Earl of Chesterfield’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Chesterfield
Ferdinando Stanhope
John Barnard
Area RaisedDerbyshire
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Later Colonel Ferndinando Stanhope's, then Colonel John Barnard's Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot besieged at Lichfield early in the First Civil War going on to serve in the Midlands and Herefordshire, before being massacred at Canon Frome

Service History

1642

  • Garrison of Bretby

1643

  • March: Besieged at Lichfield

1644

  • March: Battle of Newark?
  • Garrison of Hereford under Barnard
  • December: Loss of Abbey Cwm Hir

1645

  • July: Besieged at Canon Frome

Notes

The regiment had a rather convoluted history, raised by the Earl of Chesterfield, then passed to his son Ferdinando after the surrender of Lichfield. Stanhope led the regiment in the Midlands, as part of Lord Loughborough's force based at Ashby de la Zouch, but was killed in a skirmish near Nottingham in December 1644. Meanwhile Barnard had led the foot to Hereford (Stanhope perhaps still commanded his horse regiment), and they were besieged at Abbey Cwm Hir, surrendering in December. Moving into garrison at Canon Frome, in between Hereford and Worcester, their depredations incensed the local peasantry, contributing to the Herefordshire clubman uprising. The garrison were though to be mostly Anglo-Irish by this stage. In July 1645 Barnard was besieged at Canon Frome in Herefordshire by the Scots Covenanter army under the Earl of Leven. During the siege the Scots' general Laurence Crawford was killed, which so enraged the army that they massacred most of the garrison of seventy when they successfully stormed it.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press) under Chesterfield and Barnard.

Earl of Chesterfield

Ferdinando Stanhope

Ferdiando Stanhope fourth son of the Earl of Chesterfield, was killed in a skirmish at West Bridgeford near Nottingham in December 1644.

The Cavalier poet Sir Aston Cockayne penned his epitaph:
Here underneath this monumental Stone
Lie Honour, Youth, and Beauty all in One:
For Ferdinando Stanhope here doth rest,
Of all those Three the most unequal'd Test.
He was too handsome and too stout to be
Met face to face by any Enemy;
Therefore his foe (full for his death inclin'd)
Stole basely near, and shot him through behind.

John Barnard

Slain by the Scots during their storm of Canon Frome.

Strength

  • March 1643: Entire garrison of Lichfield numbers 300
  • Late 1643: 120 men in four companies
  • July 1645: 70 at Canon Frome

See Also