Lord Byron’s Regiment of Foot

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelLord Byron
Area RaisedDublin
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesByron 1644-6

Regiment that was raised for Lord Byron by recruiting in Ireland, serving on York March and in garrison at Chester

Service History


  • Winter: Raised in Dublin


  • March: Shipped to Chester1)
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • August to November: Besieged in Liverpool
  • November: Surrender at Liverpool and shipped back to Dublin, where many are re-recruited by Napier and returned to Chester


  • January: Battle of Chrisleton
  • January to February: Besieged in Chester
  • January to December: Besieged at Lathom House (det)
  • March to September: Besieged in Chester
  • September: Battle of Rowton Heath?
  • September to February 1646: Besieged in Chester


  • August: Loss of Conway Town
  • August to November: Besieged at Conway Castle


In 1645 Napier was recruiting in Ireland and re-enlisted part of the regiment, and Sir Robert Byron’s, who had been shipped back there after surrendering Liverpool.


Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Lord Byron

Lt Col Thomas Napier

Thomas Napier was Lieutenant Colonel of Foot in the Regiment of John Lord Byron at Marston Moor. In late 1644 following the defeat at Marston Moor he was sent into Ireland to recruit troops for his new Regiment. He was promoted to Colonel and his Lieutenant Colonel was Francis Little. Whether the foot recruited in Ireland were commanded by Napier in England, or whether they all joined Lord Byron's regiment is unclear.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'

Napier's petition

The Humble Petition of Colonel Thomas Napier “That the Petitioner served ye Royal Father of Blessed memory during all his unhappy warrs, from the Battel of Edgehill until the surrender of Chester and Carnarvon which were the last garrisons in England which held for his Majesty. That after the Battaile at York his said Majesty sent yr Petitioner into Ireland to hasten recruite to his Army of Foote which had bin broken in that bataille and the affaires of Ireland not giving way thereunto the Petitioner did att his own proper cost and charge levy, arm and maintaine and transport into England to the reliefe of Chester a Regiment of Foot consisting of more than 500 souldiers besides Officers as may appear by Certificate of Lord Marquis of Ormonde which amounted to more than £2000 sterling by which means the City of Chester was relieved and kept by the said Regiment three months after.”

Trevor to Ormonde

A collection of original letters. 23.11.1644 Chester letter from Arthur Trevor to Ormonde

‘This Gentleman Lieutenant Colonel Napper is now passing into your Excellencys power; and for him I shall humbly bespeak your favourable protection and countenance in what he shall attempt in his Majestys service.’

Captain Little was in Ireland in November 1644 when he carried a letter from Ormonde to Lord Inchiquin. Mentioned in Ormondes letter 13.11.1644.

Byron to Owen

Clennenau 611 1646, 10th April. 9 o’clock in the morning.

Lord Byron, at Carnarvon, to Sir John Owen, Governor of Conway. A letter received that morning about the condition of Ruthin Castle stops his journey to Conway. He sent orders to Colonel Vane to march back out of Merionethshire with all the speed he can. The foot must then be divided between the two garrisons of Conway and Caernarvon. Because Owen has part of Little’s men already, Byron will send the rest to him, and likewise some horse. Meantime all possible means must be used to bring in provisions as well for horse as foot wherein the writer desires Owen to consult with Archbishop Williams. The writer’s cousin, Winne, must likewise be dealt with either by fair or foul means.

Chester Women's Protestation.

April 21. 1645 The Protestacion tendered to the women in Chester

1 AB doe now, and protest in the presence of Almighty God that I will not give, nor suffer to be given any aid or intelligence to Sir William Brereton, or any forces under the command of the Parliament, or their adherents in prejudice of his majesties, or to the prejudice or betraying of this Citty of Chester, or the forces therein. And that I will discover any plott, designe or practice which shalbe intended against the said Citty or forces therein (that shall come to my knowledge) to the Governor or in his absence to the Lieutenant Governor of this City for the tyme being.

Soe help me God and by the contents of this booke.

A torn note on the same page…

To the Commissioners authorised to administer the Protestation (torn) very well approve of the Protestation above written and desire it bee administered to the women of this Citty, which by order of (torn) Counsill of Warr shalbe brought before you. Given this 12th April 1645 John Byron Copia Vera.


  • 1644: Perhaps 500 men shipped to Chester

See Also

1) An English Army for Ireland Ian Ryder. Partizan Press