Colonel Edward Rawston’s Regiment of Foot, the Lathom House Garrison

Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
Horse
ColonelCountess of Derby
Edward Rawston
Area RaisedLancashire
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist foot in garrison at Lathom House in Lancashire

Service History

1643

  • Garrison of Lathom House

1644

  • February to May: Besieged at Lathom House
  • May: Relieved by Prince Rupert
  • July or August: Rawston commissioned Colonel

1645

  • January to December: Besieged at Lathom House
  • December: Surrender of Lathom House (3rd)

Notes

Lathom House was the property of the Earl of Derby, James Stanley. After his defeat at Whalley in April 1643, Derby withdrew to York, then was ordered to the Isle of Man, leaving his wife Charlotte Stanley Countess of Derby at Lathom. The Countess rebuffed Parliamentarian demands to surrender the house and maintained a small garrison for its protection, a situation tolerated by the Parliamentarians until 1644. In February 1644 Sir Thomas Fairfax laid siege to Lathom House, which siege continued until May 1644 under the command of Sir William Fairfax then Col. Alexander Rigby.

During the first siege the defenders consisted of 300 foot, 12 horse, 6 canon and 2 'sling peeces' organised into companies but seemingly not into a formal regiment. Prince Rupert relieved Lathom on his York March and commissioned Captain Edward Chisenall of the garrison to raise a regiment of foot in Lancashire Colonel Edward Chisenall’s Regiment of Foot, that followed the Prince to defeat at Marston Moor.

Edward Rawston (Rosthern) was commissioned Colonel and governor of Lathom House by Prince Rupert after the Battle of Marston Moor. For convenience both garrisons are shown on this page.

In January 1645, the Parliamentarians under Egerton and Booth again laid siege to Lathom. Rawston's garrison was joined by a small detachment from Lord Byron’s Regiment of Foot. This second siege continued for nearly a whole year until the garrison surrendered on 3rd December 1645.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Charlotte Stanley, Countess of Derby

Charlotte Stanley, born Charlotte de la Tremoille, was a French noble who married James Stanley, Lord Strange, later Earl of Derby. She defended Lathom House in 1644 until relieved by Prince Rupert and thereafter moved to the Isle on Man, which she surrendered to Parliament in 1651.

Edward Rawston

Also known as Rosthern, Rawsthorne etc

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Lathom Garrison: 1st Siege

Harl. Mss. 2043

  • Captain Edward Chisnall of Chorley
  • Captain William Farmer
  • Captain Richard Fox of Prestwich
  • Captain Henry Ogle of Whiston (prev taken prisoner at Edgehill)
  • Captain Molyneaux Ratcliffe of Ordsall
  • Captain Edward Rawsthorne of New Hall
  • Lieutenant Richard Heape of Bury + I.O. Lancs to Capt. Moly. Ratcliffe
  • Lieutenant Penketh of Penketh
  • Lieutenant Prethergh/Bretergh of Childwall
  • Lieutenant Walthew/Walton of Wigan + (1) Later a Captain.
  • Lieutenant Worral of Bury
  • Lieutenant Key of Bury of Horse
  • William Farrington of Worden Commissary of Array
Lathom Garrison after Marston Moor
  • Colonel Edward Rostherne (appointed Governor and Colonel by Prince Rupert after Marston Moor.)
  • Captain Richard Holt 58/18 (In the garrison the whole siege. listed in I.O. as of the freeholders)
  • Captain Charles Radcliff 58/6©
  • Lieutenant Edward Dicconson 58/6© to Capt. Radcliff + in I.O. Lancs to Capt. Ch. Ratcliffe
  • Lieutenant Reginald Bennet I.O. L + W to Capt. Moly. Ratcliffe Foot

Seacome lists the following

  • Captain Farrington of Werden
  • Captain Charnock of Charnock
  • Captain Chisnhall of Chisenhall
  • Captain Rosthern of New Hall
  • Captain Ogle of Prescot
  • Captain Molyneaux Radcliffe
  • Captain Farmer, Major of the House Low country soldier Scottish
  • Captain Henry Noel
  • Captain Charles Ratcliffe (slain in a sallie attacking the enemy fort)
  • Captain Roby
  • Captain Worral

Unit of Horse

  • Major Munday
  • Captain William Kay
  • Lieutenant Ralph Fletcher I.O. Lancs. to Capt. William Kay

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Major Munday

Major Munday during the siege being challenged to fight his troop against so many of the enemy, cheerfully accepted the challenge: both troops were drawn out into the park, in the sight of the house and the enemies army; in the engagement the Major received a shot in the side of the face, by which an artery being cut bled excessively, upon which he desired his Lieutenant to make good the fight till he got the artery sowed up. The fight was made good till the Major returned, and then upon the first charge the enemy fled and he took most of the troop prisoner.

