Sir William Cole’s Regiment of Foot

Active1641 to 1653
CountryIreland
AllegianceProtestant
Parliamentarian
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir William Cole
John Cole
Area RaisedUlster
England
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCoote 1645

Later Colonel John Cole’s Regiment of Foot

Regiment of Ulster Foot based at Enniskillen

Service History

1641

  • Defence of Enniskillen

1642

  • Cole commissioned by the King to raise 1000 foot or 500 and a troop of horse1)

1643

  • Cole takes the Covenant

1644

1645

  • October: Take Sligo

1646

  • Receive recruits and equipment

1647

1648

  • December: The regiment mutiny, seizing Enniskillen on behalf of Ormond

1649

1650

  • April: Cole authorised to raise 700 men in England
  • May: Cole receives the English recruits who are formed into a regiment under his son, John Cole

1651

1652

1653

  • August: Disbanded

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

The regiment was raised in 1641 by Sir William Cole, who was Provost of Enniskillen. In the early years of the Irish Uprising Cole defended Enniskillen and claimed that his regiment had killed 2417 rebel swordsmen and starved and famished 7000 of the vulgar sort whose goods they had seized. Cole opposed the Cessation of 1643 and took the Covenant. In 1645 he fought alongside Sir Charles Coote. In 1648 the regiment mutinied, seizing Enniskillen and declaring for Ormond. By 1649 Cole was raising men in England and command of the foot was given to his younger son, John Cole. The regiment was disbanded in 1653.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the unit's officers is shown in Army List of the Ulster British Forces, 1642-1646. by Kevin Forkan. Archivium Hibernicum, Vol. 59 (2005), pp. 51-65 available via JSTOR

Sir William Cole

Sir William Cole was Provost of Enniskillen and one of the foremost amongst the ‘Planters’ Eniskillen Papers

John Cole

Younger son of Sir William, he led the regiment during the 1650s.

Strength

  • 1641-2: 500 foot raised in Ulster2).

See Also

1) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press
2) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde