Colonel Conyers Griffin’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelConyers Griffin
Lt ColSir Bartholomew Pell
Area RaisedWiltshire?
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesHopton 1644

Royalist regiment of musketeers serving in the South, fought at Cheriton then in garrison at Langford House

Service History

1643

  • January: In Garrison in Brill, Buckinghamshire. Gilbert Gerard was Governor
  • January: Defence of Brill
  • September: Repulsed from Poole

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • October: In garrison at Langford House, Wiltshire with 100 men
  • December: Loss of Salisbury?
  • December: Skirmish at Salisbury?

1645

  • May: Colonel Griffin and his Captain Lieutenant and Cornet and 74 soldiers were captured near Langford Garrison by Colonel Norton when they sallied out of the House and were ambushed.
  • May: Sir Bartholomew Pell takes charge of the Garrison
  • October: Pell surrenders Langford to Cromwell
  • October: Garrison are permitted to march out to Oxford

Notes

Griffin also had a troop of horse in garrison at Langford

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment was equipped solely with muskets. They were issued 200 muskets from Weymouth by February 1644.1)

Notable Officers

Colonel Conyers Griffin

Captured in a skirmish at Langford in May 1645

Sir Bartholomew Pell

Took over from Griffin and surrendered to Cromwell in October 1645

Officer List

Colonel Conyers Griffin's Regiment of Foot2)

  • Colonel Conyers Griffin
  • Lieutenant Colonel Bartholomew Pell
  • Sargeant Major Edmund Uvedale
  • Captain Edward Filks
  • Ensign Abraham Wilson to Maj Uvedale

Horse

  • Captain Gardiner
  • Cornet Benjamin Cutler to Capt. Gardiner

Contemporary References

Col. Griffin to Lord Digby

To Lord Digby

My Lord, It hath pleased God to visit me with soe much sickness since I came into these parts that I have not been able to do anything but keep my bed till within these last three days otherwise I had given your Lordship an account of the condition of the Garrison at Langford House. My Lord I hope to be so strong within a short time that I should not fear was I approached to by a considerable army. My Lord it was his Majesties pleasure to assign me some hundreds for the raising of men for his garrison, truly my Lord they lye soe much upon the enemy and so near Hampshire that I am not able to get near the number of the men which is assigned me, therefore I must humbly crave that I may have order to press men in these Hundreds which lye far from the enemy and near to the garrison which are these, Dameram, South Chalke, Amesbury, Elstub and Everley Hundreds which the City of Salisbury which lyes most convenient for me.

My Lord, Major Wansey with some 3 troopes of horse and dragoones came as I conceive to take up this place for a garrison, but being prevented of that, he hath taken up a house of Sir Jo: Evelins called Deane within 3 miles of me. I did intend tomorrow to have looked upon him with what horse and foot I have and if it were possible to remove him from that place. But I receved an order from my Lord Hopton to send carriages to his Majesties army which diverts my design from falling upon the enemy by reason it draws my horse from me, but I hope to have them suddenly returned to me again so I may suffer much in their absence.

Con: Griffin From Langford the 12. November 1644

Warrant for impressment

To our trusty Col. Griffin Governor of Langford House

Whereas we have appointed you to be Governour of Langford House and the garrison therein which you are to keep and defend for our service, our will and pleasure is and we doe hereby give unto you full power and authority to issue out your warrants to ye Maior, Aldermen and Constables of our City of Salisbury as also to the Constables of the severall Hundreds of Damerham, South Chalke, Amesbury, Elstub & Everly commanding them to imprest within their severall Hundreds so many able men and at such times as by your warrants you shall direct so that in all they doe not exceede the number of 100* and that you employ them for the defence and securitie of that place. And further that you give notice to the said Constables that if any of them whom they shall imprest shall afterwards desert our service that they cause them to be sent backe againe to you, or otherwise imprest and send in others in their places.

Given the 25. Nov.

