Earl of Norwich’s Regiment of Foot

Active1648
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsSecond Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Norwich
Area RaisedSouth-East
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesNorwich 1648

Royalist regiment of foot of the Kentish rising of 1648

Service History

1648

  • Raised in the South-East
  • June: Battle of Maidstone
  • June: Skirmish at Blackheath
  • June to August: Besieged at Colchester

Notes

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

George, Lord Goring, 1st Earl of Norwich

Lord Goring (1585-1663) was 24th Captain of the King’s Bodyguard, holding the position from 1643 to 1662, he is not to be confused with his more famous son George, Second Lord Goring, who led the Northern Horse and was Royalist General in the West Country during the First Civil War.

Goring was knighted in 1608 and became a favourite at court, benefitting largely from monopolies granted by King Charles I. He was made Knight Marshal in 1623, Baron Goring in 1628, and a privy councillor in 1639 and was MP for Lewes, but not in the Long Parliament. Goring devoted his fortune freely to the royal cause; and the king in November 1644 renewed for him the title of Earl of Norwich which had become extinct at his uncle's death. He went with Queen Henrietta Maria to the Netherlands in 1642 to raise money for the king, and in the autumn of the next year he was seeking arms and money from Cardinal Mazarin in Paris. His proceedings were revealed to the parliament in January 1644 by an intercepted letter to Henrietta Maria. He was consequently impeached of high treason, and prudently remained abroad until 1647, when he received a pass from the parliament under a pretext of seeking reconciliation.

Thus he was able to take a prominent part in the Second Civil War of 1648. He commanded the Kentish levies, which Fairfax dispersed at Maidstone and elsewhere, and was forced to surrender unconditionally at Colchester. He was condemned to exile in November 1648 by a vote of the House of Commons, but in the next month the vote was annulled. Early in the next year a court formed under John Bradshaw to try Norwich and four others. All five received a death sentence on 6 March 1649, but petitions for mercy were presented to parliament, and Norwich's life was spared by the Speaker's casting vote. Shortly after his liberation from prison in May 1649 he joined the exiled court of Charles II, who employed him in fruitless negotiations with the duke of Lorraine. He became captain of the king's guard at the Restoration, and in consideration of the fortune he had expended in the king's service a pension of 2000 pounds per year was granted him.

Norwich died at Brentford on 6 January 1663. By his wife Mary Nevill (died 1648), daughter of the 8th Baron Abergavenny, he had four daughters and two sons: George, Lord Goring; and Charles, who also fought in the Civil War and succeeded his father in the earldom.

Strength

See Also