Colonel William Cromwell’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1646
CountryEngland
Ireland
AllegianceProtestant
Royalist
ConflictsConfederate War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelWilliam Cromwell
Robert Broughton
Area RaisedEngland
Coat ColourGreen??
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOrmond 1642-3
Rupert 1644
Byron 1644
Oxford 1645

Later Colonel Robert Broughton's Regiment of Foot

Regiment of foot raised for service in Ireland, returning in 1644 to fight for the Royalists

Service History

1642

  • Raised in England
  • June: Shipped to Dublin1)
  • In Ormond’s army of Leinster

1643

  • In Ormond’s army of Leinster

1644

  • February: Shipped from Ireland to Neston, Cheshire and Beaumaris under Broughton
  • 21st March: Battle of Newark
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • September: Siege of Montgomery Castle
  • September: Battle of Montgomery Broughton captured

1645

  • 31st May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby

1646

  • March: Battle of Stow on the Wold?

Notes

Coats and Flags

Often said to have been clothed in green coats on their return to Britain, there’s no clear evidence for this, unlike Colonel Henry Tillier’s Regiment of Foot, their ‘sister’ regiment. However, at the Battle of Marston Moor a brigade of Royalist greencoats is mentioned, implying more than one regiment, that could be Broughton's and Tillier's.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers in Ireland is shown in An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press. While a list of the regiment's officers in England is shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Col William Cromwell

Col Robert Broughton

Of the Broughton family of Marchwiel.

Officer Lists

1642

Collonell Cromwell's regiment2)

  • Colonel William Cromwell
  • Lieutenant Colonel Roger Bradshaw
  • Sergeant Major John Chichester
  • Captain Robert Broughton
  • Captain John Bingley
  • Captain Edward Broughton
  • Captain Gregory Cromwell
  • Captain Henry Honniwood
  • Captain George Lisle.

Strength

See Also

1) An English army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press
2) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde
3) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press