Sir Charles Gerard’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1642 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Charles Gerard
Francis Windebank
Area RaisedLancashire
Coat ColourBlue
Flag ColourBlue and Fillemot
Flag DesignGyronny with Laurels
Field ArmiesOxford
Gerard 1644-5

Perhaps later Colonel Francis Windebank's Regiment of Foot

Raised as part of the Earl of Derby’s forces in Lancashire, they then served with the Oxford Army and later under Windebank as the garrison of Bletchington House and under Gerard in South Wales

Service History


  • September: Siege of Manchester
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - Part of Colonel Charles Gerard's Brigade (front left)
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • 9th December: Garrison of Oxford


  • 2nd February: Storm of Cirencester (det)
  • April: Storm of Birmingham (det?)
  • April: Siege of Lichfield (det?), Gerard wounded
  • April: Besieged at Reading
  • May: Quartered at Culham Camp
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury - Part of Sir Nicholas Byron's Brigade
  • Garrison of Oxford


  • 29th March: Battle of Cheriton (under Lt Col Windebanke)
  • May: Siege of Kidwelly Castle
  • June: Storm of Carmarthen
  • June: Storm of Cardigan
  • June: Storm of Newcastle Emlyn
  • June: Storm of Laugharne Castle
  • July: Taking of Roch Castle
  • July: Skirmish at Haverfordwest
  • July: Siege of Pembroke


  • April: Surrender of Bletchington House (Windebank)
  • April: Battle of Newcastle Emlyn?
  • July: Battle of Langport??


Lt Col Edward Villiers was besieged at Reading in April 1643 but Gerard's also served with Prince Rupert at Lichfield, so perhaps a detachment went with Rupert's 'flying army'. Exactly what happened in 1644 is still rather unclear, either Gerard led his regiment of foot to South Wales in 1644 leaving a detachment under Windebank at Bletchington, or one or the other raised a new regiment.

Coats and Flags

Their flag is usually shown as blue and yellow, as above, but is given by Symonds as blue and fillemot - a colour described in 1675 as ”…somewhat towards a gold Colour” (London Gazette Number 982). The flag also features a gold laurel wreath. It has been speculated that this could be an award for gallantry, but whether this is true is unknown. Symonds noted this colour, and a plain blue Colonel's colour, at the Albourne Chase muster in April 1644.

Gerard's foot wore blue coats in February 1644 2). There is a claim by Thomas Bushell for payment For 800 Suites by the Kings order to the Ld Gerards Regiment intended for the Queens Lifeguard in Switzers habit, but delivered to him at her going to France £14003), suggesting that Gerard's wore Swiss-style uniforms, as unlikely as it may sound.

They were issued 140 muskets from Weymouth by February 1644.4)

Notable Officers

Charles Gerard

Francis Windebank

Francis Windebank was executed for surrendering Bletchington.

Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Villiers

Wounded at 1st Newbury


See Also

Charles Gerard's Regiment are re-enacted by Charles Gerard's, a regiment of the Sealed Knot Society.

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) British Library Harley Ms 986
3) Original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
4) Bodleian Library Rawlinson Ms D395