Lord Broghill’s Regiment of Horse

Active1642 to 1653
CountryIreland
AllegianceProtestant
Parliamentarian
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Broghill
Area RaisedMunster
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesInchiquin 1642-3
Inchiquin 1647
Broghill 1649-53

Regiment of horse serving in Ireland under Inchiquin, later maintained by the Commonwealth

Service History

1642

  • Raised in Munster
  • September: Battle of Liscarroll

1643

1644

1645

1646

1647

  • November: Battle of Knocknanuss

1648

1649

  • Recruited in Cork and surrounding districts

1650

  • March: Skirmish at Mallow?
  • May: Skirmish at Macroom
  • May: Taking of Carrigadrohid

1651

  • July: Battle of Knocknaclashy

1652

  • June: Taking of Ross Castle Killarney?

1653

  • Disbanded apart from Broghill’s own troop of reformados

Notes

A history of the regiment in Parliamentarian service is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

In 1641-2 Broghill raised a troop of 60 horse in Munster1). Broghill was named as captain of a troop in the regiment to be raised by Lord Wharton for service in Ireland in 1642, though the majority of Wharton's force remained in England fighting for Parliament2). In June 1643 Broghill's Lieutenant, John Alleyn, was in London where he raised 40 men and horses to complete the troop as well as buying a cornet and trumpet banners.3)

Cromwell commissioned Lord Broghill to raise his regiment of horse at Cork in 1649. This appears to have been an expansion of Broghill's existing regiment. The regiment was to be double-strength, consisting of twelve troops, six led by Colonel William Warden and six by Major Nicholas Purdon. Broghill’s own troop was comprised of reformado officers.

Broghill defeated the forces of the Bishop of Ross at Macroom and Carrigadrohid in May 1650, hanging the unfortunate bishop. By the end of 1650 Broghill commanded a small army consisting of his own regiment of horse and three others, with 26 companies of foot. In 1651 he defeated Lord Muskerry at Knocknaclashy.

The regiment was disbanded in 1653, apart from Broghill’s own troop, and Broghill continued to serve as Lieutenant General of the Ordnance for the army in Ireland.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Lord Broghill

William Warden

He surprised Dublin Castle in December 1659 and after the Restoration served as Major to Lord Mountrath.

Nicholas Purdon

Major in 1646, continuing as Major of the expanded regiment in 1649.

Officer Lists

July 1646 4)

  • Colonel Lord Broghill (Capt(-Lt) John Rowell was leading the troop in Aug 1647)5)
  • Major N Purdon
  • Captain Sir Thomas Wharton
  • Captain Sir Percy Smith (Gov. of Youghal)
  • Captain ?
  • Captain (absent?)

(Major Purdon signed for the pay of “hymselfe; one Capt foure Leiuts 3 Cornets 4 Quartmrs 15 Corplls & Trumpetts & 217 trooprs (being the whole Regymt of horse under ye comd of ye Lord of Broghill except Sr Tho Wharton & Sr Percy Smiths troops)” This would suggest 6 troops in total. Wharton and Smith also seem to have held field commands in Foot regiments.)

August 16476)

  • Colonel Lord Broghill
    • Capt(-Lt) John Rowell7)
  • Major Nicholas Purdon
  • Captain Richard Barry 2nd Earl of Barrymore
  • Captain Courthopp
  • Captain Fenton
  • Captain Power
  • Captain Allen
  • Captain Usher

Strength

  • 1642: 60 strong
  • January 1646: Lord President's (Lord Inchiquin’s Regiment of Horse) and Lord Broghill's regiments, in all 120 officers and 748 men8).
  • 1646: 217 plus 2 troops (C.325 men?)
  • 1647: 328 (+22 dismounted) men + officers
  • 1649: Twelve troops in two divisions under Col. William Warden and Maj. Nicholas Purdon

See Also

1) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde
2) A List of the Field Officers…, London 1642. British Library Thomason Tracts E 669 f6 (32)
3) N.A. SP28/7/468
4) N.A. SP28/39/119
5) , 7) N.A. SP28/47/184
6) N.A. SP28/47/529
8) CSPI 1633-47 p433