Pell's speech at Alderbury

Speech to inhabitants of Alderbury Hundred of Bartholomew Pell Governor of Langford House August 1645

Gentlemen, I am now come to know, whether you will pay us contribution, for if that you have affection to the King, you should not deny contribution at such a time, when he hath had some losse. Never looke to have peace by a victory. All grant that God gives victory to whom he pleaseth, sometimes one side prevailes, and sometimes another.And therefore I tell you, your way to have peace, is to Petition, both the King and Parliament, for if the Parliament prevailes, the King hath so many friends, and allies abroad, that a Forreigne Armie will be brought in, and then the King cannot do you the good he would, though he have as honest* an heart as any one in England: And if the King prevailes, the Parliament have so many strong holds, that the warr will last a long time. And (besides) Gentlemen, Consider (for I suppose you be all Protestants) If the Parliament prevaile, your Religion is lost, your Marriages, your Christenings, your Burials be all lost, as appeares by the directory which they have set forth. And for your contribution, never deny it mee for Master Hollis, when he was with me, spoke to me to send out my warrants.

*smiting his breast at that expression.

Tuesday May 29th A considerable party of Colonel Nortons forces marched forth (as this day we heard) to execute a designe on Langford House.The horse were commanded by Captaine Simbacke,Captaine Boshworth,Captain Gerton,and the foot were led by young Murford the lively image of his father.Our forces marching near the house being confident that the enemy would sally forth upon them,had placed an Ambuscadoe in the Hedges,and the enemy according to there expectation sallying forth,our forces by degrees retired until they had drawn them within their ambush,at which time giving a full charge upon them we took all the forces of the enemy prisoner,amongst which were Col. Griffeth (sic) the Governor of the said House,one Captaine Lieutenant,one Cornet and some other Officers:There were taken in all three score and fourteen prisoners.These men being taken,we are in good hope to be suddenly Masters of the House,for we are advertised that there are now left not above twenty men to defend it.In the House (we heare) is good store of provision and some Moveables that are worth the owning.

Surrender of Langford House

17th October 1645

Articles of Agreement made between Sir Bartholomew Pell Knight, and Major Edmund Uvedale, Commanders in chief of Langford Garrison, and Lieu. Col. Hewson and Major Tho. Kelsey on the bahalf of Oliver Cromwell, Lie. Generall to Sir Thomas Fairfax Army.

First that the said Commander in chiefe of the said Garrison shall surrender the said House and Garrison to the said Lieutenant General Cromwell tomorrow by twelve of the clock, being the eighteenth of October instant.

2. That all Armes and Ammunition in the said Garrison be then delivered to the use of the Parliament without any imbesiling of it.

3. That the said Commanders in chief with 15 Gent. of the said Garrison shall march away with Horse and Armes, and the private souldiers, without Armes to Oxford within ten daies, and to have a Troop of Horse for their Guard the first day, and a Trumpet, with a passe the rest of the way.

4. That the rest of the Gentlemen, not exceeding fifteene more, shall march with their Swords and Pistols, and Horses, if they can lawfully procure them.

5. That the said Commanders in chief shall have a cart or wagon allowed them to carry their goods to Oxford.

6. That if any Gentleman of the said Garrison have a desire to goe to any other Garrison, or any of the Kings, they shall have passes to that purpose.

7. That the goods remaining in the said Garrison shall be delivered to the severall Owners thereof upon demand, within two daies next following the date hereof.

8. That Lieutenant Col. Bowles and Major Fry be left Hostage untill these Articles be performed.

John Hewson Bartho. Pell Thomas Kelsey Edm. Uvedale

Ricketts' Petiton

Wiltshire Quarter sessions 1647

Richard Ricketts, who says that he was impressed and by force carried into Langford garrison under the command of Sir* Bartholomew Pell, for the King, and therein dangerously wounded and crippled, has the consideration of his petition postponed, although he presents a very largely signed memorial on his behalf from the inhabitants of East Knoyle, headed by Chr. Wrey, rector.

He petitions again in .Jan. with a large number of signatm'es, but the paper is marked ” Xoe order.” A third appeal, dated 3 Jan., 164|, is again marked ” Null, fact.” But at length at the last sessions he obtained an order for IS*^- weekly, which he complains in July, 1649, had not been paid him for 14 weeks. In 1650 he is complained of as profane, a drunkard, and of very ill behaviour.

Strength

  • October 1644: 100 in garrison at Langford
  • May 1645: 77 captured
  • October 1645: Around 100 at surrender

See Also

1) Bodleian Library Rawlinson Ms D395
2) Original research by Voctor Judge aka BCW user 1642