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royalist:foot-regiments:marquis-of-newcastle [09/07/2019 14:58]
1642
royalist:foot-regiments:marquis-of-newcastle [28/08/2019 18:17] (current)
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 ======Marquis of Newcastle'​s Regiment of Foot====== ======Marquis of Newcastle'​s Regiment of Foot======
  
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 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
-=====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== +In June 1642 Newcastle led 5-600 men of the Durham Trained Bands to Newcastle, where he set about recruiting a troop of horse and a regiment of foot. This was likely a '​double'​ regiment, consisting of 14 companies in 1642. The regiment served under Newcastle throughout his campaigns, ending at the Battle of Marston Moor where surrounded by the victorious enemy, the regiment made a famous last stand. The regiment likely fought in several other engagements of Newcastle'​s army but evidence is unavailable.  
-White coats in 1644, Royalist prisoners taken at York were said to have white coats with red and blue silk crosses on their sleeves by a Parliamentarian who went on to opine //an ensigne wee conceive of some Po-ish regiment//. According to the Northumberland and Durham Composition papers, in 1642 Newcastle had bought 3000 Scots //blew bonnets// to equip his infantry regiments, though how long these survived is unknown. The flag illustrated above represents eleven captured at Marston Moor that were described as 'red with white crosses'​. Assuming that they were from the same regiment, Newcastle'​s is the prime candidate as it mustered fourteen companies in 1642 and no other regiment present is known to have exceeded ten companies. The evidence ​thererfore ​points to this design as the most likely for Newcastle'​s regiment but is in no way definite. ​+ 
 +There has been much debate regarding who was Colonel of the regiment; Lambton, Posthumous Kirton or Arthur Bassett, referred to at [[http://​www.newcastlesfoote.co.uk/​|Marquess of Newcastle'​s Regiment of Foote]]. The Duchess implies that Kirton led the regiment at Adwalton Moor while the certificate shown below demonstrates that Bassett was Colonel of the regiment, implying that Bassett was leader at Gainsborough and Marston Moor. These are not necessarily inconsistent,​ as Bassett could well have replaced Kirton after Adwalton, where Kirton was certainly involved in heavy fighting and might have been wounded. ​  
 + 
 +=====Coats, Flags Equipment===== ​ 
 + 
 +White coats in 1644, the Duchess related a story that Newcastle wanted to provide red coats for his regiment, but the regiment preferred coats of undyed wool, promising to dye them in the blood of their enemies! ​Royalist prisoners taken at York were said to have white coats with red and blue silk crosses on their sleeves by a Parliamentarian who went on to opine //an ensigne wee conceive of some Po-ish regiment//​. ​ 
 + 
 +According to the Northumberland and Durham Composition papers, in 1642 Newcastle had bought 3000 Scots //blew bonnets// to equip his infantry regiments, though how long these survived is unknown. ​ 
 + 
 +The flag illustrated above represents eleven captured at Marston Moor that were described as 'red with white crosses'​. Assuming that they were from the same regiment, Newcastle'​s is the prime candidate as it mustered fourteen companies in 1642 and no other regiment present is known to have exceeded ten companies. The evidence ​therefore ​points to this design as the most likely for Newcastle'​s regiment but is in no way definite. ​ 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 +
 ====Marquis of Newcastle==== ====Marquis of Newcastle====
-[[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​william-cavendish-marquis-of-newcastle|Marquis of Newcastle]]+[[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​william-cavendish-marquis-of-newcastle|Marquis of Newcastle]]. Newcastle married firstly Elizabeth Howard (1599–1643),​ daughter and heiress of William Basset of Blore, Staffordshire,​ and widow of Hon. Henry Howard, son of the Earl of Suffolk. Newcastle married secondly [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Margaret_Cavendish,​_Duchess_of_Newcastle-upon-Tyne|Margaret Lucas]], sister of Lord Lucas. Margaret was a poet and philosopher and wrote //The Life of the Thrice Noble, High and Puissant Prince William Cavendishe//​ which contains some descriptions of his military campaigns.  
 ====Colonel Posthumous Kirton==== ====Colonel Posthumous Kirton====
 +Or Skirton, led a counter-attack of pikemen at Adwalton Moor, breaking the Fairfaxes'​ army. Newcastle'​s second wife described him as //that wild and desperate man//.
 +
 ====Sir Arthur Bassett==== ====Sir Arthur Bassett====
-There was a notable debate about who was the colonel ​of the regimentdiscussed at [[https://​www.newcastlesfoote.co.uk/​index.php/​the-colonelcy-debate|Newcastle'​s ​Regiment ​of Foote]]+Arthur Basset ​was the son of  ​William Basset of BloreStaffordshireThe  Marquess of Newcastle'​s ​first wife was Arthur'​s sister, Elizabeth Cavendish nee Bassett ​of Blore. ​
  
 +===Officer Lists====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Colonel ​                   Sir Arthur Bassett ​ of   ​Blore,​Staffordshire* at Gainsborough and Marston Moor *IMPORTANT+  *Colonel Posthumous Kirton 
 +  *Colonel Sir Arthur Bassett of Blore, Staffordshire ​ 
 +  ​*Lieutenant Colonel Atkins (4) (k. at York or Marston Moor
 +  ​*Sargeant Major George Berridge Ment. I.O. 
  
