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royalist:foot-regiments:richard-bolle [02/02/2019 17:07]
tim
royalist:foot-regiments:richard-bolle [16/11/2020 18:57] (current)
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   *August: Raised in Lichfield area   *August: Raised in Lichfield area
   *September: Join the King's army   *September: Join the King's army
-  *October: Quartered at Wornill (Woodhill?), Shropshire+  ​*September: Lt Roan prevented from recruiting in Walsall 
 +  ​*October: Quartered at Wornill (near Bridgenorth), Shropshire
   *23rd October: Battle of Edgehill   *23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
   *13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green   *13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
Line 40: Line 41:
   *13th - 27th April: Besieged at Reading   *13th - 27th April: Besieged at Reading
   *May: Quartered at Culham Camp   *May: Quartered at Culham Camp
 +  *July: Capt Tichborne of the regiment ordered to lead horse to raid Newbury
   *26th July: Storm of Bristol   *26th July: Storm of Bristol
   *3rd August to 5th September: Siege of Gloucester   *3rd August to 5th September: Siege of Gloucester
Line 63: Line 65:
   *29th-30th April: Defence of Faringdon   *29th-30th April: Defence of Faringdon
   *31st May: Storm of Leicester   *31st May: Storm of Leicester
-  *14th June: Battle of Naseby; regiment ​destroyed +  *14th June: Battle of Naseby; ​most of the regiment ​captured 
-  *July: ​new regiment of 500 planned in South Wales;((BL Harl MSS 6852, f.275.)) 150 men sent to Bristol ​in July, these may have been all that were raised. It is not clear if Lisle was with them. +  *July: ​New regiment of 500 planned in South Wales((BL Harl MSS 6852, f.275.)) ​ 
-  *September: Besieged at Bristol?+  *July: Based at Hereford 
 +  *July: ​150 men sent to Bristol, these may have been all that were raised. It is not clear if Lisle was with them. 
 +  *September: Besieged at Bristol
  
 ====1648==== ====1648====
Line 75: Line 79:
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
 +The Regiment was originally raised by William Lord Paget and taken over by Bolle who led the Regiment at Edgehill. William Pagets Commission is in the Sutherland Collection.
 +
 Quite a few foot Regiments that fought at Naseby were subsequently re-recruited in Wales from July 1645, including William Murray’s, Appleyard’s Tillier’s,​ John Pawlett’s,​ Sir Jacob Astley’s, Duke of York’s, King’s Lifeguard, Sir Henry Bard’s, Sir Bernard Astley’s, Robert Broughton'​s and Lisle’s((from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642)). Quite a few foot Regiments that fought at Naseby were subsequently re-recruited in Wales from July 1645, including William Murray’s, Appleyard’s Tillier’s,​ John Pawlett’s,​ Sir Jacob Astley’s, Duke of York’s, King’s Lifeguard, Sir Henry Bard’s, Sir Bernard Astley’s, Robert Broughton'​s and Lisle’s((from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642)).
  
 No detail is known of any troops raised or led by Lisle in 1648, although he was known to have been buying horses and arms in London in 1647 or 1648 ((Calendar of the Proceedings of the Committee for the Advance of Money, Part II, p.1118.)); an indigent cavalry officer from Essex who in 1663 claimed Lisle as his commander, must have served in 1648 as Lisle did not command cavalry during the First Civil War. ((Indigent Officers list, 1663; //Indigent Officers - Civil War Oficers Rewarded by Charles II//, p.94. Tyger'​s Head Books: 2015)) Mentions of his '​regiment'​ during the Second Civil War probably refer to raw Kent recruits put under his command during the uprising, and subsequently at Colchester. No detail is known of any troops raised or led by Lisle in 1648, although he was known to have been buying horses and arms in London in 1647 or 1648 ((Calendar of the Proceedings of the Committee for the Advance of Money, Part II, p.1118.)); an indigent cavalry officer from Essex who in 1663 claimed Lisle as his commander, must have served in 1648 as Lisle did not command cavalry during the First Civil War. ((Indigent Officers list, 1663; //Indigent Officers - Civil War Oficers Rewarded by Charles II//, p.94. Tyger'​s Head Books: 2015)) Mentions of his '​regiment'​ during the Second Civil War probably refer to raw Kent recruits put under his command during the uprising, and subsequently at Colchester.
