Sir John Coventry's Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir John Coventry
Area RaisedSomerset
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Royalist regiment of foot serving in the West Country during the First Civil War.

Service History

1644

  • April to June: Siege of Lyme? (horse troop?)
  • August: Coventry undertakes to raise a regiment of foot

1645

  • April to May: Siege of Taunton?
  • May to July: Siege of Taunton?
  • July: Evacuate Bridgewater prior to the siege
  • October to April 1646: Besieged at Exeter

1646

  • April: Surrender at Exeter

Notes

Coventry appears to have also led a troop of horse, perhaps as early as the summer of 1643.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir John Coventry

Officer List

Original research by Victor Judge aka BCW Wiki user '1642'

  • Colonel Sir John Coventry
  • Captain Thomas Worsopp
  • Captain James Cannon
  • Captain Clarke
  • Captain Samuel Potter
  • Lieutenant Thomas Slape

Contemporary References

Letter to Wyndham

To our Coll. Fran. Wyndham Governor of Dunster Castle Letter to the Trusty&e. Our trusty Mr John Coventry Esq. hath undertaken to raise one Regiment ( Crossed through) some forces for our service in the County of Somerset and to that end hee may bee protected in the performance thereof. Our pleasure is that you assist him with what force you can possibly spare out of that Garrison who are to be disposed for ye service in such manner as he shall find convenient and necessary for the advancement there and for your so doeing this shall be your sufficient authority. Given 3.August 1644 Thomas

Note on the reverse 2000 men to be raised there and disposed to Col. Jo. Stowell, Sir Fra. Dorrington, George Trevallion, John Browne, John St. Albans, Wm. Bull or any 3 of them there Col. Gen. of theses men. Jo. Coventrys Regts. horse and foot My brother to one of these Regts. Letter to the Gov. of Dunster Castle to supply Jo. Coventry with what forces he can there to secure him and to dispose them for his Majesties service. John Coventry, Sir Thomas Bridges the Sheriff, Sir Fra. Dorrington, John Stowell, Sir Ed. Rodney, Edmond Windham, Wm. Walrond, George Trevalian, John Brown, Wm. Bull, Ed. Dyer, Tho. Mallet John St. Albans or any 2 or more of them.

Warrant to Hawley

To our trusty &e. Sir Francis Hawley Knight and Lt. Governor of Bristoll and to the officers of the Magazine there. Whereas we have given our Commission to our trusty and welbeloved Sir John Stowell Knt. to be Colonell of a Brigade of Horse to be raysed in our County of Somersett. Our will and pleasure therefore is that you from time to time furnish him with such armes as he shall desire out of the manufacture of armes in that City, hee paying for the same. And for your so doeing this shall be your warrant. Given at Liskeard 4th August 1644 The like warrant for Mr John Coventry.

Pass from Fairfax

Handwritten pass from Fairfax.

To all officers and souldiers under my command and to all others whom this may concerne. Suffer the bearer hereof John Coventrie Esq. (who was in the Cittie of Exceter and is to have the benefitt of the Articles for the surrender thereof) with his servants horses and Armes and goods to passe quietlie unto their severall homes and other parts, in the Parliaments Quarters, and from thence to London; and to enjoy and dispose of all his and their goods debts and moveables allowed by the Articles during the space of fower months next after this 9th of this instant Aprill without any interruption or molestation. And if he shall not make any Composition with the Parliament during that time,And shall bee resolved to goe beyond the seas; then, within the said fower monthes to goe into any parte beyond the seas. Given under my hand and seale att Excester the 14th day of Aprill 1646. Fairfax

William Leigh

It would appear from the following letter to the Committee for Compounding delinquents estates in London that he also had a Troop of Horse.

