Lord President of Munster’s Regiment of Foot

Active1640 to 1649
CountryIreland
AllegianceProtestant
Royalist
Parliamentarian
Royalist
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir William St Leger
Lord Inchiquin
Area RaisedMunster
Coat ColourRed
Flag ColourSky Blue & White1)
Flag Design
Field ArmiesInchiquin 1642-3
Inchiquin 1646

Initially Sir William St Leger’s Regiment of Foot, then Lord Inchiquin’s Regiment of Foot

Regiment of foot raised for service under Strafford in Ireland, shipped to England in late 1643 and fought for the Royalists, then returned to Ireland for Parliament

Service History

1640

  • Raised in Munster

1641

  • May: Disbanded
  • Re-raised in Munster
  • December: Lord Dungarvan arrives at Youghal with arms for half of St Leger's regiment

1642

  • April: Taking of Rochfordtown?
  • April: Besieged in Cork?
  • July: St Leger dies, Inchiquin takes over
  • September: Battle of Liscarroll
  • November: Skirmish at Bandonbridge?

1643

1644

  • January: Shipped to Weymouth
  • February: Skirmish near Poole
  • February: Skirmish at Holmebridge
  • April: Storm of Wareham
  • April to June: Siege of Lyme Regis
  • May: Two more companies shipped to England reinforcing the Duke of York's Regiment of Foot
  • June to August: Besieged at Wareham
  • Inchiquin defects to Parliament
  • August: Surrender Wareham
  • Shipped back to Munster by Parliament

1645

  • May: Siege of Castlemartyr?

1646

  • January: Part of Inchiquin's army in Munster

1647

  • September: Storm of the Rock of Cashel?
  • November: Battle of Knocknanuss?

1648

  • February: Take Carrick on Suir?
  • April: Inchiquin changes sides back to the Royalists

1649

  • May: Taking of Leix Castle?
  • July: Taking of Drogheda
  • July: Siege of Dundalk
  • July: Storm of Crossmaglen
  • November: Battle of Glascarrick

Notes

Originally raised as part of Strafford's New Army. Reconstituted in 1641 presumably after the removal of Catholic rank and file, half to be raised in Munster and half in England. This was soon changed so that all the men were raised locally. In the Ormonde manuscripts the Lord President of Munster had an 'old company' in 1641-2 and was ordered to raise a regiment of 1000 foot. the 'old company' appears to have joined Lord Esmond’s Regiment of Foot rather than remaining with Inchiquin's.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment carried sky-blue (watchet) and white flags of an unknown design in 16402). They wore red coats at the Battle of Cheriton in 1644 3). These were suits of clothes issued at Bristol, supplied by Thomas Bushell4).

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press.

Sir William St Leger

Sir William St Leger Lord President of Munster, died in April 1642 at Cork.

Lord Inchiquin

Murrough McDermod O'Brien, 1st Earl of Inchiquin and 6th Baron Inchiquin (1614–1674), also known as Murchadh na dTóiteán, “Murrough of the Burnings”.

Lt. Col. Henry O'Brian

Brother of Lord Inchiquin, he was Lieutenant Colonel of Lord Inchiquin's Regiment of Foot and led it in Royalist service in South West England. He returned to Ireland in August 1644 following his brother's change of allegiance to the Parliamentarians. In July 1645 he was captured by the Confederates at Rostellan Castle along with Lt Col Courtney and four captains, when they surprised his group who were overseeing the garrison's destruction. He presumably remained a prisoner for some time.

Charles O' Brien

Charles O'Brien was their Catholic brother with whom they fought in Ireland prior to the Regiment being shipped to England in late 1643.

Officer Lists

1641

  • Lieutenant Colonel Tirwhit (seems to have been in command of the 500 men to be raised in England. When it was decided to raise the whole regiment in Ireland his commission appears to have been cancelled. Possibly Edward Tirwhytt of Cameringham Lincolnshire a Captain in 1640 who served as Lieutenant Colonel to Sir Charles Floyd.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Sir Hardrass Waller (replacing Tirwhit)

1642

  • Lord President of Munster's regiment:— Lieutenant- Colonell Waller, Sergeant-Major Serle. Captains : Browne, Denny, Jephson, Kingsmell, Courtney, Bannester, Croker.

England

Other Officers of the Regiment in England (Original research by Victor Judge aka '1642')

  • Sargeant Major Thomas Pigot
  • Captain Lord Baltinglass
  • Captain Richard Gethin
  • Captain William Mead
  • Captain William Meredith
  • Captain Overton
  • Captain John Purdon
  • Captain Binge

Munster August 1646

(This list is slightly conjectural. The documents on which it is based gives amounts paid to undivided lists of companies but the bulk of them do appear to breakdown into the 3 regiments of Inchiquin, Hardress Waller and Henry O'Brian)5)