  
-Articles concerning the history of the regiment are available online at [[http://​lisles.guildportal.com/​Guild.aspx?​GuildID=417533&​TabID=3547991|Sir George Lisle'​s Regiment of Foote]] website. ​ 
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
 Clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). Symonds noted that Lisle'​s carried white colours in April 1644 ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). Clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). Symonds noted that Lisle'​s carried white colours in April 1644 ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)).
 +
 +The regiment used pikes and matchlock muskets in 1642 and 1643. They also returned several pieces of '​decayed'​ body armour to stores in June 1643 and a Welsh billhook. ​
 +
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 Stuart Reid offers a list of the regiment'​s officers in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// (Partizan Press). A fuller examination is given in //No Armour But Courage - Colonel Sir George Lisle, 1615-1648//,​ Serena Jones, Helion & Company: 2016. Stuart Reid offers a list of the regiment'​s officers in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// (Partizan Press). A fuller examination is given in //No Armour But Courage - Colonel Sir George Lisle, 1615-1648//,​ Serena Jones, Helion & Company: 2016.
Line 87: Line 95:
 [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Paget,​_5th_Baron_Paget|William Paget, 5th Baron Paget]] [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Paget,​_5th_Baron_Paget|William Paget, 5th Baron Paget]]
 ====Richard Bolle==== ====Richard Bolle====
-[[http://lisles.guildportal.com/Guild.aspx?​GuildID=417533&​TabID=3547991&​Article=46390|Richard Bolle]]+Richard Bolle, likely of Louth. There has been [[http://bowlesfamilyhistory.ca/images/​Richard%20Bolle%20the%20Hero%20of%20Alton%20by%20Nick.pdf|some confusion]] over his identity due to a rather misleading 1689 memorial at Winchester cathedral. Bolle was killed at Alton and the Regiment taken over by George Lisle.
 ====Sir George Lisle==== ====Sir George Lisle====
 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​sir-george-lisle|Sir George Lisle]] [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​sir-george-lisle|Sir George Lisle]]
 +
 +====Officer Lists====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
 +
 +===Under Col. Richard Bolle===
 +  *Colonel Richard Bolle
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Richard Bolle
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Richard D'Ewes (B) + 8 (died at Reading in 1643)
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Edward Littleton (Lt.Col. at Bristol siege. per De Gomme)
 +  *Sargeant Major Bevis Floyd (1) + ment. I.O.
 +
 +  *Captain Richard Bagot (A)
 +  *Captain Fowler (4)
 +  *Captain John Hanmer (7)
 +  *Captain Hawkred (4)
 +  *Captain Bevis Lloyd (4)
 +  *Captain Thomas Pocklington ​ I.O. L + W
 +  *Captain Robert Skerrow (2) + (4)
 +  *Captain Throckmorton (4)      ​
 +  *Captain John Tichborne (3)
 +  *Captain Walden (4)
 +
 +  *Lieutenant William Heron I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Floyd
 +  *Lieutenant John Roane (8) to Captain Throckmorton
 +  *Lieutenant Robert Skerrow (4)   
 +  *Lieutenant Basil Woodd (see below)
 +
 +  *Ensign Edward Fowler (9)         
 +  *Ensign John Hunt I.O. Lincolns.
 +  *Ensign James Littleton I.O. Staffords.
 +  *Ensign Massy (4)   
 +
 +===Under Sir George Lisle===
 +  *Colonel Sir George Lisle
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Edward Littleton (2)
 +  *Sargeant Major Fowler (2)  ​
 +  *Sargeant Major Robert Skirrow Ment. I.O.
 +
 +  *Captain Thomas Corbet (6) + ment. I.O.
 +  *Captain Rugeley Littleton (2) + I.O. Staffords.
 +  *Captain Thomas Pocklington (2)
 +  *Captain Robert Skerrow (2)
 +  *Captain John Taylor Ment. I.O.
 +  *Captain John Tichborne (3) + ment. I.O.
 +  *Captain Thomas Smith Ment. I.O.
