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royalist:foot-regiments:marquis-of-hertford [02/07/2019 10:46]
1642
royalist:foot-regiments:marquis-of-hertford [28/08/2019 01:25] (current)
tim
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   *May: Storm of Leicester   *May: Storm of Leicester
   *June: Battle of Naseby ​   *June: Battle of Naseby ​
-  *June: Probably disbanded after Naseby 
   *July: Recruited in Wales   *July: Recruited in Wales
   *September: Besieged at Bristol?   *September: Besieged at Bristol?
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
-The Marquis of Hertford'​s Regiment of Foot were likely raised from a nucleus of the foot besieged at Sherborne Castle in September 1642, that accompanied Hertford in his withdrawal to Minehead and Cardiff in the October together with the nucleus of [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​sir-thomas-lunsford|Sir Thomas Lunsford’s Regiment of Foot]]. Initially they may not have been formally organised into a regiment. Hertford raised men in South Wales over the winter, before marching to reinforce the Oxford Army in January 1643, and along the way making an unsuccessful attempt on Cirencester with Prince Rupert. ​ +The Marquis of Hertford'​s Regiment of Foot were likely raised from a nucleus of the foot besieged at Sherborne Castle in September 1642, that accompanied Hertford in his withdrawal to Minehead and Cardiff in the October together with the nucleus of [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​sir-thomas-lunsford|Sir Thomas Lunsford’s Regiment of Foot]]. Interestingly Joseph Bampfield claimed to have commanded Hertford'​s regiment (presumably as Lt Col before Bernard Astley?) before being captured, possibly around Sherborne or in the Welsh marches. Initially they may not have been formally organised into a regiment. Hertford raised men in South Wales over the winter, before marching to reinforce the Oxford Army in January 1643, and along the way making an unsuccessful attempt on Cirencester with Prince Rupert. Rupert returned to storm Cirencester the next month, but Hertford'​s regiment are not mentioned as being present.
- +
-According the Royalist news-sheet Mercurius Aulicus: //9 Jan 1642/3 (Mon) [Last] night Prince Rupert came againe to the Court, from whence he went towards Cyrencester on Friday morning, as before was said, he came in sight of Cyrencester on Saturday about nine of the Clocke expecting to have met there with the forces of the Lord Marquesse of Hartford, who by reason of their long and troublesome march (in which they found more difficulties then was first expected) could not reach the place till towards evening: before which time, the Princes horse and foot being much wearied, as well with their long march from Oxford thither, as their long standing on the place, having in all that time neither sleepe nor victuals; and the approaches to the Towne being found so dangerous, by the overflowing of the waters, that the foot Companies which came with the Lord Marquesse, could not come neere the workes without manifest hazard, (though they desired very eagerly to give the onset) it was thought fitting to returne, and not expose their wearied forces to the present danger, which a darke night accompanied with so many disadvantages might bring upon them. So that this action ended without losse upon either side, save that some five or six musketeers coming severally out of the Towne to dare the Prince, and draw him within reach of gun-shot, were killed upon the place for their foolish bravery, and that Captaine John Villiers, (a brother of the Viscount Lord Grandisons) having lost his way, and falling into the hands of some of the Parliaments Scouts, was taken Prisoner. Peter Heyleyn – Mercurius Aulicus// ([[http://​reportingtheenglishcivilwar.wordpress.com/​2013/​01/​09/​floods-prevent-royalist-attempt-on-cirencester/​|Reporting The Civil War]]) +
- +
-Rupert returned to storm Cirencester the next month, but Hertford'​s regiment are not mentioned as being present.+
  
 In May, Hertford, together with Rupert'​s brother Prince Maurice and a small army of 1000 foot in three or four regiments and 1500 horse, marched into the West Country where they joined with Lord Hopton'​s forces at Chard. They served with the Western army for the remainder of the campaign, fighting at the Battle of Lansdown, defending Devizes and storming Bristol. Subsequently the regiment remained in Bristol to recruit and equip, though likely sent a detachment of musketeers to the First Battle of Newbury as part of a unit of commanded shot.  In May, Hertford, together with Rupert'​s brother Prince Maurice and a small army of 1000 foot in three or four regiments and 1500 horse, marched into the West Country where they joined with Lord Hopton'​s forces at Chard. They served with the Western army for the remainder of the campaign, fighting at the Battle of Lansdown, defending Devizes and storming Bristol. Subsequently the regiment remained in Bristol to recruit and equip, though likely sent a detachment of musketeers to the First Battle of Newbury as part of a unit of commanded shot. 
Line 82: Line 77:
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
  
-Sir Bernard Astleys Regiment ​of Foot+====William Seymour, 1st Marquis ​of Hertford==== 
 +William Seymour (1588-1660) biographies at [[http://​www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/​biog/​hertford.htm|BCW]] and [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Seymour,​_2nd_Duke_of_Somerset|Wikipedia]].
  
