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royalist:foot-regiments:col.-charles-gerard-oxford [02/07/2019 15:17]
1642
royalist:foot-regiments:col.-charles-gerard-oxford [28/08/2019 14:48] (current)
tim
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 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
 Lt Col Edward Villiers was besieged at Reading in April 1643 but Gerard'​s also served with Prince Rupert at Lichfield, so perhaps a detachment went with Rupert'​s '​flying army'. Exactly what happened in 1644 is still rather unclear, either Gerard led his regiment of foot to South Wales in 1644 leaving a detachment under Windebank at Bletchington,​ or one or the other raised a new regiment. Lt Col Edward Villiers was besieged at Reading in April 1643 but Gerard'​s also served with Prince Rupert at Lichfield, so perhaps a detachment went with Rupert'​s '​flying army'. Exactly what happened in 1644 is still rather unclear, either Gerard led his regiment of foot to South Wales in 1644 leaving a detachment under Windebank at Bletchington,​ or one or the other raised a new regiment.
 +
 =====Coats and Flags===== =====Coats and Flags=====
-Their flag is usually shown as blue and yellow, as above, but is given by Symonds as blue and fillemot - a colour described in 1675 as "​...somewhat towards a gold Colour"​ (//London Gazette Number 982//). The flag also features a gold laurel wreath. It has been speculated that this could be an award for gallantry, but whether this is true is unknown. Symonds noted this colour, and a plain blue Colonel'​s colour, at the Albourne ​Chase muster in  April 1644.+Their flag is usually shown as blue and yellow, as above, but is given by Symonds as blue and fillemot - a colour described in 1675 as "​...somewhat towards a gold Colour"​ (//London Gazette Number 982//). The flag also features a gold laurel wreath. It has been speculated that this could be an award for gallantry, but whether this is true is unknown. Symonds noted this colour, and a plain blue Colonel'​s colour, at the Aldbourne ​Chase muster in  April 1644.
  
 Gerard'​s foot wore blue coats in February 1644 ((//British Library Harley Ms 986//)). There is  a claim by Thomas Bushell for payment //For 800 Suites by the Kings order to the Ld Gerards Regiment intended for the Queens Lifeguard in Switzers habit, but delivered to him at her going to France £1400//​((Original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642)), suggesting that Gerard'​s wore Swiss-style uniforms, as unlikely as it may sound. Gerard'​s foot wore blue coats in February 1644 ((//British Library Harley Ms 986//)). There is  a claim by Thomas Bushell for payment //For 800 Suites by the Kings order to the Ld Gerards Regiment intended for the Queens Lifeguard in Switzers habit, but delivered to him at her going to France £1400//​((Original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642)), suggesting that Gerard'​s wore Swiss-style uniforms, as unlikely as it may sound.
  
-They were issued 140 muskets from Weymouth by February 1644.((Bodleian Library Rawlinson Ms D395))+The regiment was issued ​pikes and muskets, powder, match and shot and musket rests from Oxford in 1643 (see below), ​140 muskets ​were issued ​from Weymouth by February 1644((Bodleian Library Rawlinson Ms D395)).
  
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
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 Wounded at 1st Newbury Wounded at 1st Newbury
  
 +====Officer Lists====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Lieutenant Colonel ​   Edward Villiers ​      ​(5) +  *Colonel Sir Charles Gerard 
-Lieutenant Colonel ​   Edward Williams ​   (1)+  *Lieutenant Colonel Edward Villiers (5) 
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Edward Williams (1
 +  *Sargeant Major Cotterell (12) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Edward Williams (1) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Windebank (3
  
-Sargeant Major                      Cotterell ​      (12+  *Captain Egerton ​(2
-Sargeant Major          ​Edward ​Williams ​   ​(1+  ​*Captain ​Edward ​Hatton ​(9
-Sargeant Major                     Windebank ​  ​(3+  ​*Captain Price (10) 
 +  *Captain Francis ​Windebank (6)  
 +  *Captain Whitley (8)
  
