Colonel Robert Villiers’ Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1647
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelRobert Villiers
Area RaisedShropshire
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist Shropshire regiment of foot perhaps ending up in garrison at Harlech Castle

Service History

1643

  • June: Commissioned to be raised in Shropshire
  • October: At Oxford

1644

1645

1646

  • June to March 1647: Besieged at Harlech Castle?

1647

  • March: Surrender at Harlech Castle?

Notes

Mentioned at the ECWSA website

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Equipped with 200 muskets and 100 pikes in October 1643

Notable Officers

Robert Villiers

Illegitimate son of Sir Robert Howard of Clun and Frances, the wife of John Villiers Viscount Purbeck.

Colonel Robert Villiers Regiment of Foot

Colonel Robert Villiers

Lieutenant Colonel Sir Arthur Blayney (6) Lieutenant Colonel William Owen (2) + (3)

Sargeant Major Hugh Hookes (3) Sargeant Major Hugh Pennant (1)

Captain William Edwards (1) Captain John Hanmer (1) Captain Edward Kynaston (4) Captain Robert Lacon I.O. Salop. Captain John Morgans (5)

Lieutenant Arthur (1) Lieutenant Francis Mason (1) Lieutenant John Roberts (1) + I.O. Salop. Lieutenant Peter Simon (1)

Ensign William Bishop I.O. Salop. Ensign William Williams (1)

Quartermaster Francis Danby I.O. Salop.

Cornet Meredith Lloyd (1)

Robert Villiers received his Commision to raise his Regiment of 1200 foot 15.6.1643

(1) Merioneth Hist. Record Society Vol.IV 1961-64. Garrison of Harlech Castle at surrender. Major Hugh Pennant,Col. William Owen 28 men Governors Lieutenant Arthur Captain William Edwards Captain John Hanmer Cornet Meredith Lloyd Lieutenant John Roberts to Capt. John Hanmer Lieutenant Francis Mason & Peter Simons Sir Arthur Blayney

Mostyn Mss. Roger Arthur the Governors man John Hanmer the son of Richard Hanmer Ensign William Williams Lieutenant John Roberts and Thomas Arthur Francis Mason and Peter Simons William Thomas on the new wall Articles signed 13.3.1647 Mr Robert Foulkes died and was buried at Llanfair In it the Governor and Sir Hugh (Arthur) Blayney,Mr Foulkes,Mr John Edwards of Chirk,somewhat aged died in February.Captain William Edwards,his son,Lieutenant Roger Arthur,Lieutenant Roberts,John Hanmer son of Richard Hanmer of Pentre-Pant,William Edwards of Cefyn Wern,Ensign William Williams Shot in the Head/hand CHECK and died 19.1,Meredith Lloyd in Careinion,Roger Burton,Fra.Mason,Peter Simon,Wm.Thomas and Thomas Arthur the Governors man and 28 common soldiers.

(2) Clennanau Mss 537 Charles by the grace of God King of Greate Brittaine France & Ireland defender of the faith etc. To our trusty and welbeloved Sir William Owen greetings.Wee doe hereby constitute and appoint you to be Lieutennant Colonell of one Regiment of Foote under the command of our trusty and welbeloved Robert Villiers and forthwith that you be Captaine over one foote company in the said Regiment which by vertue of this our Commission you are forthwith to imprest and retayne of such as will willingly and voluntarily serve us for our pay and for the defence of our royall person,the two houses of Parliament,the Protestant religon,the law of the land,the liberty and prosperity of the subject and priviledges of Parliament,to bring them to our Royal standard and cause them to be duly exercised in armes,commanding all inferior officers and souldiers as well of the said Regiment as of ye said Company respectively,you to obey as their Lieutennant Colonell and Captaine of one Foote Company according to this our Commission given to you. And you yourselfe also to observe and follow such orders and directions as from time to time you shall receive from our self,our Lieutennant Generall,your Colonell & other superior officers according to occasion and the discipline of warr.And in all things to governe yourself as unto the duty and place of Lieutennant Colonell of a Regiment & Captaine of a Foote Company doth of right appertayne and belong.Given under our Sign Manual at our Court at Oxford this fifteenth day of June 1643,and in the nineteenth yeare of our reigne. SP23.209.839 Extract. The humble peticion of William Owen of Portington in the County of Salop,gent.Sheweth that your peticioner was in armes against the Parliament and is now a prisoner in Nottingham Castle. November 1648 (3) WO55.459.486 200 Muskets and 100 Pikes to Lt. Col. Owen of Colonel Villiers Regiment of Foot.Signed Hugh Hookes. 2.10.1643 (4) WO55.459.489/492 40 lb Powder and musket balls proportional to Major Hookes of Colonel Villiers Regiment of Foot.Signed Captain Edward Kynaston. 6.10.1643

(5) Clennenau Mss. 542

1644, 16 May Prince Rupert, at Salop, to Lieutenant-Colonel Owen, constable and governor of Harlech The Prince has taken notice of the interest Owen has in the custody and government of the castle of Harlech in the county of Merioneth and of the employment of Captain John Morgans in that command under Owen. He is ready to confirm that interest by any commission Owen may require and to declare his allowance of Captain Morgans and otherwise further the garrison that shall there be placed so as the charge of the garrison exceed not the benefit of it to the country.

(6) WO.55.459.482 6cwt. of musket shot to Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Blayney at Burford.30.9.1643 However he and Owen would then both have been Lt. Cols. of the same regiment at the same time.

Clennenau Mss 556 1644/5, 28th February Prince Maurice, at Chester, to the Commissioners of Array in the County of Merioneth. Understands that many warrants have been issued by his brother Prince Rupert and for the victualling of Harlech Castle under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel William Owen and for the payment of the contribution long since agreed to be paid for the maintenance thereof. Hitherto little obedience has been given to these warrants, etc. Arrears to be forthwith levied and collected, and within eight days paid to Lieutenant-Colonel Owen. A new levy, and contribution is to be settled and assessed for the time elapsed since the settlement of the former contribution. For the future they shall settle a course whereby the said garrison shall receive constant pay and support. They shall forthwith levy for the Castle sufficient provisions for six months. Those who shall be negligent and refractory to be apprehended and sent to Chester. Clennenau Mss 572 1645, 2nd April Lord Byron, at Chester, to Lieut.-Colonel William Owen, High Sheriff of Merionethshire Has received by the bearer Owen’s account of his endeavours in observance of His Highness’s commands, and in the business of the stirke mise. But hitherto the writer has received no account touching the men, money and provisions for His Highness’s command. He sent a letter of yesterday’s date signifying His Highness’s pleasure therein. As for the provisions for Chester, he desires that the business receive Owen’s best care and expedition, the speedy performance whereof is of special concern to the King’s service and the safety of the garrison. As for the Prince’s seal moneys, he assures Owen that there is such extraordinary occasion for money and so many commands from the Prince touching the business, that he must desire him to return the names of defaulters against whom, he is assured, there will be speedy proceeding. As for the powder which is sent from Ireland upon the public account, it is by His Highness’s express command to be brought to Chester, so that the writer may not order any part thereof to any other use. There is one, Mr Hilton, who is now at Beaumaris, a merchant of Chester, who has there a considerable proportion of match and powder upon his own account, which, for the King’s service, the writer doubts not Owen may receive of him for money at reasonable rates. He has no more for the present save to desire Owen’s uttermost diligence in affairs of public concern.

(4) Blacks docquets of letters patent at Public Record Office

Strength

  • October 1643: 300 strong at Oxford with 200 muskets and 100 pikes

See Also