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Lord Conway’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to
CountryIreland
AllegianceProtestant
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Conway
Lord Blayney
Lord Conway
Area RaisedLisnegarvey
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLaggan Army
Monro 1642
Monro 1646

Ulster protestant regiment of foot serving in the Confederate War, fighting at Benburb

Later Lord Blayney's Regiment of Foot

Service History

1641

  • Raised from the Lisnegarvey area
  • November: Besieged at Lisnegarvey

1642

  • January: Arms and one months pay for the Officers ordered to be sent from London.1)
  • Garrison of Carrickfergus
  • April: Briefly garrison Belfast
  • April: Skirmish at Kilwarlin Woods
  • May: Taking of Newry
  • July: Assigned to a force assembled to take Limerick2)

1643

1644

1645

  • Lord Conway removed for opposition to the Covenant
  • Ulster Colonels request that Mr Edward Conway replace his father, Lord Conway, as Colonel, the regiment being quartered in a very wasted part of the country3)
  • Quartered at Clare, Portadown, Knockbridge, Lisnegarvey, Glanavie and Kilultagh

1646

  • January: Lord Blayney commanding in place of Lord Conway
  • June: Battle of Benburb Blayney mortally wounded
  • Lord Conway regains control of the remains of the regiment after Benburb and requests 500 recruits to bring it up to strength

Notes

Newly raised in Ulster in 1641-24). Conway's men participated in the massacre of rebels from Newry, then proceeded to recruit the surviving prisoners5).

The regiment was routed at Benburb, with Lord Blayney mortally wounded and Lt Col Theophilus Jones captured.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

In January 1642 1000 muskets and 1500 swords were ordered to be sent to Conway's and Clotworthy's regiments, but these didn't arrive until March 6)

Notable Officers

A list of the unit's officers is shown in Army List of the Ulster British Forces, 1642-1646. by Kevin Forkan. Archivium Hibernicum, Vol. 59 (2005), pp. 51-65 available via JSTOR. A list of the regiment's officers is also shown in An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press.

Lord Conway

Edward Conway, 2nd Viscount Conway and Viscount Killultagh previously served as commander of the King's horse at the Battle of Newburn Ford in the Second Bishops' War of 1640. Conway was replaced by order of Parliamentary committee in 1645 since he refused to sign the Covenant.

Lord Blayney

Henry Blayney, 2nd Baron Blayney (d. 1646) was Lt Col. of Conway's foot from 1642 and took over the regiment in 1645. He was killed at the Battle of Benburb.

Sir Theophilus Jones

Theophilus Jones was Lt Col to Lord Blayney. He was the brother of Michael Jones, later taking over Colonel Michael Jones’ Regiment of Horse.

Strength

  • 1641-2: 1000 men
  • June 1642: 1000 men

See Also

1) N.A. SP28/1B331
2) Journals of the House of Lords V 226
3) CSPI 1633-47 p402
4) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde
5) The Battle of Benburb 1646. Clive Hollick, Mercier Press, 2011. ISBN 978 1 85635 670 1.
6) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press