-Captain Lieutenant ​   Charles Sledd        (4) +  *Captain Lieutenant Charles Sledd (4) 
-Captain ​                                ​Egerton ​          (2+  ​*Lieutenant Euble Lloyd (7
-Captain ​                        ​Edward Hatton ​      (9)+  ​*Lieutenant Richard Vaughan ​(3)
  
-Captain ​                                 Price               ​(10) +  *Ensign John Whitley (8) to Capt. Whitley
-Captain ​                        ​Francis Windebank ​    (6)  +
-Captain ​                                Whitley ​           (8)+
  
-Lieutenant ​                  Euble Lloyd            ​(7) +  *Quartermaster John Hodgson ​(11  ​
-Lieutenant ​                  ​Richard Vaughan ​ (3)+
  
-Ensign ​                         John Whitley ​         (8) to Capt. Whitley +=====Contemporary References===== 
- +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
-Quartermaster ​           John Hodgson ​     (11)   +
  
 (1) Harl.Mss. 6852.f.190 (1) Harl.Mss. 6852.f.190
-Commission to Lieutenant Colonel Edward Williams,​Charles Gerards Regiment of Foot. 18.11.1643.+ 
 +Commission to Lieutenant Colonel Edward Williams, Charles Gerards Regiment of Foot. 18.11.1643. 
   ​   ​
-Lieutenant Colonel Edward Villiers was wounded at 1st Newbury with many of the Regiment ,which appears to have received the most casualties recorded for a royalist foot regiment in the battle.+Lieutenant Colonel Edward Villiers was wounded at 1st Newbury with many of the Regiment, which appears to have received the most casualties recorded for a royalist foot regiment in the battle. 
  
 Harley Mss. 6804 f.162 Harley Mss. 6804 f.162
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 Sir Charles Gerards Regiment Sir Charles Gerards Regiment
-     Lt. Coll. +  *Lt. Coll. 
-  2 Captaines +  ​*2 Captaines 
-  4 Lieutenants +  ​*4 Lieutenants 
-  9 Ensignes +  ​*9 Ensignes 
-  7 Sargeants +  ​*7 Sargeants 
-78 Common souldiers +  *78 Common souldiers
- +
- +
  
  
 (2) WO.55.423.65 (2) WO.55.423.65
 Supplies for Colonel Gerards Regiment 70lb match signed Captain Egerton. Supplies for Colonel Gerards Regiment 70lb match signed Captain Egerton.
 +
  
 (3) WO55.458.63 (3) WO55.458.63
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 24. October (1643) 24. October (1643)
 Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Coll: Charles Gerards Regiment of Foote Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Coll: Charles Gerards Regiment of Foote
-Powder ​              ​1cwt. +  *Powder 1cwt. 
-Match                  1cwt. +  *Match  1cwt. 
-Musket shott     ​1cwt.+  *Musket shott 1cwt.
  
 Richard Vaughan Lieutenmant to Sargiant Maior Windebanke Richard Vaughan Lieutenmant to Sargiant Maior Windebanke
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 (4)WO55.458.27 Part 2. (4)WO55.458.27 Part 2.
 +
 Captain Lieutenant Charles Sledd 28 Pikes Colonel Charles Gerards Foot Regiment. 19.6.1643. Captain Lieutenant Charles Sledd 28 Pikes Colonel Charles Gerards Foot Regiment. 19.6.1643.
 +
  
 (6) WO55.1661.155 (6) WO55.1661.155
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 Col. Gerard Col. Gerard
-Spades 15 +  *Spades 15 
-Pickaxes 18 +  *Pickaxes 18 
-Shovells 35 ​   ​+  *Shovells 35 ​   ​
  
 Fran. Windebank Fran. Windebank
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 7.8.1643 Thomas Wootten Sgt. under Capt. Windebanke 7.8.1643 Thomas Wootten Sgt. under Capt. Windebanke
 +
  