 +====Sir Bernard Astley====
 +Sir Bernard Astley (k. 1645) was the son of Sir Jacob Astley, Sergeant Major General of the King's infantry. He served as Major of his father'​s regiment in the Bishops'​ Wars, then in Ireland. By 1643 he returned to England and became Lieutenant Colonel of the Marquis of Hertford'​s Foot. After the Storm of Bristol in 1643 Hertford withdrew from military command and returned to Court at Oxford, Astley being promoted to Colonel after recovery from an illness. He commanded an infantry brigade of the Oxford Army during the 1644 campaign and at Naseby in 1645. Astley then accompanied Prince Rupert to Bristol, and was mortally wounded during the Second Siege of Bristol on 4th September 1645. 
  
-I.O. ALL DONE +====Officer Lists==== 
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Lieutenant Colonel+  *Colonel Sir Bernard Astley 
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel 
 +  *Sargeant Major Thomas Symonds (4) + ment. I.O.
  
-Sargeant Major         ​Thomas Symonds ​  (4) + ment. I.O.+  ​*Captain John Anguish ​(1a    
 +  *Captain Edward Bridges I.O. Somerset 
 +  *Captain Robert Brown I.O. Somerset 
 +  *Captain John Cantloe I.O. Dorset 
 +  *Captain Richard Chapman I.O. L 
 +  *Captain Hampson Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain William Ivy I.O. Dorset  
 +  *Captain William Pearsons Ment. I.O.    
 +  *Captain Thomas Pitman Ment. I.O.  
 +  *Captain Marmaduke Wyvell (1) + I.O. Sussex
  
-Captain Lieutenant ​  ​Christopher Tart      (2)+  *Captain Lieutenant Christopher Tart (2) 
 +  *Lieutenant William Guy I.O. Herefordsh. to Capt.John Anguish ​    
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Hart I.O. Somerset to Capt Pearsons 
 +  *Lieutenant Edward Huckwell I.O. Oxon. to Capt. Hampson ​  
 +  *Lieutenant Robert Towers (3)  to Capt. Wyvell 
 +  *Ensign Robert Ball I.O. Somerset to Capt. Pitman 
 +  *Ensign Thomas Fry I.O. Somerset to Sgnt. Maj. Simmons
  
-Captain ​                      John Anguish ​       ​(1a    +A list of the regiment'​s officers is also shown in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).
-Captain ​                      ​Edward Bridges ​      I.O. Somerset +
-Captain ​                      ​Robert Brown      I.O. Somerset +
-Captain ​                      John Cantloe ​     I.O. Dorset +
-Captain ​                      ​Richard Chapman ​  I.O. L + W +
-Captain ​                           Hampson ​     Ment. I.O. +
-  +
-Captain ​                      ​William Ivy       I.O. Dorset  +
-Captain ​                      ​William Pearsons ​   Ment. I.O.    +
-Captain ​                      ​Thomas Pitman ​      Ment. I.O.  +
-Captain ​                      ​Marmaduke Wyvell ​ (1) + I.O. Sussex+
  
 +=====Contemporary References=====
  
-Lieutenant ​                 William Guy         I.O. Herefordsh. to Capt.John Anguish ​    +From the Royalist news-sheet Mercurius Aulicus: 9 Jan 1642/(Mon
-Lieutenant ​                 Thomas Hart         I.O. Somerset to Capt Pearsons +
-Lieutenant ​                 Edward Huckwell ​    I.O. Oxon. to Capt.Hampson ​  +
-Lieutenant ​                 Robert Towers ​         (3)  to Capt. Wyvell+
  
-Ensign ​                       Robert Ball        I.O. Somerset ​to CaptPitman +[Last] night Prince Rupert came againe ​to the Court, from whence he went towards Cyrencester on Friday morning, as before was said, he came in sight of Cyrencester on Saturday about nine of the Clocke expecting to have met there with the forces of the Lord Marquesse of Hartford, who by reason of their long and troublesome march (in which they found more difficulties then was first expected) could not reach the place till towards evening: before which time, the Princes horse and foot being much wearied, as well with their long march from Oxford thither, as their long standing on the place, having in all that time neither sleepe nor victuals; and the approaches to the Towne being found so dangerous, by the overflowing of the waters, that the foot Companies which came with the Lord Marquesse, could not come neere the workes without manifest hazard, (though they desired very eagerly to give the onset) it was thought fitting to returne, and not expose their wearied forces to the present danger, which a darke night accompanied with so many disadvantages might bring upon themSo that this action ended without losse upon either side, save that some five or six musketeers coming severally out of the Towne to dare the Prince, and draw him within reach of gun-shot, were killed upon the place for their foolish bravery, and that Captaine John Villiers, (a brother of the Viscount Lord Grandisons) having lost his way, and falling into the hands of some of the Parliaments Scouts, was taken Prisoner. Peter Heyleyn – Mercurius Aulicus ([[http://​reportingtheenglishcivilwar.wordpress.com/​2013/​01/​09/​floods-prevent-royalist-attempt-on-cirencester/​|Reporting The Civil War]])
-Ensign ​                       Thomas Fry         I.O. Somerset ​to SgntMajSimmons+
  
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
 (1) Thurloe vol 7.p.96 (1) Thurloe vol 7.p.96
 Extract. Extract.
 +
 The examination of Duke Wyvell of Ossington, in the county of Sussex, gent. taken this 26th of April, 1658. before William lord Goffe, and Henry Scobell esq; two of his highness'​s justices of the peace for the city of Westminster and liberty thereof. The examination of Duke Wyvell of Ossington, in the county of Sussex, gent. taken this 26th of April, 1658. before William lord Goffe, and Henry Scobell esq; two of his highness'​s justices of the peace for the city of Westminster and liberty thereof.
  
