Duke of Gloucester’s Regiment of Foot

Active1656 to 1662
CountryIreland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsAnglo-Spanish War
TypeFoot
ColonelDuke of Gloucester
Lord Taafe
William Taafe
Area RaisedFlanders
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCharles II 1658

Regiment raised for Charles II in exile from Irishmen in Flanders

Service History

1656

  • Raised in Flanders from Lord Taafe’s Irish Royalists

1657

1658

  • May: Regiment mostly captured at Mount Cassel by Turenne

1659

  • William Taafe takes over from his father

1660

  • Prince Henry dies, Taafe remains Colonel

1661

  • Garrison of Mardyke

1662

  • November: Disbanded at Mardyke

Notes

The regiment's history is discussed in Firth, C. H. (1898), Royalist and Cromwellian Armies in Flanders, 1657-1662, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, pp. 67–119

Charles II began to raise an army at Bruges in Flanders in 1656, having signed a treaty to ally with Spain against France and Cromwellian England. Nominally commanded by Charles’ younger brother Henry, the regiment was formed from Lord Taafe’s Irish soldiers. When Turenne opened his campaign in May 1658, the Duke of Gloucester's regiment were mostly captured at Mount Cassel and therefore played no part in the Battle of the Dunes. In 1659 William Taafe replaced his father as field commander. By 1661 the regiment were in garrison at Mardyke and in 1662 were disbanded.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester

Lord Taafe

William Taafe

Son of Lord Taafe

Strength

  • April 1657: Estimated at 400 men by English news-sheets
  • December 1661: 500 men

See Also