 +  *Captain Humphrey Whitgrave (2) + I.O. Essex 
 +
 +  *Lieutenant Carter (2) 
 +  *Lieutenant Richard Hill I.O. Worcesters. to Capt. Corbett  ​
 +  *Lieutenant Henry Holman ​ I.O. Worcesters. to Capt. Tichborne
 +  *Lieutenant Edward Norbury I.O. Yorks. to Sgnt. Maj. Skirrow
 +  *Lieutenant James Robinson I.O. L + W to Capt. Smith
 + 
 +  *Ensign Gilbert Crouch (5)
 +  *Ensign William Graham I.O. Cumberland ​
 +  *Ensign James Littleton (2)
 +  *Ensign Edward Matthews I.O. Carmarthens. to Capt. Taylor
 +  *Ensign Turpin (2)
 +
 +  *Quartermaster Richard Cresswell I.O. Staffords.
 +
 +===Of Horse===
 +  *Captain Robert Moore I.O. Essex of Horse, Prob. 1648. 
 +
 +=====Contemporary References=====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
 +
 +==Extract from Pedigrees and Memorials of the Woodd family.==
 +
 +"THE CASE OF BASILL WOODD, DOCTOR OF LAW, AND CHANCELLOR OF ROCHESTER, AND HIS THREE SONS, CAPT. BASILL WOODD, CAPT. THOMAS WOODD, AND CORONET JOHN WOODD."​
 +
 +My ffather'​s Chancellorship and practise were taken away to the value of a thousand pounds per annum, and hee died in Oxford with the King. He was plunderd of all his goods at his house at Greenwich, where he lived, to a considerable value, and afterwards I sould the house
 +for foure hundred pounds to buy us bread, for I was forced to leave my eni)iluyinent,​ and to live in Wales, with my wife and children, till I had spent the greatest part of my stoeke, then I returned home to my mother, she having kept me and my wife and children untill this time. And since I lived at home with my mother, I was had prisoner to Oxford, by Unton Crokes commandd who commanded the County troope, and there was forced to keep a souldier, with meate drink and money to wait on me, to my great charge.
 +
 +I went into the warr before Reading was taken, and was Lieutenant to Lieutenant Colonel Bolle, my Brother in Law (Richard Bolle had married his sister, Catherine Woodd) and I was afterwards Captain Lieutenant to that worthy Colonel Sir William Butler (Boteler) at Cropedy Bridge in the Earl of Clevelands Brigade, where he lost his life, so of course I had his Troop till Truro Articles. I have received severall shots, one in my head, and one in my arm which troubles me many times. Severall horses were shot under mee, one at Runaway Hill, another at Newbury fight. I was a prisoner at Lanceston seven weeks, being taken at Torington upon a charge, then commanding the party that  first charged.
 +
 +My Brother Thomas went into the warres, when his Maiesty of blessed memory came first to Oxford.
 +
 +My brother John was Cornet to Colonel Stewart in the Earl of Clevelands Brigade, he was taken prisoner at Cropedy Bridge, and afterwards received in the wars seven cuts in the head which pierced the skull, and continued in the service till Truro Articles.
 +
 +
 +==Maj. Floyd==
 +(1) Find copy of his and Lt.s capture at Alton.
 +
 +==Capt Bagot==
 +(A) WO55.423.14/​15
 +
 +Issue of Powder Bullet and Match at Oxford 1-5.11.1642
 +Colonel Bolle 150lb signed Captain Richard Bagot.
 +
 +==Lt Col D'​Ewes==
 +(B) SP23.216.365
 +
 +A particular of the reall and personall estate of Richard D'Ewes gentleman who deceased at Reading in the County of Berks. in the yeare 1643, before any sequestracion of his said reall or personall estate.