3. Novemb. According to your order we do certify that William Leigh of Pitmaster in the Countie of Somersett yeoman, was a Trooper in Armes against the Parliament under the Command of John Coventry Esq. That he layd downe his Armes about Midsummer last was twelve moneth and in October last he took the Nacionall League and Covenente and the Negative Oath before us. Gentlemen Jonath: Pitt

Colford's Delinquency

A charge of delinquency exhibited by Joseph Collett to the Comm: for advance &e against William Colford of Bromfield in the said County of Somersett. That the said Wm. Colford was in actuall armes for the late Kinge against the Parliament under the command of Collonell Coventry and was Commissary to the said Regiment and marched in armes as a souldier with the said Regiment to Wevelesscombe Dunster Porlocke and neere Taunton when the seige or seiges were against itt and was imployed att all these places as Commissary and did other acts of hostility for the said late Kinge against the Parliament. Joseph Collett Allow: 26 September 1651 upon Bond Thos Fowk

Dyke's Delinquency

A charge of delinquency exhibited by Joseph Collett on behalfe of Andrewe Wilcox Collectors of the State to the Committee for Advance &e against Thomas Dyke of Kingston in the County of Somerset gent.

1. That the said Thomas Dyke when the Marquesse of Hartford came first into the Westerne partes did ride armed with Collonell Coventry to Wells there to meete and assist the said Marquesse. 2. That when the said Collonell Coventry raised a Regiment of Foote the said Mr Dyke was Clerke of the Regiment and took and kept the list of the souldiers and pressed divers of his neighbours to list themselves souldiers in the Regiment of the said Mr Coventry for the King against the Parliament and was then alsoe himselfe in actuall Armes against the Parliament. 3. That when the siedges were preparing or were against Lyme and the said Coll. Coventry and his Regiment quartered att Chard neere Lyme the said Thomas Dykes was there with them and cheefly employed by the said Mr Coventry for the ordering and quartering of the said Regiment and paid for their quartering and for his horse or for some of them. 4. That when Bridgwater was a Garrison for the late Kinge the said Mr Dyke laide there all or greate parte of the tyme, and was in request ayding and assisting to the Governor therof until about a day or lesse befor the Lord Generall Fairfax laid close siege to the said Towne the said Mr Dyke fledd and escaped away from there. Allowed upon bond 20. Sept. 1651 Tho: Howle

Petition of Thomas Worsopp

Petition of Thomas Worsopp His Petition Raised a Company of Foot under Sir John Coventry in the West Country and later served in Colonel Richard Nevilles Regiment. Copies of Petition to the King of Thomas Worsopp, Esq., showing that: —

He served the late King faithfully, raised a company of foot under Col. John Coventry at his own charge in the West of England, and afterwards served in Col. Bichard Nevill's regiment. Having lost much in service, he retired to Ireland and secured the place of Customer of the port of Dublin by authority of Lord Broghill, Sir Charles Coote and Sir Wm. Bury, Commissioners appointed for the government of the affairs of Ireland by the late Council sitting at Whitehall. This he gained immediately before the King's happy return to England, and he still holds it. He prays for letters patents granting him the office for his life. P. ^ and p. i. Two copiesy the first endd. {j,n Nicholas' hxmd) : To be referred to Lord Ormond.

Followed by —

1660.

Copy of order by Broghill, Coote and Bury, as referred to in foregoing.

Appointing Thomas Worsop to the post of Customer, collector and receiver of the port of Dublin, Skerries, Malahide and Wicklow, and the bays and creeks of the port of Dublin. P. 1. Dated 19 April, 1660, Dublin. Endd. In all, pp. 1 J.

The second copy of the petition is underwritten with — Order, dated 6 July, Whitehall, referring the above petition to the Marquis of Ormond, and ends with —

Report by the Marquis of Ormond.

Letter extract which was sent to Sir John Berkeley and Mr Coventry. All the enemies forces that relieved Taunton are gon, and retreated Eastward, save onely Colonell Popham his Regiment of Horse,and seven foot colours; It is therefore desired, that you would presently send what forces you can, for the driving of them out, and there will meet you Collonel Harley [Hawley] and other Commanders from the Prince, with another party.’ Wyndham No date but December 1644

Strength

See Also