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royalist:foot-regiments:robert-villiers [24/09/2018 14:50]
1642
royalist:foot-regiments:robert-villiers [05/01/2019 12:53] (current)
tim
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 |**Active**|1643 to 1647| |**Active**|1643 to 1647|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
 +| |Wales|
 |**Allegiance**|Royalist| |**Allegiance**|Royalist|
 |**Conflicts**|First Civil War| |**Conflicts**|First Civil War|
Line 9: Line 10:
 |**Colonel**|Robert Villiers| |**Colonel**|Robert Villiers|
 |**Area Raised**|Shropshire| |**Area Raised**|Shropshire|
 +| |North Wales|
 |**Coat Colour**|| |**Coat Colour**||
 |**Flag Colour**||  |**Flag Colour**||
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-//Royalist Shropshire regiment of foot perhaps ​ending up in garrison at Harlech Castle//+//Royalist Shropshire regiment of foot ending up in garrison at Harlech Castle//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
  
 ====1643==== ====1643====
-  *June: ​Commissioned ​to be raised ​in Shropshire+  *June: ​Villiers commissioned ​to raise 1200 foot in Shropshire
   *October: At Oxford   *October: At Oxford
 ====1644==== ====1644====
 +  *May: Prince Rupert authorises Lt Col. Owen to garrison Harlech Castle
 ====1645==== ====1645====
 +  *Garrison of Harlech Castle
 ====1646==== ====1646====
-  *June to March 1647: Besieged at Harlech Castle+  *June to March 1647: Besieged at Harlech Castle
 ====1647==== ====1647====
-  *March: Surrender at Harlech Castle?+  *March: Surrender at Harlech Castle
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
-Mentioned at the [[http://​www.ecwsa.org/​hist1644oxfordregoffoote.html|ECWSA website]]+Mentioned at the [[http://​www.ecwsa.org/​hist1644oxfordregoffoote.html|ECWSA website]], garrison of the last Royalist castle to surrender in England and Wales.  
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
 Equipped with 200 muskets and 100 pikes in October 1643 Equipped with 200 muskets and 100 pikes in October 1643
Line 37: Line 41:
 ==== Robert Villiers==== ==== Robert Villiers====
 Illegitimate son of Sir Robert Howard of Clun and Frances, the wife of John Villiers Viscount Purbeck. Illegitimate son of Sir Robert Howard of Clun and Frances, the wife of John Villiers Viscount Purbeck.
 +==== William Owen====
 +Governor of [[https://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Harlech_Castle|Harlech Castle]]
 +====Officer Lists====
  
-Colonel Robert Villiers Regiment of Foot+From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '​1642'​
  
-Colonel ​                            ​Robert Villiers ​      +  *Colonel Robert Villiers 
-  +  *Lieutenant Colonel Sir Arthur Blayney (6) ?? 
-Lieutenant Colonel ​       Sir Arthur Blayney ​      ​(6)       +  *Lieutenant Colonel William Owen  (2) + (3
-Lieutenant Colonel ​       William Owen                 ​(2) + (3)+  *Sargeant Major Hugh Hookes (3) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Hugh Pennant (1)
  
-Sargeant Major              Hugh Hookes ​                 ​(3+  *Captain William Edwards ​(1
-Sargeant Major              Hugh Pennant ​         (1)+  ​*Captain John Hanmer ​(1)   
 +  *Captain Edward Kynaston (4)  
 +  *Captain Robert Lacon I.O. Salop 
 +  *Captain John Morgans (5
  
-Captain ​                           William Edwards ​            (1) +  *Lieutenant Arthur ​(1) 
-Captain ​                           John Hanmer ​                  (1)   +  ​*Lieutenant Francis Mason (1) 
-Captain ​                           Edward Kynaston ​          (4 +  ​*Lieutenant John Roberts ​(1I.O. Salop. 
-Captain ​                           Robert Lacon                   I.O. Salop. +  ​*Lieutenant Peter Simon (1)
-Captain ​                           John Morgans ​                 ​(5+
  
-Lieutenant ​                                  ​Arthur ​                   (1) +  *Ensign William Bishop ​I.O. Salop. 
-Lieutenant ​                      ​Francis Mason                  (1) +  ​*Ensign William Williams ​(1)
-Lieutenant ​                      John Roberts ​                   (1) + I.O. Salop. +
-Lieutenant ​                     Peter Simon                       (1)+
  
-Ensign ​                            ​William Bishop ​                 ​I.O. Salop. +  *Quartermaster Francis Danby I.O. Salop. ​
-Ensign ​                            ​William Williams ​               (1)+
  