 +
 +  *One meddow lying in the towne and parish of Lavenham in the County of Suffolke. The annuall value     ​£ ​  ​14.0.0
 +  *A farme lying within the same towne in reversion after one life now in being. The annuall value     ​£140.0.0
 +
 +The cleere personall estate of the said Richard D'​Ewes ​  ​£379.7.5
 +
 +==Returns to stores==
 +(B) WO55.1661.94 11. June 1643
 +
 +Colonell Bowles
 +Recd into his Majesties stores from the Regiment of Colonell Bowles by Lieutenant Colonell Littleton
 +  *Musketts 49 
 +  *Muskett Barrells 4   
 +  *Pykes 66   
 +  *Welsh Hooke 1
 +  *Backes 5 
 +  *Brest 5
 +  *Gorgetts 10 
 +  *Gorgetts 2
 +
 +(All) decayed
 +
 +==(9) Yarnton Parish Register==
 +I've taken all the soldiers mentioned in this Register and placed them under their respective Regiments.(VJ)
 +
 +  *Bradley a soldier of Colonell Bolles Regiment and Richard Taylor a soldier of the same Regiment was buried June 15 1643
 +  *Ralph Deane a soldier of Colonell Bolls his Regiment was buried June 17 1643
 +  *Thomas Taylor and Richard Gardiner two soldiers of Collonell Bolls his Regiment were buried June 20th 1643
 +  *Richard Farmer a soldier of Colonell Bolls was buried June 23 1643
 +  *John Brewer and Walther Matthews two soldiers of Colonell Bolls his Regiment were buried 28th June 1643
 +  *William Berry a soldier of Colonel Bolls his Regiment was buried July 10th 1643
 +  *John Latimer a soldier of Colonell Bolls his Regiment was buried July 10th 1643
 +  *Anthony Topley a soldier of Colonell Bolls his Regiment was buried 18th July 1643
 +  *Mr Edward Fowler an Ensigne in Colonell Bolls his Regiment was buried August 12th 1643
 +
 +
 +==Arms for Lisle==
 +WO55.423.122
 +
 +Colonel George Lisle 50 muskets and 150 pikes for the arming of his Regiment of Foot.
 +
 +7.3.1644.
 +Delivered to Mr Thomas Lisle servant to Prince of Wales 
 +
 +==Officers June 1645==
 +(2) House of Lords Journal 16th June 1645
 +Officers of Colonel Lile's Regiment of Foot.
 +
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Littleton.
 +  *Major Fowler.
 +  *Captains. Skirough. Whitegreene. Littleton. Hocklington.
 +  *Lieutenant Carter.
 +  *Ensign Turpin. Ensign Littleton.
 +
 +==Capt Tichborne==
 +(3) Harl. Mss. 6852 f.147
 +
 +To our Trusty and wellbeloved Captaine John Tichborne and such other Commanders and Officers as shall accompany him in this design.
 +Our will and pleasure is that you forthwith procure so considerable a party of Horse and Dragoons as shall be fitt of such as will willingly accompany you,and with them repaire into Newbury, there to seize upon all whom you shall find disaffected to us and returne as also all such money, plate,armes horses and ammuniton as you shall finde belonging to any such persons disaffected and that you give us a speedie accompt of the particulars that wee may give order for the disposal and for your so doeing this shall be your warrant.
 +Given under our sign manual at our court at Oxford the 22th of July 1643. 
 +
 +The Regiment was under the command of Richard Bolle at the time of this order. Tichborne appears under Lisle in I.O. so stayed with his new Colonel after Bolles death at Alton.
 +
 +Possibly of Farnham in Surrey ​
 +
 +==Arms delivered at Culham Camp==
 +
 +(4)WO55.1661
 +Culham Camp.
 +23. May 1643 
 +dd. to Col. Bowles
 +              ​
 +distributed (Musketts/​Bandaleers/​Pikes/​Bills)
 +  *to his owne Company (03/​06/​03/​00)
 +  *to his L: Col (03/​02/​05/​00)
 +  *to his Sarg. Maior (02/​02/​00/​00)
 +  *to Capt Lloyd (03/​02/​06/​00)
 +  *to Capt Fowler (02/​02/​03/​00)
 +  *to Capt Walden (02/​02/​01/​00)
 +  *to Capt Skerrow (02/​02/​02/​00)
 +  *to Capt Hawkred (04/​02/​03/​00)
 +Total (21/​20/​23/​00)
 +
 +==Commissions==
 +Harley Mss. f. 221
 +
 +Late October 1642 after Edgehill.
 +
 +A Commission for Robert Skerrow Lieutenant to Captain Throckmorton in Colonell Bolles Regiment
 +A Commission for Massy, Ensign in the same Regiment
 +
 +
 +==Arms in March 1644==
 +
 +(5) WO55.1661.87
 +
 +13 March 1643(4)
 + 
 +dd delivered) to Gilbert Crouch Ensigne to Collonell Lyle for the use of the said Coll his owne Company ​
 +
 +Six Musquets fixed, with six payre of Bandeleeres which the said Collonell uppon returned to this Garrison againe, he doth promise to returne into the Magazine in ye same state they are delivered now delivered or otherwise to make satisfaction for them
 +
 +Gilbert Crouche
 +6 of them came first from Oxon.
