Earl of Chesterfield’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelEarl of Chesterfield
Ferdinando Stanhope
John Barnold
Area RaisedDerbyshire
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Later Colonel Ferndinando Stanhope's, then Colonel John Barnold's Regiment of Foot

Royalist regiment of foot besieged at Lichfield early in the First Civil War going on to serve in the Midlands and Herefordshire, before being massacred at Canon Frome

Service History


  • Garrison of Bretby


  • March: Besieged at Lichfield


  • February: Richardson commissioned chaplain of Barnold's horse
  • March: Battle of Newark?
  • Garrison of Hereford under Barnold
  • December: Loss of Abbey Cwm Hir


  • July: Besieged at Canon Frome


The regiment had a rather convoluted history, raised by the Philip Stanhope Earl of Chesterfield, then passed to his son Ferdinando after the surrender of Lichfield. Stanhope led the regiment in the Midlands, as part of Lord Loughborough's force based at Ashby de la Zouch, but was killed in a skirmish near Nottingham in December 1644.

Meanwhile Barnold had led the foot to Hereford (Stanhope perhaps still commanded his horse regiment), and also led at least one troop of horse. They were besieged at Abbey Cwm Hir (Mr. Pugh's house), surrendering on 8th December. Moving into garrison at Canon Frome, in between Hereford and Worcester, their depredations incensed the local peasantry, contributing to the Herefordshire clubman uprising. The garrison were thought to be mostly Anglo-Irish by this stage. In July 1645 Barnard was besieged at Canon Frome in Herefordshire by the Scots Covenanter army under the Earl of Leven. During the siege the Scots' general Laurence Crawford was killed, which so enraged the army that they massacred most of the garrison )seventy of about 100) when they successfully stormed it.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

At Abbey Cwm Hir the regiment surrendered both firelocks and muskets.

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press) under Chesterfield and Barnard.

Earl of Chesterfield

Ferdinando Stanhope

Ferdiando Stanhope fourth son of the Earl of Chesterfield, was killed in a skirmish at West Bridgeford near Nottingham in December 1644.

The Cavalier poet Sir Aston Cockayne penned his epitaph:
Here underneath this monumental Stone
Lie Honour, Youth, and Beauty all in One:
For Ferdinando Stanhope here doth rest,
Of all those Three the most unequal'd Test.
He was too handsome and too stout to be
Met face to face by any Enemy;
Therefore his foe (full for his death inclin'd)
Stole basely near, and shot him through behind.

John Barnold

Or Barnard, slain by the Scots during their storm of Canon Frome. Colonel John Barnold was buried at Ashperton, Herefordshire 25th July 1645

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

under Col. Barnold

  • Colonel John Barnold
  • Lieutenant Colonel Richard Dudley 1) + (3)
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Jennings (3) + ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Briscoe (1) + I.O. L + W
  • Captain Houke (Taken at Canon Frome)
  • Captain Milward 2)
  • Captain Norton (1)
  • Lieutenant Mewberry 3)
  • Lieutenant Whittington (1)
  • Quartermaster Dod 4)
  • Quartermaster Thomas Harris I.O. Worcs. to Sgnt. Maj. Jennings
Of horse
  • Captain Lieutenant John Pickering I.O. Worcs. (Horse)

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Abbey Cwm Hir

Victor writes; I have a note that they were in Garrison at Abbey Cwm Hir, Mr Pugh's house taken 8th December 1644 and a Captain Fowler. Need to check.

Barnard the Governor, Richard Fowler, Mr Hugh Lloyd the High Sheriff

Alley Cwm-Hir, Radnorshire, a Royalist Garrison, taken by the Parliament Forces under Myddelton. December.

Sir, Our forces being so small in number we cannot but see the mighty hand of God in blessing our proceedings, as I have formerly showed. And now again, our General, Sir Thomas Myddelton (since the taking of Mr. Pugh's house), having intelligence that the enemy had made them a garrison at Abbey Cwm-Hir, a very strong house, and built with stone of a great thickness, and the walls and outworks all very strong, the house having been in former times an Abbey of the Papists, which is situated upon the borders of Montgomeryshire, within twelve miles of Montgomery, or thereabouts; and the country, by reason of the cruelties, plunder, and unchristian usage of the cruel and merciless enemy towards them, as far as Kery, Newtown, and other places, and some miles distant, suffered exceedingly, and were almost utterly undone; which, notwithstanding the great strength of the enemy, our General being troubled to hear of the cruelties against the poor people by the enemy, put on a brave resolution, trusting in the Lord, and went against them and marched thither. We came before them on Wednesday last with our old forces, and Col. Beales and Lieut.-Col. Carter, who came to him out of South Wales. Our general being resolved to do his utmost for the gaining of it, summoned the Castle, but the Governor returned a flat denial, and said that he would not deliver up the said garrison to us; whereupon we immediately stormed it, and that with such violence that we soon took it by force.

