonel James Strangeways’ Regiment of Foot.

Coats and Flags

Coat colours and flags are unknown.

Notable Officers

Sir Anthony Ashley-Cooper

Ashley-Cooper (1621-1683) is better known as the First Earl of Shaftesbury, a prominent statesman and politician during the Inter-regnum and Restoration. Despite being only 19 he represented Tewkesbury in the Short Parliament. After some vacillation he raised a regiment of foot and a troop of horse, and was appointed a Royalist commissioner for the surrender of Dorchester, coming into dispute with Prince Maurice whose men plundered the town contrary to the terms of surrender. Appointed temporary governor of Weymouth and Portland, the position of High Sherriff of Dorset was promised to him. Despite this he defected to the Parliamentarians where he led a brigade of Dorset troops during 1644 at the siege of Wareham, storm of Abbotsbury House, taking of Shaftesbury and the relief of Taunton. In 1645 he resigned from the Parliamentarian army at the Self-Denying Ordinance. Patently a skilled politician, he continued in government throughout the Commonwealth and Protectorate, then became Chancellor of the Exchequer under Charles II and member of the ‘Cabal’ ministry. He went on to further high office and was instrumental in formation of the Whig party. Fearing that Charles II and James would impose Catholicism he formented various Protestant rebellions but had to flee abroad and died in Amsterdam.

Officer List

Original research by Victor Judge aka '1642'

  • Colonel Anthony Ashley Cooper
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Chilcott (buried in Exeter) Commission dated 4.8.1643, Bristol signed by Marquess of Hertford appointing William Chilcott Lieutenant Colonel in the regiment of Foot commanded by Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper and Captain of a Company of Foot.
  • Captain Harrison Keymer Commission as Captain of Foot in the Regiment of Col. Anthony Ashley Cooper 18.11.1643
  • Captain John Cade
  • Captain James Geare
  • Captain Maximillian Mohun
  • Lieutenant Fabian Hodder
  • Lieutenant Cornelius Weston
  • Ensign John Hodder
  • Ensign Gregory Babbidge

Strength

See Also