Earl of Carbery’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1644
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelEarl of Carbery
Area RaisedWest Wales
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies

Royalist regiment of foot raised and serving in South-West Wales

Service History


  • August: Taking of Tenby


  • February: Besieged at Pill Fort
  • February: Loss of Trefloyne?
  • March: Loss of Haverfordwest
  • March: Besieged at Tenby
  • April: Loss of Carmarthen?


Carbery raised two regiments of foot, the other, the Sir Henry Vaughan's was sent to reinforce the Oxford army under his uncle, Sir Henry Vaughan senior, later passing to Henry Vaughan junior, Sir Henry's son. Some information might refer to either or both of these regiments and it's probable that some officers served in both regiments.

Sir Henry Vaughan snr. returned to Wales in October 1643 and served as Major General to Carbery over the winter until the defeats of Spring 1644 at Haverfordwest, Tenby and Carmarthen. Allegedly Haverfordwest fell after the Royalists mistook a cattle stampede for an attack and evacuated the town forthwith.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The Parliamentarians captured 100 new red coats at Haverfordwest in 1644, possibly belonging to Carbery's regiment.

The regiment used matchlock muskets, judging by ordnance issues (again, could be Vaughan's Oxford Rgt).

Notable Officers

Earl of Carbery

Richard Vaughan, Earl of Carbery was commander in South West Wales from 1643 to early 1644.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel the Earl of Carberry
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Sargeant Major
  • Captain Edmond Bradshaw I.O. L + W
  • Captain John Bradshaw I.O. Carm.
  • Captain John Butler Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Cotterell I.O. L + W
  • Captain David Gwynn (1)
  • Captain Rowland Gwynne (4) + ment. I.O.
  • Captain Charles Hughes Ment. I.O.
  • Captain George Lewis I.O. Card.
  • Captain Thomas Methwold I.O. L + W
  • Captain John Phillips I.O. Pemb.
  • Lieutenant John Elliot I.O. Pemb. to Capt. Phillips
  • Lieutenant David Thomas (2)
  • Ensign David Jones I.O. Carm. to Capt. Row. Gwynne
  • Ensign John Phillips I.O. Pemb. to Capt. John Butler
  • Ensign David Rees I.O. Carm. to Capt.Hughes
  • Quartermaster William Beale (3)
  • Quartermaster Gen. John Awbry I.O. Carm.

A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Stores issues

WO55.1661.93 9. June 1643 Received into his Majesties stores from Sir Henry Vaughan Musketts 9 Barrells } to bee stockd

I believe Sir Henry Vaughan was Col. Or Lt. Col to the Regiment (VJ). There is a separate listing for his Regiment.

WO55.459. 28. March 1643 Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of my Lo: Carberrys Regiment 1cwt John Prichard Sarient.

(1) WO55.1661.372 11. March 1643 dd to Captain David Gwynn of Lord Carberrys Regiment Musketts fixt 5. Rowland wyn sargent

(2) WO55.423.17 21. March 1642(3) Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of the Lo: Carberrys Regiment Match 56lb David Thomas Lieut.

(3) WO55.459.110 1.May 1643 Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of the Lord Carberrys Regiment Powder 36, Match 56, Muskett Shott 36

William Beale Quartermaster

Capt Gwynn's warrant

(4) Harl. Mss. 6852 f.123

To our Trusty and welbeloved Cap. Rowland Gwynn.

Trusty etc, Whereas wee have given you our Commission for your raising of one Company of Foote for our service. Our will and pleasure is and wee doe hereby require and authorise you to imprest and retayne such who will willingly and voluntaraly serve us, and conduct them togeather with theire Armes to our Royall Standard. Requireing all Sheriffs Justices of ye Peace Maiors, Bayliffes, Constables and all other our Officers & loveing Subiects to helpe and assiste you in sending such as who already are, or shall be by you imprest unto our Royall Standard. And for your so doeing theise shall be your warrant given.

Dated on the revers 8. July 1643.

Carberry (or Vaughan's) regiment arrives at Oxford

Harl.Mss. 6851 f.61

to John Earl of Bristol and Lord Dunsmore

We have requested the Earl of Carberry and his Regiment to march here forthwith to Oxford,you are to find accomodation for the Regiment. Oxford 8 January 1642(3)

Sir William Dugdales Diary 10.1.1642/3 Lord Carberry, his Regiment came to Oxford.


See Also