I have sent you a list of the particulars that you may see and know the great things that God hath done for us. To Him be praise. This garrison of theirs is Master Fowler's house, which began to be a great annoyance to us. But God be blessed, we are now free from it, and that which is most of all to be admired is the great providence of Almighty God to us in this particular, which I can assure you is true, that we lost not one man in all this that was slain, though some were wounded.

Since which our General having thrown down the enemy's works, and made the garrison unserviceable for the future, we made entrance and marched away from thence to Flintshire, where our General took great care for the securing of those parts and placed a garrison there. At Wellington there is a garrison put within Mr. Dymack's house, which will do the enemy, we hope, some detriment and hinder their projects. The enemy are grown so desperate in their proceedings that they care not what hurt they do to honest godly men, such as are firm Protestants ; but my General's resolution is such that we hope to give a very good account in short time of our proceeding against all their power. So for the present I rest,

Red Castle, the 9th of December, 1644

A list of particulars of what was taken by Sir Thomas Myddelton and Col. Mytton at Abbey Cwm-Hir.

Col. Barnard, the Governor of the said garrison, Hugh Lloyd, Esquire, Commissioner of Array, and High Sheriff for that county, 2 Captains of Foot, 1 Captain of Horse, 1 Capt-Lieut, 3 Lieutenants, 2 Foot Colours, 1 Cornet of Horse, 4 Sergeants, 8 Corporals, 2 Trumpeters, 4 drums, 60 common soldiers, 3 barrels of powder, 60 fire locks, 40 horse, 40 horse-arms, besides 200 musketeers, many arms and other ammunition.

Perfect Occurrences, No. 20 ; 20-27 December, 1644

Chaplain Richardson

Hereford Record Office Court Files 1642-44 PC220050

To Richard Mason Keeper of the Mayors Gaole in Heref. Or to his Deputy or any of them to whome it may concerne.

Whereas Harbert Richardson Clerke is and hath beene a Chaplaine in his Majesties Army unto a Regiment of Horse under the command of Collonell Barnold ever since the 10th day of February 1644 as appears by a Commission under the hand and seale of the said Collonell Barnold. These are therefore to require you uppon sight hereof to release and sett att liberty the said Harbert Richardson that he may repayre to the Regiment for the performance of his duty, wherein you are not to fayle, dated this 22th of Aprill 1645

Nich: Throkmorton

Capt. Norton

(1) SP23.157.344 Robert Grady saith at the time Canon Froome garrisoned by Captain Norton and Colonel Barnard, Abrall lived only 1 mile from the garrison.

SP23.157.347 Interrogatory. Richard Giles did you tell Abrall that you were a souldier listed under Captain Briscoe at ye garrison of Canon Frome and did not Mr. Cooke of Stretton tell you he would give you £5 if you would swear and inform against Mr Abrall ?

Among the various evidences is that he entertained Lieutenant Whittington at his home.


(3) Harl. Mss. 986 f. 92

  • Colonel John Barnard was first Major to Col. Stanhop
  • Lieutenant Colonel Ric. Dudley
  • Major Jennings a cow girdler
  • 160 foot kept ye house at Ashby.
  • No Captains.

Canon Frome

Journal of the House of Lords Vol.7. 28.7.1645


You demand this House, for the Use of the King and Parliament. My Commission is by the King alone; and, if I may see a Command under His Majesties hand, I shall with all Willingness obey it. Until then, I cannot give that Account as is expected from me; nor will I resign it upon any other Conditions, so long as I shall have Life

Only I rest, Your Servant, John Barnold. Cannon Froome, 22 July, 1645.’

and that Cannon Frome is taken.

My Lord,

“Upon Thursday the 17th of this Instant, the Army marched from Droitwich to Bewdly, where they were forced to stay upon Sonday all Day, for Want of Provisions to the Souldiers, and Draughts for the Cannon and Ammunition: It had bin the much neerer Way to have gone by Upton; but the Committee of Worcester made us beleeve that Bridge could not bee easily repaired, perswaded us to come this Way to ease their owne Quarters, and made many faire Promises for Assistance; but, though they have continued with the Army a Fortnight, they have never provided One Draught; but, on the contrary, such as they imployed to that Purpose did take Money from the Country People, to free them from sending their Teemes, as was declared before the Generall in Presence of that Committee, when the Country People were demaunded the Reason of their refuseing to furnish Draughts to the Army.

