Lord Montgomery of Ardes’ Regiment of Horse

Active1641 to 1646
CountryIreland
AllegianceProtestant
Royalist
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Montgomery of Ardes
Area RaisedUlster
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMonro 1642-6
Montgomery 1649

Ulster settler regiment of horse fighting at Benburb

Service History

1641

  • Lord Montgomery commissioned to raise 5 troops of horse
  • November: Capt George Montgomery's troop raised

1642

  • March: 3 troops raised in Ulster
  • April: Muster at Comber
  • July: Paid by Parliament
  • July: Muster at Comber
  • November: 2nd Lord Montgomery dies, command passes to the 3rd Lord

1643

1644

1645

1646

  • June: Skirmish at Ballaghkillgevill
  • June: Battle of Benburb

1647

1648

1649

  • September: Lord Montgomery's troop mustered at Ballycoine for the Royalists

Notes

Originally raised in order to support the Scots army in Ulster. Very likely at Benburb as Montgomery was present, but not absolutely confirmed.

Flags and Equipment

May have been armed with lances, as Capt George Montgomery showed off his lancing and horsemanship at a party in 16481).

Notable Officers

A list of the unit's officers is shown in Army List of the Ulster British Forces, 1642-1646. by Kevin Forkan. Archivium Hibernicum, Vol. 59 (2005), pp. 51-65 available via JSTOR

Troop commanders were:

  • Colonel Lord Montgomeery
  • Major William Crawford
  • Captain George Montgomery

Hugh, 2nd Viscount Montgomery of Ardes

Hugh Montgomery, 2nd Viscount Montgomery of Ards died in November 1642 after raising the regiment

Hugh, 3rd Viscount Montgomery of Ardes

Hugh Montgomery, 3rd Viscount Montgomery of Ards succeeded his father in 1642. In 1646 he led the right flank horse at Benburb and was captured during the battle. He also briefly commanded George Monro's Foot in 1649. Due to a riding injury he had a chest cavity through which his heart could be discerned, though usually covered by a metal plate.

George Montgomery

Previously served in the Netherlands. He preferred a broad sword named sweet lips to a rapier and was an expert lancer. Not mentioned as present at Benburb.

Strength

  • 1641-2 Lord Montgomery's and George Montgomery's troops each consisted of 60 horse2).
  • 1642: 3 troops
  • April 1642: Capt George Montgomery's troop 11 officers, 49 troopers, 4 wagon horses
  • July 1642: Lord Montgomery's troop 12 officers, 60 troopers, 4 wagon horses
  • September 1649: A list of the troope of horse commanded by the lord of Ardes :— captaine ; cornett ; quartermaster ; corporalls, 3 ; trumpetts, 1 ; troopers, 54; a chirurgeon-major ; chaplins, 2; quartermaster, regiment, 13).

See Also

1) The Battle of Benburb 1646. Clive Hollick, Mercier Press, 2011. ISBN 978 1 85635 670 1.
2) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde
3) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde, p206