Lord Percy’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 1)
Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Percy
William Murray
Area RaisedNorth
Coat ColourWhite
Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignCrescent
Field ArmiesOxford 1643-4

Later Colonel William Murray's Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot from the North serving with the Oxford Army

Service History

1643

  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury
  • October: Occupation of Newport Pagnell

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton?
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel, Percy dismissed
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury

1645

  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • July: Recruited again in Glamorgan
  • July: To be sent to Newport

Notes

Although most of the rank and file were captured at Naseby, in early July 1645 the Regiment of Colonel Murray had been re-recruited to a strength of 500 and were in Glamorgan and intended to garrison Cardiff2).

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Percy's were noted as dressed in white coats in February 1644 and carried white flags differenced by crescents in April 1644. The colour of the crescents is unclear, but likely blue 3). Uniform White Coats 4). Colours white with blue crescents 5). There has been speculation that Percy's regiment were armed with firelocks as an artillery guard as Percy was General of Ordnance. However from the Royalist Ordnance Papers (see below) it seems clear that they were equipped conventionally with pikes and matchlock muskets in 1643.

Notable Officers

Lord Percy

Henry Percy was brother of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland and was ennobled in 1643. He was dismissed during the Lostwithiel campaign of 1644 for complicity with Wilmot6).

Colonel William Murray

A Scots soldier and associate of Prince Rupert.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Lord Henry Percy
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Bard (1)
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Brady (2)
  • Sargeant Major Henry Crompton Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major Anthony Wharton (5)
  • Captain Dangerfield (3)
  • Captain Andrew Forrester Ment. I.O.
  • Captain David Whitford (6) + I.O. L + W
  • Lieutenant Thomas Hall (5)
  • Lieutenant William Martyn (4)
  • Lieutenant John Steley I.O. L + W to Capt. Forrester
  • Lieutenant Thomas Theobald I.O. Suffolk to Sgnt. Maj. Crompton
  • Ensign George Heigham I.O. Suffolk to Sgnt Maj. Crompton

Contemporary References

(1) WO.55.459.368 2.8.1643

30 Muskets and 6 Halberds to Lt.Col. Bard for the present supply of my Regiment. Henry Percy

(2) E.62.4 Mercurius Civicus 20th to 28th July, 1643.

The examination of John Dod, Clerk

Saith that after he had suffered many miseries in this rebellion of Ireland, he repaired into this Kingdom, and some occasions carrying him to Oxford, he stayed there seven weeks and came out of Oxford June 13, 1643. That during his stay there, he saw a great number of Irish rebels whom he very well knew to have had an hand in the most barbarous actions of that rebellion, as the dashing of small infants in pieces, the ripping up of women with child, and the like; among whom was one Thomas Brady who at Turbet, in the County of Cavan in the Province of Ulster in Ireland, within seven miles where this said examinant lived, as 36 old men, and women and children, not able to flie, were passing over a bridge, caused them all to be thrown into the water, where they were all drowned. That this Brady is now at Oxford, in great favour, and Sargeant Major to Colonel Percy, his Regiment.

WO55.459.11

To Sir Jo: Heydon Knt. Lieutenant Generall of the Ordnance and to ye Officers of the same.

You are forthwith upon sight hereof to receive out of his Majesties Magazine two hundred weight of match and one hundred thereof to deliver to Maior Wharton for ye use of my Regiment and ye other to deliver to Maior Cotterell for ye use of Collonell Gerards Regiment and for your soe doeinge this shalbe your warrant. Dated at Oxford ye 4. of March 1643

Percy

WO55.459.11

4. die March 1643

Rec'd out of his Majesties stores according to ye warrant within written for ye use of the Lord Percys Regiment of Foote Match 1cwt The mark of Andrew Miller AM

(3) DRO.QSP.128.28.4 + 5.

Petition of Richard Greepe served as a foot soldier under Capt. Dangerfield in the regiment of Col. Piercy and afterwards under Capt. Bartholomew Gidley (Sir John Aclands regiment of Foot).

There is a strong possibility that in fact he served under Col. Edmund Pierce although he did not have a regiment of Foot. Greepe states that he served at Banbury, Reading and Hampton house as well as the siege of Plymouth.

(4) WO.55.459.276 + 7 24.6.1643

Received out of his Majesties stores (being borrowed of Collonell Lunsfords Regiment formerly brought into the said stores whereof I have undertaken to give satisfaction & to returne the same upon demand) (in regard his Majesties Magazine could not afford any). Drumbe- one Willm Martyn Lieutenant to General Percy.

(5) WO.55.459.360

9 Halbards, 2 drums, 4 pikes & 79 swords to Sargeant Major Wharton of my Regiment of Foot. Percy. Signed Lieutenant Thos. Hall. 13.7.1643

WO.55.459.547/8 2 Barrels of powder,match and ball .Sgt.Maj Wharton 24.10.1643

WO.55.459.552 Signed Anthony Wharton 24.10.1643.

(6) SP29.361.76 Petition of David Whitford Clerk, faithfully served your Maesty in all wars and your father of blessed memory.

Strength

  • July 1645: 500 in Glamorgan

See Also

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642
3) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
4) Harl. Mss.986.f.75
5) Harl. Mss.986.f.82
6) The Old Service: Royalist regimental colonels and the Civil War, 1642-6 P.R. Newman, Manchester University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-7190-3752-2