Upon Saterday the Army marched to Temberry, and stayed there on Sonday, beinge advertised that the Enemy was aboute Bi'pps Froome. Towards Night, the Earle of Callender, (fn. *) Lieutenant Generall Leseley, and Major Generall Middleton went out, with a Party of 4500 Horse, Foote, and Dragoones; they marched all that Night, and Monday all Day, in Pursuite after them; but the Enemy still retreated before them.

Upon Tuesday, they came to Cannon Froome, by which they intended only to have passed; but the Earle of Calender, haveinge viewed the Place upon all Quarters, sent Summons to the Governor, Colonell Barnold, to surrender it, for the Use of the Kinge and Parliament. He retourned a verball Answere, by my Lord's owne Drummer, “That the Commaund of it was intrusted to him by His Majesty, and that he would keepe it for His Use as long as he had a Dropp of Blood in his Body.” Calender sent backe the Drummer, and desired he would retourne his Answere in Writinge, which he did accordingly, the Coppy whereof is here inclosed.

After Receipt of his Letter, the Leiuetenant Generall haveinge caused provide such Necessaryes as could bee had in soe short a Tyme, gave Order for storming the Place. The Graffes were aboute Nyne Foote deepe, and as broad, and in most Places full of Water. The Works above the Graffes were soe high, that all the Ladders wee could gett were too short. The Enemy behaved themselves valorously; but it pleased the Lord to give our Souldiers soe much Courage, that, after a hott Dispute, they were beate from their Works; after which, they fled to the House, where they fought desperatly, till a greate Part of them were killed.

Wee lost aboute 16, and 24 are wounded. Of the Enemy, wee killed aboute 70; Colonell Barnold deadly wounded; Captaine Briscoe, Captaine Houke, and Thirty others, taken Prisoners. The Generall and Committee hath written, to knowe the Parliament's Pleasure, for a Governor and Garrison to put in it; and, till Order bee taken for that Purpose, have put into it 120 Foote, and 20 Horse. The Place hath bin very hurtfull to the Country, and may bee of good Use now for their Preservation.

The Enemy holted aboute Rosse, to which Place our Party is marched after them; but they are now further retreated to Monmouth. The Army is now advanced from Bradyeard and Luddberry with much Difficulty; the Wayes are exceedinge straite and hard to passe on this Side Severne, soe that the Army is not able to march above Eight Miles a Day, though they begin to march at the Sun-riseinge, and continue till 10 at Night; and the Carriadges are soe long in provideinge, that they are forced to drive all Night. The Country is unwillinge to afford us any Thinge, and the Committees give us noe Assistance. When the Generall had sent Letters to the Committee of Gloucester, for Provisions and Accommodations to the Army; they wrote backe that they had presumed soe much upon his Excellencye's Patience, as to send to the Committee of both Kingdomes, to desire some other Course might bee taken for their Accommodation, as if his Excellencye's Patience could have sattisfyed the hungry Bellyes of soe many Thousand Souldiers: At this Instant, they have had noe Meate for Two Dayes together; and, if their Patience were not extraordinary, it were impossible to gett them kept in a Body; and I am very much troubled to consider what Way they shall bee provided, when they advance further into these Welch harrased Countyes, after an Enemy that spoyles and wasts all where they come. When the Parliament's Commissioners shall come hither, I hope they will represent the Necessityes of this Army, their Willingnes and Readines to doe Service, and the Oppertunityes that are lost for Want of necessary Meanes of Subsistance; and then I doubt not but Care shall bee taken for their Maintenance, if there bee a reall Desire that their Endeavors should bee effectuall, and of Advantage to the Kingdome.

“The Governor of Hereford sent Yesterday a Letter to the Generall, with other Two Letters from Sir William Fleming, one to his Excellency, and the other to the L. Generall the Earle of Calender; which, with the Answers, were sent to bee communicated to the Parliament. I have sent you the Copies here inclosed; and remaine

Your Lordship's most humble Servaunt. Ludbury, the 23 Julii, 1645.

See E.1071.1 for mention of Captain Brisco


  • March 1643: Entire garrison of Lichfield numbers 300
  • Late 1643: 120 men in four companies
  • July 1645: About 100 at Canon Frome

See Also

1) , 2) , 3) , 4) E.7.25 A true relation of two great victories.