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royalist:foot-regiments:kings-lifeguard [21/08/2016 17:54]
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royalist:foot-regiments:kings-lifeguard [18/09/2020 01:49] (current)
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 ====1642==== ====1642====
-  *June: ​Recruiting ​begins at York, incorporating recruits from Willoughby'​s estates in Lincolnshire+  *June: ​The regiment ​begins ​to be raised ​at York, incorporating recruits from Willoughby'​s estates in Lincolnshire
   *August: Miners from Derbyshire are provided as recruits by Thomas Bushell   *August: Miners from Derbyshire are provided as recruits by Thomas Bushell
 +  *August: Commissioned at Nottingham(([[https://​collection.nam.ac.uk/​detail.php?​q=searchType%3Dsimple%26resultsDisplay%3Dlist%26simpleText%3Denglish%2Bcivil%2Bwar&​pos=11&​total=53&​page=1&​acc=1993-10-112-1|Warrant at National Army Museum]]))
   *August: Move to Shrewsbury and recruit from Cheshire   *August: Move to Shrewsbury and recruit from Cheshire
   *October: Quartered at Yeaton, Walson (?), Oldbury and Morville in Shropshire   *October: Quartered at Yeaton, Walson (?), Oldbury and Morville in Shropshire
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   *June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge   *June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
   *August: Battle of Lostwithiel //Colonel Thomas Blagge'​s Brigade//   *August: Battle of Lostwithiel //Colonel Thomas Blagge'​s Brigade//
-  *August: Skirmish at Caradon Down and Saltash, where a detachment storms a house at Lee held by Abercrombie'​s Dragoons+  *August: Skirmish at Caradon Down and Saltash, where a detachment storms a house at Lee held by [[parliamentarian:​dragoon-regiments:​col.-james-wardlawe|Abercrombie'​s Dragoons]]
   *October: Second Battle of Newbury   *October: Second Battle of Newbury
   *November: Relief of Donnington Castle   *November: Relief of Donnington Castle
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 The Lifeguard of foot absorbed William Legge'​s company of firelocks that had fought as an independent unit at Edgehill. The Lifeguard of foot absorbed William Legge'​s company of firelocks that had fought as an independent unit at Edgehill.
 +
 +Quite a few foot Regiments that fought at Naseby were subsequently re-recruited in Wales & the Marches from July 1645, including William Murray’s, Appleyard’s Tillier’s,​ John Pawlett’s,​ Sir Jacob Astley’s, Duke of York’s, King’s Lifeguard, Sir Henry Bard’s, Sir Bernard Astley’s, Robert Broughton'​s and Lisle’s((from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642)).
  
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
-The regiment are noted as '​red',​ probably referring to flag colour, by Edgehill ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). Thomas Bushell was thanked for //cloathing our liefe Guard and three regiments more, with suites, stockings, shoes, and mounteers when wee were readie to march in the ffield//. They were noted dressed in red coats and Montero caps in 1643 and 1644 ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). In September 1644 they were issued clothes at Chard, these appear to have been red coats. ​+The regiment are noted as '​red',​ probably referring to flag colour, by Edgehill ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). Thomas Bushell was thanked for //cloathing our liefe Guard and three regiments more, with suites, stockings, shoes, and mounteers when wee were readie to march in the ffield//. They were noted dressed in red coats and Montero caps in 1643 and 1644 ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). In September 1644 they were issued clothes at Chard, these appear to have been red coats as they are noted in red coats and montero caps in October 1644.
  
 The King's Lifeguard carried a unique pattern of red colours with large St George crosses rather than the usual small cross in a canton. The Colonel'​s colour (Illustration 1) featured a crown over a motto //DIEU ET MON DROIT// over a gold lion passant. The Lieutenant Colonel'​s colour had a crown over a gold dragon rampant (Illustration 2). The Major'​s colour had a crown over a golden portcullis (Illustration 3) and the captains'​ colours were distinguished by varying numbers of crowned Tudor rose devices (Illustration 4). Only three of the captains'​ colours were recorded. There is some variation in the depictions of the flags of the Lifeguard, including possible use of a lion rampant and a gryphon on the field officers'​ flags, these are detailed by Peachey and Prince ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). All 10 of the Lifeguard colours were captured at Naseby. ​ The King's Lifeguard carried a unique pattern of red colours with large St George crosses rather than the usual small cross in a canton. The Colonel'​s colour (Illustration 1) featured a crown over a motto //DIEU ET MON DROIT// over a gold lion passant. The Lieutenant Colonel'​s colour had a crown over a gold dragon rampant (Illustration 2). The Major'​s colour had a crown over a golden portcullis (Illustration 3) and the captains'​ colours were distinguished by varying numbers of crowned Tudor rose devices (Illustration 4). Only three of the captains'​ colours were recorded. There is some variation in the depictions of the flags of the Lifeguard, including possible use of a lion rampant and a gryphon on the field officers'​ flags, these are detailed by Peachey and Prince ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). All 10 of the Lifeguard colours were captured at Naseby. ​
  