  • Colonel Lord Inchiquin
    • Captain Lieutenant Edward Stammers*
  • Lieutenant Colonel [William] Kingsmill*
  • Major [Heyward] St Ledger
  • Captain Sr Andrew Barrett (d. 11/46 his widow later married Heyward St Ledger)
  • Captain Thomas Dowrich (also given as Lt Col, possibly a reformado serving at a lower rank?)
  • Captain Anthony Stoughton
  • Captain Sir Robert Travers* (also the army's Judge Advocate he wa skilled at Knocknanuss)
  • Captain James Persey
  • Captain Francis Bettesworth*
  • Captain James Barry (His Company was still in existance in Aug 1647 but it's regimental attachment is unclear.6) )
  • Captain John St Ledger*

Those officers marked with a * would a year later be serving in Kingsmill's regiment

Munster August 1647

  • Colonel lord Inchiquin7)

There is no Lieutenant Colonel listed as William Kingsmell had recently left to command his own regiment

  • Major Heyward St Ledger
  • Captain Anthony Stoughton
  • Captain Turner
  • Captain Woodward
  • Captain [Charles] Gibbons
  • Captain [John] Sydenham (Woodward, Gibbons and Sydenham had all previously served in Lord Lisle's regiment.)
  • Captain Williamson
  • Captain Buckworth
  • Captain John Piggot? (an extra company appears between the payments of the 21st and 27th August)

1649

  • Colonel lord Inchiquin8)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hayward St Ledger
  • Major Williamson
  • Captain Meade
  • Captain Spence
  • Captain Masters
  • Captain Millington

Contemporary References

Mercurius Aulicus on Storm of Wareham

Mercurius Aulicus 13th April 1644

We can assure the Reader of an Express we had this day from Weymouth in Dorcetshire, wherein ‘tis signified that Colonell Ashburnham’s Lieutenant Colonell Frowd, my Lord Inchiquins Lieutenant Colonell O’Bryan and his Major Pigot resolved to assault the Rebels Garrison at Warham on Thursday last, who so discretely ordered the businesse, and so gallantly performed it with their brave Irish, that they made an on-slat upon the Towne, scaled the walls, and took it by breake of day,with the losse onely of two men, and five wounded: They found dead in the streets 25 rebels, and 14 more were drowned. They tooke 6 Captaines, and 150 common Souldiers, the rest escaping by the shoare to Poole, whither Syddenham went over night. They took also 13 peeces of Ordnance and murderers,200 muskets, 40 paire of pistols, 5 Barrels of Powder, and 20 Skeanes of Match: but (which is worth notice) they found in Warham above 300 letters which had beene sent to Syddenham from false Brethren in Weymouth, Melcomb, Dorchester, and other places, which will bring to light all that false play used in the County so many moneths together. A Sargeant of Colonell Barnes that runne away when they lay before Wardour Castle, and another who had ranne from Corfe Castle, were both hanged at Warham, where Lieutenant Col. O’Bryan is Governour with his incomparable Musketteirs, who though they tooke the Towne by Scalado, yet ‘twas got more easily then they’ll part with it againe.

Charles I to Thomas Bushell

An interesting note of 1644

to Thomas Bushell Esq, Master of the Wardrobe at Bristol.

Charles 1.

Our will and pleasure is that Whereas there are lately arrived out of Ireland two companies of Foot of the Lord Inchiquins Regiment who are to be put into the Regiment of our dear and intirely beloved sonne the Duke of York, our will and pleasure therefore is that you cause the said two companies to bee speedily clothed, and likewise that you send the remaynder of cloathes you have for the cloathing that Regiment to Lieutenant Colonell St. Leger. This you are speedily to perform and for it &e. 17. May Reading

On the reverse. 17.May 1644 Cloathing ye Duke of Yorks Regiment.

Pigott to Lord Ashley

In addition,after the return of Charles II

To the Right Honourable Lord Ashley May it please your Lordship in obedience to your Lordships letter I doe humbly certifie your Lordship that in the yeare 1643 there landed out of Ireland (for his Majesties service in this Kingdome) the Lord of Inchequins Regiment of Foote (to which I was then Major) and Sir Charles Vavasours, Sir John Pauletts, Sir William St. Legers, Collonell Mynns Regiments of Foote with part of the Lord Kerries and part of ye Lord Broghills Regiments of Foote likewise, the souldiers of all which Regiments were cloathed at and from Bristoll by Mr Thomas Bushell to ye great content and satisfaction of both Officers and souldiers of each Regiment, and for which I never know heard that he was paid or satisfied in any part; my cause of knowledge of all this is, that I received about a 1000 suites of cloathes of him for my own Regiment, and did soe most of the other Regiments receive their cloathes, and did (afterwards) often see them march in them, all which is humbly certified and submitted to your Lordship. 7.1.1664. Thomas Pigott

Strength

  • 1642: Establishment of 1000 men9)
  • January 1644: 800 men shipped to Weymouth10)
  • 1644: Pigott later claimed to have received 1000 suits for the regiment.
  • August 1646: 618 men + officers
  • August 21 1647: 733 men + officers
  • August 27 1647: 775 men + officers
  • 1649: 240 men + officers

See Also

1) , 2) , 3) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
4) Original research by Victor Judge aka '1642'
5) N.A. SP28/39/118-119
6) N.A. SP28/47/207, 226
7) N.A. SP28/47/232, 268
8) HMC Ormonde Mss Vol 1 p215, 220
9) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press
10) An English Army for Ireland Ian Ryder. Partizan Press.