 +
 +==Arms for Lisle Sept 1643==
 +WO55.1661.283
 +7 die Septembris 1643
 +dd (delivered) to ye commanded men under Colonell Lyle
 +  *Powder 2 (cwt)
 +  *Match 2 (cwt)
 +  *Muskett shott 2 (cwt)
 +
 +
 +(6) find letter to Rupert
 +
 +==Lisle promoted==
 +E.310.11
 +Lieutenant General Lisle made Commander in Chief of Oxfordshire,​ Berkshire and Buckinghamshire.
 +
 +==Lisle'​s discouragements at Faringdon==
 +
 +Leeds Castle Mss.
 +
 +May it please your highness,
 +
 +According to your commands I am arrived to Farringdon, but finde soe many discouragements that were it not in obedience to your Highness, I should be very unwillinge to undergoe soe many troubles, and difficultyes that of necessity I must here finde.
 +Sir, the Cattell and all sorte of provisions in the Towne and five or sixe miles about it are all destroyed and eaten upp. Soe that I sooner feare a famine than an enemy; Therefore I shall humbly entreate your Highness that you will be gratiously pleased to allowe me that halfe of Heyworth Hundred in Wiltshire which lyeth on this side Cricklade contayning the Markett Towne of Highworth which lyeth soe convenient for mee as for many more reasons I shall hereafter give your Highness. Sir I am confident will not dispose eyther of the 
 +and hapiness that hath soe much obliged
 +
 +Your Highness most humble and faithfull affectionatt servant
 +George Lisle
 +Farringdon 6. December 1644 
 +
 +Sir here is nothinge yet donn concerning of fortifications;​ Therefore I shall humbly entreate your Highness to give your commande for Colonell Lloyde or some other Engineeres suddeyne repayre hither. ​
 +
 +
 +==Capt Hanmer==
 +(7) Bettisfield Mss. 468
 +
 +Commissioned 8.8.1642 ​ at York 1 Company of Foot in Regiment of Bourke Lord Paget.
 +
 +He later fought at Edgehill under Colonel Bolles who commanded the Regiment .
 +
 +After transferred as a Captain of Horse in Prince Maurices Regiment and killed at Littledean April 1643.
 +
 +His Lieutenant of Horse, Roger Jones wrote to Sir Thomas Hanmer, his father returning all John Hanmers money 7th June 1643.
 +
 +==Lt Roan==
 +
 +(8) Portland Mss. Vol. 1
 +September 19th 1642 Northampton.
 +
 +Examination of John Roane, Pricker to the King
 +That he wes employed by Lt. Col. D'Ewes in a Regiment assigned by Lord Paget to Col. Bolles with a Commission under the Kings own hand to raise volunteers which he showed to the Mayor of Walsall who refused to let him beat up his Drum and apprehended him.
 +
 +
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *September 1642: Said to be 1000 to 1300   *September 1642: Said to be 1000 to 1300
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   *April 1644: At Aldbourne Chase mustered ​ 6 Captains, 7 Lieutenants,​ 8 Ensigns, 7 Gentlemen, 17 Sergeants, 22 Corporals, 14 Drummers, 189 Soldiers ((British Library Harleian ms 986.))   *April 1644: At Aldbourne Chase mustered ​ 6 Captains, 7 Lieutenants,​ 8 Ensigns, 7 Gentlemen, 17 Sergeants, 22 Corporals, 14 Drummers, 189 Soldiers ((British Library Harleian ms 986.))
   *June 1645: Probably not much more than 100, as Lisle'​s entire Oxford tercio only numbered 500 at Naseby.   *June 1645: Probably not much more than 100, as Lisle'​s entire Oxford tercio only numbered 500 at Naseby.
 +  *July 1645: 500 planned but only 150 sent to Bristol
 +
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
-The regiment ​are re-enacted by [[http://​lisles.guildportal.com/Guild.aspx?​GuildID=417533&​TabID=3547986|Sir George Lisle'​s Regiment of Foote]] of the Sealed Knot.+The regiment ​is re-enacted by [[http://www.lisles.org.uk/LislesHome.html|Sir George Lisle'​s Regiment of Foot]] of the Sealed Knot