 This examinate saith, he was some times a captain in the late king's army, in Sir Bernard Astley'​s regiment; This examinate saith, he was some times a captain in the late king's army, in Sir Bernard Astley'​s regiment;
  
-(1a)These are to Certifie all whom it may concerne that Capt. John Anguish came into the Garrison of Gloucester before the 1st of December 1645,and did submit himselfe to the obedience of Parliament before mee,upon whose submission and taking the Negative Oath I granted him a passe to come to London to make his Composition,​certified under my hand the third  of August 1646 at the Leager before Raglan Castle+ 
 +(1a)These are to Certifie all whom it may concerne that Capt. John Anguish came into the Garrison of Gloucester before the 1st of December 1645, and did submit himselfe to the obedience of Parliament before mee, upon whose submission and taking the Negative Oath I granted him a passe to come to London to make his Composition,​ certified under my hand the third  of August 1646 at the Leager before Raglan Castle
 Tho: Morgan ​ Tho: Morgan ​
  
Line 127: Line 133:
 (2) SP.29.133.85 (2) SP.29.133.85
 Petition of Christopher Tart Petition of Christopher Tart
 +
 That ye petitioner faithfully served your Majesties Royall Father of ever blessed memory from the beginning of the late unhappy rebellion and in that warr was Captain Lieutenant to Sir Bernard Ashley. That ye petitioner faithfully served your Majesties Royall Father of ever blessed memory from the beginning of the late unhappy rebellion and in that warr was Captain Lieutenant to Sir Bernard Ashley.
 Possibly related to the Lieutenant in Colonel William Ashburnhams Regiment. Possibly related to the Lieutenant in Colonel William Ashburnhams Regiment.
 +
  
 (3) Parish Register St.Nicholas alias St. Thomas Oxford (3) Parish Register St.Nicholas alias St. Thomas Oxford
-Buried 23.2.1642/3 of Lewes,​Sussex. Lieutenant to Captain Wivall+Buried 23.2.1642/3 of Lewes, Sussex. Lieutenant to Captain Wivall 
  
 All the above Officers are listed in I.O. under Sir Bernard Astley. All the above Officers are listed in I.O. under Sir Bernard Astley.
 +
  
 (4) SP19.125.52 (4) SP19.125.52
Line 139: Line 149:
 Mar: 15 1648 Mar: 15 1648
 In the case of Mr Tho: Symonds upon information of delinquency. In the case of Mr Tho: Symonds upon information of delinquency.
 +
 I find that Nov: 30th last information was given that Thomas Symonds of Sandown in the Isle of Wight was a Major in the Kings Army. I find that Nov: 30th last information was given that Thomas Symonds of Sandown in the Isle of Wight was a Major in the Kings Army.
 Which by Mr Symonds is confessed. Which by Mr Symonds is confessed.
 Sept. 15th 1645 ye said Major Symonds had a passe from the Generall to passe from Bristol to Gorwell in Com. Dorset having engaged himselfe never to bear Armes against the Parliament Sept. 15th 1645 ye said Major Symonds had a passe from the Generall to passe from Bristol to Gorwell in Com. Dorset having engaged himselfe never to bear Armes against the Parliament
  
-The following Officers are listed under The Marquess of Hertford and could be of his Foot Regiment commanded by Sir Bernard Astley,or equally likely,​Officers in the Army commanded by the Marquess 
  
 +Several officers are listed under The Marquess of Hertford and could be of his Foot Regiment commanded by Sir Bernard Astley, or equally likely, officers in the Army commanded by the Marquess
  
- 
- 
-A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press). 
- 
-====William Seymour, 1st Marquis of Hertford==== 
-William Seymour (1588-1660) biographies at [[http://​www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/​biog/​hertford.htm|BCW]] and [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Seymour,​_2nd_Duke_of_Somerset|Wikipedia]]. 
-====Sir Bernard Astley==== 
-Sir Bernard Astley (k. 1645) was the son of Sir Jacob Astley, Sergeant Major General of the King's infantry. He served as Major of his father'​s regiment in the Bishops'​ Wars, then in Ireland. By 1643 he returned to England and became Lieutenant Colonel of the Marquis of Hertford'​s Foot. After the Storm of Bristol in 1643 Hertford withdrew from military command and returned to Court at Oxford, Astley being promoted to Colonel after recovery from an illness. He commanded an infantry brigade of the Oxford Army during the 1644 campaign and at Naseby in 1645. Astley then accompanied Prince Rupert to Bristol, and was mortally wounded during the Second Siege of Bristol on 4th September 1645.  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *March 1644: 6 or 8 companies at Cheriton   *March 1644: 6 or 8 companies at Cheriton