 (7) National Library of Wales (7) National Library of Wales
 Chirk Mss.(6) b1 86 No. 150 Chirk Mss.(6) b1 86 No. 150
-The humble petition of John Humphrey of Ruthyn,​slater + 
-Humbly sheweth that whereas your petitioner hath beena a souldier in his late Majesties service of blessed memory in the Regiment of Collonel Jarrard and under the command of Captaine Wyndebanke and Lieutenant Euble Lloyd where he receaved severall wounds and bruises and very dangerously burned with powder to the hazard of his life where he continued severall yeares in severall battles and was true and faithful all alons as some of his fellow souldiers that now receave pensions out of this County all justifie,​and now being aged poore and almost blind and feeling the smart of his old wounds and bruises not able to follow ​hi trade to provide his living is forced to begg your charitable benevolence.+The humble petition of John Humphrey of Ruthyn, slater 
 + 
 +Humbly sheweth that whereas your petitioner hath been a a souldier in his late Majesties service of blessed memory in the Regiment of Collonel Jarrard and under the command of Captaine Wyndebanke and Lieutenant Euble Lloyd where he receaved severall wounds and bruises and very dangerously burned with powder to the hazard of his life where he continued severall yeares in severall battles and was true and faithful all alons as some of his fellow souldiers that now receave pensions out of this County all justifie, and now being aged poore and almost blind and feeling the smart of his old wounds and bruises not able to follow ​his trade to provide his living is forced to begg your charitable benevolence. 
  
 (8) WO55.1661.372 (8) WO55.1661.372
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 Musketts fixt  7 Musketts fixt  7
 John Whitley Ensigne. John Whitley Ensigne.
 +
  
 (9) WO55.1661.408 (9) WO55.1661.408
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 dd out of his Majesties stores to Edw: Hatton Captaine of Colonell Gerards Regiment dd out of his Majesties stores to Edw: Hatton Captaine of Colonell Gerards Regiment
 Long Pykes 1 Long Pykes 1
 +
  
 (10) WO55.1661.410 (10) WO55.1661.410
 7. Septemb. 1643 7. Septemb. 1643
 +
 dd out of his Majesties stores to Captaine Price of Colonell Gerards Regiment of Foote in liew of so many broken Pykes. dd out of his Majesties stores to Captaine Price of Colonell Gerards Regiment of Foote in liew of so many broken Pykes.
-Long Pykes          18 +  *Long Pykes     ​18 
-Partizan ​                  ​+  *Partizan ​       
-Muskett restes ​   32  +  *Muskett restes 32  
-Powder bagges ​ 32+  *Powder bagges ​ 32 
  
 (11) WO55.423.141 (11) WO55.423.141
 Rec the 7th November 1642 out of his Majesties Magazine for the use of Coll: Gerard Rec the 7th November 1642 out of his Majesties Magazine for the use of Coll: Gerard
-Powder ​     100lb +  *Powder ​     100lb 
-Match         ​100lb +  *Match       ​100lb 
-Shott          100lb+  *Shott       ​100lb 
 By mee  Jn: Hodgson By mee  Jn: Hodgson
 Quartermaster to Coll: Gerard Quartermaster to Coll: Gerard
 +
  
 (12) WO55.459.11 (12) WO55.459.11
 To Sir Jo: Heydon Knt. Lieutenant Generall of the Ordnance and to ye Officers of the same. To Sir Jo: Heydon Knt. Lieutenant Generall of the Ordnance and to ye Officers of the same.
 +
 You are forthwith upon sight hereof to receive out of his Majesties Magazine two hundred weight of match and one hundred thereof to deliver to Maior Wharton for ye use of my Regiment and ye other to deliver to Maior Cotterell for ye use of Collonell Gerards Regiment and for your soe doeinge this shalbe your warrant. You are forthwith upon sight hereof to receive out of his Majesties Magazine two hundred weight of match and one hundred thereof to deliver to Maior Wharton for ye use of my Regiment and ye other to deliver to Maior Cotterell for ye use of Collonell Gerards Regiment and for your soe doeinge this shalbe your warrant.
 Dated at Oxford ye 4. of March 1643 Dated at Oxford ye 4. of March 1643