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Sir William Waller’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration 1{{:parliamentarian:waller_h.jpg?200|1)
Flag Illustration 22)
Active1642-45
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir William Waller
Area RaisedSouth-East
Flag ColourYellow
Flag DesignExamples known
Field ArmiesWaller 1642-45

Regiment of horse commanded by Sir William Waller, Parliamentarian General of the Western Association and the Southern Association during First Civil War

Service History

1642

  • August to September: Siege of Portsmouth
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Storm of Farnham Castle
  • December: Storm of Winchester
  • December: Taking of Arundel Castle
  • December: Siege of Chichester

1643

  • April: Storm of Malmesbury
  • April: Battle of Highnam
  • April: Taking of Monmouth
  • April: Taking of Chepstow
  • April: Taking of Ross on Wye
  • April: Skirmish at Little Dean
  • April: Battle of Ripple Field
  • April: Siege of Hereford
  • April: Taking of Leominster
  • May: Siege of Worcester
  • 10th June: Skirmish at Chewton Mendip
  • June: Skirmish at Beckington and Leigh
  • July: Skirmish at Monckton Farleigh
  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Siege of Devizes
  • July: Skirmish at Beckhampton
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • October: Skirmish at Andover?
  • November: Siege of Basing House
  • November: Standoff at Farnham
  • December: Storm of Alton Church
  • December: Siege of Arundel

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • March: Taking of Andover
  • April: Skirmish at Newbury
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • July: Repulsed from Boarstall House
  • July: Taking of Woodstock
  • August: Defence of Abingdon
  • September: Siege of Basing House
  • September: Skirmish at Whitchurch?
  • October: Skirmish at Andover
  • October: Skirmish at King’s Cleere
  • October: Skirmish at Boxford
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Standoff at Donnington

1645

  • March: Skirmish at Trowbridge
  • April: Disbanded

Notes

Flags and Equipment

Sir William Waller

Waller's cornet was yellow (Illustration 1). According to Blount: Sir William Waller figured a tree full of fruit and a Coat of Armes hanging on it, the motto FRUCTUS VIRTUTIS3). (Illustration 1)

Capt Edward Kightly

Kightly's cornet had a red field (Illustration 2), a horseman and the motto PRO DEO REGE ET REGNO ie 'For God, King and Kingdom'.

Sir Faithful Fortescue

Sir Faithfull Fortescu, (before his recesse) represented an Escu or shield, superscribed LA FORT, alluding to his name4).

Notable Officers

A list of officers is shown in Laurence Spring's Waller's Army, The Regiments of Sir William Waller's Southern Association The Pike and Shot Association 2007 ISBN 978-1-902768-34-2

Sir William Waller

Sir Faithful Fortescue

Major to Waller's horse in 1642, he held lands in County Antrim until they were over-run in the Irish rebellion and he was dismissed as governor of Carrickfergus in favour of the Scots. He was given command of one of the troops of horse raised in England for the expeditionary force to Ireland 5) but soon found it absorbed into Essex's army. At Edgehill he and his troop defected to the Royalists by advancing from the Parliamentary lines and firing their pistols into the ground, then joining Prince Rupert's wing. He served thereafter in the Royalist army, where he is said to have been commissioned as a colonel6).

Captain Edward Kightly

Killed at Chewton Mendip in June 1643.

Strength

  • March 1644: 11 troops at Cheriton

See Also

Waller's horse are re-enacted by Sir William Waller's Lifeguard of Horse of the Sealed Knot.

1) , 2) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
3) , 4) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
5) A List of the Field Officers…, London 1642. British Library Thomason Tracts E 669 f6 (32)
6) The Old Service: Royalist regimental colonels and the Civil War, 1642-6 P.R. Newman, Manchester University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-7190-3752-2