-Quartermaster ​               Francis Danby                   I.O. Salop. ​+  *Cornet Meredith Lloyd (1)
  
-Cornet ​                            ​Meredith Lloyd                  (1)+=====Contemporary References=====
  
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '​1642'​
  
 Robert Villiers received his Commision to raise his Regiment of 1200 foot 15.6.1643 Robert Villiers received his Commision to raise his Regiment of 1200 foot 15.6.1643
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 (1) Merioneth Hist. Record Society Vol.IV 1961-64. (1) Merioneth Hist. Record Society Vol.IV 1961-64.
 Garrison of Harlech Castle at surrender. Garrison of Harlech Castle at surrender.
-Major Hugh Pennant,Col. William Owen 28 men + 
-Governors Lieutenant Arthur +  *Col. William Owen 
-Captain William Edwards +  *Sir Arthur Blayney 
-Captain John Hanmer +  *Major Hugh Pennant 
-Cornet Meredith Lloyd +  *Governors Lieutenant Arthur 
-Lieutenant John Roberts to Capt. John Hanmer +  *Captain William Edwards 
-Lieutenant Francis Mason & Peter Simons  +  *Captain John Hanmer 
-Sir Arthur Blayney+  *Cornet Meredith Lloyd 
 +  *Lieutenant John Roberts to Capt. John Hanmer 
 +  *Lieutenant Francis Mason & Peter Simons  
 +  *28 men
  
 Mostyn Mss. Mostyn Mss.
Line 90: Line 101:
 Articles signed 13.3.1647 Articles signed 13.3.1647
 Mr Robert Foulkes died and was buried at Llanfair Mr Robert Foulkes died and was buried at Llanfair
-In it the Governor and Sir Hugh (Arthur) ​ Blayney,Mr Foulkes,Mr John Edwards of Chirk,​somewhat aged died in February.Captain William Edwards,his son,​Lieutenant Roger Arthur,​Lieutenant Roberts,John Hanmer son of Richard Hanmer of Pentre-Pant,​William Edwards of Cefyn Wern,Ensign William Williams +In it the Governor and Sir Hugh (Arthur) Blayney, Mr Foulkes, Mr John Edwards of Chirk, somewhat aged died in February. Captain William Edwards, his son, Lieutenant Roger Arthur, Lieutenant Roberts,J ohn Hanmer son of Richard Hanmer of Pentre-Pant,​ William Edwards of Cefyn Wern, Ensign William Williams 
-Shot in the Head/hand CHECK and died 19.1,​Meredith Lloyd in Careinion,​Roger Burton,​Fra.Mason,​Peter Simon,​Wm.Thomas and Thomas Arthur the Governors man and 28 common soldiers.+Shot in the Head/hand CHECK and died 19.1, Meredith Lloyd in Careinion, Roger Burton, Fra.Mason, Peter Simon, Wm.Thomas and Thomas Arthur the Governors man and 28 common soldiers.
  