Kay's petition

Lancashire Record Office Preston QSP 485/2 Manchester, Midsummer 1678 The Humble Petition of John Kay of Bury in the said County of Lancaster.

Humbly Sheweth that your peticioner faithfully served his late Majestie of ever blessed memory Charles the first under the command of the right honorable James late Earl of Derby, in Capt. Keys Troope and hath received many wounds in the said service-and your peticioner well hopeth can make to appeare and never deserted the service whether then nor since.

He was awarded 20 shillings per year.

Plundering

SP23.63.473

George Hindley of Preston examined saith that in ye yeare 1642, 1643, 1644 and 1645 ye Hall and demesne of Lostock was within ye command of ye Garrison of Lathom and hee the rather knoweth the same for that duringe the yeares aforesiad divers soldiers belonging to that Garrison did severall times issue out and plunder goods and take prisoners in the parts adjoyning to Lostock and sometimes they plundered goods in Townes above three miles and a halfe further distant from the said Garrison then Lostock is.

Richard Bradshaw of Bolton one of the Agents for Sequestration for the Hundred of Salford sworne and examined saith that in or about the month of September 1644 hee this examinant being in his own house at Bolton about two or three myles further distant from the said garrison at Lathom then the Hall Lostock is, he was taken prisoner by a troope of horse belonginge to the said garrison and by them carried prisoner to Lathom aforesaid where hee continued prisoner for ye space of twentie weeks or thereabouts.

Topping's petition

QSP 207/43 Ormskirk Easter 1661 Petition of Henry Topping, shoemaker Humbly sheweth that your poor petitioner now aged, was a souldier under his Majesty at Edgehill battell and in Lathom House 2 seiges where your petitioner received severall woundes but one especially that a towell was drawne through his body as shalbe truly made to appeare whereby he is by reason of his ould age and infirmity not able to follow his calling nor to support his wife and 7 children.

(1) Capt Walthew

QSP 424/36 Wigan Michaelmas 1674 Petition of Gaulther Barton of Aughton. Served in Lathom House and was a souldier under Captaine Walthew.

Capt Holt

SP23.203.721

To the honorable the Committee at Gouldsmiths Hall Wee whose names are subscribed being of the Committee of the County Palatinate of Lancaster, at the request of Richard Holt of Ashworth Esquire, do make bould to certifie this honourable Committee, that upon the third of December 1645, the aforesaid Mr Holte came out of the Garrison of Lathome upon the surrender thereof, dangerously sicke and hath continued till this time, till now of late very infirme and sickly. And wee doe conceive and believe his infirmity to have been the cause of his neglecting the prosecuting of his Composition this longe. Gentlemen this much we make bould to certifie, and subcribe ourselves your humble servants,

Edw: Bulleworth James Asheton Richard Asheton SEE P9220194

Wigan Archives Sevice D/D/AN.58/18 To the Honorable the Committee sittinge in the Star Chamber Richard Holt of Ashworth in the County of Lancaster a Captaine of foote, ingaged in severall services under the late Earle of Derby, and in the Garrison of Lathom duringe the whole siege, for his constant loyalty and adherence to his Majesties service, hath bene a greate sufferer by sequestration and otherwise. A legal certificate of his qualifications (as is required in such cases) was by the Commissioners for the said County returned, and is remaininge in the Registrers booke: Which is nowe strucke out for noe other cause but for that hee is mentioned to have bene a Captaine of the freehold./.

It is humbly desired, the premises considered, and for that (as hee humbly conceaves) hee is by the Act of Parliament entytled to a proportion of the money appointed amonge indigent officers, that hee may be taken into your further consideration, and allowed accordinge to his certificate, soe as to receave his divident as others of like quality.

Undated but 1660+ upon the return of Charles II

Strength

  • First siege 1644: 300 foot, 12 horse, 6 guns and 2 'sling peeces'
  • Second siege 1645: 300 foot and 200 horse
  • Surrender, Dec 1645: 209 men

See Also