-A letter from early February 1643 by Sir Jacob Astley’s states //Sir John Heydon may be pleased to take notice that the regiment of the King’s guards being very weekly Armed; as the last time his Majesty saw this garrison in Armes, where they appeared 190 armed and 210 unarmed wherefore I pray as many Armes shall be brought into the Magazine let some especial care be taken first to furnish the King’s guards before any other regiments with the number of 110 Armes or some sufficient supply//​((Ian Roy edition, Royalist Ordnance Papers, 1642-46, Pt. I, 1964, p.195)). In April 1644 they were issued with 132 muskets and bandoliers and 68 long pikes+A letter from early February 1643 by Sir Jacob Astley’s states //Sir John Heydon may be pleased to take notice that the regiment of the King’s guards being very weekly Armed; as the last time his Majesty saw this garrison in Armes, where they appeared 190 armed and 210 unarmed wherefore I pray as many Armes shall be brought into the Magazine let some especial care be taken first to furnish the King’s guards before any other regiments with the number of 110 Armes or some sufficient supply//​((Ian Roy edition, Royalist Ordnance Papers, 1642-46, Pt. I, 1964, p.195)). ​
  
-From February to April 1643 110 muskets and 212 pikes were issued to the Lifeguard. +From February to April 1643 110 muskets and 212 pikes were issued to the Lifeguard. They were issued 100 muskets from Weymouth by February 1644((Bodleian Library Rawlinson Ms D395)). In April 1644 they were issued with 132 muskets and bandoliers and 68 long pikes. ​
- +
-They were issued 100 muskets from Weymouth by February 1644.((Bodleian Library Rawlinson Ms D395))+
  
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
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 ====Major Robert Markham==== ====Major Robert Markham====
 Promoted to Major in June 1643, taking over from Leighton. ​ Promoted to Major in June 1643, taking over from Leighton. ​
 +
 +
 +Lincolnshire Notes and Queries 1888
 +
 +Capt. Markham, of Grayby, and the Civil 
 +War, temp. Charles I. — ^The following is a copy of an 
 +original document in my possession ; and i should be glad to 
 +know if Capt. Markham took any part in the Civil War. 
 +
 +W.H. Trolloppe 19a Grosvenor Sq. W.
 +
 +"​Charles R. 
 +Our Expresse will and Commannd is That you faile 
 +not to attende Us personally forthwith upon Signi- ​
 +ficaeon made unto you and Receipt of Our pleasure ​
 +on this behalfe during Our aboade in these parts. ​
 +And therefore Wee straightly require you upon yo' ​
 +Allegiance y* you depart not nor absent yo' felfe out 
 +of y* Our Countye of Lincolne, neither suffer yo' ​
 +selfe to be any waies engaged deteyned or kept from 
 +giveing your attendannce accordingly being thereunto ​
 +called or Summoned by Us or Our Command whilst ​
 +Wee shall continue heere upon any pretence Order 
 +Warrant or Command whatsoever from either or both 
 +Houses of Parliament without Our special Leave and 
 +Licence first obteyned or directions to you under Our 
 +owne hande As you render Our highest displeasure ​
 +and will Answere the contrary att yo'^ perill fFor wch 
 +this shall be yo' sufficient Warrant and Authoritye. ​
 +
 +Given at o' Court at York the 23^* day of June 
 +in the Eighteenth yeare of o' Reigne 1642. 
 +
 +To Our trustye and well beloved ​
 +Captaine Robert Markham at 
 +
 +Grayby in our County of Lincolne.** ​
  
 ====Officer Lists==== ====Officer Lists====
 Lists of the regiment'​s officers are shown in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press) and at [[http://​www.kingslifeguard.co.uk/?​page_id=54|The King's Lifeguard of Foote of the Sealed Knot]] Lists of the regiment'​s officers are shown in //Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army// by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press) and at [[http://​www.kingslifeguard.co.uk/?​page_id=54|The King's Lifeguard of Foote of the Sealed Knot]]
 +
 +=====Contemporary References=====
 +From original research by Vicor Judge aka BCW user 1642
 +
 +==King'​s Lifeguard sent to Hereford==
 +
 +C 115.98.7210
 +
 +Sir Barnaby Scudamore
 +
 +His Majesty hath commanded me to returne you Thankes for your carefull Advertisements of the Scotts coming over; And you are desyred to continue all possible Diligence in informing His Majesty truly of all theyr motions. As for what concernes the security of that Place, His Majesty is confident that you will doe in it the part of a gallant man; And for your better Assistance therein, His Majestie hath sent you his Guarde of Foote, which are the only armed men he hath as yett to supply you with, but if you can find a meanes of arming more, he hath men enough to send you, and wee dayly expect store of Muskets from Bristoll which as soone as they come you shall not want for Numbers. In the mean tyme His Majesty doubts not but as a Sheriffe you will summon in the traind Bands with provisions for themselves and what armes they can bring. His Majesty bidds you relye upon all the assistance and encouragement that hee can give you.
 +
 +I rest your affectionate servant
 +George Digbye
 +Ragland Castle
 +the 20th July 1645
 +
 +
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====