Lord Belasyse’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelLord Belasyse
Sir Theophilus Gilby
Area RaisedYorkshire & Nottinghamshire
Coat ColourRed or Blue
Flag ColourBlue?
Flag DesignWhite grenade or hawk-lure?
Field ArmiesOxford

Later Sir Theophilus Gilby's Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot of the Oxford Army

Service History


  • October: Quartered at Norton & Sutton Maddock, Shropshire
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
  • 12th November: Storm of Brentford
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • 9th December: Garrison of Banbury


  • 13th - 27th April: Besieged in Reading
  • May: Quartered at Culham Camp
  • 26th July: Storm of Bristol
  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • 4th September: Skirmish at Stow on the Wold (det)
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury


  • January: Belasyse returns to Yorkshire, leaving Gilby in command of his regiment of foot
  • March: Battle of Cheriton (det)
  • April: Mustered at Aldbourne Chase
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury


  • February: Relief of Chester?
  • February: Skirmish at Lancaut in the Forest of Dean??
  • June: Battle of Naseby


Belasyse was sent to command Royalist forces in Yorkshire in 1644 and handed over command of his Oxford Army regiment to Gilby. In February 1645 a Parliamentarian report claimed the capture of 'Lt. Col. Gilby' at Lancaut in the Forest of Dean. While not conclusive, the local Royalist commander had been reinforced by foot sent by Prince Maurice (who had recently relieved Chester), so is at least plausible.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Clad in either all red or all blue suits of coats, breeches and montero hats in July 1643 along with the other Royalist foot regiments then in Oxford 2).

Belasyse's are said to have carried the blue flag with white grenade or hawk-lure design captured by Essex's army shown above as Flag Illustration 1 3). The regiments besieged at Reading in 1643 carried red, white or blue colours 4).

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Lord Belasyse

Sir Theophilus Gilby

Gilby, a Catholic, later served on the continent under the Grand Duke of Tuscany, joining Charles II in the late 1650s.

Officer Lists

  • Colonel John Bellasis5)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Darcy (Ment. I.O.)
  • Sargeant Major William Booth (Ment. I.O.)
  • Sargeant Major John Hillyard (Ment. I.O.)
  • Captain Baynes (1) (Also see Brig. Young's Edgehill)
  • Captain Henry Bellingham (3) + (4)
  • Captain Thomas Booth (1) + I.O. Lincs.
  • Captain Cresswell (7)
  • Captain Godfrey (1)
  • Captain David Gore Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Doyley Gower I.O. York.
  • Captain John Hilliard (1)
  • Captain Thomas Monck I.O. L + W
  • Captain Bartholomew Pell (2)
  • Captain John Pollock (1) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Alphonso Thweng Ment. I.O.
  • Captain William Trueman I.O. York.
  • Captain Richard Udall (1) + (6)
  • Captain Voal (5)
  • Captain John Woolverston (1) + I.O. L + W
  • Captain Lieutenant Umphrey Baine
  • Lieutenant William Blitheman (6)
  • Lieutenant James Fosse I.O. York. to Capt. Thweng
  • Lieutenant John Milner I.O. York. to Lt. Col. Darcy
  • Lieutenant John Nodding I.O. York. to Capt Gore
  • Lieutenant John Orrey I.O. York. to Capt. Robert Gale
  • Ensign John Chambers I.O. York. to Sgnt. Maj. Will. Booth
  • Ensign Robert Dickenson I.O. York. to Capt. Thweng
  • Ensign William Geldart I.O. York. to Capt. Pollock
  • Ensign Michael Harrison I.O. York. to Lt. Col. Darcy
  • Ensign Richard Sawkins I.O. Essex
  • Ensign Thomas Swale I.O. L + W to Sgnt. Maj. Hillyard

Contemporary References

Victor writes: A note regarding WO.55 and others. All were personally viewed by myself at Kew as there were quite a few absences from the published lists.

(1) WO.55.1661.87 After 13. May 1643 Lent to Capt. Pollock Pykes 8 whereof 5 ret. Old Musquetts 3

(2) WO.55.423.14/15 Powder bullet and match signed by Captain Bartholomew Pell Colonel Bellasis Regiment. 21.10.1642

SEE C6139 Bellasis and Pennymans regiments at Brainford fight.

(3) E.244.2

'Captaine Robert Townsend, one of the Lord Generalls private Captaines, and Captain Bellingham, who (as I take it) was of Colonel Bellasis his Regiment, with Sir Henry Reeve, His Majesties eldest pentioner dyed and were buryed all three at Oxford.'

(4) Oxford St. Mary the Virgin Buried 13.11.1642 Captain Henry Bellingham esq.

(5) West Yorkshire Archive Service Wakefield QS1/11/7/6/1 Petition of Robert Prince of Barwick in Elmet Served as a soldier in Lord Bellasis Regiment of Foot in Captain Voals Company at Edgehill, then served under Captain George Thweng in his Troop in the Regiment of Sir Walter Vavasour. After served in Captain Musgraves Troop in Sir John Redmans Regiment in Pontefract Castle. Above certified by Sir Walter Vavasour. October 1672.

(6) QS1/9/2/6/25 Petition of Martin Prince of Barwise in Elmet 23.4.1663 His Captain under whom he served (Richard Udall) is dead and that his Lieutenant William Blitheman is likewise dead. Corporal Price saith that he was wounded at Edgehill in his head and was wounded at storming of Bristol in his shoulder. Maimed agein at Aylsford in a fight with Waller in his knee. Served from before Edgehill to Oxford.

(7) C.6139 A Copie of a Letter sent from a Gentleman in His Majesties Army An excellent account of the Battle at Brentford. Mr Cresswell a Captain of Foot killed at Brainford and also a Lieutenant. This named Captain belongs to either Bellasis or Sir William Pennimans Regiment.

(8) RADLEY PARISH REGISTER 1643 Umphrey [sic] Baine, captain Lieutenant under Colonell Bellasis was buried July 18


  • April 1644: 282 at Reading
  • April 1644: At Aldbourne Chase mustered 9 Captains, 10 Lieutenants, 11 Ensigns, 11 Gentlemen, 22 Sergeants, 30 Corporals, 14 Drummers, 268 Soldiers 6)

See Also

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) , 4) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) Stephen Ede-Borrett Flags of the English Civil Wars Volume 1. Raider Games 1987 ISBN: 1870445287, 9781870445283
5) From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW User 1642
6) British Library Harleian ms 986.