 (2) Clennanau Mss 537 (2) Clennanau Mss 537
 Charles by the grace of God King of Greate Brittaine France & Ireland defender of the faith etc. Charles by the grace of God King of Greate Brittaine France & Ireland defender of the faith etc.
-To our trusty and welbeloved Sir William Owen greetings.Wee doe hereby constitute and appoint you to be Lieutennant Colonell of one Regiment of Foote under the command of our trusty and welbeloved Robert Villiers and forthwith that you be Captaine over one foote company in the said Regiment which by vertue of this our Commission you are forthwith to imprest and retayne of such as will willingly and voluntarily serve us for our pay and for the defence of our royall person,the two houses of Parliament,​the Protestant religon,the law of the land,the liberty and prosperity of the subject and priviledges of Parliament,​to bring them to our Royal standard and cause them to be duly exercised in armes,​commanding all inferior officers and souldiers as well of the said Regiment as of ye said Company respectively,​you to obey as their Lieutennant Colonell and Captaine of one Foote Company according to this our Commission given to you. +To our trusty and welbeloved Sir William Owen greetings. Wee doe hereby constitute and appoint you to be Lieutennant Colonell of one Regiment of Foote under the command of our trusty and welbeloved Robert Villiers and forthwith that you be Captaine over one foote company in the said Regiment which by vertue of this our Commission you are forthwith to imprest and retayne of such as will willingly and voluntarily serve us for our pay and for the defence of our royall person, the two houses of Parliament, the Protestant religon, the law of the land, the liberty and prosperity of the subject and priviledges of Parliament, to bring them to our Royal standard and cause them to be duly exercised in armes, commanding all inferior officers and souldiers as well of the said Regiment as of ye said Company respectively,​ you to obey as their Lieutennant Colonell and Captaine of one Foote Company according to this our Commission given to you. 
-And you yourselfe also to observe and follow such orders and directions as from time to time you shall receive from our self,our Lieutennant Generall,​your Colonell & other superior officers according to occasion and the discipline of warr.And in all things to governe yourself as unto the duty and place of Lieutennant Colonell of a Regiment & Captaine of a Foote Company doth of right appertayne and belong.Given under our Sign Manual at our Court at Oxford this fifteenth day of June 1643,and in the nineteenth yeare of our reigne.+And you yourselfe also to observe and follow such orders and directions as from time to time you shall receive from our self, our Lieutennant Generall, your Colonell & other superior officers according to occasion and the discipline of warr. And in all things to governe yourself as unto the duty and place of Lieutennant Colonell of a Regiment & Captaine of a Foote Company doth of right appertayne and belong. Given under our Sign Manual at our Court at Oxford this fifteenth day of June 1643, and in the nineteenth yeare of our reigne. 
 SP23.209.839 SP23.209.839
 Extract. Extract.
-The humble peticion of William Owen of Portington in the County of Salop,​gent.Sheweth that your peticioner was in armes against the Parliament and is now a prisoner in Nottingham Castle.+The humble peticion of William Owen of Portington in the County of Salop, gent. Sheweth that your peticioner was in armes against the Parliament and is now a prisoner in Nottingham Castle.
 November 1648 November 1648
 +
 (3) WO55.459.486 ​ (3) WO55.459.486 ​
-200 Muskets and 100 Pikes to Lt. Col. Owen of Colonel Villiers Regiment of Foot.Signed Hugh Hookes. 2.10.1643+200 Muskets and 100 Pikes to Lt. Col. Owen of Colonel Villiers Regiment of Foot. Signed Hugh Hookes. 2.10.1643 
 (4) WO55.459.489/​492 (4) WO55.459.489/​492
 40 lb Powder and musket balls proportional to Major Hookes of Colonel Villiers Regiment of Foot.Signed Captain Edward Kynaston. 6.10.1643 40 lb Powder and musket balls proportional to Major Hookes of Colonel Villiers Regiment of Foot.Signed Captain Edward Kynaston. 6.10.1643
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 (6) WO.55.459.482 (6) WO.55.459.482
-6cwt. of musket shot to Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Blayney at Burford.30.9.1643 +6cwt. of musket shot to Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Blayney at Burford. 30.9.1643 
-However he and Owen would then both have been Lt. Cols. of the same regiment at the same time.+However he and Owen would then both have been Lt. Cols. of the same regiment at the same time. 
  
 Clennenau Mss 556 Clennenau Mss 556
 1644/5, 28th February 1644/5, 28th February
 Prince Maurice, at Chester, to the Commissioners of Array in the County of Merioneth. Prince Maurice, at Chester, to the Commissioners of Array in the County of Merioneth.
-Understands that many warrants have been issued by his brother Prince Rupert and for the victualling of Harlech Castle under the  +Understands that many warrants have been issued by his brother Prince Rupert and for the victualling of Harlech Castle under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel William Owen and for the payment of the contribution long since agreed to be paid for the maintenance thereof. Hitherto little obedience has been given to these warrants, etc. Arrears to be forthwith levied and collected, and within eight days paid to Lieutenant-Colonel Owen. A new levy, and contribution is to be settled and assessed for the time elapsed since the settlement of the former contribution. For the future they shall settle a course whereby the said garrison shall receive constant pay and support. They shall forthwith levy for the Castle sufficient provisions for six months. Those who shall be negligent and refractory to be apprehended and sent to Chester. ​ 
-command of Lieutenant-Colonel William Owen and for the payment of the contribution long since agreed to be paid for the maintenance thereof. Hitherto little obedience has been given to these warrants, etc. Arrears to be forthwith levied and collected, and within eight days paid to Lieutenant-Colonel Owen. A new levy, and contribution is to be settled and assessed for the time elapsed since the settlement of the former contribution. For the future they shall settle a course whereby the said garrison shall receive constant pay and support. They shall forthwith levy for the Castle sufficient provisions for six months. Those who shall be negligent and refractory to be apprehended and sent to Chester. ​+
 Clennenau Mss 572 Clennenau Mss 572
 1645, 2nd April 1645, 2nd April
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 (4) Blacks docquets of letters patent at Public Record Office ​ (4) Blacks docquets of letters patent at Public Record Office ​
 +
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *October 1643: 300 strong at Oxford with 200 muskets and 100 pikes   *October 1643: 300 strong at Oxford with 200 muskets and 100 pikes