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Sir Henry Tichborne’s Regiment of Foot

Active1640 to
CountryIreland
AllegianceProtestant
ConflictsConfederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelsSir Henry Tichborne
Area RaisedDublin
Coat Colour
Flag ColourAsh & Red1)
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesStrafford 1640

Protestant infantry regiment that held Drogheda during the Irish uprising

Service History

1640

  • Raised for Strafford's army

1641

  • October-November: Re-raised in Dublin
  • November: Besieged in Drogheda
  • December: Skirmish at Green Hills

1642

  • February: Skirmish at Smith’s Town
  • March: Siege of Drogheda lifted
  • March: Skirmish at Atherdee
  • March: Storm of Dundalk
  • Garrison of Dundalk

1643

  • March: Sir Robert Byron recruits for service in England
  • December: Byron's Regiment shipped to North Wales

Notes

Sir Henry Tichborne raised a regiment in Ireland as part of the Earl of Strafford's army in 1640. Despite plans to employ the army in the Second Bishops' War of 1640, they remained in Ireland, mostly dispersed into garrisons. With the outbreak of the Irish uprising on October 23rd 1641, Tichborne’s regiment was re-raised around Dublin during late October and early November. On the 4th of November they arrived at Drogheda (sometimes referred to as Tredagh), and were besieged there from 21st November 1641 to the 10th of March 1642 by the forces of Phelim O’ Neill. Together with the rest of the garrison, they were engaged in several alarms and skirmishes over the four-month siege. The siege of Drogheda is described by Sir Henry Tichborne within “The history of the general rebellion in Ireland: Raised upon the three and twentieth day of October, 1641” freely available online from Google Books. After the siege was raised in March 1642, they went on to storm Dundalk and subsequently garrison the town.

In March 1643 Sir Robert Byron, the regiment's Lieutenant Colonel, was ordered to raise 1000 musketeers from a number of regiments of Ormond's Leinster army to reinforce the Royalists in England. Sir Robert Byron’s Regiment of Foot was transported to North Wales, landing in December 1643.

Coats and Flags

In 1640 the regiment were given ash and red colours 2). The design of these colours is unknown, but a Gyronny design has been proposed as most likely. Whether the regiment carried these colours in the Confederate Wars is also unknown.

Notable Officers

The regiment's officers are mentioned in “The history of the general rebellion in Ireland: Raised upon the three and twentieth day of October, 1641”

Sir Henry Tichborne

Sir Henry Tichborne (circa 1581–1667) was born in Hampshire, and by 1620 was serving as a Captain of Foot in Ireland, and Governor of Lifford. He was knighted in 1623 and benefitted from large grants of land in Ireland. On the outbreak of the rebellion, Tichborne raised his regiment of foot and a small unit of horse in Dublin and marched to garrison Drogheda. His epic defence of Drogheda and storming of Dundalk enhanced his reputation greatly, and he was appointed Governor of Dundalk. In 1642 he was appointed Lord Justice. In 1644 he travelled to England, but on his return to Ireland, bearing the King’s instructions to Ormonde, his ship was captured and he was imprisoned for a while in the Tower of London before being exchanged. He again served as Governor of Drogheda, and fought alongside the Parliamentarian army of Michael Jones at Dungan’s Hill in 1647. After keeping a low profile during the Commonwealth period, he was appointed Marshal of the Army in Ireland following the Restoration. The Tichborne Arms were Vair, a chief or A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies of England, by J. and J.B. Burke (Vair resembles rows of white bells on a blue background, while a 'chief or' is a gold/yellow bar across the top of the arms).

Sir Robert Byron

Served as Lieutenant Colonel of Tichborne's regiment at Drogheda. In March 1643 he was ordered to raise 1000 musketeers out of Ormonde's Leinster army and in December 1643 led them to reinforce Lord Byron's army in Cheshire and North Wales.

Officer Lists

Commissioned in 1641

Sir Henry Tichborne's regiment :— Captains, Philip Waynman, Robert Byrone, John Burlase, Christopher Fortescue, Jacob Lovet, William Willoughby, John Morrice, {blank) Owens, {blank) Billingsly.3)

1641-2

Sir Henry Tichbourne's regiment4)

  • Colonel Sir Henry Tichbourne, - in Ulster
  • Captain Robert Biron, Lieutenant-Colonel.
  • Sir Francis Butler, Serjeant-Major, — in Connaught.
  • Captain Edward Billingley
  • Captain Lewis Owen
  • Captain Patrick Trevor
  • Captain Walter Loftus
  • Captain William Cadogan
  • Captain John Ponsonby
  • Captain John Mayart.

