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Lord Molyneux’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642-1644
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Molyneux
Area RaisedLancashire
Coat ColourRed or Blue
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies

Raised as part of the Earl of Derby’s forces in Lancashire, they alternately served in the North and with the Oxford Army

Service History

1642

  • September: Siege of Manchester
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • November: Storm of Brentford
  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Garrison of Brill

1643

  • January: Skirmish at Brill
  • January: Defence of Brill
  • March: Storm of Lancaster
  • March: Storm of Preston
  • April: Battle of Whalley Abbey
  • May: Quartered at Culham Camp
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • January: Battle of Nantwich

Notes

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford 1).

Notable Officers

Lord Molyneux

Richard Molyneux, 2nd Viscount Molyneux

Lord Molyneaux Regiment of Foot

Arms of Molyneaux/Molineux Azure,a cross Moline,Or.

Red Coats Captain Prestwich gave a soldier a red coat.

See CSPD 1641-43 Capt. Prestwich and Manchester Grammar School.

Colonel Richard Lord Molyneaux

Lieutenant Colonel Roger Nowell (5)

Lieutenant Colonel Sir Gilbert Gerard (3)

Sargeant Major Henry Byrom (8)

Sargeant Major Francis Saunders (1)

Captain John Ashton (4) of Curedall Captain John Ashton (4) of Pinkey Captain Henry Byrom (2) + mention I.O. Captain Richard Latham I.O. Lancaster Captain? Edward Massey (7) Captain Richard Nowell (6) Captain Ogle (4) Reid has him as Henry CHECK R.O.P. Captain Prestidge (4) Captain Thomas Prestwich (4)

Lieutenant Doddinge (5) to Lt. Col. Nowell

Derbyshire Visitations William Byrom of Byrom in Co. Lancs. Slain in Kineton Battle 23.10.1642 Probably a Lieutenant or Ensign.

Ensign William Turner I.O. Lancaster to Capt. Byron(m)

SP23.161.45 Examinacions taken at Preston the vith day of August 1651 concerninge the Delinquency of George Leigh of Barton Esq. John Woodworth of Eccles in the County of Lancaster Shoe maker sworne and examined deposeth and saith that in the beginning of the late warr George Leigh of Barton Esq. hyred this examinant and one Robert Cooke to beare Armes for him under ye Command of ye Earle of Darby which this examinant and the said Cooke did,and the said Mr Leigh did condicion to give this examinant dureinge the time this examinant carried armes for him in the County xii p diem And after he was Commanded out of the County this examinant was to have six pence p diem and in pursuance of the said agreement this examinant did receive of the said Mr Leigh severall sommes of money for his service under the said Earle of Darby at Bury and against Manchester afterwards the said Earle beinge gone from the Leagre at Manchester this examinant marched under the said Earles Command to Wigan and Warrington and there into the South partes of the nacion under Command of Capt. Thomas Prestwich where this examinant continued for the space of three yeares and the said Captaine Prestwich promised to pay this examinant 6d p diem every day after he was gone out of the County for the pay soe promised him by Mr Leigh his Master.

John Woodworth X (his) marke

Robert Cook of Walley in the County of Lanc. Linnen webster sworne and examined deposes and saith that in the beginning of the late warr vizt about five or six weekes before Michas 1642 this examinant and one John Woodworth were hyred by George Leigh of Barton Esq. to carrie Armes for him the said Mr Leigh under the Command of the Earle of Darby.Hee did condicion to give him this examinant xii d y diem for every day hee continued in service in this County and a red Coate and if this examinant was Commanded out of this County hee was to give this examinant forty shillings.Afterwards this examinant continued in service in the Leger against Manchester and when that leger was raised hee this examinant went to his Master for some money in parte of his pay,but then this examinant being Commanded into the South parts under Command of Captaine Prestwich a Captaine under the said Earl continued then until after the Batle at Edgehill and then returninge home this examinant repared unto his Master demanded of him his paie accordinge to agreement.But afterwards hee denied to paye this examinant any monies but made him very welcome to have meale and drinke at his house.

Robert Cooke T (his) marke

Sworne to ye sixt day of August 1651 before us. Robt: Cunliffe Geo: Pigott

See Sir Thomas Prestwichs Regiment of Horse for his early part in the war.

(1) WO.55.423.14/15 50lb Powder bullet and match signed Sargeant Major Francis Saunders.1-5.11.1642

De Gomme also mentions him as Major at Bristol siege 1643

(2) The Royalist Martyrs Captain Henry Byron(m) slain at Edge hill

(3) E.244.2

(4) WO.55.1661 Arms deliverd in at Culham Camp 23.5.1643

(5) WO55.1661.97 13 June 1643 Received into his Majesties stores from the Lord Mulleneaux his Regiment of Foote by Lifetennant Doddinge,Lifetennant to Lifetennant Colonell Nowell being returned from the campe at Abbington.

Musketts 18 Muskett barrells 5 and broken 1 Bandaleeres 2 } Pykes 17 } Backes 5 } decayed Brestes 5 } Headpeeces 4 } Gorgetts 4 }

Add.Mss 34325 f.50 (6) De Gomme states killed at Bristol. Also visitation of Lancashire 1664 Bernard de Gommes description of the siege of Bristol. Mentioned both Captain Astons and Major Sandes,Captain Nowell killed

Visitation of Lancashire 1664-5 Richard Nowell (of Rede,Lancashire) slain at the taking of Bristol by Prince Rupert 1643,then a Captain in Lord Molineauxs Regiment for the King.

(7) Lancashire Record Office QSP/271/5 These are to certify that the bearer hereof George Clubbe was a listed and mustered souldier in my Lord Molyneaux his regiment and under my command in severall battles and skirmishes insomuch that he is much disabled of his body and not able to work for his living. Edward Massey.

See a True and faithful relation of the beseiging of the town of Manchester. Sir Gilbert Gerard,Master Tildesley,Ashton of Penketh Jnr.,Master Ogle,Master Byrom…MORE

of the late unhappy warre did engage himself freely in his Majesties service and was with him at Edgehill and shortly after raised a Troop and that he continued in his Majesties during all the warre…” Orlando Bridgeman.

The Regiment was already formed by September 1642 when they participated in the siege of Manchester.Saunders was listed as Sargeant Major.

In some cases tenants were compelled to serve their Landlord either as fealty or self interest.

SP23.135.361 Extract The humble peticion of George Leyland of Crosbie in the County of Lanc. Sheweth that your peticioner did adhere and cleave unto the forces raised against the Parliament for which his estate stands sequestred. red'v 4. May 1649

SP23.135.363 extract. A particular of the estate of George Leyland for which he desires to compound. Hee houlds as tenant at will to Lord Molineaux a small tenement at the rent of 15s worth over and above the rent 15s now but the same is out of lease at present.

(8) Visitation of Lancashire 1664-5. Henry Byrom of Byrom slaine in the Bataille of Kineton 23rd October 1642,being then Major to the Regiment of Foot under Richard Lord Molineux on the Kings part.

Strength

See Also

The regiment are re-enacted by Sir Richard, Lord Molyneux's Regiment of the Sealed Knot and by Lord Molyneux's.

1) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846