-Arthur Basset was the son of  ​William ​Basset of Blore,​Staffordshire.The  Marquess of Newcastles Wife was Arthurs sister,​Elizabeth Cavendish nee Blore+  *Captain ​William ​Pennyman MentI.O.  
 +  *Captain Robert Ridman (2) 
 +  *Captain Ralph Selby Ment. I.O.
  
-Colonel ​                   Posthumous Kirton+  *Lieutenant Robert Baker I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Berridge  
 +  *Lieutenant John Cartwright (3) (K. at siege of Gainsborough) 
 +  *Lieutenant Edward Corpes I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Pennyman 
 +  *Lieutenant Robert Nalson I.O. Yorks. to Sir Arth. Bassett ​
  
-Lieutenant Colonel ​               Atkins ​          (4)+  *Ensign George Finlawson ​(1) 
 +  *Ensign William Hedworth I.O. Durham to Capt. Selby  ​
  
-Sargeant Major              George Berridge ​    Ment. I.O.  +=====Contemporary References===== 
- +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
-Captain ​                   William Pennyman ​     Ment. I.O.  +
-Captain ​                   Robert Ridman ​           (2) +
-Captain ​                   Ralph Selby                  Ment. I.O. +
-  +
-Lieutenant ​             Robert Baker               I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Berridge  +
-Lieutenant ​             John Cartwright ​         (3) +
-Lieutenant ​             Edward Corpes ​          I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Pennyman +
-Lieutenant ​             Robert Nalson ​             I.O. Yorks. to Sir Arth. Bassett  +
- +
-Ensign ​                    ​George Finlawson ​     (1) +
-Ensign ​                    ​William Hedworth ​       I.O. Durham to Capt. Selby  ​+
  
 +==Finlawson'​s petition==
  
 (1) West Yorkshire Archive Service (1) West Yorkshire Archive Service
 QS1/​8/​3/​6/​15 Pontefract 1669 QS1/​8/​3/​6/​15 Pontefract 1669
 +
 Petition of George Finlawson served as Ensign under his Grace, Duke of Newcastle. Petition of George Finlawson served as Ensign under his Grace, Duke of Newcastle.
 +
 +==Ridman'​s petition==
  
 (2) QS1/​13/​3/​6/​7 Pontefract 1674 (2) QS1/​13/​3/​6/​7 Pontefract 1674
 Petition of John Ridman of Malham Petition of John Ridman of Malham
 +
 Soldier under Captain Robert Ridman in ye Right Honourable Earl of Newcastles Regiment Soldier under Captain Robert Ridman in ye Right Honourable Earl of Newcastles Regiment
  
-Certificate of Marquis of Newcastle that John Cartwright,​Gent.+==Cartwright'​s Certificate== 
 + 
 +Certificate of Marquis of Newcastle that John Cartwright, Gent
 + 
 +Did faithfully serve ye late Majesty of ever blessed memory in ye quality of Lieutenant in my own Regiment of Foot commanded by Colonel Sir Arthur Basset in ye Army under my command in the Northern parts and that in ye said warr he did upon all occasions valiantly discharge his duty, and particularly at the siedge of Gainsborough where hee recv'd severall wounds, whereupon he languished, and I am informed shortly after died. These are therefore to certify so much to all whom this may concern.
  
-Did faithfully serve ye late Majesty of ever blessed memory in ye quality of Lieutenant in my own Regiment of Foot commanded by Colonel Sir Arthur Basset in ye Army under my command in the Northern parts and that in ye said warr he did upon all occasions valiantly discharge his duty,and particularly at the siedge of Gainsborough where hee recv'd severall wounds,​whereupon he languished,​and I am informed shortly after died.These are therefore to certify so much to all whom this may concern. 
 Under my hand at Welbecke ye 13 day of July 1663. Under my hand at Welbecke ye 13 day of July 1663.
-Wm.Newcastle.+Wm. Newcastle.
  
-(4) E.4.16 
-The names of some Honourable and Noble personages,​slaine at York,and not yet recorded. 
-Lieutenant Col. Atkins,​Lieutenant Col. to the Marquess. 
  
- +==Slaine at York==
  
 +(4) E.4.16
 +The names of some Honourable and Noble personages, slaine at York, and not yet recorded.
 +
 +Lieutenant Col. Atkins, Lieutenant Col. to the Marquess.
  
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *14 companies in 1642
 +
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
 Newcastle'​s Regiment are re-enacted by the [[http://​www.newcastlesfoote.co.uk/​|Marquess of Newcastle'​s Regiment of Foote]] of the Sealed Knot. Newcastle'​s Regiment are re-enacted by the [[http://​www.newcastlesfoote.co.uk/​|Marquess of Newcastle'​s Regiment of Foote]] of the Sealed Knot.