Strength

  • 1000 raised in November 1641

A detailed muster of 23rd December 1641 is shown in Volume I of the Ormonde Manuscripts5):

Sir Henry Tichbourne's regiment at Drogedagh, mustered by Captain William Cadogan, Commissary, 23 December, 1641:

  • Sir Henry Tichbourne, Captaine :—Present : officers, 8; pikemen, 29; musketiers, 45 = 82. Absent: sick, 26; in prison, 1; absent, 1 = 28. In all, 110. Signed per Jo. Newcomen, Lieutenant.
  • Captain Jacob Lovell, Sergeant-Major :—Present : officers, 8; private soldiers of all sortes, 100 = 108.
  • Captain Phillip Wenman :—Present : officers, 7; pikemen, 38; musketiers, 58 = 103. Absent : absent, 2; sick and hurt, 3; run away, 2 = 7. In all, 110.
  • Captain Robert Biron :—Present : officers, 7; pikemen, 37; musketiers, 50 = 94. Absent : absent and sent to Dublin, 1; surgeon, sick, 1; run away, 11 = 13. In all, [107].
  • Sir John Borlace :—Present : officers, 8; pikemen, 36; musketiers 48 = 92. Absent: absent per licence, 1; sick, 7; run away, 3; dead 2 = 13. In all, 105.
  • Captain Chichester Fortescue :—Present : Officers, 8; pikemen, 35; musketiers, 52 = 95. Absent: surgeon, dead, 1 Dec. [1641], 1; sick, 6; run away and theire places supplied, 6; run away and unsupplied, 2 = 15. In all, 110.
  • Captain William Willoughby :—Present : officers, 8; pikemen, 32; musketiers, 46 = 86. Absent: sick and seene, 17; in prison, 2; run away, 3 = 22. In all, 108.
  • Captain Edward Billingsley :—Present : officers, 8; pikemen, 31; musketiers, 50 = 92. Absent : absent by licence, 10; sick and run away, 6 = 16. in all, 108.
  • Captain Lewis Owen:—Present: officers, 8; pikemen, 41; musketiers, 59 = 108.
  • Captain John Morris:—Present: officers, 8; pikemen, 31; musketiers, 47 = 86. Absent: absent, 1; sick, 12; run away, a sergeant and 7 souldiers, 8 = 21. In all, 107.
  • Captain Seafoule Gibson :—Present: officers, 8; pikemen, 48; musketiers, 51 = 107. Absent: sick, 4; imployed in service, 1 = 5. In all, 112.
  • Captain Henry Brian :—Present : officers, 8; pikemen, 40; musketiers, 33 = 81. Absent : sick, 7; run away, 19; in prison, 1 = 27. In all, 108.
  • Captain Patrick Trevor :—Present : officers, 7; pikemen, 49; musketiers, 42; unarmed men, 3 = 101. Absent: sick, 5; surgeon deficient, 1=6. In all, 107.
  • Captain Foulk Martin :—Present : officers, 7; pikemen, 40; musketiers, 40 = 87. Absent : soldiers and drum —sick, 6; run away and others entered in their places, 14 = 20. In all, 107.
  • Captain Christopher Roper :—Present : officers, 8; pikemen, 34; musketiers, 36 = 78. Absent : sick, 12. In all, 90.
  • Captain Charles Townely :—Officers, 7; pikemen, 34; musketiers, 32 = 73. Absent : absent, 4; sick, 7; run away, 1; in prison, 1 = 13. In all, 86.
  • Captain William Cadogan :—Present : officers, 8; musketiers, 50 = 58. Absent : sick, 2. In all, 60.
  • Captain Thomas Bockleye's old company guarisoned there [at Drogheda]:—Present: officers, 5; pikemen, 23; musketiers, 21 = 49. Absent : surgeon, 1. In all, 50.

See Also

1) , 2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) , 5) Histoical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde
4) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde