Colonel Samuel Sandys’ Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSamuel Sandys
John Knottsford
Area RaisedWorcester
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison
Oxford 1643

Later Colonel John Knottsford's Regiment of Foot

Royalist Regiment of Foot based at Worcester

Service History


  • May: Besieged in Worcester but repulse Waller's forces
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury


  • October: Skirmish at Alcester


  • November: Battle of Denbigh Green


  • May: Besieged at Hartlebury Castle (det. under Capt William Sandys)
  • May to July: Besieged at Worcester and surrender


Samuel’s brother, Martin Sandys, led Sir Martin Sandys’ Worcester Trained Band Regiment of Foot.

Flags, Coats & Equipment

Notable Officers

Colonel Samuel Sandys

Colonel John Knottsford

Officer List

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Samuel Sandys
  • Lieutenant Colonel David Hyde
  • Sargeant Major Moore Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Byron (3)
  • Captain Francis Clare I.O. Worcs
  • Captain Richard Field I.O. Salop.
  • Captain Gunter (4) (at Hartlebury Castle)
  • Captain Heling Add.Mss 17062
  • Captain Littleton Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Millington Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Francis Moore (2) + Add.Mss. 17062
  • Captain William Moore (3)
  • Captain John Peacock (1) (at Hartlebury Castle)
  • Captain Sandys Ment. I.O. (governor of Hartlebury Castle)
  • Captain William Sandys (4) + Add.Mss.17062
  • Captain Frederick Windsor Add.Mss.17062
  • Lieutenant Lewis Butts I.O. Norfolk to Capt. Littleton
  • Lieutenant Walter Colles I.O. Worcs. to Capt. Clare
  • Lieutenant George Copley I.O. Middx.
  • Lieutenant Austin Evans I.O. Montgom.
  • Lieutenant Edward Freeman I.O. Worcs. to Capt. Millington
  • Lieutenant Richard Hunt I.O. Glocs. to Sgnt. Maj. Moore
  • Lieutenant Raynsford (3)
  • Lieutenant John Salmon I.O. Worcs. to Capt. Sandys

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Captain Peacock

(1) SP23.207.365 Delinquency of John Peacock of Cumnor, Berkshire. These are to certify those whom it may concern that ye bearer hereof Captain John Peacock was a Capt: in ye Regiment of Coll. Samuell Sandys in Hartlebury Castle att the tyme of ye rendition thereof to mee to yee Parliament use, and that upon my ingagement to him, he was to have ye benefit of ye articles whereupon the said Castle was surrendered. In testimony whereof I have hereunto putt my hand the 20th Day of October 1648. Tho. Morgan.

Francis Moore

(2) SP23.120.33 The information of Constance Stringer was done on ye behalfe of the Commonwealth against Francis Moore of Severn Stoke in ye County of Worcester Gent. That when Worcester Citty was a Garrison for ye late Kinge the said Francis Moore vizt in the yeare 1644: was a Commander and in armes in that Citty against the Parliament: and did then doe many Acts of Hostility there. Constance Stringer Allowed 20th Febr. 1650.


Symonds mentions that the Regiment was given to Colonel Knotsford at Evesham.

Worcester garrison

(3) 1646 Diary of Henry Townsend in Worcester Garrison p.684 of Mss.

  • Major Moore
  • Captain Byron
  • Captain William Moore
  • Lieutenant Raynsford

Victor comments: The civil war wreaked havoc across communities with Garrison Commanders acting like tyrants terrorising the surrounding communities.

Taylor's petition

(4) SP23.121.737

To the Honourable Committee of Compositions sitting at Goldsmiths Hall

The humble peticion of John Taylor of Swinford in Com. Worcs., Mercer


One William Sandys Governour of Hartlebury Castle in the said County sent an express Warrant to another, also that of his Captayne Gunter to burne down the house of your peticioner and to effect it the more sowe, he required the Constable of Stowerbrydge to be ayding and assisting to him there as the annexed setts forth according to which warrant it was done, and your peticioner, his wife and many children left destitute of a habitacion and means they being damnified to the least £1000.

Deputy Governor Wightwick

The Deputy Governor of Hartlebury was a Mr Wightwick according to Portland Mss. Vol 1. Samuel, I believe.

Sir Thomas Fairfax to William Lenthall.

1647 [-8], February 17. Queen Street — Desiring that the sequestrations of Colonel Sandys and Mr. Wightwick, the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor of Hartlebury Castle may be taken off according to the articles of surrender thereof. Signed. Seal. [N. VI., 73.]


See Also