Colonel William Cromwell’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1646
ConflictsConfederate War
First Civil War
ColonelWilliam Cromwell
Robert Broughton
Area RaisedEngland
Coat ColourGreen??
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOrmond 1642-3
Rupert 1644
Byron 1644
Oxford 1645

Later Colonel Robert Broughton's Regiment of Foot

Regiment of foot raised for service in Ireland, returning in 1644 to fight for the Royalists

Service History


  • Raised in England
  • June: Shipped to Dublin1)
  • In Ormond’s army of Leinster


  • In Ormond’s army of Leinster


  • February: Shipped from Ireland to Neston, Cheshire and Beaumaris under Broughton
  • 21st March: Battle of Newark
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • September: Siege of Montgomery Castle
  • September: Battle of Montgomery Broughton captured


  • 31st May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • July: Recruited in Wales


  • March: Battle of Stow on the Wold?


Quite a few foot Regiments that fought at Naseby were subsequently re-recruited in Wales from July 1645, including William Murray’s, Appleyard’s Tillier’s, John Pawlett’s, Sir Jacob Astley’s, Duke of York’s, King’s Lifeguard, Sir Henry Bard’s, Sir Bernard Astley’s, Robert Broughton's and Lisle’s2).

Coats and Flags

Often said to have been clothed in green coats on their return to Britain, there’s no clear evidence for this, unlike Colonel Henry Tillier’s Regiment of Foot, their ‘sister’ regiment. However, at the Battle of Marston Moor a brigade of Royalist greencoats is mentioned, implying more than one regiment, that could be Broughton's and Tillier's.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers in Ireland is shown in An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press. While a list of the regiment's officers in England is shown in Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army by Stuart Reid (Partizan Press).

Col William Cromwell

Col Robert Broughton

Of the Broughton family of Marchwiel.

Officer Lists


Collonell Cromwell's regiment3)

  • Colonel William Cromwell
  • Lieutenant Colonel Roger Bradshaw
  • Sergeant Major John Chichester
  • Captain Robert Broughton
  • Captain John Bingley
  • Captain Edward Broughton
  • Captain Gregory Cromwell
  • Captain Henry Honniwood
  • Captain George Lisle.


See Also

1) An English army for Ireland by Ian Ryder, Partizan Press
2) from original research by Victor Judge, BCW user 1642
3) Historical Manuscripts Commission, Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part VII, The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde
4) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press